(June 29, 1936, ch. 858, title II, § 210,49 Stat. 1989; Pub. L. 91–469, §§ 3,
35(a),Oct. 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 1018, 1035; Pub. L. 97–31, § 12(67),Aug. 6, 1981, 95 Stat. 159.)
1981—Pub. L. 97–31
substituted “Secretary of Transportation” for “Secretary of Commerce” wherever appearing.
1970—Pub. L. 91–469
, § 35(a), substituted “Secretary of Commerce” for “Commission”, twice in introductory par. and once in par. “First”.
Par. First. Pub. L. 91–469
, § 3(1), struck out “on all routes” after “shipping service”.
Par. Fourth. Pub. L. 91–469
, § 3(2), added par. “Fourth”.
Commission on Merchant Marine and Defense
Pub. L. 98–525
, title XV, § 1536,Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2633
, as amended by Pub. L. 99–145
, title XIV, § 1431,Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 754
; Pub. L. 99–426
, § 1,Sept. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 979
, provided that:
“(a) There is hereby established a commission to be known as the Commission on Merchant Marine and Defense (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ‘Commission’).
“(b) The Commission shall study problems relating to transportation of cargo and personnel for national defense purposes in time of war or national emergency, the capability of the United States merchant marine to meet the need for such transportation, and the adequacy of the shipbuilding mobilization base of the United States to meet the needs of naval and merchant ship construction in time of war or national emergency. Based on the results of the study, the Commission shall make such specific recommendations, including recommendations for legislative action, action by the executive branch, and action by the private sector, as the Commission considers appropriate to foster and maintain a United States merchant marine capable of meeting national security requirements. The recommendations of the Commission shall be provided in the reports of the Commission due 12 months after the date on which sufficient members of the Commission to constitute a quorum have been appointed and 24 months after such date, under subsection (g).
“(c)(1) The Commission shall be composed of seven members, as follows:
“(A) The Secretary of the Navy (or his delegate), who shall be the chairman of the Commission.
“(B) The Administrator of the Maritime Administration (or his delegate).
“(C) Five members appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from among individuals of recognized stature and distinction who by reason of their background, experience, and knowledge in the fields of merchant ship operations, shipbuilding and its supporting industrial base, maritime labor, and defense matters are particularly suited to serve on the Commission.
“(2) A vacancy in the Commission shall be filled in the manner in which the original appointment was made. Appointments may be made under paragraph (1)(C) without regard to section
, United States Code. Members appointed under such paragraph shall be appointed for the life of the Commission.
“(3) Four members of the Commission shall constitute a quorum, but a lesser number may hold hearings. The Commission shall meet at the call of the chairman.
“(d)(1) Members of the Commission appointed under subsection (c)(1)(C) may each be paid at a rate equal to the daily equivalent of the rate of basic pay payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule for each day (including travel time) during which they are engaged in the actual performance of the business of the Commission. Other members of the Commission shall receive no additional pay, allowances, or benefits by reason of their service on the Commission.
“(2) A member of the Commission appointed under subsection (c)(1)(C) (who is not otherwise employed by the Federal Government) shall not be considered to be a Federal employee, except for the purposes of—
, United States Code, relating to compensation for work-related injuries; and
, United States Code, relating to tort claims.
“(e)(1) The Commission may (without regard to section
, United States Code) appoint an executive director, who shall be paid at a rate not to exceed the rate of basic pay payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule.
“(2) The Commission may appoint such additional staff as it considers appropriate. Such personnel shall be paid at a rate not to exceed the rate of basic pay payable for grade GS–18 of the General Schedule under section
, United States Code.
“(3) The executive director and staff of the Commission may be appointed without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the executive branch and may be paid without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates.
“(4) The Commission may procure temporary and intermittent services under section
, United States Code.
“(f)(1) The Secretary of the Navy and the Administrator of the Maritime Administration may detail personnel under their jurisdiction to the Commission to assist the Commission in carrying out its duties under this section.
“(2) The Secretary of the Navy and the Administrator of the Maritime Administration may provide to the Commission such administrative support services as the Commission may require.
“(g) Not later than nine months after the date on which sufficient members of the Commission to constitute a quorum have been appointed and not later than 21 months after such date, the Commission shall submit to the President and to Congress a report containing its findings of fact and its conclusions. Not later than 12 months after such date and not later than 24 months after such date, the Commission, based upon those findings and conclusions, shall prepare a report containing the recommendations of the Commission as specified in subsection (b) and shall submit the report to the President and Congress. Each such report shall be prepared without any prior review or approval by any official of the executive branch (other than the members and staff of the Commission).
“(h) The Commission shall cease to exist 90 days after the date on which the final report of the Commission under subsection (g) is submitted to the President and the Congress.
“(i) There is authorized to be appropriated for fiscal years 1985, 1986, and 1987, a total of $1,500,000 to carry out this section. Any amount appropriated under this subsection shall remain available until 36 months after the date on which sufficient members of the Commission to constitute a quorum have been appointed.”