(a) Actions to review determinations by franchising authorities
Any cable operator adversely affected by any final determination made by a franchising authority under section
546 of this title may commence an action within 120 days after receiving notice of such determination, which may be brought in—
(1)the district court of the United States for any judicial district in which the cable system is located; or
(2)in any State court of general jurisdiction having jurisdiction over the parties.
(b) Available relief
The court may award any appropriate relief consistent with the provisions of the relevant section described in subsection (a) of this section and with the provisions of subsection (a) of this section.
(c) Review of constitutionality of sections
(1)Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any civil action challenging the constitutionality of section
535 of this title or any provision thereof shall be heard by a district court of three judges convened pursuant to the provisions of section
2284 of title
(2)Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an interlocutory or final judgment, decree, or order of the court of three judges in an action under paragraph (1) holding section
535 of this title or any provision thereof unconstitutional shall be reviewable as a matter of right by direct appeal to the Supreme Court. Any such appeal shall be filed not more than 20 days after entry of such judgment, decree, or order.
Section effective 60 days after Oct. 30, 1984, except where otherwise expressly provided, see section 9(a) ofPub. L. 98–549, set out as a note under section
521 of this title.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.