(a) General Authority.— Until a matter is referred to the Attorney General, the Federal Maritime Commission may, after notice and opportunity for a hearing, assess a civil penalty provided for in this part. The Commission may compromise, modify, or remit, with or without conditions, a civil penalty.
(b) Factors in Determining Amount.— In determining the amount of a civil penalty, the Commission shall take into account the nature, circumstances, extent, and gravity of the violation committed and, with respect to the violator, the degree of culpability, history of prior offenses, ability to pay, and other matters justice may require.
(c) Exception.— A civil penalty may not be imposed for conspiracy to violate section
41104(1) or (2) of this title or to defraud the Commission by concealing such a violation.
(d) Prohibited Basis of Penalty.— The Commission or a court may not order a person to pay the difference between the amount billed and agreed upon in writing with a common carrier or its agent and the amount set forth in a tariff or service contract by that common carrier for the transportation service provided.
(e) Time Limit.— A proceeding to assess a civil penalty under this section must be commenced within 5 years after the date of the violation.
(f) Review of Civil Penalty.— A person against whom a civil penalty is assessed under this section may obtain review under chapter
158 of title
(g) Civil Actions To Collect.— If a person does not pay an assessment of a civil penalty after it has become final or after the appropriate court has entered final judgment in favor of the Commission, the Attorney General at the request of the Commission may seek to collect the amount assessed in an appropriate district court of the United States. The court shall enforce the order of the Commission unless it finds that the order was not regularly made and duly issued.
Pub. L. 98–237, § 13(c)–(f), Mar. 20, 1984, 98 Stat. 82; Pub. L. 105–258, title I, § 112(c), Oct. 14, 1998, 112 Stat. 1912.
46 App.:1712(c) (2d sentence).
46 App.:1712(f)(1) (1st sentence).
46 App.:1712(f)(1) (last sentence).
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.