46 U.S. Code § 56102 - Additional controls during war or national emergency
(a) In General.— During war, or a national emergency declared by Presidential proclamation, a person may not, without the approval of the Secretary of Transportation—
(1) place under foreign registry a vessel owned in whole or in part by a citizen of the United States or a corporation incorporated under the laws of the United States or of a State;
(2) sell, mortgage, lease, charter, deliver, or in any other manner transfer, or agree to sell, mortgage, lease, charter, deliver, or in any other manner transfer, to a person not a citizen of the United States—
(3) issue, assign, or transfer to a person not a citizen of the United States an instrument of indebtedness secured by a mortgage of a vessel to a trustee, by an assignment of an owner’s interest in a vessel under construction to a trustee, or by a mortgage of a facility for building or repairing vessels to a trustee, unless the trustee or a substitute trustee is approved by the Secretary under subsection (b);
(4) enter into an agreement or understanding to construct a vessel in the United States for, or to be delivered to, a person not a citizen of the United States without expressly stipulating that construction will not begin until after the war or national emergency has ended;
(5) enter into an agreement or understanding whereby there is vested in, or for the benefit of, a person not a citizen of the United States the controlling interest in a corporation that is incorporated under the laws of the United States or a State and that owns a vessel or facility for building or repairing vessels; or
(1) Approval.— The Secretary shall approve a trustee or substitute trustee under subsection (a)(3) if and only if the trustee is a bank or trust company that—
(A) is organized as a corporation, and is doing business, under the laws of the United States or a State;
(2) Disapproval.— If a trustee or substitute trustee ceases to meet the conditions in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall disapprove the trustee or substitute trustee. After the disapproval, the restrictions on transfer or assignment without the Secretary’s approval in subsection (a)(3) apply.
(d) Recovery of Consideration.—
(1) In general.— A person that deposited or paid consideration in connection with a transaction prohibited by this section may recover the consideration after tender of the vessel, facility, stock, or other security, or interest therein, to the person entitled to it, or the forfeiture thereof to the United States Government.
(1) Criminal penalty.— A person that violates, or attempts or conspires to violate, this section shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or both.
(2) Forfeiture.— The following shall be forfeited to the Government:
(A) A vessel, a facility for building or repairing vessels, or an interest in a vessel or such a facility, that is sold, mortgaged, leased, chartered, delivered, transferred, or documented, or agreed to be sold, mortgaged, leased, chartered, delivered, transferred, or documented, in violation of this section.
(B) Stock and other securities sold or transferred, or agreed to be sold or transferred, in violation of this section.
Source(Pub. L. 109–304, § 8(c),Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1652.)
|Revised Section||Source (U.S. Code)||Source (Statutes at Large)|
|46 App.:835(a)–(c) (less provisos), (d)–(f).|
|Sept. 7, 1916, ch. 451, § 37, as added July 15, 1918, ch. 152, § 4, 40 Stat. 901; Exec. Order No. 6166, § 12, eff. June 10, 1933; June 29, 1936, ch. 858, title II, § 204, title IX, § 904, 49 Stat. 1987, 2016; Pub. L. 89–346, § 2, Nov. 8, 1965, 79 Stat. 1306; Pub. L. 97–31, § 12(30), Aug. 6, 1981, 95 Stat. 156.|
|46 App.:835(c) (provisos).|
|46 App.:835 (2d par. after cl. (f), last par. words before 9th comma).|
|46 App.:835 (last par. words after 9th comma).|
|46 App.:835 (1st, 3d pars. after cl. (f)).|
In this section, the words “facility for building or repairing vessels” are substituted for “shipyard, dry dock, shipbuilding or ship-repairing plant or facility” (or similar language) to eliminate unnecessary words.
In subsection (a)(1), the words “transfer to” and “or flag” are omitted as surplus. The words “Territory, District, or possession thereof” are omitted as unnecessary because of the definition of “State” in chapter 1 of the revised title.
In subsection (a)(3), the words “instrument of indebtedness” are substituted for “bond, note, or other evidence of indebtedness” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “right, title, or” are omitted as unnecessary.
In subsection (a)(5), the words “or the majority of the voting power” are omitted as covered by “controlling interest”.
In subsection (b)(1), before subparagraph (A), the words “and only if” are added for clarity because the Secretary is required to disapprove a trustee that ceases to meet the specified conditions.
Subsections (c) and (d) are substituted for the source provisions to eliminate unnecessary words.