42 U.S. Code § 8622 - Definitions

As used in this subchapter:
(1) The term “emergency” means—
(A) a natural disaster;
(B) a significant home energy supply shortage or disruption;
(C) a significant increase in the cost of home energy, as determined by the Secretary;
(D) a significant increase in home energy disconnections reported by a utility, a State regulatory agency, or another agency with necessary data;
(E) a significant increase in participation in a public benefit program such as the supplemental nutrition assistance program carried out under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.), the national program to provide supplemental security income carried out under title XVI of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.), or the State temporary assistance for needy families program carried out under part A of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), as determined by the head of the appropriate Federal agency;
(F) a significant increase in unemployment, layoffs, or the number of households with an individual applying for unemployment benefits, as determined by the Secretary of Labor; or
(G) an event meeting such criteria as the Secretary, in the discretion of the Secretary, may determine to be appropriate.
(2) The term “energy burden” means the expenditures of the household for home energy divided by the income of the household.
(3) The term “energy crisis” means weather-related and supply shortage emergencies and other household energy-related emergencies.
(4) The term “highest home energy needs” means the home energy requirements of a household determined by taking into account both the energy burden of such household and the unique situation of such household that results from having members of vulnerable populations, including very young children, individuals with disabilities, and frail older individuals.
(5) The term “household” means any individual or group of individuals who are living together as one economic unit for whom residential energy is customarily purchased in common or who make undesignated payments for energy in the form of rent.
(6) The term “home energy” means a source of heating or cooling in residential dwellings.
(7) The term “natural disaster” means a weather event (relating to cold or hot weather), flood, earthquake, tornado, hurricane, or ice storm, or an event meeting such other criteria as the Secretary, in the discretion of the Secretary, may determine to be appropriate.
(8) The term “poverty level” means, with respect to a household in any State, the income poverty line as prescribed and revised at least annually pursuant to section 9902 (2) of this title, as applicable to such State.
(9) The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
(10) The term “State” means each of the several States and the District of Columbia.
(11) The term “State median income” means the State median income promulgated by the Secretary in accordance with procedures established under section 1397a (a)(6) of this title (as such procedures were in effect on August 12, 1981) and adjusted, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary, to take into account the number of individuals in the household.

Source

(Pub. L. 97–35, title XXVI, § 2603,Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 894; Pub. L. 97–115, § 16,Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1609; Pub. L. 98–558, title VI, § 602,Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 2890; Pub. L. 103–252, title III, §§ 304(b), 311(c)(2),May 18, 1994, 108 Stat. 658, 662; Pub. L. 105–285, title III, §§ 303, 304 (a),Oct. 27, 1998, 112 Stat. 2756; Pub. L. 110–234, title IV, § 4002(b)(1)(A), (B), (2)(EE),May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1095–1097; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title IV, § 4002(b)(1)(A), (B), (2)(EE),June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1857, 1859.)
References in Text

The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, referred to in par. (1)(E), is Pub. L. 88–525, Aug. 31, 1964, 78 Stat. 703, which is classified generally to chapter 51 (§ 2011 et seq.) of Title 7, Agriculture. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2011 of Title 7 and Tables.
The Social Security Act, referred to in par. (1)(E), is act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620, as amended. Part A of title IV of the Act is classified generally to part A (§ 601 et seq.) of subchapter IV of chapter 7 of this title. Title XVI of the Act is classified generally to subchapter XVI (§ 1381 et seq.) of chapter 7 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1305 of this title and Tables.
Codification

In par. (11), “August 12, 1981” substituted for “the day before the date of the enactment of this Act”, which date of enactment is Aug. 13, 1981.
Pub. L. 110–234and Pub. L. 110–246made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234were repealed by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 110–246.
Amendments

2008—Par. (1)(E). Pub. L. 110–246, § 4002(b)(1)(A), (B), (2)(EE), substituted “supplemental nutrition assistance program” for “food stamp program” and “Food and Nutrition Act of 2008” for “Food Stamp Act of 1977”.
1998—Pars. (1) to (3). Pub. L. 105–285, § 304(a)(3), (4), added par. (1) and redesignated former pars. (1) and (2) as (2) and (3), respectively. Former par. (3) redesignated (4).
Par. (4). Pub. L. 105–285, § 304(a)(3), redesignated par. (3) as (4). Former par. (4) redesignated (5).
Pub. L. 105–285, § 303, substituted “The term” for “the term” and a period for the semicolon at end.
Pars. (5), (6). Pub. L. 105–285, § 304(a)(3), redesignated pars. (4) and (5) as (5) and (6), respectively. Former par. (6) redesignated (8).
Pars. (7) to (11). Pub. L. 105–285, § 304(a)(1), (2), added par. (7) and redesignated formers pars. (6) to (9) as (8) to (11), respectively.
1994—Par. (1). Pub. L. 103–252, § 304(b)(1), (2), added par. (1). Former par. (1) redesignated (2).
Par. (2). Pub. L. 103–252, § 311(c)(2), which directed the substitution of “The” for “the” and a period for the semicolon at end, could not be executed because the word “the” and a semicolon did not appear in par. (2) after the redesignations by Pub. L. 103–252, § 304(b)(1). See below.
Pub. L. 103–252, § 304(b)(1), redesignated par. (1) as (2). Former par. (2) redesignated (4).
Par. (3). Pub. L. 103–252, § 304(b)(3), added par. (3). Former par. (3) redesignated (5).
Par. (4). Pub. L. 103–252, § 304(b)(1), redesignated par. (2) as (4). Former par. (4) redesignated (6).
Pars. (5) to (9). Pub. L. 103–252, § 304(b)(1), redesignated pars. (3) to (7) as (5) to (9), respectively.
1984—Par. (1). Pub. L. 98–558, § 602(a), struck out “intervention” after “energy crisis” and inserted “and other household energy-related emergencies” at the end.
Par. (4). Pub. L. 98–558, § 602(b), substituted “the income poverty line as prescribed and revised at least annually pursuant to section 9902 (2) of this title,” for “the income poverty guidelines for the nonfarm population of the United States as prescribed by the Office of Management and Budget (and as adjusted annually pursuant to section 9902 (2) of this title)”.
1981—Pub. L. 97–115designated par. (2)(A) as par. (2), substituted provisions including individuals and groups of individuals who are living together as one economic unit for whom residential energy is customarily purchased in the form of rent in the definition of household, for provisions including individuals who occupy a housing unit in such definition, and struck out par. (2)(B), which provided that for purposes of subpar. (A), one or more rooms shall be treated as a housing unit when occupied as a separate living quarters.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234by Pub. L. 110–246effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, except as otherwise provided, see section 4 ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of Title 7, Agriculture.
Amendment by section 4002(b)(1)(A), (B), (2)(EE) ofPub. L. 110–246effective Oct. 1, 2008, see section 4407 ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 1161 of Title 2, The Congress.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–252effective Oct. 1, 1994, see section 314 ofPub. L. 103–252, set out as a note under section 8621 of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–558effective Oct. 30, 1984, see section 609(a) ofPub. L. 98–558, set out as a note under section 8621 of this title.

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.