45 U.S. Code § 661 - Definitions

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For the purposes of this chapter—
(1) “Secretary” means the Secretary of Transportation.
(2) “Board” means the Surface Transportation Board.
(3) “Railroad” means any rail carrier subject to part A of subtitle IV of title 49.
(4) “Certificate” means certificates issued by trustees of a railroad pursuant to subsection 77(c)(3) of the Bankruptcy Act, as amended.


(Pub. L. 91–663, § 2,Jan. 8, 1971, 84 Stat. 1975; Pub. L. 104–88, title III, § 325(1),Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 951.)
References in Text

Section 77(c)(3) of the Bankruptcy Act, referred to in par. (4), was classified to section 205(c)(3) of former Title 11, Bankruptcy. The Bankruptcy Act (act July 1, 1898, ch. 541, 30 Stat. 544, as amended) was repealed effective Oct. 1, 1979, by Pub. L. 95–598, §§ 401(a), 402 (a),Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2682, section 101 of which enacted revised Title 11. For current provisions relating to railroad reorganization, see subchapter IV (§ 1161 et seq.) of chapter 11 of Title 11.

1995—Par. (2). Pub. L. 104–88, § 325(1)(A), added par. (2) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: “ ‘Commission’ means the Interstate Commerce Commission.”
Par. (3). Pub. L. 104–88, § 325(1)(B), substituted “rail carrier subject to part A of subtitle IV of title 49” for “common carrier by railroad subject to part I of the Interstate Commerce Act (49 U.S.C. 1–27)”.
Effective Date of 1995 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–88effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2 ofPub. L. 104–88, set out as an Effective Date note under section 701 of Title 49, Transportation.
Short Title

Pub. L. 91–663, § 1,Jan. 8, 1971, 84 Stat. 1975, provided: “That this Act [enacting this chapter] may be cited as the ‘Emergency Rail Services Act of 1970’.”

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

45 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


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