46 U.S. Code § 301 - General organization

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(a) Organization.— The Federal Maritime Commission is an independent establishment of the United States Government.
(b) Commissioners.—
(1) Composition.— The Commission is composed of 5 Commissioners, appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Not more than 3 Commissioners may be appointed from the same political party.
(2) Terms.— The term of each Commissioner is 5 years, with each term beginning one year apart. An individual appointed to fill a vacancy is appointed only for the unexpired term of the individual being succeeded. A vacancy shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment. When the term of a Commissioner ends, the Commissioner may continue to serve until a successor is appointed and qualified.
(3) Removal.— The President may remove a Commissioner for inefficiency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office.
(c) Chairman.—
(1) Designation.— The President shall designate one of the Commissioners as Chairman.
(2) General authority.— The Chairman is the chief executive and administrative officer of the Commission. In carrying out the duties and powers of the Commission (other than under paragraph (3)), the Chairman is subject to the policies, regulatory decisions, findings, and determinations of the Commission.
(3) Particular duties.—
(A) In general.— The Chairman shall—
(i) appoint and supervise officers and employees of the Commission;
(ii) appoint the heads of major organizational units, but only after consultation with the other Commissioners;
(iii) distribute the business of the Commission among personnel and organizational units;
(iv) supervise the expenditure of money for administrative purposes; and
(v) assign Commission personnel, including Commissioners, to perform duties and powers delegated by the Commission under section 304 of this title.
(B) Nonapplication.— Subparagraph (A) (other than clause (v)) does not apply to personnel employed regularly and full-time in the offices of Commissioners other than the Chairman.
(4) Delegation.— The Chairman may designate officers and employees under the Chairman’s jurisdiction to perform duties and powers of the Chairman, subject to the Chairman’s supervision and direction.
(d) Seal.— The Commission shall have a seal which shall be judicially recognized.

Source

(Pub. L. 109–304, § 4,Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1488.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised Section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
301(a)
46 App.:1111 note.
Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, eff. Aug. 12, 1961, § 101, 75 Stat. 840.
301(b)
46 App.:1111 note.
Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, eff. Aug. 12, 1961, § 102(a), (c), 75 Stat. 840; Pub. L. 88–426, title III, § 305(19)(A), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 425.
46 App.:1111 note.
Pub. L. 89–56, June 30, 1965, 79 Stat. 195.
301(c)
46 App.:1111 note.
Reorg. Plan No. 6 of 1949, eff. Aug. 20, 1949, 63 Stat. 1069.
46 App.:1111 note.
Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, eff. Aug. 12, 1961, §§ 102(b), 104, 105(d), 75 Stat. 840, 841.
301(d)
46 App.:1111(c) (related to seal).
June 29, 1936, ch. 858, title II, § 201(c) (related to seal), 49 Stat. 1986.

In subsection (a), the words “is an independent establishment” are substituted for “shall not be a part of any executive department or under the authority of the head of any executive department” for consistency with other titles of the United States Code and to eliminate unnecessary words.
In subsection (b)(2), the words “The term of each Commissioner is 5 years, with each term beginning one year apart” are substituted for the language about terms in section 102(c) of Reorganization Plan No. 7 of 1961 (46 App. U.S.C. 1111 note) and the Act of June 30, 1965 (Pub. L. 89–56, 79 Stat. 195), for clarity and to eliminate executed and obsolete language.
In subsection (c),section 104 of Reorganization Plan No. 7 of 1961 is omitted as executed.
Subsection (c)(1) is based on section 102(b) of Reorganization Plan No. 7 of 1961. The words “from time to time” are omitted as unnecessary.
Subsection (c)(2) is based on section 1 of Reorganization Plan No. 6 of 1949.
Subsection (c)(3) is based on section 2 of Reorganization Plan No. 6 of 1949 and section 105(d) of Reorganization Plan No. 7 of 1961.
Subsection (c)(4) is based on section 3 of Reorganization Plan No. 6 of 1949.

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46 CFR - Shipping

46 CFR Part 501 - THE FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION—GENERAL

46 CFR Part 550 - REGULATIONS TO ADJUST OR MEET CONDITIONS UNFAVORABLE TO SHIPPING IN THE FOREIGN TRADE OF THE UNITED STATES

46 CFR Part 551 - ACTIONS TO ADJUST OR MEET CONDITIONS UNFAVORABLE TO SHIPPING IN THE U.S. FOREIGN TRADE

 

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