(July 14, 1955, ch. 360, title I, § 103, formerly § 3, as added Pub. L. 88–206, § 1,Dec. 17, 1963, 77 Stat. 394; renumbered § 103 and amended Pub. L. 89–272, title I, §§ 101(3),
103,Oct. 20, 1965, 79 Stat. 992, 996; Pub. L. 90–148, § 2,Nov. 21, 1967, 81 Stat. 486; Pub. L. 91–604, §§ 2(a),
(a)(2), (c)(2),Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1676, 1689, 1710, 1713; Pub. L. 95–95, title I, § 101(a), (b),Aug. 7, 1977, 91 Stat. 686, 687; Pub. L. 101–549, title IX, § 901(a)–(c), Nov. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 2700–2703.)
References in Text
The Acid Precipitation Act of 1980, referred to in subsec. (j)(1), (3)(A), is title VII of Pub. L. 96–294
, June 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 770
, which is classified generally to chapter 97 (§ 8901 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
of this title and Tables.
In subsec. (b)(4), “section
and (b) of title
” substituted for “sections 3648 and 3709 of the Revised Statutes (31
U.S.C. 529; 41
U.S.C. 5)” on authority of Pub. L. 97–258
, § 4(b),Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1067
, which Act enacted Title 31, Money and Finance, and Pub. L. 111–350
, § 6(c),Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3854
, which Act enacted Title 41, Public Contracts.
Section was formerly classified to section
of this title.
Provisions similar to those in subsec. (a)(3) of this section were contained in subsec. (a) of a prior section
of this title, act July 14, 1955, ch. 360, § 3,69 Stat. 322
, as amended Oct. 9, 1962, Pub. L. 87–761
, § 2,
76 Stat. 760, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 88–206
Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in prior sections
of this title, act July 14, 1955, ch. 360, §§ 2 to
,69 Stat. 322
as amended Oct. 9, 1962, Pub. L. 87–761
, § 2,
76 Stat. 760; section
as amended Sept. 22, 1959, Pub. L. 86–365
, § 1,
73 Stat. 646 and Oct. 9, 1962, Pub. L. 87–761
, § 1,
76 Stat. 760), prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 88–206
1990—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–549
, § 901(a)(1), inserted “(including health and welfare effects)” after “effects”.
Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 101–549
, § 901(a)(2), which directed amendment of subsec. (b) by adding par. (8) at end, was executed by adding par. (8) after par. (7) to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
Subsecs. (c) to (f). Pub. L. 101–549
, § 901(b), amended subsecs. (c) to (f) generally, substituting present provisions for provisions which related to: in subsec. (c), results of other scientific studies; in subsec. (d), construction of facilities; in subsec. (e), potential air pollution problems, conferences, and findings and recommendations of the Administrator; and, in subsec. (f), accelerated research programs.
Subsecs. (g) to (k). Pub. L. 101–549
, § 901(c), added subsecs. (g) to (k).
1977—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–95
, § 101(b), struck out reference to “training” in par. (1) and added par. (5).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95–95
, § 101(a), struck out par. (5) which provided for training and training grants to personnel of air pollution control agencies and other persons with suitable qualifications, redesignated pars. (6), (7), and (8) as (5), (6), and (7), respectively, and, following par. (7) as so redesignated, inserted provisions directing the Administrator, in carrying out subsec. (a), to provide training for, and make training grants to, personnel of air pollution control agencies and other persons with suitable qualifications and to make grants to such agencies, to other public or nonprofit private agencies, institutions, and organizations for the purposes stated in subsec. (a)(5) and allowing reasonable fees to be charged for such training provided to persons other than personnel of air pollution control agencies but requiring that such training be provided to such personnel of air pollution control agencies without charge.
1970—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91–604
, § 15(c)(2), substituted “Administrator” for “Secretary”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–604
, § 15(c)(2), substituted “Administrator” for “Secretary” and “Environmental Protection Agency” for “Department of Health, Education, and Welfare”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91–604
, § 15(a)(2), (c)(2), substituted “Administrator” for “Secretary” and “air pollutants” for “air pollution agents (or combinations of agents)”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 91–604
, § 15(c)(2), substituted “Administrator” for “Secretary”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 91–604
, § 15(c)(2), substituted “Administrator” for “Secretary” wherever appearing, substituted “7415” for “7415(a)”, and inserted references to subsecs. (b) and (c) ofsection
of this title.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 91–604
, § 2(a), added subsec. (f).
1967—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 90–148
substituted “establish technical advisory committees composed of recognized experts in various aspects of air pollution to assist in the examination and evaluation of research progress and proposals and to avoid duplication of research” for “initiate and conduct a program of research directed toward the development of improved, low-cost techniques for extracting sulfur from fuels” as cl. (4) and struck out cl. (5) which related to research programs relating to the control of hydrocarbon emissions from evaporation of gasoline and nitrogen and aldehyde oxide emission from gasoline and diesel powered vehicles and relating to the development of improved low-cost techniques to reduce emissions of oxides of sulfur produced by the combustion of sulfur-containing fuels.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 90–148
struck out provision for promulgation of criteria in the case of particular air pollution agents present in the air in certain quantities reflecting the latest scientific knowledge and allowing for availability and revision and provided for recommendation by Secretary of air quality criteria.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 90–148
substituted references to subsections (d), (e), and (f) ofsection
of this title for references to subsections (c), (d), and (e) ofsection
of this title in provision for admission of advisory findings and recommendations together with the record of the conference and made such findings and recommendations part of the proceedings of the conference, not merely part of the record of proceedings.
1965—Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 89–272
, § 103(3), added par. (5).
Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 89–272
, § 103(4), added subsecs. (d) and (e).
Effective Date of 1977 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 95–95
effective Aug. 7, 1977, except as otherwise expressly provided, see section 406(d) ofPub. L. 95–95
, set out as a note under section
of this title.
Termination of Reporting Requirements
For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions in subsec. (i) of this section requiring quadrennial reports to Congress and of reporting provisions in subsec. (j)(3)(E) and (F) of this section, see section 3003 ofPub. L. 104–66
, as amended, set out as a note under section
, Money and Finance, and the 7th and 8th items on page 163
of House Document No. 103–7
Modification or Rescission of Rules, Regulations, Orders, Determinations, Contracts, Certifications, Authorizations, Delegations, and Other Actions
All rules, regulations, orders, determinations, contracts, certifications, authorizations, delegations, or other actions duly issued, made, or taken by or pursuant to act July 14, 1955, the Clean Air Act, as in effect immediately prior to the date of enactment of Pub. L. 95–95
[Aug. 7, 1977] to continue in full force and effect until modified or rescinded in accordance with act July 14, 1955, as amended by Pub. L. 95–95
[this chapter], see section 406(b) ofPub. L. 95–95
, set out as an Effective Date of 1977 Amendment note under section
of this title.
Termination of Advisory Committees
Advisory committees in existence on Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period following Jan. 5, 1973, unless, in the case of a committee established by the President or an officer of the Federal Government, such committee is renewed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a committee established by the Congress, its duration is otherwise provided by law. See section 14 ofPub. L. 92–463
, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 776
, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Pilot Design Programs
Pub. L. 106–246
, div. B, title II, § 2603,July 13, 2000, 114 Stat. 558
, required the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to make grants to carry out a 2-year program to implement in five metropolitan areas pilot design programs and report to Congress on the results not later than 360 days from first day of the second year of the 2-year program.
National Acid Lakes Registry
Section 405 ofPub. L. 101–549
provided that: “The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall create a National Acid Lakes Registry that shall list, to the extent practical, all lakes that are known to be acidified due to acid deposition, and shall publish such list within one year of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 15, 1990]. Lakes shall be added to the registry as they become acidic or as data becomes available to show they are acidic. Lakes shall be deleted from the registry as they become nonacidic.”
Assessment of International Air Pollution Control Technologies
Section 901(e) ofPub. L. 101–549
directed Administrator of Environmental Protection Agency to conduct a study that compares international air pollution control technologies of selected industrialized countries to determine if there exist air pollution control technologies in countries outside the United States that may have beneficial applications to this Nation’s air pollution control efforts, including, with respect to each country studied, the topics of urban air quality, motor vehicle emissions, toxic air emissions, and acid deposition, and within 2 years after Nov. 15, 1990, submit to Congress a report detailing the results of such study.
Western States Acid Deposition Research
Section 901(g) ofPub. L. 101–549
“(1) The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall sponsor monitoring and research and submit to Congress annual and periodic assessment reports on—
“(A) the occurrence and effects of acid deposition on surface waters located in that part of the United States west of the Mississippi River;
“(B) the occurrence and effects of acid deposition on high elevation ecosystems (including forests, and surface waters); and
“(C) the occurrence and effects of episodic acidification, particularly with respect to high elevation watersheds.
“(2) The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall analyze data generated from the studies conducted under paragraph (1), data from the Western Lakes Survey, and other appropriate research and utilize predictive modeling techniques that take into account the unique geographic, climatological, and atmospheric conditions which exist in the western United States to determine the potential occurrence and effects of acid deposition due to any projected increases in the emission of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides in that part of the United States located west of the Mississippi River. The Administrator shall include the results of the project conducted under this paragraph in the reports issued to Congress under paragraph (1).”
Consultation With and Transmission of Reports and Studies to Congressional Committee
Pub. L. 95–95
, title I, § 101(c),Aug. 7, 1977, 91 Stat. 687
, provided that: “The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall consult with the House Committee on Science and Technology [now Committee on Science, Space, and Technology] on the environmental and atmospheric research, development, and demonstration aspects of this Act [see Short Title of 1977 Amendment note set out under section
of this title]. In addition, the reports and studies required by this Act that relate to research, development, and demonstration issues shall be transmitted to the Committee on Science and Technology [now Committee on Science, Space, and Technology] at the same time they are made available to other committees of the Congress.”
Study of Substances Discharged From Exhausts of Motor Vehicles
Pub. L. 86–493
, June 8, 1960, 74 Stat. 162
, directed Surgeon General of Public Health Service to conduct a thorough study for purposes of determining, with respect to the various substances discharged from exhausts of motor vehicles, the amounts and kinds of such substances which, from the standpoint of human health, it is safe for motor vehicles to discharge into the atmosphere under the various conditions under which such vehicles may operate, and, not later than two years after June 8, 1960, submit to Congress a report on results of the study, together with such recommendations, if any, based upon the findings made in such study, as he deemed necessary for the protection of the public health.