(July 14, 1955, ch. 360, title III, § 312, formerly § 305, as added Pub. L. 90–148, § 2,Nov. 21, 1967, 81 Stat. 505; renumbered § 312 and amended Pub. L. 91–604, §§ 12(a),
(c)(2),Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1705, 1713; Pub. L. 95–95, title II, § 224(c),Aug. 7, 1977, 91 Stat. 767; Pub. L. 101–549, title VIII, § 812(a),Nov. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 2691.)
Subsec. (e) of this section, which required the Administrator, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Labor, and the Council on Clean Air Compliance Analysis, to submit a report to Congress that updates the report issued pursuant to subsec. (d) of this section, and which, in addition, makes projections into the future regarding expected costs, benefits, and other effects of compliance with standards pursuant to this chapter as listed in subsec. (a) of this section, terminated, effective May 15, 2000, pursuant to section 3003 ofPub. L. 104–66
, as amended, set out as a note under section
, Money and Finance. See, also, the 4th item on page 163
of House Document No. 103–7
Section was formerly classified to section
of this title.
1990—Pub. L. 101–549
amended section generally, substituting present provisions for provisions which related to: in subsec. (a), detailed cost estimate, comprehensive cost and economic impact studies, and annual reevaluation; in subsec. (b), personnel study and report to President and Congress; and in subsec. (c), cost-effectiveness analyses.
1977—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95–95
added subsec. (c).
1970—Pub. L. 91–604
, § 15(c)(2), substituted “Administrator” for “Secretary” wherever appearing.
Effective Date of 1977 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 95–95
effective Aug. 7, 1977, except as otherwise expressly provided, see section 406(d) ofPub. L. 95–95
, set out as a note under section
of this title.
Termination of Advisory Councils
Advisory councils established after Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period beginning on the date of their establishment, unless, in the case of a council established by the President or an officer of the Federal Government, such council is renewed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a council established by Congress, its duration is otherwise provided by law. See sections 3(2) and 14 ofPub. L. 92–463
, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 770
, 776, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Equivalent Air Quality Controls Among Trading Nations
Section 811 ofPub. L. 101–549
“(a) Findings.—The Congress finds that—
“(1) all nations have the responsibility to adopt and enforce effective air quality standards and requirements and the United States, in enacting this Act [see Tables for classification], is carrying out its responsibility in this regard;
“(2) as a result of complying with this Act, businesses in the United States will make significant capital investments and incur incremental costs in implementing control technology standards;
“(3) such compliance may impair the competitiveness of certain United States jobs, production, processes, and products if foreign goods are produced under less costly environmental standards and requirements than are United States goods; and
“(4) mechanisms should be sought through which the United States and its trading partners can agree to eliminate or reduce competitive disadvantages.
“(b) Action by the President.—
“(1) In general.—Within 18 months after the date of the enactment of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 [Nov. 15, 1990], the President shall submit to the Congress a report—
“(A) identifying and evaluating the economic effects of—
“(i) the significant air quality standards and controls required under this Act, and
“(ii) the differences between the significant standards and controls required under this Act and similar standards and controls adopted and enforced by the major trading partners of the United States,
on the international competitiveness of United States manufacturers; and
“(B) containing a strategy for addressing such economic effects through trade consultations and negotiations.
“(2) Additional reporting requirements.—(A) The evaluation required under paragraph (1)(A) shall examine the extent to which the significant air quality standards and controls required under this Act are comparable to existing internationally-agreed norms.
“(B) The strategy required to be developed under paragraph (1)(B) shall include recommended options (such as the harmonization of standards and trade adjustment measures) for reducing or eliminating competitive disadvantages caused by differences in standards and controls between the United States and each of its major trading partners.
“(3) Public comment.—Interested parties shall be given an opportunity to submit comments regarding the evaluations and strategy required in the report under paragraph (1). The President shall take any such comment into account in preparing the report.
“(4) Interim report.—Within 9 months after the date of the enactment of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 [Nov. 15, 1990], the President shall submit to the Congress an interim report on the progress being made in complying with paragraph (1).”
GAO Reports on Costs and Benefits
Section 812(b) ofPub. L. 101–549
, which directed Comptroller General, commencing on second year after Nov. 15, 1990, and annually thereafter, in consultation with other agencies, to report to Congress on pollution control strategies and technologies required by Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, was repealed by Pub. L. 104–316
, title I, § 122(r),Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3838