U.S. Code: Title 46 - SHIPPING

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Current through 113–65 This title was enacted by Pub. L. 98–89, § 1,Aug. 26, 1983, 97 Stat. 500; Pub. L. 99–509, title V, subtitle B, § 5101,Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1913; Pub. L. 100–424, § 6,Sept. 9, 1988, 102 Stat. 1591; Pub. L. 100–710, title I, § 102,Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4738; Pub. L. 109–304, Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1485   Subtitle Sec. I. GENERAL 101 II. VESSELS AND SEAMEN 2101 III. MARITIME LIABILITY 30101 IV. REGULATION OF OCEAN SHIPPING 40101 V. MERCHANT MARINE 50101 VI. CLEARANCE, TONNAGE TAXES, AND DUTIES 60101 VII. SECURITY AND DRUG ENFORCEMENT 70101 VIII. MISCELLANEOUS 80101
Amendments

2006—Pub. L. 109–304, § 3,Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1485, amended title analysis generally, adding item IV, substituting “50101” for “53101” in item V, adding item VI, substituting “SECURITY AND DRUG ENFORCEMENT” for “MISCELLANEOUS” in item VII, and adding item VIII.
Pub. L. 109–241, title IX, § 901(k)(2),July 11, 2006, 120 Stat. 565, redesignated item VI “MISCELLANEOUS” as item VII.
2003—Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXV, § 3531(b),Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1817, added item V.
2002—Pub. L. 107–295, title I, § 102(b),Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2084, added item VI.
1988—Pub. L. 100–710, title I, § 102(b),Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4738, amended title analysis generally, substituting “GENERAL” for “[Reserved—general]” in item I and adding item III.

Disposition Table (Showing Disposition of Former Sections of Title 46 or Title 46 Appendix)
Title 46 or Title 46 Appendix Former Sections Title 46 New Sections
1 Rep.
2 2103
3 note prec. (Act 12-27-1950, §§ 1, 2) 501
3 Rep.
4 2105
5, 6 Rep.
7 2107
8 2108
9(a), (b) 3316
9(c) Rep.
9(d) 3316
11, 12 Rep.
13 Rep.
14 (words before last proviso) 12107
14 (last proviso) 12151
15–41 Rep.
42 60103
43–56 Rep.
57 60102
58 Rep.
59 Rep.
60–63 Rep.
65(1) 2101(10)
65(2) 2101(11)
65(3) 2101(34)
65a 12113
65b 12102
65c 12114
65d 12115
65e 12103
65f 12116
65g 12104
65h 12105
65i 12106
65j 12107
65k 12108
65l 12109
65m 12110
65n 12122
65o 12111
65p 12112
65q 12117
65r 12118
65s 12119
65t 12120
65u 2107, 12122(a)
65v(1) 2104
65v(2) 12121
65w 12101
71 12102, 14102, 14104, 14501, 14502, 14504, 14511, 14521, 14522
72 14503
73, 74 Rep.
75 14512
76 Rep.
77 14502, 14512
78, 79 Rep.
80 (See former 660–1)
81 14306
82 3101
83 14502, 14513
83a–83g 14513
83h 14102
83i 14702
83j 14701
83k 2107
85–85g Rep.
86 5114, 5115
86a 5101
86b 5102
86c 5102, 5103, 5104, 5106
86d 5107
86e 5108
86f 5109
86g 5112
86h 5113
86i 5116
88 5102
88a 5104, 5108
88b 5103, 5107
88c 5112
88d 5109
88e 5112
88f 5113
88g 5116
88h, 88i Rep.
91 60105
91a–96 Rep.
97 60106
98 60109
99 Rep.
100 60107
101, 102 Rep.
103 Rep.
104 60504
105–110 Rep.
111 Elim.
112, 113 Rep.
121 (1st sentence) 60302
121 (2d sentence) 60301
121 (3d sentence related to distress) 60305
121 (3d sentence related to trade) 60306
121 (4th sentence) 60302
121 (5th sentence words before semicolon) 60302
121 (5th sentence words after semicolon) 60304
121 (last sentence words before semicolon) 60312
121 (last sentence words after semicolon) 60302
122 60307
123 60308
124 60309
125 60310
126, 127 Rep.
128, 129 60303
130, 131 Rep.
132 60301
133, 134 60311
135 60312
141 60503
142 60505
143 60506
144, 145 60507
146 60502
151–162 Rep.
163 60101
170 3306(a)(5), Rep. in part
170(14) 2106
170a, 170b Rep.
171–175 Rep.
178, 179 Rep.
181 30503
182 30504
183(a) 30505
183(b) (1st sentence) 30506
183(b) (last sentence) 30507
183(c)–(e) 30506
183(f) (related to 46 App.:183(b)–(e)) 30506
183(f) (related to 46 App.:183b) 30508
183(g) 30510
183a Rep.
183b 30508
183c 30509
184 30507
185 30511
186 30501
187 30512
188 30502
189 30505
190 30704
191 30705
192 30706
193 30703
194 30707
195 30702
196 Rep.
201 11301
202 11302
203 11303
211 8501(a)
212 8501(b)
213 8501(c), (e)
214 7101
214(c) 7106
215 8501(d), 8502
216(a) 9301(2)
216(b) 2101(34)
216(c) 9301(3)
216(d) 9301(1)
216(e), (f) Rep.
216a 9302(a), (b), (d)
216b(a)–(c) 9303
216b(d) 9305
216b(e) 9304
216c 9303
216d 9305
216e(a)–(c) 9308
216e(d) 2107
216e(e) 2106
216f 9302(c)
216g 9306
216h 9307
216i Rep.
221 8103
222 8101
223 8301
224 7101, 8101
224a 8303, 8304
224a(2) 7111
225 7106, 7109, 7113
226 7101, 7106, 7703
227 Rep.
228 7101, 7106, 7703
229 7101, 7106, 7703
229a 7101, 7103
229b 7101, 7103
229c 7106, 7108, 7318
229d Rep.
229e 7105
229f 7110
229g 7103, 7318
229h Rep.
230 7112
231 7105
232 7110
233 7109
234 3315
235 8104
236 8103
237, 238 Rep.
239 6101, 6301, 7703
239(d) 6303
239(e) 6304, 7705
239(f) 6304
239(g) 6305, 7701
239(i) 6306
239(j) 6301, 6307
239(k) 6305
239a(a) 7503(a), 7704(a)
239a(b) 2101(34)
239a(c) 7302
239b(a) 7503(b)
239b(b) 7704(b), (c)
240 7703
241 8304
242 7101, 7102, 8302(a)–(d)
243 7101, 7104, 7107, 7108
244 7101, 7105
245 8302(g), (h)
246(a) 8302(a)–(d)
246(b) Rep.
246(c) 7703
247 7101
248 8302
249–249c Rep.
251, 251a 55114
251b Rep.
252–262 Rep.
263–276 Rep.
277 12133
278–288 Rep.
289 55103
289a, 289b 55121
289c 55104
290 Rep.
291 55120
292 55109
293–293b Rep.
294–315 Rep.
316(a), (b) 55111
316(c) 55118
316(d), (e) 80104
316a 55112
317, 318 Rep.
319 T. 19 § 1706a
320–325 Rep.
326 502
327 503
328 Rep.
329, 330 Rep.
331 2110
332–336 Rep.
351–353 Rep.
354, 355 60104
361 2101(16), (37)
362 2109, 3301(9), 3314
362(a) 3303
362(b) 3504
362(c) 3505
363 2109
364 8502
365 Rep.
366 3306
367 2101(16), (33), 2303, 3301(7), 3302
369 3305, 3306, 3316
369(b) 3503
369(e) 3318
371 Rep.
372 2103
373–374a Rep.
375 3306
376–382a–1 Rep.
382b 2104, 2111, 2112
382b–1 3317(b)
382c–385 Rep.
390 3302, 3304
390(a) 2101(21)(B)
390(b) 2101(35)
390(d) 2101(34)
390(e) 2101(13)
390(f) 2101(27)
390(g) 2101(30)
390(h) 2101(28)
390(i) 2101(29)
390a 3301(4), (5), (8), 3305
390a(a) 3307(2)
390a(b) 3317(a), 7114
390b 3306, 8901, 8902
390c 3303(a), 3309, 3311
390c(b), (c) 3313
390d 2106, 3318(a), 8906
390e–390g Rep.
391 3301(1), (4), (9), 3304, 3305
391(b) 3307(3)
391(c) 2101(22), 3307(1)
391(e) 3302
391a 3301(10), 3702, 8502
391a(2)(A) 2101(9)
391a(2)(B) 2101(12)
391a(2)(C) 2101(14)
391a(2)(D) 2101(15)
391a(2)(E) 2101(20)
391a(2)(F) 3701(4)
391a(2)(G) 2101(24)
391a(2)(H) 2101(5)
391a(2)(I) 2101(34)
391a(2)(J) 3701(5)
391a(2)(K) 3701(6)
391a(2)(L) 2101(46)
391a(2)(M) 2101(38)
391a(2)(N) 2101(8)
391a(2)(O) 2101(23)
391a(2)(P) 3701(2)
391a(2)(Q) 3701(3)
391a(2)(R) 3701(1)
391a(2)(S) 2101(7)
391a(3) 2101(39), 2301, 3303, 3702(a)
391a(4) 2109
391a(4)(B) 8703(c)
391a(5) 3702
391a(6) 3703
391a(7) 3704–3709
391a(8) 3309, 3313
391a(8)(A) 3710, 3712
391a(8)(B) 3711, 3712
391a(8)(C) 3711
391a(8)(D) 3710
391a(8)(E) 3710, 3711
391a(9) 9102
391a(10)(A) 8703(a)
391a(10)(B) 9101(b)
391a(10)(C) 7317, 8703(b)
391a(10)(D) Rep. See 7701 et seq.
391a(11) 9101(a)
391a(12) 3703
391a(13) 3713
391a(14) 2107, 3718
391a(14)(C) 2106
391a(15) 3714
391a(16) 3717
391a(17) 3715
391a(18) 3716
391b Rep.
392 3304–3306
392(b) 3307(3)
393, 394 Rep.
395 3301(6), 3305, 3311
395(d) 3309
395(e) 2101(32)
396, 397 Rep.
398 3318
399 3309, 3311, 3314
400 3312
401, 402 Rep.
403 3318
404 2101(13), (16), (17), 3301(1), 3302, 3306, 3307
404–1 3301(3), 3305, 3501
404–1(1) 2101(19)
404–1(4) 2101(21)(C)
404–1(6) 3307(2), (3)
404–1(8) 8301
404a Rep.
405 2101(40), 3301(9), 3305
405(b) 8104
405(b)(1)(A) 2101(34)
405(b)(2) 8904
405(b)(3) 8905(b)
406 3305
407 3305, 3318
408 3305, 3306, 3318
409 Rep.
410 3318
411, 412 3306
413 3318
414 3310, 7502
415 Rep.
416 2104, 3306
417 (See former 416)
418, 419 Rep.
420 3302, 3306
431–434 Rep.
435 3308, 3313
436 2106, 3318
437–440 Rep.
441(1) 2101(18), 50503
441(2) 2101(31), 50503
442 3302
443 50503
444 8701, 50503
445 2113, 3306
446–446c 50504
446 note (Pub. L. 97–322, § 201) Rep.
446d 8101
451 3501
452 3501(b), (c)
453 2113
454–457 T. 33 §§ 1233–1236
458 Rep.
459 3306
460, 460a, 461 3502
462 2106, 3501, 3502
463, 463a, 464 Rep.
465 (See former 170)
466 Rep.
466a 3901
466b 3902
466c T. 15 § 1824a
467–469 Rep.
470, 471 8102
472 Rep.
473 3306
474–476 Rep.
477–479 3306
480 2301
481 2106, 3306
481(a) 2101(34)
481(c) 2106
481(d) 3318
482, 483 3306
484–488 Rep.
489 3306
490 Rep.
491 (words before semicolon) 30102
491 (words after semicolon) 30103
492 3506
493–496 Rep.
497 2106, 3318, 8502
498 Rep.
511–522 Rep.
526 2101(43)
526a–526d Rep.
526e 4102(b)
526f Rep.
526g 4102(a)
526h 4103
526i 4102(c)
526j 4102(d)
526k–526n Rep.
526o 2106, 2107, 4106
526p 2107, 3306, 4104
526q–526t Rep.
526u 4101
527–527h Rep.
531 10601
532 Rep. See 11501
533, 534 10602
541–542a Rep.
543 2104
544, 545 Rep.
546 10102
547–549 Rep.
561, 562 Rep.
563 11110
564 10301, 10302
565 10305
566 10301
567, 568 10321
569 10309
570 10308
571 10321
572, 573 Rep.
574 10301, 10501, 10502
575 10508
576 10509
577 10307
578 11107
579 Rep.
591 10313(a)
592 10313(b)
593 10313(b)
594 10313(c)
595 10313(d)
596 10313(e)–(i), 10504
597 2101(12), 10313(e)–(i), 10504
598 10313(e), 10504(a), (d), 10505(d)
599 2101(12), 10314, 10315, 10505, 10506
599(g) 10316
600 10317
601 11108, 11109
602 11111
603–608, 611 Rep.
621 10701, 10702
622 10703
623 10711
624 10704, 10705
625 10706
626 10707
627 10709
628 10708, 10710
641, 642 10310
643 8701, 8702, 10102(c), 10311, 10503
643(a) 7302, 7303, 7318
643(b) 7304
643(c) 7302, 10306
643(e) 10311
643(f) 7319, 7502
643(h) 7501
643(l) 7316, 10103
643a 8701
643b Rep.
644 10312(a), (b), (d)–(f)
645, 646, 651 Rep.
652 10312(c)
653 10901, 10902(a), 10907
654 10901, 10903(a), (b)
655 10901, 10904
656 10901, 10905
657 10905
658 10901, 10906, 10908
659 10903(c)
660 10903(d)
660–1 11101
660a 3305, 3308
660b 3308
661 10321
662 10902(b)
663 Rep.
664 10907
665 10321, 11106(b)–(d)
666 11102(a)
667 11102(b)
668, 669 Rep.
670, 671 11103
672 8701, 8702
672(a) 2101(34)
672(b) 7306
672(b)(1) 7307
672(b)(2) 7308
672(b)(3) 7309, 7310
672(b)(4) 7311
672(c) 7301, 7315
672(d) 8702(d)
672(e) 8702(b), (c)
672(f) 7312
672(g) 7313, 7314
672(h) 8103
672(i) 7302
672(j) 2106, 8702(e)
672–1, 672–2 Rep.
672a 8103
672b, 672b–1, 672c Rep.
673 8104
674–677 Rep.
678 11104(a)
679 11104(b)–(d)
680, 681 Rep.
682 10318, 10507
683 10318, 10507
684 11105
685 11106(a)
686, 687 Rep.
688(a) 30104
688(b) 30105
689 2103, 2104
690 8103
691 Sec. 2(f) of Pub. L. 98–89
692 Rep.
701 11501
702 11502
703 11503
704 T. 18 § 2196
705 11504
706 11505
707 10319
708 T. 18 § 2279
709 Rep.
710 11506
710a Rep.
710b (See former 239a)
710c (See former 239b)
711 Rep.
712 11507
713 10101, 10303, 10304
721 80101
722, 723 80103
724 80102
725 80105
726 80106
727 80107
728 2304
729, 730 80107
731 2304, 80107
732–735 Rep.
738 80301
738a 80302
738b Rep.
738c 80303
738d Rep.
740 30101
741 (11th–26th words) 30902
741 (less 11th–26th words) 30908
742 (1st sentence) 30903
742 (2d sentence) 30906
742 (3d sentence) 30903
742 (last sentence) 30906
743 (1st sentence) 30907
743 (2d, 3d sentences) 30911
743 (4th–6th sentences) 30907
743 (last sentence) 30909
743a Rep.
744 30914
745 (words before 1st proviso) 30905
745 (1st proviso) 30904
745 (2d proviso) Rep.
745 (last proviso) 30911
746 30910
747 30915
748 30913
749 30912
750 30916
751 30917
752 30918
761(a) 30302
761(b) 30307
762(a) 30303
762(b) 30307
763 Rep.
763a 30106
764 30306
765 30305
766 30304
767 30308
768 Rep.
781 31102
782 (1st sentence) 31104
782 (last sentence words before last comma) 31103
782 (last sentence words after last comma) 31107
783 (words before proviso) 31102
783 (proviso) 31105
784 31110
785 31111
786 31108
787 31109
788 31112
789 31106
790 31113
791–799 Rep.
801 Rep.
802 50501
803 50502
804 Rep.
804a Rep.
805–807 Rep.
808(4th par., prior to amendment by Pub. L. 100–710) 31328
808(a) Rep.
808(b) 57109
808(c)–(f) 56101
808a 56101
809–810a Rep.
811 (1st sentence words before 1st comma) 50105
811 (1st sentence words after 1st comma) 50106
811 (2d sentence words before 2d comma) 50105
811 (2d sentence words after 2d comma) 50107
811 (3d sentence) 50106
811 (4th sentence) 50109
811 (last sentence) 50111
812–817c Rep.
817d(a) (1st–5th, 29th–last words) 44103
817d(a) (6th–28th words) 44101
817d(b) 44103
817d(c) 44104
817d(d) 44106
817d(e) 44105
817e(a) (1st–14th, 37th–last words) 44102
817e(a) (15th–36th words) 44101
817e(b) 44102
817e(c) 44104
817e(d) 44106
817e(e) 44105
818–832 Rep.
833, 833a Rep.
834 60108
835 56102
836, 837 56105
838 31306
839 (1st par.) 56103
839 (last par.) 56104
840–841c Rep.
842 Rep.
843–848 Rep.
861 50101
862–864 Rep.
864a Rep.
864b 57108
865 Rep.
865a 53101 note
866 Rep.
867 50302
868, 869 Rep.
870–870d Rep.
871 57106
872 50304
873, 874 Rep.
875 50304
876(a)(1) Rep.
876(a)(2) 42101
876(a)(3) 42102
876(b), (c) 42102
876(d) 42103
876(e) 42101
876(f), (g) 42104
876(h) 42105
876(i) 42106
876(j) 42107
876(k) 42108
876(l ) 42109
877 55101
877 note (Proc. No. 3215, Dec. 12, 1957) 55101
878–880 Rep.
881 3305, 3316, 12119
882 3304
883 (words before 1st proviso) 55102
883 (1st proviso, 2d proviso less meaning of “rebuilt”) 12132
883 (2d proviso related to meaning of “rebuilt”) 12101
883 (3d proviso) 55116
883 (4th proviso) 55119
883 (5th proviso) 55117
883 (6th proviso) 55107
883 (7th proviso) 55106
883 (8th proviso) Rep.
883 (2d–6th sentences, last sentence less provisos) 55105
883 (10th proviso) 55115
883 (11th proviso) 55102
883 (12th proviso) 55110
883 (last proviso) 55108
883 note (Pub. L. 104–324, § 1120(f)) 12120
883–1 12118
883a (1st sentence) 12139
883a (2d, last sentences) 12151
883b Rep.
884 58108
885 T. 15 § 38
886 Rep.
887–889 Rep.
891 50101
891a Rep.
891b 57106
891c–891y Rep.
911(1), (2) 30101(1)
911(3) Rep.
911(4) 30101(1)
911(5) 31301(3)
921 31321(a)(1), (e)
922(a), (b) 31322(a)(1)
922(b) 31301(6)(A)
922(c), (d) Rep.
922(e), (f) 31322(c)
923 31324
924 31323(a), (b)
925 31343
925(b) 31321(f), (h)
926(a), (b) 31321(b)
926(c) Rep.
926(d) 31322(b)
927 31302(1), (2)
941(a) Rep.
941(b) (1st sentence) 31330(a), (c)
941(b) (last sentence) 31323(c)
941(c) 31304
951 (1st par.) 31325(a), (b)(1), (c), (d)
951 (2d par. less proviso) 31301(6)(B)
951 (2d par. proviso) 31326(b)(2)
952 (1st, 2d sentences) 31325(e)
952 (last sentence) 31308
953(a) 31301(5)
953(b) 31326(a), (b)(1)
954(a) 31325(b)(2)
954(b) 31303
961(a) Rep.
961(b) 31327
961(c) 31326(a)
961(d), (e) 31328
961(f) 31329
971 31342
972 31341
973 31341(a)
974 31305
975 31307
981–984 Rep.
1011 Rep.
1012 31321(a)(2)
1013, 1014 Rep.
1101 50101
1111(a), (b) Rep.
1111(c) (related to seal) 301
1111(c) (related to records) 303
1111(c) (related to rules and regulations) 305
1111(d) (related to Commission) 307
1111(d) (related to Secretary) Rep.
1111(e) Rep.
1111(f) (1st, last sentences) Rep.
1111(f) (2d sentence related to Commission) Rep.
1111(f) (2d sentence related to Secretary) T. 49 § 109
1111 note (Pub. L. 89–56) 301
1111 note (Reorg. Plan No. 6 of 1949) 301
1111 note (Reorg. Plan No. 21 of 1950, §§ 201, 203, 204) T. 49 § 109
1111 note (Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, §§ 101, 102(a)–(c), 104, 105(d)) 301
1111 note (Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, § 102(d)) 302
1111 note (Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, § 105(a)–(c)) 304
1111 note (Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, § 201) T. 49 § 109
1111a–1111c Rep.
1112 50303
1113 Rep.
1114 Rep.
1115 58107
1116, 1116a Rep.
1117 (related to Commission) Rep.
1117 (related to Secretary) T. 49 § 109
1118 (related to Commission) 306
1118 (related to Secretary) 50111
1118 note (Pub. L. 106–398, [§ 3506]) 50111
1119 T. 49 § 109
1119a, 1119b Rep.
1120 50102
1121(a)–(c) 50103
1121(d) 50105
1121(e) 50106
1121(f) 50109
1121(g) 50106
1121(h), (i) 50109
1121(j) (words before 1st semicolon) 50105
1121(j) (words between 1st and 2d semicolons) 50110
1121(j) (words after 2d semicolon) 50109
1121–1 55301
1121–2 50112
1122(a) 50104
1122(b)(1) 50110
1122(b)(2) 50105
1122(c) 50105
1122(d) 50110, T. 49 § 109
1122(e) Rep.
1122(f) 50108
1122(g) 50111
1122a 50113
1122b 55501
1123 50109
1124 50306
1125 57105
1125 note (Pub. L. 86–518, § 9) 57105, 57506
1125a 57107
1126 Rep.
1126–1(a) (1st sentence) 51101
1126–1(a) (last sentence), (b) 51104
1126a, 1126a–1 Rep.
1126b, 1126b–1 Rep.
1126c, 1126d Rep.
1127–1128h Rep.
1131 53101 note
1132 (prior provision) 8103
1132(a) (prior provision) 7102
1132 (added by Pub. L. 104–239) 52101
1141–1144 Rep.
1145 Rep.
1151–1155 53101 note
1155a Rep.
1156, 1157 53101 note
1158(a) 57102
1158(b) 57103
1159 53101 note
1160(a) 57301
1160(b) (1st sentence) 57302
1160(b) (2d sentence) 57304
1160(b) (3d sentence) 57305
1160(b) (4th–7th sentences) 57306
1160(b) (last sentence) 57302
1160(c) 57303
1160(d) 57305
1160(e) 57307
1160(f) 50111
1160(g) 57308
1160(h) Rep.
1160(i) 57104
1160(j) 57101
1161(a) 53301
1161(b) (1st sentence words before 6th comma) 53302
1161(b) (1st sentence words between 6th and 10th commas) 53303
1161(b) (1st sentence between 10th and 16th commas) 53302
1161(b) (1st sentence words after 16th comma) 53305
1161(b) (last sentence) 53302
1161(c) 53306
1161(d) 53307
1161(e) 53308
1161(f) 53309
1161(g), (h) 53310
1161(i) 53311
1161(j) 53312
1161(k) Rep.
1161(l ) 53304
1161(m)–(o) 53301
1162, 1171–1176 53101 note
1177(a) (1st sentence) 53503
1177(a) (2d sentence related to purpose) 53503
1177(a) (2d sentence related to deposits) 53504
1177(a) (last sentence) 53504
1177(b)(1), (2) 53505
1177(b)(3) 53501
1177(c) 53506
1177(d) 53507
1177(e) 53508
1177(f) 53509
1177(g) 53510
1177(h) (less (2) (last sentence)) 53511
1177(h)(2) (last sentence) 53512
1177(i) 53513
1177(j) 53514
1177(k)(1)–(3) 53501
1177(k)(4) Rep.
1177(k)(5)–(9) 53501
1177(l ) (1st sentence) 53515
1177(l ) (2d sentence) 53502
1177(l ) (last sentence) 53516
1177(m) 53517
1177–1 53501
1177a Rep.
1178–1181 53101 note
1182 Rep.
1183–1185a 53101 note
1187–1187e Rep.
1191 57501
1192 57502
1193(a) 57503
1193(b) 57502
1193(c) (related to construction, reconstruction, or reconditioning) 57503
1193(c) (related to chartering) 57512
1194 57504
1195 (1st, 2d sentences) 57505
1195 (last sentence) 57506
1196(a) 57512
1196(b) (1st sentence related to announcement) 57512
1196(b) (1st sentence related to authority) 57515
1196(b) (last sentence) 57513
1197 57515
1198 57516
1199 57517
1200 57518
1201 57511
1202(a) 57519
1202(b), (c) 57520
1202(d) 57521
1203 57514
1204 57531
1205 57532
1206 Rep.
1211, 1212 53101 note
1213(a) (less 3d sentence as related to 1121(a)) 53101 note
1213(a) (3d sentence related to 1121(a)) 50103
1213(b) T. 49 § 109
1214 Rep.
1221 Rep.
1222 Rep.
1223(a) 58101
1223(b) 58102
1223(c) Rep.
1223(d) 58103
1223(e) Rep.
1223(f) 58104
1224, 1225 Rep.
1226 58105
1227 58106
1228 (1st, 2d pars.) 58109
1228 (last par.) 505
1241(a) 55302
1241(b) 55305
1241(c) 55303
1241–1 55304
1241a, 1241b 50301
1241b note (limitation on funds for fiscal year 1957) 50301
1241c 50301
1241d 55311
1241e 55313
1241f(a)–(d) 55314
1241f(e) 55312
1241g 55315
1241h 55316
1241h note (Pub. L. 100–202, § 101(a) [title V, § 501]) 55316
1241i Rep.
1241j 55317
1241k–1241n Rep.
1241o 55314
1241p 55318
1241q 55333
1241r 55332
1241s 55334
1241t(a), (c) 55335
1241t(b) 55336
1241u Rep.
1241v 55331
1242(a) (1st, 2d sentences) 56301
1242(a) (3d sentence) 56303
1242(a) (4th sentence) 56307
1242(a) (last sentence) 56303
1242(b) 56303
1242(c) (1st sentence) 56302
1242(c) (2d sentence) 56304
1242(c) (last sentence) 56303
1242(d) (1st par. words before 2d comma) 56303
1242(d) (1st par. words after 2d comma) 56304
1242(d) (last par.) 56305
1242(e) 56306
1242–1 Rep.
1242a(a) 56501
1242a(b) 56502
1242a(c) 56503
1242a(d) 56504
1242a(e) 56502
1243 Rep.
1244(a) 109
1244(b) Rep.
1244(c) 50501
1244(d)–(f) Rep.
1244(g) 114
1245 (1st sentence) Rep.
1245 (last sentence) 101 note
1246 Rep.
1247 50305
1248, 1249 53101 note
1251–1262 Rep.
1271 53701
1272 53717
1273(a) 53702
1273(b) 53711
1273(c) 53709
1273(d) 53705
1273(e) (1st sentence) 53705
1273(e) (last sentence) 53721, 53722
1273(f) 53704
1273(g) 53732
1273(h) 53704
1273(i), (j) 53706
1273a 53707
1274(a) 53706
1274(b)(1) 53707
1274(b)(2) 53709
1274(b)(3)–(7) 53710
1274(b) (last 2 sentences) 53709
1274(c)(1) (1st sentence) 53711
1274(c)(1) (last sentence) 53709
1274(c)(2) 53711
1274(d)(1), (2) 53708
1274(d)(3) 53732
1274(d)(4) 53707
1274(d)(5) Rep.
1274(e) 53714
1274(f)(1) 53713
1274(f)(2), (3) 53708
1274(f)(4) 53713
1274(g) 53717
1274(h) 53710
1274(i) 53709
1274(j) 53732
1274(k) 53712
1274(l ) 53703
1274(m) 53712
1274(n) 53703
1274a 53734
1275(a) 53721
1275(b) 53722
1275(c) 53724
1275(d) 53723
1275(e) 53725
1275(f) 53722
1276–1279 Rep.
1279a 53715
1279b (prior provision) Rep.
1279b (added by Pub. L. 107–107) 53716
1279c 53731
1279d 53732
1279e 53733
1279f 53735
1279g 53702
1280 53717
1280a 53733
1280b 53718
1281(a)–(c) 53901
1281(d), (e) Rep.
1282 53902
1283(a) (1st, 2d sentences) 53903
1283(a) (last sentence) 53910
1283(b) (1st sentence) 53903
1283(b) (last sentence) 53901
1283(c)–(f) 53903
1284 53903
1285 53905
1286 53904
1287 53907
1288, 1288a 53909
1289(a)(1) 53910
1289(a)(2) 53906
1289(b)–(f) 53910
1290 Rep.
1291 50111
1292 53911
1293 53908
1294 53912
1295 (1st sentence) 51101
1295 (last sentence cl. (1)) 51103
1295 (last sentence cl. (2)) 51104
1295a 51102
1295b(a) 51301
1295b(b)(1)–(3)(C) 51302
1295b(b)(3)(D) 51303
1295b(b)(3)(E) 51305
1295b(b)(3)(F) 51311
1295b(b)(3)(G) Rep.
1295b(b)(4) Rep.
1295b(b)(5)–(7) 51304
1295b(b)(8) 51309
1295b(c) 51311
1295b(d) 51308
1295b(e)(1)–(4) 51306
1295b(e)(5) 51310
1295b(f) 51307
1295b(g) 51309
1295b(h) 51312
1295b(i) 51313
1295b(j) 51314
1295c(a) 51501
1295c(b) 51503
1295c(c)(1), (2) 51504
1295c(c)(3)(A) 51507
1295c(c)(3)(B) 51508
1295c(d)(1) 51505
1295c(d)(2) 51501
1295c(e) 51502
1295c(f) 51506
1295c(g)(1)–(6) 51509
1295c(g)(7) 51510
1295c(g)(8) 51509
1295c(h) 51511
1295c note (Pub. L. 101–115, § 4) 51504
1295c–1 T. 49 § 109
1295d(a), (b) 51703
1295d(c) 51704
1295e 51701
1295f(a), (b) 51702
1295f(c) 2101(17), 3301(2), 3306, 3307(1)
1295f(d)(1) 51702
1295f(d)(2), (3) 3318(g)
1295g(a) Rep.
1295g(b)–(d) 51103
1295g(e)(1) 2101(17)
1295g(e)(2)–(5) Rep.
1300–1315 30701 note
1331–1341 Rep.
1351–1364 Rep.
1381–1388 Rep.
1401–1413 Rep.
1451 Rep.
1452(1)(A), (B) 2101(25)
1452(1)(C) 2101(42)
1452(2) 2101(45)
1452(3) 2101(41)
1452(5) 2101(21)(D)
1452(7) 2101(26)
1452(8) 2101(1)
1452(9) 2101(34)
1452(10) 2102(2)
1452(11) 2102(1)
1452(12) 2102(4)
1452(13) 2102(5)
1452(14) 2102(3)
1453 4105, 4301
1454, 1455 4302
1456 4302(a)(3)
1457 4303
1458 4305
1459 4306
1460 4304, 4306
1461(a) 4307(a)
1461(b) 4311(f)
1461(c) 4307(b)
1461(d) 2302(a), (b)
1461(e) 8903
1461(f) 8903, 8905(a)
1462 4308
1463 4309
1464 4310
1464(g) 4302
1465 2303
1466 12301
1467 12302
1468 12303
1469 12304
1470 12305
1471 12306
1472 12307
1473 12308
1474 13101
1475 13102
1476 13103
1477 13104
1478 13105
1479 13106
1479a 13107
1480 13108
1481 13109
1482 13110
1483 2302(b), 4311(a), 12309(a)
1484(a) 4311(b)
1484(b) 2106, 2302(a), (c), 4311(c), 12309(b)
1484(c) 2107
1484(d) 4311(d), 12309(c)
1485 2305, 4311(e)
1486 6101, 6102
1487 Rep.
1488 4302
1489 4311(g)
1501 80501
1502(a) (related to application of Convention) 80502
1502(a) (related to approval and examination) 80504
1502(b) Rep.
1503(a)–(c)(1) 80503
1503(c)(2) 80506
1503(c)(3) 80503
1503(d) 80506
1503(e) 80503
1504 80505
1505 80509
1506 80507
1507 80508
1508 Rep.
1601–1603 T. 49 § 109
1604–1608 Rep.
1609 T. 49 § 109 note
1610 Elim.
1701 40101
1702 40102
1703 40301
1704(a) 40302
1704(b)–(d) 40303
1704(e) (less last sentence) 40305
1704(e) (last sentence) 40301
1704(f) 40301
1704(g) 40303
1705(a)–(f) 40304
1705(g)–(i) 41307
1705(j) 40306
1705(k) 41307
1706 40307
1707(a), (b) 40501
1707(c) 40502
1707(d) 40501
1707(e) 40503
1707(f), (g) 40501
1707a Rep.
1708(a) 40701
1708(b) 40702
1708(c) (1st sentence) 40703
1708(c) (last sentence), (d) 40704
1708(e) 40705
1708(f) 40706
1709(a) 41102
1709(b)(1)–(12) 41104
1709(b)(13), (words after cl. (13)) 41103
1709(c) 41105
1709(d)(1) 41102
1709(d)(2) 41106
1709(d)(3) (related to (b)(10)) 41106
1709(d)(3) (related to (b)(13)) 41103
1709(d)(4) 41106
1709(d)(5) 41103
1709(e) 41101
1710(a), (b) 41301
1710(c) (1st–3d sentences) 41302
1710(c) (last sentence) 41307
1710(d)–(f) 41302
1710(g) (related to time limit) 41301
1710(g) (less time limit) 41305
1710(h)(1) 41307
1710(h)(2) 41306
1710a(a) 42301
1710a(b), (c) 42302
1710a(d) 42303
1710a(e)(1), (2) 42304
1710a(e)(3) 42306
1710a(f) 42305
1710a(g) 306
1710a(h) (related to 876(a)(2)) 42101
1710a(h) (related to 1712(b)(6)) 41108
1710a(i) 42307
1711 41303
1712(a) 41107
1712(b) 41108
1712(c)–(f) 41109
1713(a), (b) 41304
1713(c) 41308
1713(d) 41309
1713(e) 41308, 41309
1714 40104
1715 40103
1716 305
1717 Rep.
1718(a) 40901
1718(b) 40902
1718(c) 40903
1718(d) 40901
1718(e) 40904
1719(a)–(c) Rep.
1719(d) 40101 note
1719(e) Rep.
1720 Rep.
1721 Rep.
1801 70302
1802 70306
1803 70303
1804 70304
1805 70305
1806 Rep.
1807 70301
1808 Rep.
1809 70306
1901 Rep.
1902 70501
1903(a) 70503
1903(b), (c) 70502
1903(d) 70505
1903(e) 70503
1903(f) 70504
1903(g) 70506
1903(h) 70503
1903(i) 70502
1903(j) 70506
1904 70507
2001 51901
2002 51901
2003 51902
2004(a) 51903
2004(b) 51904
2004(c) 51907
2004(d) 51901
2005 51905
2006 51906
2007 51908
12101 note (Pub. L. 104–324, § 1117) 55113
12102 note (Pub. L. 105–277, § 203(b)–(e)) 12113
12106 note (Pub. L. 105–383, §§ 502–504) 12121
12119 note (Pub. L. 107–295, § 403) 12138

Enacting Clauses

Pub. L. 100–710, title I, § 102(a),Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4738, provided that: “Certain general and permanent laws of the United States, related to definitions and maritime commercial instruments and liens, are revised, consolidated, and enacted by paragraph (3) of this subsection [probably means subsection (c) of this section] as subtitle III of title 46, United States Code, ‘Shipping’.”
Pub. L. 98–89, § 1,Aug. 26, 1983, 97 Stat. 500, provided in part that: “Certain general and permanent laws of the United States, related to vessels and seamen, are revised, consolidated, and enacted as title 46, United States Code, ‘Shipping’ ”.
Legislative Purpose and Construction

Pub. L. 109–304, § 2,Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1485, provided that:
“(a) Purpose.—The purpose of this Act [see Tables for classification] is to complete the codification of title 46, United States Code, “Shipping”, as positive law, by reorganizing and restating the laws currently in the appendix to title 46.
“(b) Conformity With Original Intent.—In the codification of laws by this Act, the intent is to conform to the understood policy, intent, and purpose of the Congress in the original enactments, with such amendments and corrections as will remove ambiguities, contradictions, and other imperfections, in accordance with section 205(c)(1) of House Resolution No. 988, 93d Congress, as enacted into law by Public Law 93–554 (2 U.S.C. 285b (1)).”
Pub. L. 109–304, § 18,Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1709, provided that:
“(a) Cutoff Date.—This Act [see Tables for classification] replaces certain provisions enacted on or before April 30, 2005. If a law enacted after that date amends or repeals a provision replaced by this Act, that law is deemed to amend or repeal, as the case may be, the corresponding provision enacted by this Act. If a law enacted after that date is otherwise inconsistent with this Act, it supersedes this Act to the extent of the inconsistency.
“(b) Original Date of Enactment Unchanged.—For purposes of determining whether one provision supersedes another based on enactment later in time, the date of enactment of a provision enacted by this Act is deemed to be the date of enactment of the provision it replaced.
“(c) References to Provisions Replaced.—A reference to a provision replaced by this Act is deemed to refer to the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.
“(d) Laws Governing Applicability of Prior Amendments.—This Act does not affect any law governing the applicability of an amendment to a provision replaced by this Act, notwithstanding the repeal by this Act of the provision that was amended. To the extent that any such law governed the applicability of a provision replaced by this Act, that law governs the applicability of the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.
“(e) Regulations, Orders, and Other Administrative Actions.—A regulation, order, or other administrative action in effect under a provision replaced by this Act continues in effect under the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.
“(f) Actions Taken and Offenses Committed.—An action taken or an offense committed under a provision replaced by this Act is deemed to have been taken or committed under the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.”
Pub. L. 100–710, title I, § 105,Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4751, provided that:
“(a) A reference to a law replaced by section 102 of this Act [see Tables for classification], including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to refer to the corresponding provision of this Act.
“(b) An order, rule, or regulation in effect under a law replaced by section 102 of this Act continues in effect under the corresponding provision of this Act until repealed, amended, or superseded.
“(c) An action taken or an offense committed under a law replaced by section 102 of this Act is deemed to have been taken or committed under the corresponding provision of this Act.
“(d) An inference of legislative construction is not to be drawn by reason of the caption or catch line of a provision enacted by section 102 of this Act.
“(e) If a provision of this Act is held invalid, all valid provisions that are severable from the invalid provision remain in effect. If a provision of this Act is held invalid in any of its applications, the provision remains valid for all valid applications that are severable from any of the invalid applications.”
Pub. L. 99–509, title V, subtitle B, § 5103(a)–(f), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1927, provided that:
“(a) Laws effective after January 1, 1986, that are inconsistent with this subtitle [see Tables for classification] supersede this subtitle to the extent of the inconsistency.
“(b) A reference to a law replaced by this subtitle, including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to refer to the corresponding provision of this subtitle.
“(c) An order, rule, or regulation in effect under a law replaced by this subtitle continues in effect under the corresponding provision of this subtitle until repealed, amended, or superseded.
“(d) An action taken or an offense committed under a law replaced by this subtitle is deemed to have been taken or committed under the corresponding provision of this subtitle.
“(e) An inference of legislative construction is not to be drawn by reason of the caption or catch line of a provision enacted by this subtitle.
“(f) If a provision enacted by this subtitle is held invalid, all valid provisions that are severable from the invalid provision remain in effect. If a provision of this subtitle is held invalid in one or more of its applications, the provision remains in effect in all valid applications that are severable from the invalid application or applications.”
Pub. L. 98–89, § 2(a)–(f), Aug. 26, 1983, 97 Stat. 598, provided that:
“(a) Laws effective after December 31, 1982, that are inconsistent with this Act [see Tables for classification] supersede this Act to the extent of the inconsistency.
“(b) A reference to a law replaced by this Act, including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to refer to the corresponding provision of this Act.
“(c) An order, rule, or regulation in effect under a law replaced by this Act continues in effect under the corresponding provision of this Act until repealed, amended, or superseded.
“(d) An action taken or an offense committed under a law replaced by this Act is deemed to have been taken or committed under the corresponding provision of this Act.
“(e) An inference of legislative construction is not to be drawn by reason of the caption or catch line of a provision enacted by this Act.
“(f) If a provision enacted by this Act is held invalid, all valid provisions that are severable from the invalid provision remain in effect. If a provision of this Act is held invalid in one or more of its applications, the provision remains in effect in all valid applications that are severable from the invalid application or applications.”
Codification of Shipping and Maritime Laws by Federal Maritime Commission and Secretary of Transportation

Pub. L. 98–89, § 2(j),Aug. 26, 1983, 97 Stat. 599, provided that: “Within 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 26, 1983], the Federal Maritime Commission and the Secretary of Transportation each shall submit to Congress a proposed codification of the laws within their respective jurisdictions related to shipping and maritime matters.”
Repeals and Savings Provisions

Pub. L. 109–304, § 19,Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1710, as amended by Pub. L. 110–181, div. C, title XXXV, § 3529(b)(1)(C),Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 603, repealed specified laws relating to shipping, except with respect to rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, or proceedings that were begun before Oct. 6, 2006.
Pub. L. 100–710, title I, § 106(a),Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4752, provided that: “The repeal of a law by this title may not be construed as a legislative implication that the provision was or was not in effect before its repeal.”
Pub. L. 100–710, title I, § 106(b),Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4752, repealed specified laws relating to shipping, except for rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before the effective date of this title, which is Jan. 1, 1989, with certain exceptions and qualifications, see section 107 ofPub. L. 100–710, set out as an Effective Date note under section 31301 of this title.
Pub. L. 99–509, title V, subtitle B, § 5104(a),Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1928, provided that: “The repeal of a law by this subtitle may not be construed as a legislative implication that the provision was or was not in effect before its repeal.”
Pub. L. 99–509, title V, subtitle B, § 5104(b),Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1928, repealed specified laws relating to shipping, except for rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before Oct. 21, 1986.
Pub. L. 98–89, § 4(a),Aug. 26, 1983, 97 Stat. 599, provided that: “The repeal of a law by this Act may not be construed as a legislative implication that the provision was or was not in effect before its repeal.”
Pub. L. 98–89, § 4(b),Aug. 26, 1983, 97 Stat. 599, repealed specified laws relating to shipping, except for rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before Aug. 26, 1983, and except as provided by section 2 ofPub. L. 98–89, set out as notes above and notes under sections 3101, 3302, 3715, and 6301 of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for the contained sections. If there are multiple sections, they are presented in section number order (original document order).

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

New Sections for this Title

46 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 101nt new2012112-213 [Sec.] 501126 Stat. 1574
§ 5012012112-239 [Sec.] 3517(a)(2)126 Stat. 2229
§ 5012012112-213 [Sec.] 301126 Stat. 1562
§ 2301prec2012112-213 [Sec.] 302(b)126 Stat. 1563
§ 23072012112-213 [Sec.] 302(a)126 Stat. 1562
§ 31042012112-213 [Sec.] 303126 Stat. 1563
§ 33162012112-213 [Sec.] 304126 Stat. 1563
§ 45022012112-213 [Sec.] 305(a), (b)126 Stat. 1564
§ 45032012112-213 [Sec.] 305(c)126 Stat. 1564
§ 51022012112-213 [Sec.] 305(d)(1)126 Stat. 1565
§ 51032012112-213 [Sec.] 305(d)(2)126 Stat. 1565
§ 7501prec2012112-213 [Sec.] 306(b)126 Stat. 1565
§ 75072012112-213 [Sec.] 311126 Stat. 1569
§ 8103nt2012112-213 [Sec.] 701126 Stat. 1579
§ 8103nt ed chg2012112-213 [Sec.] 126 Stat. 1579
§ 12101prec2012112-213 [Sec.] 308(b)126 Stat. 1566
§ 121132012112-213 [Sec.] 307126 Stat. 1565
§ 121512012112-213 [Sec.] 309126 Stat. 1566
§ 501122014113-76 [Sec.] 128 Stat. 574
§ 50301prec2012112-213 [Sec.] 403(b)126 Stat. 1570
§ 503022013113-66 [Sec.] 3505(b)127 Stat. 1086
§ 50302nt new2013113-66 [Sec.] 3505(a)127 Stat. 1086
§ 511032012112-213 [Sec.] 404126 Stat. 1570
§ 513012012112-239 [Sec.] 1076(i)126 Stat. 1955
§ 51701prec2012112-213 [Sec.] 502(c)126 Stat. 1575
§ 53101nt new2012112-239 [Sec.] 3508(j)126 Stat. 2226
§ 531012012112-239 [Sec.] 3508(a)126 Stat. 2223
§ 531022012112-239 [Sec.] 3508(b)126 Stat. 2223
§ 531032012112-239 [Sec.] 3508(c)126 Stat. 2224
§ 531042012112-239 [Sec.] 3508(d)126 Stat. 2224
§ 531052012112-239 [Sec.] 3508(e)126 Stat. 2225
§ 531062012112-239 [Sec.] 3508(f)126 Stat. 2225
§ 531072012112-239 [Sec.] 3508(g)126 Stat. 2225
§ 53109repealed2012112-239 [Sec.] 3508(h)126 Stat. 2225
§ 531112012112-239 [Sec.] 3508(i)126 Stat. 2225
§ 535112012112-240 [Sec.] 102(c)(1)(E)126 Stat. 2319
§ 539122013113-66 [Sec.] 3502127 Stat. 1085
§ 55301prec2013113-67 [Sec.] 602(b)127 Stat. 1188
§ 553052012112-213 [Sec.] 503126 Stat. 1575
§ 553142012112-141 [Sec.] 100124(a)126 Stat. 915
§ 553152012112-141 [Sec.] 100124(c)(1)126 Stat. 915
§ 55316repealed2013113-67 [Sec.] 602(a)127 Stat. 1188
§ 553162012112-141 [Sec.] 100124(b)126 Stat. 915
§ 553162012112-141 [Sec.] 100124(c)(2)126 Stat. 915
§ 55317repealed2013113-67 [Sec.] 602(a)127 Stat. 1188
§ 553172012112-141 [Sec.] 100124(c)(3)126 Stat. 915
§ 55501prec2012112-213 [Sec.] 310(b)126 Stat. 1568
§ 556012012112-213 [Sec.] 405(a)126 Stat. 1571
§ 556052012112-213 [Sec.] 405(b)126 Stat. 1571
§ 57101prec2012112-213 [Sec.] 408(b)126 Stat. 1571
§ 571012012112-213 [Sec.] 406, 407126 Stat. 1571
§ 571032012112-213 [Sec.] 408(a)126 Stat. 1571
§ 70101nt new2012112-213 [Sec.] 711126 Stat. 1581
§ 70105nt new2012112-213 [Sec.] 709126 Stat. 1581
--- new sections within this title ---
§ 7508new2012112-213 [Sec.] 306(a) "7508"126 Stat. 1565
§ 12140new2012112-213 [Sec.] 308(a) "12140"126 Stat. 1566
§ 50307new2012112-213 [Sec.] 403(a) "50307"126 Stat. 1569
§ 51705new2012112-213 [Sec.] 502(a) "51705"126 Stat. 1574
§ 55502new2012112-213 [Sec.] 310(a) "55502"126 Stat. 1567

 

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