(Pub. L. 99–239, title I, § 103,Jan. 14, 1986, 99 Stat. 1778; Pub. L. 100–446, title I, § 115,Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1802; Pub. L. 102–247, title III, § 304,Feb. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 39; Pub. L. 105–209, § 2,July 29, 1998, 112 Stat. 880.)
References in Text
The Compact, referred to in text, is the Compact of Free Association between the Government of the United States and the Governments of the Marshall Islands and the Federated States of Micronesia, which is contained in section 201 ofPub. L. 99–239
, as amended, set out as a note under section
of this title.
This joint resolution, referred to in subsecs. (a)(3), (e)(5), (k), and (m)(6), is Pub. L. 99–239
, Jan. 14, 1986, 99 Stat. 1770
, as amended, known as the Compact of Free Association Act of 1985, which is classified principally to this part and chapter 19 (§ 2001 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
of this title and Tables.
, referred to in subsec. (a)(4), was repealed and section
, relating to definitions, was redesignated section
2291(e) by Pub. L. 102–583
, § 6(b)(2), (3),Nov. 2, 1992, 106 Stat. 4932
. See sections
, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.
For Oct. 21, 1986, as the effective date of the Compact of Free Association with the Marshall Islands, and Nov. 3, 1986, as the effective date of the Compact of Free Association with the Federated States of Micronesia, referred to in subsecs. (b)(1), (e)(4), (h)(2), and (j)(2), (3), see Proc. No. 5564, Nov. 3, 1986, 51
, set out as a note under section
of this title.
Public Law 95–134, referred to in subsecs. (h)(1) and (j)(1), is Pub. L. 95–134
, Oct. 15, 1977, 91 Stat. 1159
, as amended, popularly known as the Omnibus Territories Act of 1977. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.
Public Law 96–205, referred to in subsecs. (h)(1) and (j)(1), is Pub. L. 96–205
, Mar. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 84
, as amended. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.
Section was formerly set out as a note under section
of this title.
1998—Subsec. (h)(2). Pub. L. 105–209
, § 2(1), substituted “fifteen years” for “ten years” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (h)(2)(B). Pub. L. 105–209
, § 2(2), inserted at end “The President shall ensure the assistance provided under these programs reflects the changes in the population since the inception of such programs.”
1992—Subsec. (h)(2). Pub. L. 102–247
substituted “ten years” for “five years” in introductory provisions.
1988—Subsec. (h)(2). Pub. L. 100–446
, in introductory provisions, inserted “or by a grant to the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands which may further contract only with a United States firm or a Republic of the Marshall Islands firm, the owners, officers and majority of the employees of which are citizens of the United States or the Republic of the Marshall Islands” after “United States firm” and, in subpar. (B), inserted “, Rongelap, Utrik,” after “Bikini”.
Termination of Reporting Requirements
For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions of law requiring submittal to Congress of any annual, semiannual, or other regular periodic report listed in House Document No. 103–7
(in which reports required under subsecs. (a)(4), (e)(5), and (m)(4) of this section are listed, respectively, as the 2nd item on page 38, the 16th item on page 115, and the 12th item on page 37), see section 3003 ofPub. L. 104–66
, as amended, set out as a note under section
, Money and Finance.
Tax Exemption for Enjebi Community Trust Fund
Pub. L. 100–647
, title VI, § 6136,Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3723
, provided that:
“(a) In General.—Any earnings on, and distributions from, the Enjebi Community Trust Fund created under section 103 of the Compact of Free Association Act of 1985 [48
] shall be exempt from all Federal, State, or local taxation.
“(b) Effective Date.—The provisions of subsection (a) shall apply to all taxable years whether beginning before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 10, 1988].”
Medical Care and Treatment and Environmental Research and Monitoring Program for Inhabitants of Bikini, etc., Atolls for Injury, Illness, or Condition Resulting From Nuclear Weapons Testing by United States; Implementation Plan and Report
Pub. L. 95–134
, title I, § 106, as added by Pub. L. 96–205
, title I, § 102,Mar. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 84
; amended by Pub. L. 96–88
, title V, § 509(b),Oct. 17, 1979, 93 Stat. 695
, provided that:
“(a) In addition to any other payments or benefits provided by law to compensate inhabitants of the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, Rongelap, and Utirik, in the Marshall Islands, for radiation exposure or other losses sustained by them as a result of the United States nuclear weapons testing program at or near their atolls during the period 1946 to 1958, the Secretary of the Interior (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ‘Secretary’) shall provide for the people of the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, Rongelap, and Utirik and for the people of such other atolls as may be found to be or to have been exposed to radiation from the nuclear weapons testing program, a program of medical care and treatment and environmental research and monitoring for any injury, illness, or condition which may be the result directly or indirectly of such nuclear weapons testing program. The program shall be implemented according to a plan developed by the Secretary in consultation with the Secretaries of Defense, Energy, and Health and Human Services and with the direct involvement of representatives from the people of each of the affected atolls and from the government of the Marshall Islands. The plan shall set forth, as appropriate to the situation, condition, and needs of the individual atoll peoples:
“(1) an integrated, comprehensive health care program including primary, secondary, and tertiary care with special emphasis upon the biological effects of ionizing radiation;
“(2) a schedule for the periodic comprehensive survey and analysis of the radiological status of the atolls to and at appropriate intervals, but not less frequently than once every five years, the development of an updated radiation dose assessment, together with an estimate of the risks associated with the predicted human exposure, for each such atoll; and
“(3) an education and information program to enable the people of such atolls to more fully understand nuclear radiation and its effects;
“(b)(1) The Secretary shall submit the plan to the Congress no later than January 1, 1981, together with his recommendations, if any, for further legislation. The plan shall set forth the specific agencies responsible for implementing the various elements of the plan. With respect to general health care the Secretary shall consider, and shall include in his recommendations, the feasibility of using the Public Health Service. After consultation with the Chairman of the National Academy of Sciences, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary shall establish a scientific advisory committee to review and evaluate the implementation of the plan and to make such recommendations for its improvement as such committee deems advisable.
“(2) At the request of the Secretary, any Federal agency shall provide such information, personnel, facilities, logistical support, or other assistance as the Secretary deems necessary to carry out the functions of this program; the costs of all such assistance shall be reimbursed to the provider thereof out of the sums appropriated pursuant to this section.
“(3) All costs associated with the development and implementation of the plan shall be assumed by the Secretary of Energy and effective October 1, 1980, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Energy such sums as may be necessary to achieve the purposes of this section.
“(c) The Secretary shall report to the appropriate committees of the Congress, and to the people of the affected atolls annually, or more frequently if necessary, on the implementation of the plan. Each such report shall include a description of the health status of the individuals examined and treated under the plan, an evaluation by the scientific advisory committee, and any recommendations for improvement of the plan. The first such report shall be submitted not later than January 1, 1982.”
Pub. L. 98–213
, § 8,Dec. 8, 1983, 97 Stat. 1460
, provided that: “The Secretary of the Interior is directed to implement the health care program required by section 106 ofPublic Law 95–134 (91 Stat. 1159
) [set out above] for the populations of the four atolls in the Marshall Islands identified in such section immediately upon enactment of this section and shall promptly notify the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate if he finds that the populations of other atolls should be included in the program setting forth the basis for his finding and the estimated cost of extension of the program. The Secretary of Energy shall transmit annually to the Committees on Interior and Insular Affairs [now Committee on Natural Resources] and Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committees on Energy and Natural Resources and Appropriations of the Senate together with the proposed budget for the next fiscal year, a description of the program and the estimated costs for implementation together with any recommendations which he may have for improvements in such program.”