43 U.S. Code § 1841 - Definitions

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As used in this subchapter, the term—
(1) “area affected by Outer Continental Shelf activities” means any geographic area:
(A) which is under oil or gas lease on the Outer Continental Shelf;
(B) where Outer Continental Shelf exploration, development or production activities have been permitted, except geophysical activities;
(C) where pipeline rights-of-way have been granted; or
(D) otherwise impacted by such activities including but not limited to expired lease areas, relinquished rights-of-way and easements, Outer Continental Shelf supply vessel routes, or other areas as determined by the Secretary;
(2) “citizen of the United States” means any person who is a United States citizen by law, birth, or naturalization, any State, any agency of a State, or a group of States, or any corporation, partnership, or association organized under the laws of any State which has as its president or other chief executive officer and as its chairman of the board of directors, or holder of a similar office, a person who is a United States citizen by law, birth, or naturalization, and which has at least 75 per centum of the interest of  [1] therein owned by citizens of the United States. Seventy-five per centum of the interest in the corporation shall not be deemed to be owned by citizens of the United States—
(A) if the title to 75 per centum of its stock is not vested in such citizens free from any trust or fiduciary obligation in favor of any person not a citizen of the United States;
(B) if 75 per centum of the voting power in such corporation is not vested in citizens of the United States;
(C) if through any contract or understanding it is so arranged that more than 25 per centum of the voting power may be exercised, directly or indirectly, in behalf of any person who is not a citizen of the United States; or
(D) if by any other means whatsoever control of any interest in the corporation in excess of 25 per centum is conferred upon or permitted to be exercised by any person who is not a citizen of the United States;
(3) “commercial fisherman” means any citizen of the United States who owns, operates, or derives income from being employed on a commercial fishing vessel;
(4) “commercial fishing vessel” means any vessel, boat, ship, or other craft which is
(A) documented under the laws of the United States or, if under five net tons, registered under the laws of any State, and
(B) used for, equipped to be used for, or of a type which is normally used for commercial purposes for the catching, taking, or harvesting of fish or the aiding or assisting of any activity related to the catching, taking, or harvesting of fish, including, but not limited to, preparation, supply, storage, refrigeration, transportation, or processing;
(5) “fish” means finfish, mollusks, crustaceans, and all other forms of marine animal and plant life other than marine mammals, birds, and highly migratory species;
(6) “fishing gear” means
(A) any commercial fishing vessel, and
(B) any equipment of such vessel, whether or not attached to such a vessel;
(7) “Fund” means the Fishermen’s Contingency Fund established under section 1842 of this title; and
(8) “Secretary” means the Secretary of Commerce or the designee of such Secretary.


[1]  So in original. The “of” is probably unnecessary.

Source

(Pub. L. 95–372, title IV, § 401,Sept. 18, 1978, 92 Stat. 685; Pub. L. 97–212, §§ 1, 8,June 30, 1982, 96 Stat. 143, 147.)
Amendments

1982—Pub. L. 97–212added par. (1), redesignated former pars. (1) to (7) as (2) to (8), respectively, and struck out “at sea” after “the aiding or assisting” in par. (4)(B) as redesignated.
Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Pub. L. 97–212, § 9,June 30, 1982, 96 Stat. 147, provided that:
“(a) Except as provided for in subsection (b), the amendments made by this Act [amending this section and sections 1842 to 1845 of this title, repealing section 1847 of this title, enacting a provision set out as a note under section 1823 of Title 16, Conservation, and amending a provision set out as a note under section 1823 of Title 16] shall apply with respect to claims for damages that are filed, on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [June 30, 1982], with the Secretary of Commerce under section 405(a) of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act Amendments of 1978 [section 1845 (a) of this title].
“(b)(1) Any commercial fisherman who filed a claim with the Secretary of Commerce for compensation under title IV of such amendments of 1978 [this subchapter] before the date of the enactment of this Act [June 30, 1982] may, if no decision on such claim was rendered under section 405(d) of such title IV [section 1845 (d) of this title] before such date of enactment [June 30, 1982], refile such claim with the Secretary if the claimant notifies the Secretary in writing within thirty days after notification under paragraph (2) of his eligibility to refile the claim that he intends to so refile. If timely notification of intent to refile is made under the preceding sentence, any action pending with respect to the original claim shall be suspended pending the refiling of the claim under paragraph (2) and, if such refiling is timely made, such action shall be vacated.
“(2) The Secretary shall notify each claimant eligible to refile a claim under paragraph (1) of such eligibility within 10 days after the date of enactment of this Act [June 30, 1982].
“(3) A claim for which notification on intent to refile was timely made under paragraph (1) must be refiled with the Secretary within the thirty-day period after the date on which the regulations promulgated to implement the amendments made by this Act become final or action shall be resumed with respect to such claim without regard to the amendments made by this Act.
“(4) The amendments made by this Act shall apply with respect to any claim that is refiled on a timely basis under paragraph (3).”

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50 CFR - Wildlife and Fisheries

50 CFR Part 296 - FISHERMEN'S CONTINGENCY FUND

 

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