42 U.S. Code § 9859c - Amounts reserved; allotments
(a) Amounts reserved
The Secretary shall reserve not more than one-half of 1 percent of the amount appropriated under section 9859a of this title for each fiscal year to make allotments to Guam, American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands to be allotted in accordance with their respective needs.
(b) State allotments
(1) General rule
From the amounts appropriated under section 9859a of this title for each fiscal year and remaining after reservations are made under subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall allot to each State an amount equal to the sum of—
(A) an amount that bears the same ratio to 50 percent of such remainder as the product of the young child factor of the State and the allotment percentage of the State bears to the sum of the corresponding products for all States; and
(2) Young child factor
In this subsection, the term “young child factor” means the ratio of the number of children under 5 years of age in a State to the number of such children in all States, as provided by the most recent annual estimates of population in the States by the Census Bureau of the Department of Commerce.
(3) School lunch factor
In this subsection, the term “school lunch factor” means the ratio of the number of children who are receiving free or reduced price lunches under the school lunch program established under the National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.) in the State to the number of such children in all States, as determined annually by the Department of Agriculture.
(4) Allotment percentage
(A) In general
For purposes of this subsection, the allotment percentage for a State shall be determined by dividing the per capita income of all individuals in the United States, by the per capita income of all individuals in the State.
If an allotment percentage determined under subparagraph (A) for a State—
(i) is more than 1.2 percent, the allotment percentage of the State shall be considered to be 1.2 percent; and
(C) Per capita income
For purposes of subparagraph (A), per capita income shall be—
(ii) applied for the 2-year period beginning on October 1 of the first fiscal year beginning after the date such determination is made; and
(c) Data and information
The Secretary shall obtain from each appropriate Federal agency, the most recent data and information necessary to determine the allotments provided for in subsection (b) of this section.
Source(Pub. L. 106–310, div. A, title XIV, § 1404,Oct. 17, 2000, 114 Stat. 1143.)
References in Text
The National School Lunch Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(3), probably means the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act, act June 4, 1946, ch. 281, 60 Stat. 230, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 13 (§ 1751 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1751 of this title and Tables.