(a) General Authority.— The Secretary of Transportation may establish and maintain a voluntary organization, to be known as the United States Maritime Service, for the training of citizens of the United States to serve on merchant vessels of the United States and to perform functions to assist the United States merchant marine, as determined necessary by the Secretary.
(b) Specific Authority.— The Secretary may—
(1)determine the number of individuals to be enrolled for training and reserve purposes in the Service;
(2)fix the rates of pay and allowances of the individuals without regard to chapter
51 or subchapter
III of chapter
53 of title
(3)prescribe the course of study and the periods of training for the Service; and
(4)prescribe the uniform of the Service and the rules on providing and wearing the uniform.
(c) Ranks, Grades, and Ratings.— The ranks, grades, and ratings for personnel of the Service shall be the same as those prescribed for personnel of the Coast Guard.
(d) Medals and Awards.— The Secretary may establish and maintain a medals and awards program to recognize distinguished service, superior achievement, professional performance, and other commendable achievement by personnel of the Service.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–181, § 3523(a)(4), incorporated the substance of the amendment by Pub. L. 109–163, § 3509, into this section by substituting “of the United States and to perform functions to assist the United States merchant marine, as determined necessary by the Secretary.” for “of the United States.” See 2006 Amendment note below and section 18(a) ofPub. L. 109–304, set out as a Legislative Purpose and Construction note preceding section
101 of this title.
2006—Pub. L. 109–163, § 3509, as amended by Pub. L. 109–364, § 3510(d)(1), which directed the amendment of section 1295e(a) of the former Appendix to this title from which subsec. (a) of this section was derived, was repealed by Pub. L. 110–181, § 3523(b). See 2008 Amendment note for subsec. (a) and Historical and Revision notes above.
Effective Date of 2006 Amendment
Pub. L. 109–364, div. C, title XXXV, § 3510(d)(2),Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2521, provided that: “This subsection [amending section 3509 ofPub. L. 109–163which had amended section 1295e(a) of the former Appendix to this title, from which subsec. (a) of this section is derived] shall be effective immediately after section 3509 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (119 Stat. 3557) [Pub. L. 109–163] takes effect [Jan. 6, 2006].”
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
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