48 U.S. Code Chapter 2 - ALASKA

Sec. 21 to 50d–1. Omitted or Repealed. 50e. Appropriations for benefit of natives; purchase of supplies for resale to natives, cooperatives, and Department employees. 50f. Disposal of miscellaneous revenues from schools, hospitals, and other Indian Service facilities. 50g to 488f. Omitted, Repealed, or Transferred.
Admission as State

Alaska was admitted into the Union on January 3, 1959, on issuance of Proc. No. 3269, eff. Jan. 3, 1959, 24 F.R. 81, 73 Stat. c16, set out below, as required by sections 1 and 8(c) of the Alaska Statehood Law, Pub. L. 85–508, July 7, 1958, 72 Stat. 339, set out below.
Alaska Statehood

Pub. L. 85–508, July 7, 1958, 72 Stat. 339, as amended, provided:
“[Sec. 1. Declaration; acceptance, ratification, and confirmation of Constitution.] That, subject to the provisions of this Act, and upon issuance of the proclamation required by section 8(c) of this Act, the State of Alaska is hereby declared to be a State of the United States of America, is declared admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the other States in all respects whatever, and the constitution formed pursuant to the provisions of the Act of the Territorial Legislature of Alaska entitled, ‘An Act to provide for the holding of a constitutional convention to prepare a constitution for the State of Alaska; to submit the constitution to the people for adoption or rejection; to prepare for the admission of Alaska as a State; to make an appropriation; and setting an effective date’, approved March 19, 1955 (Chapter 46, Session Laws of Alaska, 1955), and adopted by a vote of the people of Alaska in the election held on April 24, 1956, is hereby found to be republican in form and in conformity with the Constitution of the United States and the principles of the Declaration of Independence, and is hereby accepted, ratified, and confirmed.
“Sec. 2. [Territory.] The State of Alaska shall consist of all the territory, together with the territorial waters appurtenant thereto, now included in the Territory of Alaska.
“Sec. 3. [Constitution.] The constitution of the State of Alaska shall always be republican in form and shall not be repugnant to the Constitution of the United States and the principles of the Declaration of Independence.
“Sec. 4. [Compact with United States; disclaimer of right and title to lands or other property; taxation.] As a compact with the United States said State and its people do agree and declare that they forever disclaim all right and title to any lands or other property not granted or confirmed to the State or its political subdivisions by or under the authority of this Act, the right or title to which is held by the United States or is subject to disposition by the United States, and to any lands or other property (including fishing rights), the right or title to which may be held by any Indians, Eskimos, or Aleuts (hereinafter called natives) or is held by the United States in trust for said natives; that all such lands or other property (including fishing rights), the right or title to which may be held by said natives or is held by the United States in trust for said natives, shall be and remain under the absolute jurisdiction and control of the United States until disposed of under its authority, except to such extent as the Congress has prescribed or may hereafter prescribe, and except when held by individual natives in fee without restrictions on alienation: Provided, That nothing contained in this Act shall recognize, deny, enlarge, impair, or otherwise affect any claim against the United States, and any such claim shall be governed by the laws of the United States applicable thereto; and nothing in this Act is intended or shall be construed as a finding, interpretation, or construction by the Congress that any law applicable thereto authorizes, establishes, recognizes, or confirms the validity or invalidity of any such claim, and the determination of the applicability or effect of any law to any such claim shall be unaffected by anything in this Act: And provided further, That no taxes shall be imposed by said State upon any lands or other property now owned or hereafter acquired by the United States or which, as hereinabove set forth, may belong to said natives, except to such extent as the Congress has prescribed or may hereafter prescribe, and except when held by individual natives in fee without restrictions on alienation. (As amended Pub. L. 86–70, § 2(a),June 25, 1959, 73 Stat. 141.)
“Sec. 5. [Title to property.] The State of Alaska and its political subdivisions, respectively, shall have and retain title to all property, real and personal, title to which is in the Territory of Alaska or any of the subdivisions. Except as provided in section 6 hereof, the United States shall retain title to all property, real and personal, to which it has title, including public lands.
“Sec. 6. [Selection from public lands; fish and wildlife resources; public school support; mineral leases, permits, leases, or contracts; mineral land grants; schools and colleges; confirmation of grants; internal improvements; submerged lands.] (a) For the purposes of furthering the development of and expansion of communities, the State of Alaska is hereby granted and shall be entitled to select, within thirty-five years after the date of the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union, from lands within national forests in Alaska which are vacant and unappropriated at the time of their selection not to exceed four hundred thousand acres of land, and from the other public lands of the United States in Alaska which are vacant, unappropriated, and unreserved at the time of their selection not to exceed another four hundred thousand acres of land, all of which shall be adjacent to established communities or suitable for prospective community centers and recreational areas. Such lands shall be selected by the State of Alaska with the approval of the Secretary of Agriculture as to national forest lands and with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior as to other public lands: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall affect any valid existing claim, location, or entry under the laws of the United States, whether for homestead, mineral, right-of-way, or other purpose whatsoever, or shall affect the rights of any such owner, claimant, locator, or entryman to the full use and enjoyment of the land so occupied: Provided further, That for the purposes of this section the term ‘public lands of the United States in Alaska which are vacant, unappropriated, and unreserved’ shall include, without limiting the use thereof, the retained or reserved interest of the United States in lands which have been disposed of with a reservation to the United States of all minerals or any specified mineral or minerals.
“(b) The State of Alaska, in addition to any other grants made in this section, is hereby granted and shall be entitled to select, within thirty-five years after the admission of Alaska into the Union, not to exceed one hundred and two million five hundred and fifty thousand acres from the public lands of the United States in Alaska which are vacant, unappropriated, and unreserved at the time of their selection: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall affect any valid existing claim, location, or entry under the laws of the United States, whether for homestead, mineral, right-of-way, or other purpose whatsoever, or shall affect the rights of any such owner, claimant, locator, or entryman to the full use and enjoyment of the lands so occupied: And provided further, That no selection hereunder shall be made in the area north and west of the line described in section 10 without approval of the President or his designated representative.
“(c) Block 32, and the structures and improvements thereon, in the city of Juneau are granted to the State of Alaska for any or all of the following purposes or a combination thereof: A residence for the Governor, a State museum, or park and recreational use.
“(d) Block 19, and the structures and improvements thereon, and the interests of the United States in blocks C and 7, and the structures and improvements thereon, in the city of Juneau, are hereby granted to the State of Alaska.
“(e) All real and personal property of the United States situated in the Territory of Alaska which is specifically used for the sole purpose of conservation and protection of the fisheries and wildlife of Alaska, under the provisions of the Alaska game law of July 1, 1943 (57 Stat. 301; 48 U.S.C., secs 192–211), as amended, and under the provisions of the Alaska commercial fisheries, laws of June 26, 1906 (34 Stat. 478; 48 U.S.C., secs. 230–239 and 241–242), and June 6, 1924 (43 Stat. 465; 48 U.S.C., secs. 221–228), as supplemented and amended, shall be transferred and conveyed to the State of Alaska by the appropriate Federal agency: Provided, That the administration and management of the fish and wildlife resources of Alaska shall be retained by the Federal Government under existing laws until the first day of the first calendar year following the expiration of ninety calendar days after the Secretary of the Interior certifies to the Congress that the Alaska State Legislature has made adequate provision for the administration, management, and conservation of said resources in the broad national interest: Provided, That such transfer shall not include lands withdrawn or otherwise set apart as refuges or reservations for the protection of wildlife nor facilities utilized in connection therewith, or in connection with general research activities relating to fisheries or wildlife. Sums of money that are available for apportionment or which the Secretary of the Interior shall have apportioned as of the date the State of Alaska shall be deemed to be admitted into the Union, for wildlife restoration in the Territory of Alaska, pursuant to section 8(a) of the Act of September 2, 1937, as amended (16 U.S.C., sec. 669g–1), and for fish restoration and management in the Territory of Alaska, pursuant to section 12 of the Act of August 9, 1950 (16 U.S.C., sec. 777k), shall continue to be available for the period, and under the terms and conditions in effect at the time, the apportionments are made. Commencing with the year during which Alaska is admitted into the Union, the Secretary of the Treasury, at the close of each fiscal year, shall pay to the State of Alaska 70 per centum of the net proceeds, as determined by the Secretary of the Interior, derived during such fiscal year from all sales of sealskins or sea otter skins made in accordance with the provisions of the Fur Seal Act of 1966 [16 U.S.C. 1151 et seq.]. In arriving at the net proceeds, there shall be deducted from the receipts from all sales all costs to the United States in carrying out the provisions of the Fur Seal Act of 1966, including, but not limited to, the costs of handling and dressing the skins, the costs of making the sales, and all expenses incurred in the administration of the Pribilof Islands, and the payments made to any municipal corporation established pursuant to section 206 of the Fur Seal Act of 1966 [16 U.S.C. 1166] and to the civil service retirement and disability fund pursuant to section 208 of the Fur Seal Act of 1966 [16 U.S.C. 1168]. In administering the Pribilof Islands fund established by section 407 of the Fur Seal Act of 1966 [16 U.S.C. 1187], the Secretary shall consult with the State of Alaska annually. Nothing in this Act shall be construed as affecting the rights of the United States under the provisions of the Fur Seal Act of 1966 and the Northern Pacific Halibut Act of 1937 (16 U.S.C. 772–772i).
“(f) Five per centum of the proceeds of sale of public lands lying within said State which shall be sold by the United States subsequent to the admission of said State into the Union, after deducting all the expenses incident to such sales, shall be paid to said State to be used for the support of the public schools within said State.
“(g) Except as provided in subsection (a), all lands granted in quantity to and authorized to be selected by the State of Alaska by this Act shall be selected in such manner as the laws of the State may provide, and in conformity with such regulations as the Secretary of the Interior may prescribe. All selections shall be made in reasonably compact tracts, taking into account the situation and potential uses of the lands involved, and each tract selected shall contain at least five thousand seven hundred and sixty acres unless isolated from other tracts open to selection or, in the case of selections under subsec. (a) of this section, one hundred and sixty acres. The authority to make selections shall never be alienated or bargained away, in whole or in part, by the State. Upon the revocation of any order of withdrawal in Alaska, the order of revocation shall provide for a period of not less than ninety days before the date on which it otherwise becomes effective, if subsequent to the admission of Alaska into the Union, during which period the State of Alaska shall have a preferred right of selection, subject to the requirements of this Act, except as against prior existing valid rights or as against equitable claims subject to allowance and confirmation. Such preferred right of selection shall have precedence over the preferred right of application created by section 4 of the Act of September 27, 1944 (58 Stat. 748; 43 U.S.C., sec. 282), as now or hereafter amended, but not over other preference rights now conferred by law. Where any lands desired by the State are unsurveyed at the time of their selection, the Secretary of the Interior shall survey the exterior boundaries of the area requested without any interior subdivision thereof and shall issue a patent for such selected area in terms of the exterior boundary survey; where any lands desired by the State are surveyed at the time of their selection, the boundaries of the area requested shall conform to the public land subdivisions established by the approval of the survey. All lands duly selected by the State of Alaska pursuant to this Act shall be patented to the State by the Secretary of the Interior. Following the selection of lands by the State and the tentative approval of such selection by the Secretary of the Interior or his designee, but prior to the issuance of final patent, the State is hereby authorized to execute conditional leases and to make conditional sales of such selected lands. As used in this subsection, the words ‘equitable claims subject to allowance and confirmation’ include, without limitation, claims of holders of permits issued by the Department of Agriculture on lands eliminated from national forests, whose permits have been terminated only because of such elimination and who own valuable improvements on such lands. As to all selections made by the State after January 1, 1979, pursuant to section 6(b) of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior, in his discretion, may waive the minimum tract selection size where he determines that such a reduced selection size would be in the national interest and would result in a better land ownership pattern.
“(h) Any lease, permit, license, or contract issued under the Mineral Leasing Act of February 25, 1920 (41 Stat. 437; 30 U.S.C. 181 and the following), as amended, or under the Alaska Coal Leasing Act of October 20, 1914 (38 Stat. 741; 30 U.S.C. [1] 432 and the following), as amended, shall have the effect of withdrawing the lands subject thereto from selection by the State of Alaska under this Act, unless an application to select such lands is filed with the Secretary of the Interior within a period of ten years after the date of the admission of Alaska into the Union. Such selections shall be made only from lands that are otherwise open to selection under this Act. When all of the lands subject to a lease, permit, license, or contract are selected, the patent for the lands so selected shall vest in the State of Alaska all the right, title, and interest of the United States in and to that lease, permit, license, or contract that remains outstanding on the effective date of the patent, including the right to all the rentals, royalties, and other payments accruing after that date under that lease, permit, license, or contract, and including any authority that may have been retained by the United States to modify the terms and conditions of that lease, permit, license, or contract: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall affect the continued validity of any such lease, permit, license, or contract or any rights arising thereunder. Where only a portion of the lands subject to a lease, permit, license, or contract are selected, there shall be reserved to the United States the mineral or minerals subject to that lease, permit, license, or contract, together with such further rights as may be necessary to the full and complete enjoyment of all rights, privileges, and benefits under or with respect to that lease, permit, license, or contract; upon the termination of the lease, permit, license, or contract, title to the minerals so reserved to the United States shall pass to the State of Alaska.
“(i) All grants made or confirmed under this Act shall include mineral deposits. The grants of mineral lands to the State of Alaska under subsections (a) and (b) of this section are made upon the express condition that all sales, grants, deeds, or patents for any of the mineral lands so granted shall be subject to and contain a reservation to the State of all of the minerals in the lands so sold, granted, deeded, or patented, together with the right to prospect for, mine, and remove the same. Mineral deposits in such lands shall be subject to lease by the State as the State legislature may direct: Provided, That any lands or minerals hereafter disposed of contrary to the provisions of this section shall be forfeited to the United States by appropriate proceedings instituted by the Attorney General for that purpose in the United States District Court for the District of Alaska.
“(j) The schools and colleges provided for in this Act shall forever remain under the exclusive control of the State, or its governmental subdivisions, and no part of the proceeds arising from the sale or disposal of any lands granted herein for educational purposes shall be used for the support of any sectarian or denominational school, college, or university.
“(k) Grants previously made to the Territory of Alaska are hereby confirmed and transferred to the State of Alaska upon its admission. Effective upon the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union, section 1 of the Act of March 4, 1915 (38 Stat. 1214; 48 U.S.C., sec. 353), as amended, and the last sentence of section 35 of the Act of February 25, 1920 (41 Stat. 450; 30 U.S.C., sec. 191), as amended, are repealed and all lands therein reserved under the provisions of section 1 as of the date of this Act [July 7, 1958] shall, upon the admission of said State into the Union, be granted to said State for the purposes for which they were reserved; but such repeal shall not affect any outstanding lease, permit, license, or contract issued under said section 1, as amended, or any rights or powers with respect to such lease, permit, license, or contract, and shall not affect the disposition of the proceeds or income derived prior to such repeal from any lands reserved under said section 1, as amended, or derived thereafter from any disposition of the reserved lands or an interest therein made prior to such repeal.
“(l) The grants provided for in this Act shall be in lieu of the grant of land for purposes of internal improvements made to new States by section 8 of the Act of September 4, 1841 (5 Stat. 455), and sections 2378 and 2379 of the Revised Statutes (43 U.S.C., sec. 857), and in lieu of the swampland grant made by the Act of September 28, 1850 (9 Stat. 520), and section 2479 of the Revised Statutes (43 U.S.C., sec. 982), and in lieu of the grant of thirty thousand acres for each Senator and Representative in Congress made by the Act of July 2, 1862, as amended (12 Stat. 503; 7 U.S.C., secs. 301–308), which grants are hereby declared not to extend to the State of Alaska.
“(m) The Submerged Lands Act of 1953 (Public Law 31, Eighty-third Congress, first session; 67 Stat. 29) shall be applicable to the State of Alaska and the said State shall have the same rights as do existing States thereunder.
“(n) The minimum tract selection size is waived with respect to a selection made by the State of Alaska under subsection (a) for the following selections:

 
National Forest Community Grant Application Number Area Name Est. Acres
209 Yakutat Airport Addition 111  
264 Bear Valley (Portage) 120  
284 Hyder-Fish Creek 61  
310 Elfin Cove 37  
384 Edna Bay Admin Site 37  
390 Point Hilda 29.

“(o)(1) The State of Alaska may elect to convert a selection filed under subsection (b) to a selection under subsection (a) by notifying the Secretary of the Interior in writing.
“(2) If the State of Alaska makes an election under paragraph (1), the entire selection shall be converted to a selection under subsection (a).
“(3) The Secretary of the Interior shall not convey a total of more than 400,000 acres of public domain land selected under subsection (a) or converted under paragraph (1) to a public domain selection under subsection (a).
“(4) Conversion of a selection under paragraph (1) shall not increase the survey obligation of the United States with respect to the land converted.
“(p) All selection applications of the State of Alaska that are on file with the Secretary of the Interior under the public domain provisions of subsection (a) on the date of enactment of this subsection [Dec. 10, 2004] and any selection applications that are converted to a subsection (a) selection under subsection (o)(1) are approved as suitable for community or recreational purposes. (As amended Pub. L. 86–70, § 2(b),June 25, 1959, 73 Stat. 141; Pub. L. 86–173, Aug. 18, 1959, 73 Stat. 395; Pub. L. 86–786, §§ 3, 4,Sept. 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 1025; Pub. L. 88–135, Oct. 8, 1963, 77 Stat. 223; Pub. L. 88–289, Mar. 25, 1964, 78 Stat. 169; Pub. L. 89–702, title IV, § 408(b),Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1098; Pub. L. 96–487, title IX, § 906(a), (f)(3),Dec. 2, 1980, 94 Stat. 2437, 2440; Pub. L. 108–452, title I, § 101,Dec. 10, 2004, 118 Stat. 3576.)
“Sec. 7. [Certification by President; proclamation for elections.] Upon enactment of this Act, it shall be the duty of the President of the United States, not later than July 3, 1958, to certify such fact to the Governor of Alaska. Thereupon the Governor, on or after July 3, 1958, and not later than August 1, 1958, shall issue his proclamation for the elections, as hereinafter provided, for officers of all elective offices and in the manner provided for by the constitution of the proposed State of Alaska, but the officers so elected shall in any event include two Senators and one Representative in Congress.
“Sec. 8. [Election of officers; date; propositions; certification of voting results; proclamation by President; laws in effect.] (a) The proclamation of the Governor of Alaska required by section 7 shall provide for holding of a primary election and a general election on dates to be fixed by the Governor of Alaska: Provided, That the general election shall not be held later than December 1, 1958, and at such elections the officers required to be elected as provided in section 7 shall be, and officers for other elective offices provided for in the constitution of the proposed State of Alaska may be, chosen by the people. Such elections shall be held, and the qualifications of voters thereat shall be, as prescribed by the constitution of the proposed State of Alaska for the election of members of the proposed State legislature. The returns thereof shall be made and certified in such manner as the constitution of the proposed State of Alaska may prescribe. The Governor of Alaska shall certify the results of said elections to the President of the United States.
“(b) At an election designated by proclamation of the Governor of Alaska, which may be the general election held pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, or a Territorial general election, or a special election, there shall be submitted to the electors qualified to vote in said election, for adoption or rejection, by separate ballot on each, the following propositions:
“ ‘(1) Shall Alaska immediately be admitted into the Union as a State?
“ ‘(2) The boundaries of the State of Alaska shall be as prescribed in the Act of Congress approved XX (date of approval of this Act) and all claims of this State to any areas of land or sea outside the boundaries so prescribed are hereby irrevocably relinquished to the United States.
“ ‘(3) All provisions of the Act of Congress approved XX (date of approval of this Act) reserving rights or powers to the United States, as well as those prescribing the terms or conditions of the grants of lands or other property therein made to the State of Alaska, are consented to fully by said State and its people.’
“In the event each of the foregoing propositions is adopted at said election by a majority of the legal votes cast on said submission, the proposed constitution of the proposed State of Alaska, ratified by the people at the election held on April 24, 1956, shall be deemed amended accordingly. In the event any one of the foregoing propositions is not adopted at said election by a majority of the legal votes cast on said submission, the provisions of this Act shall thereupon cease to be effective.
“The Governor of Alaska is hereby authorized and directed to take such action as may be necessary or appropriate to insure the submission of said propositions to the people. The return of the votes cast on said propositions shall be made by the election officers directly to the Secretary of Alaska, who shall certify the results of the submission to the Governor. The Governor shall certify the results of said submission, as so ascertained, to the President of the United States.
“(c) If the President shall find that the propositions set forth in the preceding subsection have been duly adopted by the people of Alaska, the President, upon certification of the returns of the election of the officers required to be elected as provided in section 7 of this Act, shall thereupon issue his proclamation announcing the results of said election as so ascertained. Upon the issuance of said proclamation by the President, the State of Alaska shall be deemed admitted into the Union as provided in section 1 of this Act.
“Until the said State is so admitted into the Union, all of the officers of said Territory, including the Delegate in Congress from said Territory, shall continue to discharge the duties of their respective offices. Upon the issuance of said proclamation by the President of the United States and the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union, the officers elected at said election, and qualified under the provisions of the constitution and laws of said State, shall proceed to exercise all the functions pertaining to their offices in or under or by authority of the government of said State, and officers not required to be elected at said initial election shall be selected or continued in office as provided by the constitution and laws of said State. The Governor of said State shall certify the election of the Senators and Representative in the manner required by law, and the said Senators and Representative shall be entitled to be admitted to seats in Congress and to all the rights and privileges of Senators and Representatives of other States in the Congress of the United States.
“(d) Upon admission of the State of Alaska into the Union as herein provided, all of the Territorial laws then in force in the Territory of Alaska shall be and continue in full force and effect throughout said State except as modified or changed by this Act, or by the constitution of the State, or as thereafter modified or changed by the legislature of the State. All of the laws of the United States shall have the same force and effect within said State as elsewhere within the United States. As used in this paragraph, the term ‘Territorial laws’ includes (in addition to laws enacted by the Territorial Legislature of Alaska) all laws or parts thereof enacted by the Congress the validity of which is dependent solely upon the authority of the Congress to provide for the government of Alaska prior to the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union, and the term ‘laws of the United States’ includes all laws or parts thereof enacted by the Congress that (1) apply to or within Alaska at the time of the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union, (2) are not ‘Territorial laws’ as defined in this paragraph, and (3) are not in conflict with any other provisions of this Act.
“Sec. 9. [House of Representatives membership.] The State of Alaska upon its admission into the Union shall be entitled to one Representative until the taking effect of the next reapportionment, and such Representative shall be in addition to the membership of the House of Representatives as now prescribed by law: Provided, That such temporary increase in the membership shall not operate to either increase or decrease the permanent membership of the House of Representatives as prescribed in the Act of August 8, 1911 (37 Stat. 13) nor shall such temporary increase affect the basis of apportionment established by the Act of November 15, 1941 (55 Stat. 761; 2 U.S.C., sec. 2a), for the Eighty-third Congress and each Congress thereafter.
“Sec. 10. [National defense withdrawals; jurisdiction.] (a) The President of the United States is hereby authorized to establish, by Executive order or proclamation, one or more special national defense withdrawals within the exterior boundaries of Alaska, which withdrawal or withdrawals may thereafter be terminated in whole or in part by the President.
“(b) Special national defense withdrawals established under subsection (a) of this section shall be confined to those portions of Alaska that are situated to the north or west of the following line: Beginning at the point where the Porcupine River crosses the international boundary between Alaska and Canada; thence along a line parallel to, and five miles from, the right bank of the main channel of the Porcupine River to its confluence with the Yukon River; thence along a line parallel to, and five miles from, the right bank of the main channel of the Yukon River to its most southerly point of intersection with the meridian of longitude 160 degrees west of Greenwich; thence south to the intersection of said meridian with the Kuskokwim River; thence along a line parallel to, and five miles from the right bank of the Kuskokwim River to the mouth of said river; thence along the shoreline of Kuskokwim Bay to its intersection with the meridian of longitude 162 degrees 30 minutes west of Greenwich; thence south to the intersection of said meridian with the parallel of latitude 57 degrees 30 minutes north; thence east to the intersection of said parallel with the meridian of longitude 156 degrees west of Greenwich; thence south to the intersection of said meridian with the parallel of latitude 50 degrees north.
“(c) Effective upon the issuance of such Executive order or proclamation, exclusive jurisdiction over all special national defense withdrawals established under this section is hereby reserved to the United States, which shall have sole legislative, judicial, and executive power within such withdrawals, except as provided hereinafter. The exclusive jurisdiction so established shall extend to all lands within the exterior boundaries of each such withdrawal, and shall remain in effect with respect to any particular tract or parcel of land only so long as such tract or parcel remains within the exterior boundaries of such a withdrawal. The laws of the State of Alaska shall not apply to areas within any special national defense withdrawal established under this section while such areas remain subject to the exclusive jurisdiction hereby authorized: Provided, however, That such exclusive jurisdiction shall not prevent the execution of any process, civil or criminal, of the State of Alaska, upon any person found within said withdrawals: And provided further, That such exclusive jurisdiction shall not prohibit the State of Alaska from enacting and enforcing all laws necessary to establish voting districts, and the qualification and procedures for voting in all elections.
“(d) During the continuance in effect of any special national defense withdrawal established under this section, or until the Congress otherwise provides, such exclusive jurisdiction shall be exercised within each such withdrawal in accordance with the following provisions of law:
“(1) All laws enacted by the Congress that are of general application to areas under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States, including, but without limiting the generality of the foregoing, those provisions of title 18, United States Code, that are applicable within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States as defined in section 7 of said title, shall apply to all areas within such withdrawals.
“(2) In addition, any areas within the withdrawals that are reserved by Act of Congress or by Executive action for a particular military or civilian use of the United States shall be subject to all laws enacted by the Congress that have application to lands withdrawn for that particular use, and any other areas within the withdrawals shall be subject to all laws enacted by the Congress that are of general application to lands withdrawn for defense purposes of the United States.
“(3) To the extent consistent with the laws described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection and with regulations made or other actions taken under their authority, all laws in force within such withdrawals immediately prior to the creation thereof by Executive order or proclamation shall apply within the withdrawals and, for this purpose, are adopted as laws of the United States: Provided, however, That the laws of the State or Territory relating to the organization or powers of municipalities or local political subdivisions, and the laws or ordinances of such municipalities or political subdivisions shall not be adopted as laws of the United States.
“(4) All functions vested in the United States magistrate judges by the laws described in this subsection shall continue to be performed within the withdrawals by such magistrate judges.
“(5) All functions vested in any municipal corporation, school district, or other local political subdivision by the laws described in this subsection shall continue to be performed within the withdrawals by such corporation, district, or other subdivision, and the laws of the State or the laws or ordinances of such municipalities or local political subdivision shall remain in full force and effect notwithstanding any withdrawal made under this section.
“(6) All other functions vested in the government of Alaska or in any officer or agency thereof, except judicial functions over which the United States District Court for the District of Alaska is given jurisdiction by this Act or other provisions of law, shall be performed within the withdrawals by such civilian individuals or civilian agencies and in such manner as the President shall from time to time, by Executive order, direct or authorize.
“(7) The United States District Court for the District of Alaska shall have original jurisdiction, without regard to the sum or value of any matter in controversy, over all civil actions arising within such withdrawals under the laws made applicable thereto by this subsection, as well as over all offenses committed within the withdrawals.
“(e) Nothing contained in subsection (d) of this section shall be construed as limiting the exclusive jurisdiction established in the United States by subsection (c) of this section or the authority of the Congress to implement such exclusive jurisdiction by appropriate legislation, or as denying to persons now or hereafter residing within any portion of the areas described in subsection (b) of this section the right to vote at all elections held within the political subdivisions as prescribed by the State of Alaska where they respectively reside, or as limiting the jurisdiction conferred on the United States District Court for the District of Alaska by any other provision of law, or as continuing in effect laws relating to the Legislature of the Territory of Alaska. Nothing contained in this section shall be construed as limiting any authority otherwise vested in the Congress or the President. (As amended Pub. L. 90–578, title IV, § 402(b)(2),Oct. 17, 1968, 82 Stat. 1118; Pub. L. 101–650, title III, § 321,Dec. 1, 1990, 104 Stat. 5117.)
“Sec. 11. [Denali National Park; military and naval lands; civil and criminal jurisdiction.] (a) Nothing in this Act shall affect the establishment, or the right, ownership, and authority of the United States in Denali National Park, as now or hereafter constituted; but exclusive jurisdiction, in all cases, shall be exercised by the United States for the national park, as now or hereafter constituted; saving, however, to the State of Alaska the right to serve civil or criminal process within the limits of the aforesaid park in suits or prosecutions for or on account of rights acquired, obligations incurred, or crimes committed in said State, but outside of said park; and saving further to the said State the right to tax persons and corporations, their franchises and property on the lands included in said park; and saving also to the persons residing now or hereafter in such area the right to vote at all elections held within the respective political subdivisions of their residence in which the park is situated.
“(b) Notwithstanding the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union, authority is reserved in the United States, subject to the proviso hereinafter set forth, for the exercise by the Congress of the United States of the power of exclusive legislation, as provided by article I, section 8, clause 17, of the Constitution of the United States, in all cases whatsoever over such tracts or parcels of land as, immediately prior to the admission of said State, are owned by the United States and held for military, naval, Air Force, or Coast Guard purposes, including naval petroleum reserve numbered 4, whether such lands were acquired by cession and transfer to the United States by Russia and set aside by Act of Congress or by Executive order or proclamation of the President or the Governor of Alaska for the use of the United States, or were acquired by the United States by purchase, condemnation, donation, exchange, or otherwise: Provided, (i) That the State of Alaska shall always have the right to serve civil or criminal process within the said tracts or parcels of land in suits or prosecutions for or on account of rights acquired, obligations incurred, or crimes committed within the said State but outside of the said tracts or parcels of land; (ii) that the reservation of authority in the United States for the exercise by the Congress of the United States of the power of exclusive legislation over the lands aforesaid shall not operate to prevent such lands from being a part of the State of Alaska, or to prevent the said State from exercising over or upon such lands, concurrently with the United States, any jurisdiction whatsoever which it would have in the absence of such reservation of authority and which is consistent with the laws hereafter enacted by the Congress pursuant to such reservation of authority; and (iii) that such power of exclusive legislation shall rest and remain in the United States only so long as the particular tract or parcel of land involved is owned by the United States and used for military, naval, Air Force, or Coast Guard purposes. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to lands within such special national defense withdrawal or withdrawals as may be established pursuant to section 10 of this Act until such lands cease to be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction reserved to the United States by that section. (As amended Pub. L. 96–487, title II, § 202(3)(a),Dec. 2, 1980, 94 Stat. 2382.)
“Sec. 12. [Judicial and criminal provisions; amendment.] Effective upon the admission of Alaska into the Union—
“(a) The analysis of chapter 5 of title 28, United States Code, immediately preceding section 81 of such title, is amended by inserting immediately after and underneath item 81 of such analysis, a new item to be designated as item 81A and to read as follows:
“ ‘81A. Alaska’;
“(b) Title 28, United States Code, is amended by inserting immediately after section 81 thereof a new section, to be designated as section 81A, and to read as follows:
“ ‘§ 81A. Alaska
“ ‘Alaska constitutes one judicial district.
“ ‘Court shall be held at Anchorage, Fairbanks, Juneau, and Nome.’;
“(c) Section 133 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by inserting in the table of districts and judges in such section immediately above the item: ‘Arizona * * * 2’, a new item as follows: ‘Alaska * * * 1’;
“(d) The first paragraph of section 373 of title 28, United States Code, as heretofore amended, is further amended by striking out the words: ‘the District Court for the Territory of Alaska,’: Provided, That the amendment made by this subsection shall not affect the rights of any judge who may have retired before it takes effect;
“(e) The words ‘the District Court for the Territory of Alaska,’ are stricken out wherever they appear in sections 333, 460, 610, 753, 1252, 1291, 1292, and 1346 of title 28, United States Code;
“(f) The first paragraph of section 1252 of title 28, United States Code, is further amended by striking out the word ‘Alaska,’ from the clause relating to courts of record;
“(g) Subsection (2) ofsection 1294 of title 28, United States Code, is repealed and the later subsections of such section are renumbered accordingly;
“(h) Subsection (a) ofsection 2410 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by striking out the words: ‘including the District Court for the Territory of Alaska,’;
“(i) Section 3241 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking out the words: ‘District Court for the Territory of Alaska, the’;
“(j) Subsection (e) ofsection 3401 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking out the words: ‘for Alaska or’;
“(k) Section 3771 of title 18, United States Code, as heretofore amended, is further amended by striking out from the first paragraph of such section the words: ‘the Territory of Alaska,’;
“(l) Section 3772 of title 18, United States Code, as heretofore amended, is further amended by striking out from the first paragraph of such section the words: ‘the Territory of Alaska,’;
“(m) Section 2072 of title 28, United States Code, as heretofore amended, is further amended by striking out from the first paragraph of such section the words: ‘and of the District Court for the Territory of Alaska’;
“(n) Subsection (q) ofsection 376 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by striking out the words: ‘the District Court for the Territory of Alaska,’: Provided, That the amendment made by this subsection shall not affect the rights under such section 376 of any present or former judge of the District Court for the Territory of Alaska or his survivors;
“(o) The last paragraph of section 1963 of title 28, United States Code, is repealed;
“(p) Section 2201 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by striking out the words: ‘and the District Court for the Territory of Alaska’; and
“(q) Section 4 of the Act of July 28, 1950 (64 Stat. 380; 5 U.S.C., sec. 341b) is amended by striking out the word: ‘Alaska,’.
“Sec. 13. [Continuation of suits.] No writ, action, indictment, cause, or proceeding pending in the District Court for the Territory of Alaska on the date when said Territory shall become a State, and no case pending in an appellate court upon appeal from the District Court for the Territory of Alaska at the time said Territory shall become a State, shall abate by the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union, but the same shall be transferred and proceeded with as hereinafter provided.
“All civil causes of action and all criminal offenses which shall have arisen or been committed prior to the admission of said State, but as to which no suit, action, or prosecution shall be pending at the date of such admission, shall be subject to prosecution in the appropriate State courts or in the United States District Court for the District of Alaska in like manner, to the same extent, and with like right of appellate review, as if said State had been created and said courts had been established prior to the accrual of said causes of action or the commission of such offenses; and such of said criminal offenses as shall have been committed against the laws of the Territory shall be tried and punished by the appropriate courts of said State, and such as shall have been committed against the laws of the United States shall be tried and punished in the United States District Court for the District of Alaska.
“Sec. 14. [Appeals.] All appeals taken from the District Court for the Territory of Alaska to the Supreme Court of the United States or the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, previous to the admission of Alaska as a State, shall be prosecuted to final determination as though this Act had not been passed. All cases in which final judgment has been rendered in such district court, and in which appeals might be had except for the admission of such State, may still be sued out, taken, and prosecuted to the Supreme Court of the United States or the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit under the provisions of then existing law, and there held and determined in like manner; and in either case, the Supreme Court of the United States, or the United States Court of Appeals, in the event of reversal, shall remand the said cause to either the State supreme court or other final appellate court of said State, or the United States district court for said district, as the case may require: Provided, That the time allowed by existing law for appeals from the district court for said Territory shall not be enlarged thereby.
“Sec. 15. [Transfer of cases.] All causes pending or determined in the District Court for the Territory of Alaska at the time of the admission of Alaska as a State which are of such nature as to be within the jurisdiction of a district court of the United States shall be transferred to the United States District Court for the District of Alaska for final disposition and enforcement in the same manner as is now provided by law with reference to the judgments and decrees in existing United States district courts. All other causes pending or determined in the District Court for the Territory of Alaska at the time of the admission of Alaska as a State shall be transferred to the appropriate State court of Alaska. All final judgments and decrees rendered upon such transferred cases in the United States District Court for the District of Alaska may be reviewed by the Supreme Court of the United States or by the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in the same manner as is now provided by law with reference to the judgments and decrees in existing United States district courts.
“Sec. 16. [Succession of courts.] Jurisdiction of all cases pending or determined in the District Court for the Territory of Alaska not transferred to the United States District Court for the District of Alaska shall devolve upon and be exercised by the courts of original jurisdiction created by said State, which shall be deemed to be the successor of the District Court for the Territory of Alaska with respect to cases not so transferred and, as such, shall take and retain custody of all records, dockets, journals, and files of such court pertaining to such cases. The files and papers in all cases so transferred to the United States district court, together with a transcript of all book entries to complete the record in such particular cases so transferred, shall be in like manner transferred to said district court.
“Sec. 17. [Pending cases in the District Court for the Territory of Alaska.] All cases pending in the District Court for the Territory of Alaska at the time said Territory becomes a State not transferred to the United States District Court for the District of Alaska shall be proceeded with and determined by the courts created by said State with the right to prosecute appeals to the appellate courts created by said State, and also with the same right to prosecute appeals or writs of certiorari from the final determination in said causes made by the court of last resort created by such State to the Supreme Court of the United States, as now provided by law for appeals and writs of certiorari from the court of last resort of a State to the Supreme Court of the United States.
“Sec. 18. [Jurisdiction of District Court; termination date.] The provisions of the preceding sections with respect to the termination of the jurisdiction of the District Court for the Territory of Alaska, the continuation of suits, the succession of courts, and the satisfaction of rights of litigants in suits before such courts, shall not be effective until three years after the effective date of this Act, unless the President, by Executive order, shall sooner proclaim that the United States District Court for the District of Alaska, established in accordance with the provisions of this Act, is prepared to assume the functions imposed upon it. During such period of three years or until such Executive order is issued, the United States District Court for the Territory of Alaska shall continue to function as heretofore. The tenure of the judges, the United States attorneys, marshals, and other officers of the United States District Court for the Territory of Alaska shall terminate at such time as that court shall cease to function as provided in this section.
“Sec. 19. [Federal Reserve Act; amendment.] The first paragraph of section 2 of the Federal Reserve Act (38 Stat. 251) is amended by striking out the last sentence thereof and inserting in lieu of such sentence the following: ‘When the State of Alaska is hereafter admitted to the Union the Federal Reserve districts shall be readjusted by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System in such manner as to include such State. Every national bank in any State shall, upon commencing business or within ninety days after admission into the Union of the State in which it is located, become a member bank of the Federal Reserve System by subscribing and paying for stock in the Federal Reserve bank of its district in accordance with the provisions of this Act and shall thereupon be an insured bank under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, and failure to do so shall subject such bank to the penalty provided by the sixth paragraph of this section.’
“Sec. 20. [Reservation of coal lands; repeal.] Section 2 of the Act of October 20, 1914 (38 Stat. 742, 48 U.S.C., sec. 433), is hereby repealed.
“Sec. 21. [United States Nationality.] Nothing contained in this Act shall operate to confer United States nationality, nor to terminate nationality heretofore lawfully acquired, nor restore nationality heretofore lost under any law of the United States or under any treaty to which the United States may have been a party.
“Sec. 22. [Immigration and Nationality Act; amendment.] Section 101(a)(36) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 170, 8 U.S.C., sec. 1101 (a)(36)) is amended by deleting the word ‘Alaska,’.
“Sec. 23. [Immigration and Nationality Act; amendment.] The first sentence of section 212(d)(7) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 188, 8 U.S.C., sec. 1182 (d)(7)) is amended by deleting the word ‘Alaska,’.
“Sec. 24. [Persons born in Alaska on or after March 30, 1867.] Nothing contained in this Act shall be held to repeal, amend, or modify the provisions of section 304 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 237, 8 U.S.C., sec. 1404).
“Sec. 25. [Immigration and Nationality Act; amendment.] The first sentence of section 310(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 239, 8 U.S.C., sec. 1421 (a)) is amended by deleting the words ‘District Courts of the United States for the Territories of Hawaii and Alaska’ and substituting therefor the words ‘District Court of the United States for the Territory of Hawaii’.
“Sec. 26. [Immigration and Nationality Act; amendment.] Section 344(d) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 265, 8 U.S.C., sec. 1455 (d)) is amended by deleting the words ‘in Alaska and’.
“Sec. 27. [Transportation by water.] (a) The third proviso in section 27 of the Merchant Marine Act, 1920, as amended (46 U.S.C. [App.], sec. 883) [now 46 U.S.C. 55116], is further amended by striking out the word ‘excluding’ and inserting in lieu thereof the word ‘including’.
“(b) Nothing contained in this or any other Act shall be construed as depriving the Federal Maritime Board of the exclusive jurisdiction heretofore conferred on it over common carriers engaged in transportation by water between any port in the State of Alaska and other ports in the United States, its Territories or possessions, or as conferring upon the Interstate Commerce Commission jurisdiction over transportation by water between any such ports.
“Sec. 28. [Mines and mining.] (a) The last sentence of section 9 of the Act entitled ‘An Act to provide for the leasing of coal lands in the Territory of Alaska, and for other purposes’, approved October 20, 1914 (48 U.S.C. 439), is hereby amended to read as follows: ‘All net profits from operation of Government mines, and all bonuses, royalties, and rentals under leases as herein provided and all other payments received under this Act shall be distributed as follows as soon as practicable after December 31 and June 30 of each year: (1) 90 per centum thereof shall be paid by the Secretary of the Treasury to the State of Alaska for disposition by the legislature thereof; and (2) 10 per centum shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States to the credit of miscellaneous receipts.’
“(b) Section 35 of the Act entitled ‘An Act to promote the mining of coal, phosphate, oil, oil shale, gas, and sodium on the public domain’, approved February 25, 1920, as amended (30 U.S.C. 191), is hereby amended by inserting immediately before the colon preceding the first proviso thereof the following: ‘, and of those from Alaska 521/2 per centum thereof shall be paid to the State of Alaska for disposition by the legislature thereof’.
“Sec. 29. [Separability clause.] If any provision of this Act, or any section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase, or individual word, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the Act and of the application of any such provision, section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase, or individual word to other persons and circumstances shall not be affected thereby.
“Sec. 30. [Repeal of inconsistent laws.] All Acts or parts of Acts in conflict with the provisions of this Act, whether passed by the legislature of said Territory or by Congress, are hereby repealed.”
Alaska Omnibus Act

Pub. L. 86–70, June 25, 1959, 73 Stat. 141, as amended, provided:
“[Sec. 1. Short Title.] That this Act may be cited as the ‘Alaska Omnibus Act’.
“Sec. 2 [Federal jurisdiction.] (a) Section 4 of the Act of July 7, 1958 (72 Stat. 339) [set out as a note above], providing for the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union, is amended by striking out the words ‘all such lands or other property, belonging to the United States or which may belong to said natives’, and inserting in lieu thereof the words ‘all such lands or other property (including fishing rights), the right or title to which may be held by said natives or is held by the United States in trust for said natives’.
“(b) Section 6(e) of said Act is amended by striking out the word ‘legislative’ and inserting in lieu thereof the word ‘calendar’.
“Sec. 3. [Termination of application of certain Federal laws.] Any Territorial law, as that term is defined in section 8(d) of the Act of July 7, 1958 (72 Stat. 339, 344) [set out as a note above], providing for the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union—
“(a) which provides for the regulation of commerce within Alaska by an agency of the United States, and
“(b) the application of which to the State of Alaska is continued solely by reason of such section 8(d), shall cease to apply to the State of Alaska on June 30, 1961, or on the effective date of any law enacted by the Legislature of the State of Alaska which modifies or changes such Territorial law, whichever occurs first.
“Sec. 4. [Sugar Act; amendment.] Section 101 of the Sugar Act of 1948, as amended (7 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 1101), is further amended by adding thereto a new subsection, to be designated subsection ‘(o)’ and to read as follows:
“ ‘(o) The term “continental United States” means the 49 States and the District of Columbia.’
“Sec. 5. [Soil Bank Act; amendment.] Section 113 of the Soil Bank Act (7 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 1837), is amended to read as follows: ‘This subtitle B shall apply to the continental United States, except Alaska, and, if the Secretary determines it to be in the national interest, to the State of Alaska, the Territory of Hawaii, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, and as used in this subtitle B, the term “State” includes Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.’
“Sec. 6. [Armed Forces; amendment.] (a) Title 10, United States Code, section 101 (2), is amended by striking out the words ‘Alaska, Hawaii,’ and inserting in lieu thereof the word ‘Hawaii’.
“(b) Title 10, United States Code, sections 802(11) and 802(12), are each amended by striking out the words ‘that part of Alaska east of longitude 172 degrees west,’.
“(c) Title 10, United States Code, section 2662(c), is amended by striking out the word ‘Alaska,’.
“Sec. 7. [National Bank Act; amendment.] Section 5192 of the Revised Statutes, as amended (12 U.S.C. 144), is further amended by striking out the words ‘in Alaska or’.
“Sec. 8. [Federal Reserve Act; amendment.] (a) Section 1 of the Federal Reserve Act, as amended (12 U.S.C. 221), is further amended by deleting the period at the end of such section and inserting in lieu thereof the following: ‘; the term “the continental United States” means the States of the United States and the District of Columbia.’
“(b) Section 19 of the Federal Reserve Act, as amended (12 U.S.C. 466), is further amended by striking the words ‘in Alaska or’.
“Sec. 9. [Home Loan Bank Board.] (a) Paragraph (3) [now (2)] of section 2 of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act, as amended (12 U.S.C. 1422 (3) [now 1422(2)]), is further amended by striking out the words ‘Territories of Alaska and Hawaii’ and inserting in lieu thereof the words ‘Territory of Hawaii’.
“(b) Section 7 of the Home Owners’ Loan Act of 1933, as amended (12 U.S.C. 1466), is further amended by striking out the words ‘continental United States, to the Territories of Alaska and Hawaii’ and inserting in lieu thereof the words ‘continental United States (including Alaska), to the Territory of Hawaii’.
“Sec. 10. [National Housing Act; amendment.] The National Housing Act is amended by—
“(a) striking out the word ‘Alaska,’ in sections 9, 201 (d), 207 (a)(7), 601(d), 713 (q), and 801(g) (12 U.S.C., secs. 1706d, 1707 (d), 1713 (a)(7), 1736 (d), 1747l (q); supp. V, sec. 1748(g));
“(b) striking out the words ‘the Territory of Alaska,’ in section 207 (c)(2) (12 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 1713 (c)(2)), and inserting the word ‘Alaska’ in lieu thereof;
“(c) by striking out the words ‘the Territory of Alaska or in Guam’ in section 214 (12 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 1715d; 48 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 484d), and inserting the words ‘Alaska, Guam,’ in lieu thereof; and
“(d) striking out the words ‘Territory’ in the two places where it appears in section 806 (12 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 1748e), and inserting the word ‘State’ in lieu thereof.
“Sec. 11. [Coast Guard; amendment.] Title 14, United States Code, section 634 (b), is amended by striking out the words ‘and for the territory of’ in both places where they appear therein.
“Sec. 12. [Securities and Exchange Commission.] (a) Paragraph (6) of section 2 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (15 U.S.C. 77b (6)), is further amended by striking out the word ‘Alaska,’.
“(b) Paragraph (16) of section 3(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (15 U.S.C. 78c (a)(16)), is further amended by striking out the word ‘Alaska,’.
“(c) Paragraph (18) of section 202(a) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended (15 U.S.C. 80b–2 (a)(18)), is further amended by striking out the word ‘Alaska,’.
“(d) Paragraph (37) of section 2(a) of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (15 U.S.C. 80a–2 (a)(37)), is further amended by striking out the word ‘Alaska,’.
“(e) Paragraph (1) of section 6(a) of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (15 U.S.C. 80a–6 (a)(1)), is further amended by striking out the word ‘Alaska,’.
“Sec. 13. [Soil Conservation.] (a) Section 8(b) of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act, as amended (16 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 590h (b)), is further amended by inserting, immediately following the words ‘continental United States’, the words ‘, except in Alaska’.
“(b) Section 17(a) of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act, as amended (16 U.S.C. 590q (a)), is further amended by striking out the words ‘the United States, the Territories of Alaska and Hawaii’ and inserting in lieu thereof the words ‘the States, the Territory of Hawaii’, and by striking out the word ‘Alaska’ the second time it appears therein.
“Sec. 14. [Bald Eagles.] Section 1 of the Act of June 8, 1940 (16 U.S.C. 668), is amended by striking out the words ‘except the Territory of Alaska,’.
“Sec. 15. [Wildlife restoration.] Section 8(a) of the Act of September 2, 1937, as amended (16 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 669g–1), is further amended by striking out the words ‘the Alaska Game Commission,’, ‘said Territory of Alaska’,’ ‘not exceeding $75,000 for Alaska, and’, and ‘the Territory of Alaska,’.
“Sec. 16. [Fish restoration.] Section 12 of the Act of August 9, 1950, as amended (16 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 777k), is further amended by striking out the words ‘the Alaska Game Commission,’, ‘said Territory of Alaska,’, ‘not exceeding $75,000 for Alaska, and’, and ‘the Territory of Alaska,’.
“Sec. 17. [Criminal Code; amendments.] (a) Title 18, United States Code, section 5024, is amended by striking out the words ‘other than Alaska’ and inserting in lieu thereof the words ‘including Alaska’.
“(b) Section 6 of the Act of August 25, 1958 (72 Stat. 845, 847), is amended by striking out the words ‘other than Alaska’ and inserting in lieu thereof the words ‘including Alaska’.
“(c) Subsections (a) and (b) of this section shall be effective on July 7, 1961, or on the date of the Executive order referred to in section 18 of the Act of July 7, 1958 (72 Stat. 339, 350), providing for the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union, whichever occurs first.
“(d) Title 18, United States Code, section 1385, is amended by deleting the last sentence thereof.
“Sec. 18. [Education.] (a)(1) Subsection (a) ofsection 103 of the National Defense Education Act of 1958 (72 Stat. 1580, 1582), relating to definition of State, is amended by striking out ‘Alaska,’ each time it appears.
“(2) Paragraph (3)(B) of section 302(a) of such Act (72 Stat. 1580, 1588), relating to definition of continental United States for purposes of allotments for science, mathematics and modern foreign language instruction equipment, is amended by striking out ‘does not include Alaska’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘includes Alaska’.
“(3) Section 1008 of such Act (72 Stat. 1580, 1605), relating to allotments to territories, is amended by striking out ‘Alaska,’.
“(b)(1) Section 4 of the Act of February 23, 1917 (20 U.S.C. 14), relating to allotments for teacher-training, is amended by striking out ‘$90,000’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘$98,500’. The proviso in the last paragraph of section 5 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 16) and so much of section 12 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 22) as follows the last semicolon shall not be applicable to Alaska prior to the third fiscal year which begins after the enactment of this Act.
“(2) Paragraph (1) of section 2 of the Vocational Education Act of 1946 (20 U.S.C. 15i), relating to definition of States and Territories, is amended by striking out ‘the Territories of Alaska and Hawaii’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘the Territory of Hawaii’.
“(3) Subsection (e) ofsection 210 (20 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 15jj(e)), andsubsection (a) ofsection 307 of such Act (72 Stat. 1580, 1600), relating to definition of State, are each amended by striking out ‘Alaska,’.
“(c) Paragraph (13) of section 15 of the Act of September 23, 1950, as amended (72 Stat. 548, 558), relating to definition of State, is amended by striking out ‘Alaska,’.
“(d)(1) The material in the parentheses in the first sentence of subsection (d) ofsection 3 of the Act of September 30, 1950, as amended, relating to determination of local contribution rate, is amended to read: ‘(other than a local educational agency in Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Wake Island, Guam, or the Virgin Islands, or in a State in which a substantial proportion of the land is in unorganized territory for which a State agency is the local educational agency)’.
“(2) The fourth sentence of such subsection is amended by inserting ‘(including Alaska)’ after ‘continental United States’ the first time it appears in such sentence. The fifth sentence of such subsection is amended by inserting ‘(including Alaska)’ after ‘continental United States’ the second time it appears in such sentence.
“(3) The last sentence of such subsection is amended by striking out ‘Alaska,’ and by inserting after ‘the Virgin Islands,’ the following: ‘or in any State in which a substantial proportion of the land is in unorganized territory for which a State agency is the local educational agency,’.
“(4) Paragraph (8) of section 9 of such Act (20 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 244 (8)), relating to definition of State, is amended by striking out ‘Alaska,’.
“Sec. 19. [Importation of milk and cream.] Subsection (b) ofsection 9 of the Act of February 15, 1927 (21 U.S.C. 149 (b)), is amended by inserting the words, ‘, including Alaska’ immediately following the words ‘continental United States’.
“Sec. 20. [Opium Poppy Control.] Section 12 of the Opium Poppy Control Act of 1942 (21 U.S.C. 188k) is amended by deleting therefrom the words ‘the Territory of Alaska,’.
“Sec. 21. [Highways.] (a) The Secretary of Transportation shall transfer to the State of Alaska by appropriate conveyance without compensation, but upon such terms and conditions as he may deem desirable, all lands or interests in lands, including buildings and fixtures, all personal property, including machinery, office equipment, and supplies, and all records pertaining to roads in Alaska, which are owned, held, administered by, or used by the Secretary in connection with the activities of the Bureau of Public Roads in Alaska, (i) except such lands or interests in lands, including buildings and fixtures, personal property, including machinery, office equipment, and supplies, and records as the Secretary may determine are needed for the operations, activities, and functions of the Bureau of Public Roads in Alaska after such transfer, including services or functions performed pursuant to section 44 of this Act; and (ii) except such lands or interests in lands as he or the head of any other Federal agency may determine are needed for continued retention in Federal ownership for purposes other than or in addition to road purposes.
“(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, any contract entered into by the Federal Government in connection with the activities of the Bureau of Public Roads in Alaska which has not been completed on the date of the transfer provided under subsection (a) hereof may be completed according to the terms thereof.
“(c)(1) The State of Alaska shall be responsible for the maintenance of roads, including bridges, tunnels, and ferries, transferred to it under subsection (a) of this section, as long as any such road is needed for highway purposes.
“(2) Federal-aid funds apportioned to Alaska under title 23, United States Code, for fiscal year 1960 and prior fiscal years, and unobligated on the date of enactment of this Act, may be used for maintenance of highways on the Federal-aid systems in Alaska.
“(d) Effective July 1, 1959, the following provisions of law are repealed:
“(1) Title 23, United States Code, section 103 (f);
“(2) Title 23, United States Code, section 116 (d) [now 23 U.S.C. 116 (e)];
“(3) Title 23, United States Code, section 119;
“(4) Title 23, United States Code, section 120 (h) [now 23 U.S.C. 120 (g)], except that the portion of the first sentence thereof relating to the percentage of funds to be contributed by Alaska shall continue to apply to funds apportioned to Alaska for fiscal year 1960 and prior fiscal years;
“(5) Sections 107(b) and (d) of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 (70 Stat. 374, 377, 378);
“(6) Section 2 of the Act of January 27, 1905 (33 Stat. 616), as amended (48 U.S.C. 322 and the following); and
“(7) The Act of June 30, 1932 (47 Stat. 446), as amended (48 U.S.C. 321 (a) and the following).
“(e) Effective on July 1, 1959, the following provisions of law are amended:
“(1) The definition of the term ‘State’ in title 23, United States Code, section 101 (a), is amended to read as follows:
“ ‘The term “State” means any one of the forty-nine States, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, or Puerto Rico.’;
“(2) Title 23, United States Code, section 104 (b), is amended by deleting the phrase ‘, except that only one-third of the area of Alaska shall be included’ where it appears in paragraphs (1) and (2) of said section 104 (b);
“(3) Title 23, United States Code, section 116 (a) [now 23 U.S.C. 116 (b)], is amended by deleting the phrase ‘Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section,’ and by capitalizing the word ‘it’ immediately following such phrase; and
“(4) Title 23, United States Code, section 120 (a), is amended by deleting the phrase ‘subsection (d) and (h)’ and by inserting in lieu thereof the phrase ‘subsection (d)’.
“(f) Notwithstanding the limitation contained in subsection (f) ofsection 120 of Title 23, United States Code, the Secretary of Transportation is authorized to make expenditures from the emergency fund under section 125 of such title for the repair or reconstruction of highways on the Federal-aid highway systems of Alaska which have been damaged or destroyed by the 1964 earthquake and subsequent seismic waves, in accordance with the Federal share payable under subsection (a) ofsection 120 of such title. The increase in expenditures resulting from the difference between the Federal share authorized by this subsection and that authorized by subsection (f) ofsection 120 of such title shall be reimbursed to the emergency fund by an appropriation from the general fund of the Treasury: Provided, That such increase in expenditures shall not exceed $15,000,000 in the aggregate. (As amended Pub. L. 88–451, § 3,Aug. 19, 1964, 78 Stat. 505; Pub. L. 97–449, § 2(a),Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2439.)
“Sec. 22. [Internal Revenue.] (a) Section 2202 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to missionaries in foreign service), and sections 3121(e)(1), 3306(j), 4221(d)(4), and 4233(b) of such Code (each relating to a special definition of ‘State’) are amended by striking out ‘Alaska,’.
“(b) Section 4262(c)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (definition of ‘continental United States’) is amended to read as follows:
“ ‘(1) Continental United States.—The term “continental United States” means the District of Columbia and the States other than Alaska.’
“(c) Section 4502(5) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to definition of ‘United States’) is amended by striking out ‘the Territories of Hawaii and Alaska’ and by inserting in lieu thereof ‘the Territory of Hawaii’.
“(d) Section 4774 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to territorial extent of law) is amended by striking out ‘the Territory of Alaska,’.
“(e) Section 7621(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to boundaries of internal revenue districts) is amended to read as follows:
“ ‘(b) Boundaries.—For the purpose mentioned in subsection (a), the President may subdivide any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, or may unite into one district two or more States or a Territory and one or more States.’
“(f) Section 7653(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by striking out ‘its Territories or possessions’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘its possessions or the Territory of Hawaii’.
“(g) Section 7701(a)(9) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to definition of ‘United States’) is amended by striking out ‘the Territories of Alaska and Hawaii’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘the Territory of Hawaii’.
“(h) Section 7701(a)(10) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to definition of State) is amended by striking out ‘Territories’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘Territory of Hawaii’.
“(i) The amendments contained in subsections (a) through (h) of this section shall be effective as of January 3, 1959. (As amended Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095.)
“Sec. 23. [Courts.] (a) The Judicial Conference of the United States, with the assistance of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, shall conduct a study, including a field survey, of the Federal Judicial business arising in the State of Alaska with a view toward directing the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit to hold such terms of court in Anchorage or such other Alaskan cities as may be necessary for the prompt and efficient administration of justice.
“(b) Title 28, United States Code, section 81A, is amended by inserting the word ‘Ketchikan,’ immediately following the word ‘Juneau,’.
“(c) Such authority as has been exercised by the Attorney General heretofore, with regard to the Federal court system in Alaska, pursuant to section 30 of the Act of June 6, 1900 (48 U.S.C. 25), shall continue to be exercised by him after the court created by section 12(b) of the Act of July 7, 1958 (72 Stat. 339, 348) [set out above], providing for the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union, is established.
“(d) All balances of public moneys received by the clerks of each division of the District Court for the Territory of Alaska pursuant to section 10 of the Act of June 6, 1900, as amended (48 U.S.C. 107), which are on hand after all payments ordered by that court and approved by the Administrative Office of the United States Courts shall have been made, shall be covered into the Treasury of the United States as required by law, and the Secretary of the Treasury shall pay the amounts so covered, which are hereby appropriated, to the State of Alaska.
“Sec. 24. [Vocational Rehabilitation Act; amendment.] (a) Subsection (g) ofsection 11 of the Vocational Rehabilitation Act (29 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 41 (g)), relating to definition of State, is amended by striking out ‘Alaska,’.
“(b)(1) Subsection (i) and paragraph (1) of subsection (h) of such section, relating to definition of allotment percentages and Federal shares for purposes of allotment and matching for vocational rehabilitation services, are each amended by striking out ‘(excluding Alaska)’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘(including Alaska)’.
“(2) Paragraph (1) of such subsection (h) is further amended by striking out ‘Alaska,’.
“(3) Such subsection (i) is further amended by striking out ‘Hawaii and Alaska’ in clause (B) and inserting in lieu thereof ‘Hawaii’,
“Sec. 25. [Gold Reserve Act; amendment.] Section 15 of the Gold Reserve Act of 1934, as amended (31 U.S.C. 444), is further amended by striking out the words ‘, the District of Columbia, and the Territory of Alaska’ and inserting in lieu thereof the words ‘and the District of Columbia’.
“Sec. 26. [Silver Purchase Act; amendment.] Section 10 of the Silver Purchase Act of 1934 (31 U.S.C. 448b), is amended by striking out the words ‘, the District of Columbia, and the Territory of Alaska’ and inserting in lieu thereof the words ‘and the District of Columbia’.
“Sec. 27. [National Guard; amendment.] Title 32, United States Code, section 101 (1), is amended by striking out the words ‘Alaska, Hawaii,’ and inserting in lieu thereof the word ‘Hawaii’.
“Sec. 28. [Water Pollution Control Act; amendment.] (a) Paragraph (1) of section 5(h) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 466d(h)(1)), relating to Federal share for purposes of matching for program operation, is amended by striking out ‘(excluding Alaska)’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘(including Alaska)’ and by striking out, in clause (B), ‘and Alaska’.
“(b) Subsection (d) ofsection 11 of such Act (33 U.S.C., Supp. V, sec. 466j(d)), is amended by striking out ‘Alaska,’.
“Sec. 29. [Veterans’ Benefits; amendment.] (a) Title 38, United States Code, section 903(b) [now 2303(b)], is amended by striking out the words ‘, or to the place of burial within Alaska if the deceased was a resident of Alaska who had been brought to the United States as a beneficiary of the Veterans’ Administration for hospital or domiciliary care’; by inserting the word ‘continental’ immediately before the words ‘United States’ the second time they appear in such section; and by inserting, immediately following the words ‘continental United States’ in both places where they appear in such section, the parenthetical phrase ‘(including Alaska)’.
“(b) Title 38, United States Code, section 2007(c) [now 4107(c)], is amended by striking out the word ‘Alaska,’.
“Sec. 30. [Federal Property and Administrative Services Act; amendment.] (a) Subsection (f) ofsection 3 of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 472(f)) [now 40 U.S.C. 102 (6)], is amended by striking out the words ‘, Hawaii, Alaska,’ and inserting in lieu thereof the words ‘(including Alaska), Hawaii,’.
“(b) Subsection (a) ofsection 702 of such Act ([former] 40 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 522(a)), is amended by striking out the words ‘Territories of Alaska and Hawaii’ and inserting in lieu thereof the words ‘Territory of Hawaii’.
“Sec. 31. [Public Health Service Act; amendment.] (a) Subsection (f) ofsection 2 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 201 (f)), relating to definition of State, is amended by striking out ‘Hawaii, Alaska,’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘Hawaii,’ and by striking out ‘, the District of Columbia, or Alaska’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘or the District of Columbia’.
“(b)(1) Effective July 1, 1959, section 371 of the Public Health Service Act, as added by the Alaska Mental Health Enabling Act (42 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 273), is repealed.
“(2) Subsection (a) ofsection 372 of such Act (42 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 274 (a)), is amended by striking out ‘the Territory of’.
“(3) Subsections (b), (c), and (e) of such section are each amended by striking out ‘the Territory’ each time it appears and inserting in lieu thereof ‘Alaska’.
“(4) Such subsection (e) is further amended by striking out ‘the Territory’s’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘Alaska’s’.
“(c)(1) Subsection (a) ofsection 631 of such Act (42 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 291i(a)), relating to definition of allotment percentage for purposes of allotments for construction, is amended by striking out ‘(excluding Alaska)’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘(including Alaska)’ and by striking out ‘for Alaska and Hawaii shall be 50 per centum each’ in clause (2) and inserting in lieu thereof ‘for Hawaii shall be 50 per centum’.
“(2) Subsection (d) of such section, relating to definition of State, is amended by striking out ‘Alaska,’.
“Sec. 32. [Social Security Act; amendment.] (a) Paragraph (8) of section 1101(a) of the Social Security Act (72 Stat. 1013, 1050), relating to definition of Federal percentage for purposes of matching for public assistance grants, is amended by striking out ‘Alaska and’ in clause (ii) of subparagraph (A) and by striking out ‘(excluding Alaska)’ in subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting in lieu thereof ‘(including Alaska)’.
“(b)(1) Subsection (a) ofsection 524 of the Social Security Act (72 Stat. 1013, 1054), relating to definition of allotment percentage for purposes of allotments for child welfare services, is amended by striking out ‘50 per centum in the case of Alaska and’ in clause (B).
“(2) Subsection (b) of such section, relating to definition of Federal share for purposes of matching for child welfare services, is amended by striking out ‘50 per centum in the case of Alaska and’ in clause (2).
“(3) Such subsections (a) and (b), andsubsection (c) of such section, relating to promulgation of Federal shares and allotment percentages, are each amended by striking out ‘(excluding Alaska)’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘(including Alaska)’.
“(c)(1) The last sentence of section 202(i) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 402 (i)), is amended by striking out ‘forty-eight’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘forty-nine’.
“(2) Subsections (h) and (i) ofsection 210 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 410 (h), (i)), relating to definitions of State and United States for purposes of old-age, survivors, and disability insurance, are each amended by striking out ‘Alaska,’.
“(d)(1) Paragraph (1) of section 1101(a) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 1301 (a)(1)), relating to definition of State, is amended by striking out ‘Alaska, Hawaii,’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘Hawaii’.
“(2) Paragraph (2) of such section (42 U.S.C., 1301 (a)(2)), relating to definition of United States, is amended by striking out ‘Alaska,’.
“Sec. 33. [Congressional Record.] Section 73 of the Act of January 12, 1895, as amended (44 U.S.C., supp. V, sec. 183), is further amended by striking out the word ‘Alaska,’ [Repealed by Pub. L. 90–620, § 3,Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1310].
“Sec. 34. [Federal Register.] Section 8 of the Federal Register Act (44 U.S.C. 308) is amended by striking out the parenthetical phrase ‘(not including Alaska)’ and inserting in lieu thereof the parenthetical phrase ‘(including Alaska)’ [Repealed by Pub. L. 90–620, § 3,Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1310].
“Sec. 35. [Airports.] (a) The Administrator of the Federal Aviation Agency is authorized and directed to transfer to the State of Alaska by appropriate conveyance, and subject to such terms and conditions as he may deem appropriate, all the right, title, and interest of the United States in and to the public airports constructed and operated pursuant to the Act of May 28, 1948, as amended (48 U.S.C. 485 and the following), including all the land, buildings, structures, facilities, equipment, and other personal property appurtenant thereto and necessary for the operation thereof, except for such property, real or personal, as the Administrator may determine is needed for the performance of functions of the United States in Alaska after such transfer. Such transfer shall be without monetary consideration to the United States.
“(b) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this section, any contract entered into by the Federal Aviation Agency in connection with its activities with respect to public airports constructed and operated pursuant to the Act of May 28, 1948, as amended (48 U.S.C. 485 and the following), which has not been completed by the date of enactment of this Act, may be completed according to the terms thereof.
“Sec. 36. [Selective Service.] Section 16(b) of the Universal Military Training and Service Act, as amended (50 U.S.C., app., sec. 466 (b)), is further amended by striking out the word ‘Alaska,’.
“Sec. 37. [Real property transactions.] Section 43(c) of the Act of August 10, 1956 (50 U.S.C. app., supp. V, sec. 2285(c)), is amended by striking out the word ‘Alaska,’.
“Sec. 38. [Recreation facilities.] Section 2 of the Act of May 4, 1956 (70 Stat. 130), is hereby repealed. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1960, such sums as may be necessary to complete the construction of facilities described in section 1 of such Act, as amended by the Act of August 30, 1957 (71 Stat. 510), if construction was begun prior to June 30, 1959, and to maintain the facilities pending their transfer pursuant to such section.
“Sec. 39. [Aircraft loan guarantees.] Section 3 of the Act of September 7, 1957 (71 Stat. 629), is amended by striking out the words ‘Territory of Alaska’ and inserting in lieu thereof the words ‘State of Alaska’.
“Sec. 40. [Defense Base Act; amendment.] (a) Paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 1(a) of the Defense Base Act, as amended (55 Stat. 622; 42 U.S.C. 1651 and the following), are amended by striking out ‘Alaska;’ in the parenthetical phrase in each paragraph.
“(b) Paragraph (6) of section 1(a) of that Act is amended by striking out ‘or in Alaska or the Canal Zone’.
“(c) Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the period at the end of paragraph (3), inserting in lieu thereof a semicolon, and adding the following paragraph:
“ ‘(4) the term “continental United States” means the States and the District of Columbia.’
“Sec. 41. [Timber removal.] The Act of March 3, 1891 (26 Stat. 1093), as amended (16 U.S.C. 607), is further amended by deleting the words ‘Territory of Alaska’ and the words ‘or Territory’ where they there appear and by inserting the word ‘Alaska,’ after the words ‘In the State of’.
“Sec. 42. [War Hazards Compensation Act; amendment.] (a) Paragraphs (2), (3), and (5) of section 101(a) of the War Hazards Compensation Act, as amended (56 Stat. 1028; 42 U.S.C. 1701 and the following), are amended by striking out ‘or in Alaska or the Canal Zone’.
“(b) Section 104 of that Act [42 U.S.C. 1704] is amended by adding the following new subsection at the end thereof:
“ ‘(c) The provisions of this section shall not apply with respect to benefits on account of any injury or death occurring within any State.’
“(c) Section 201 of that Act [42 U.S.C. 1711] is amended by adding the following new subsection at the end thereof:
“ ‘(f) the term “continental United States” means the States and the District of Columbia.’
“Sec. 43. [Buy American Act; amendment.] Section 1(b) of Title III of the Act of March 3, 1933 ([former] 41 U.S.C. 10c(b)) [now 41 U.S.C. 8301 (1)], is amended by striking out the word ‘Alaska,’.
“Sec. 44. [Transitional grants.] (a) In order to assist the State of Alaska in accomplishing an orderly transition from Territorial status to statehood, and in order to facilitate the assumption by the State of Alaska of responsibilities hitherto performed in Alaska by the Federal Government, there are hereby authorized to be appropriated to the President, for the purpose of making transitional grants to the State of Alaska, the sum of $10,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1960; the sum of $6,000,000 for each of the fiscal years ending June 30, 1961, and June 30, 1962; the sum of $3,000,000 for each of the fiscal years ending June 30, 1963, and June 30, 1964; and the sum of $23,500,000 for the period ending June 30, 1966.
“(b) The Governor of Alaska may submit to the President a request that a Federal agency continue to provide services or facilities in Alaska for an interim period, pending the provision of such services or facilities by the State of Alaska. Such interim period shall not extend beyond June 30, 1966. In the event of such request, and in the event of the approval thereof by the President, the President may allocate, at his discretion, to such agency the funds necessary to finance the provision of such services or facilities. Such funds shall be allocated from appropriations made pursuant to subsection (a) hereof, and the amount of such funds shall be deducted from the amount of grants available to the State of Alaska pursuant to such subsection.
“(c) After the transfer or conveyance to the State of Alaska of any property or function pursuant to the Act of July 7, 1958 (72 Stat. 339) [set out as a note above], providing for the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union, or pursuant to this Act or any other law, and until June 30, 1966, the head of the Federal agency having administrative jurisdiction of such property prior to its transfer or conveyance may contract with the State of Alaska for the performance by such agency, on a reimbursable basis, of some or all of the functions authorized to be performed by it in Alaska immediately preceding such conveyance or transfer. (As amended Pub. L. 88–311, §§ 1, 2,May 27, 1964, 78 Stat. 201.)
“Sec. 45. [Transfer of property.] (a) If the President determines that any function performed by the Federal Government in Alaska has been terminated or curtailed by the Federal Government and that performance of such function or substantially the same function has been or will be assumed by the State of Alaska, the President may, until July 1, 1966, in his discretion, transfer and convey to the State of Alaska, without reimbursement, any property or interest in property, real or personal, situated in Alaska which is owned or held by the United States in connection with such function, the assumption of which function is pursuant to this Act or the Act of July 7, 1958 (72 Stat. 339) [set out as a note above].
“(b) Structures and improvements of block 32 of the city of Juneau granted to the State of Alaska by section 6(c) of the Act providing for the admission of Alaska into the Union (72 Stat. 339, 340), shall include all furnishings and equipment in the structure known as the Governor’s mansion, or used in the operation or maintenance thereof. (As amended Pub. L. 88–311, § 2,May 27, 1964, 78 Stat. 201.)
“Sec. 46. [Claims Commission.] (a) In the event that any disputes arise between the United States and the State of Alaska prior to January 1, 1965, concerning the transfer, conveyance, or other disposal of property to the State of Alaska pursuant to section 6(e) of the Act of July 7, 1958 (72 Stat. 339, 340) [set out as a note above], providing for the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union, or pursuant to this Act, the President is authorized (1) to appoint by and with the advice and consent of the Senate a temporary commission of three persons, to consider, ascertain, adjust, determine, and settle such disputes, and (2) to make such rules and regulations as may be necessary to establish such temporary commission or as may be necessary to terminate such temporary commission at the conclusion of its duties. In carrying out its duties under this section, such commission may hold such hearings, take such testimony, sit and act at such times and places, and incur such expenditures as the commission deems necessary. No commission shall be appointed under authority of this subsection after June 30, 1965.
“(b) The commission may, without regard to the civil service laws and the Classification Act of 1949, employ and fix the compensation of such employees as it deems necessary to carry out its duties under this section. The commission is authorized to use the facilities, information, and personnel of the departments, agencies, and establishments of the executive branch of the United States Government which it deems necessary to carry out its duties; and each such department, agency, and instrumentality is authorized to furnish such facilities, information, and personnel to the commission upon request made by the commission. The commission shall reimburse each such department, agency, or instrumentality for the services of any personnel utilized. The commission may establish such procedures, rules, and regulations as may be necessary to carry out its duties under this section.
“(c) No member of such commission shall be an officer or employee of the United States or of the State of Alaska. Any commissioner may be removed by the President for inefficiency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office. A vacancy in the commission shall not impair the right of the remaining commissioners to exercise all the powers of the commission. Each member of the commission shall be paid compensation at the rate of $50 per day for each day spent in the work of the commission, shall be reimbursed for actual and necessary travel expenses, and shall receive a per diem allowance in accordance with the provisions of the Travel Expense Act of 1949, as amended, when away from his usual place of residence.
“(d) There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to enable the commission to perform its duties under this section.
“Sec. 47. [Effective dates.] (a) The amendments made by paragraph (2) of subsection (a) ofsection 18, by subsection (a) ofsection 28, by paragraph (1) of subsection (c) ofsection 31, by subsections (a) and (b) ofsection 32, and, except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, by subsection (b) ofsection 24, shall be applicable in the case of promulgations of Federal shares, allotment percentages, allotment ratios, and Federal percentages, as the case may be, made after satisfactory data are available from the Department of Commerce for a full year on the per capita income of Alaska, and for this purpose such promulgations shall, before such data for the full period required by the applicable statutory provision as so amended are available from the Department of Commerce, be based on satisfactory data available from such Department for such one full year or, when such data for a two-year period are available, for such two years.
“(b) The amendments made by paragraphs (1) and (3) of subsection (a) ofsection 18 shall be applicable, in the case of allotments under section 302(b) or 502 of the National Defense Education Act of 1958 [20 U.S.C. 442 (b) or 482], for fiscal years beginning July 1, 1959, and in the case of allotments under section 302(a) of such Act, in the case of allotments based on allotment ratios, promulgated under such section 302 (a), to which the amendment made by paragraph (2) of subsection (a) ofsection 18 of this Act is applicable.
“(c) [Repealed. Pub. L. 86–624, § 47(g)(4),July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 424.]
“(d) The amendments made by paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (b), by subsection (c), and by paragraph (4) of subsection (d) ofsection 18; by subsection (a) ofsection 24; by subsection (b) ofsection 28; by subsection (a), by subparagraphs (2), (3), and (4) of subsection (b), and by paragraph (2) of subsection (c) ofsection 31; by paragraph (2) of subsection (c) and by subsection (d) ofsection 32; and, except as provided in subsection (b) of this section by paragraph (1) of subsection (a) ofsection 18, shall be effective on January 3, 1959.
“(e) The amendment made by paragraph (1) of subsection (c) ofsection 32 shall apply in the case of deaths occurring on or after January 3, 1959.
“(f) The amendments made by paragraph (1) of subsection (b) and paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (d) ofsection 18 shall be applicable for fiscal years beginning July 1, 1959.
“(g) The amendments in sections 40 and 42 shall take effect when enacted: Provided, however, That with respect to injuries or deaths occurring on or after January 3, 1959, and prior to the effective date of these amendments, claims filed by employees engaged in the State of Alaska in any of the employments covered by the Defense Base Act [42 U.S.C. 1651 et seq.] (and their dependents) may be adjudicated under the Workmen’s Compensation Act of Alaska instead of the Defense Base Act. (As amended Pub. L. 86–624, § 47(g)(4),July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 424.)
“Sec. 48. [Definition of ‘Continental United States’.] Whenever the phrase ‘continental United States’ is used in any law of the United States enacted after the date of enactment of this Act, it shall mean the 49 States on the North American Continent and the District of Columbia, unless otherwise expressly provided.
“Sec. 49. [Other subjects.] The amendment by this Act of certain statutes by deleting therefrom specific references to Alaska or such phrases as ‘Territory of Alaska’ shall not be construed to affect the applicability or inapplicability in or to Alaska of other statutes not so amended.
“Sec. 50. [Separability.] If any provision of this Act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid, the remainder of this Act, and the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby.
“Sec. 51. [New Federal Loan Adjustments.] (a) The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to compromise or release such portion of a borrower’s indebtedness under programs administered by the Farmers Home Administration in Alaska as he finds necessary because of loss resulting from the 1964 earthquake and subsequent seismic waves, and he may refinance outstanding indebtedness of applicants in Alaska for loans under section 502 of the Housing Act of 1949 [42 U.S.C. 1472] for the repair, reconstruction, or replacement of dwellings or farm buildings lost, destroyed, or damaged by such causes and securing such outstanding indebtedness. Such loans may also provide for the purchase of building sites, when the original sites cannot be utilized.
“(b) The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to compromise or release such portion of a borrower’s indebtedness under programs administered by the Rural Electrification Administration in Alaska as he finds necessary because of loss, destruction, or damage of property resulting from the 1964 earthquake and subsequent seismic waves. (Added Pub. L. 88–451, § 4,Aug. 19, 1964, 78 Stat. 505.)
“Sec. 52. [Compromise or Release of Notes or Other Obligations.] The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development is authorized to compromise or release such portion of any note or other obligation held by him with respect to property in Alaska pursuant to Title II of the Housing Amendments of 1955 [42 U.S.C. 1491–1497] or included within the revolving fund for liquidating programs established by the Independent Offices Appropriation Act of 1955, as he finds necessary because of loss, destruction, or damage to facilities securing such obligations by the 1964 earthquake and subsequent seismic waves. (Added Pub. L. 88–451, § 4,Aug. 19, 1964, 78 Stat. 506, and amended Pub. L. 90–19, § 15(a),May 25, 1967, 81 Stat. 24.)
“Sec. 53. [Urban Renewal.] The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development is authorized to enter into contracts for grants not exceeding $25,000,000 for urban renewal projects in Alaska, including open land projects, under section 111 of the Housing Act of 1949 [42 U.S.C. 1462], which he determines will aid the communities in which they are located in reconstruction and redevelopment made necessary by the 1964 earthquake and subsequent seismic waves. Such authorization shall be in addition to and separate from any grant authorization contained in section 103(b) of said Act [42 U.S.C. 1453 (b)].
“The Secretary may increase the capital grant for a project assisted under this section to not more than 90 per centum of net project cost where he determines that a major portion of the project area has either been rendered unusable as a result of the 1964 earthquake and subsequent seismic waves or is needed in order adequately to provide, in accordance with the urban renewal plan for the project, new locations for persons, businesses, and facilities displaced by the earthquake. (Added Pub. L. 88–451, § 4,Aug. 19, 1964, 78 Stat. 506, and amended Pub. L. 90–19, § 15,May 25, 1967, 81 Stat. 24.)
“Sec. 54. [Extension of Term of Home Disaster Loans.] Loans made pursuant to paragraph (1) of section 7(b) of the Small Business Act (72 Stat. 387), as amended (15 U.S.C. 636 (b)), for the purpose of replacing, reconstructing, or repairing dwellings in Alaska damaged or destroyed by the 1964 earthquake and subsequent seismic waves, may have a maturity of up to thirty years: Provided, That the provisions of section 7(c) of said Act [15 U.S.C. 636 (c)] shall not be applicable to such loans. (Added Pub. L. 88–451, § 4,Aug. 19, 1964, 78 Stat. 506.)
“Sec. 55. [Modification of Civil Works Projects.] The Chief of Engineers, under the direction of the Secretary of the Army, is hereby authorized to make such modifications to previously authorized civil works projects in Alaska adversely affected by the 1964 earthquake and subsequent seismic waves as he finds necessary to meet changed conditions and to provide for current and reasonably prospective requirements of the communities they serve, at an estimated cost of $10,000,000. (Added Pub. L. 88–451, § 4,Aug. 19, 1964, 78 Stat. 506.)
“Sec. 56. [Purchase of Alaska State Bonds.] The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development is authorized to purchase, in accordance with the provisions of sections 202(b), 203, and 204 of Title II of the Housing Amendments of 1955 [42 U.S.C. 1492 (b), 1493, and 1494], the securities and obligations of, or make loans to, the State of Alaska to finance any part of the programs needed to carry out the reconstruction activities in Alaska related to the 1964 earthquake and subsequent seismic waves or to complete capital improvements begun prior to the earthquake: Provided, That the aggregate amount of such purchase or loan shall not exceed $25,000,000. (Added Pub. L. 88–451, § 4,Aug. 19, 1964, 78 Stat. 506, and amended Pub. L. 90–19, § 15(a),May 25, 1967, 81 Stat. 24.)
“Sec. 57. [Retirement or Adjustment of Outstanding Mortgage Obligation.] For the purpose of enabling the State of Alaska to retire or adjust outstanding home mortgage obligations or other real property liens secured by one to four family homes which were severely damaged or destroyed in the March 1964 earthquake and subsequent seismic waves, the President is authorized to make additional grants to the State of Alaska in an amount not to exceed a total of $5,500,000 to match, on a fifty-fifty basis, any funds provided by the State to pay the costs of retiring or adjusting such mortgage obligations. In order to be approved, a State application for a grant for carrying out the purpose of this section must: (1) be in accordance with a plan submitted by the State, to be approved by the President, for the implementation of the purpose of this section; (2) designate the State agency for retiring or adjusting said mortgage obligations; (3) provide that the mortgagor shall be required to absorb the damage loss to the entire extent of his equity interest in the property and also agree to pay at least $1,000 of the outstanding mortgage balance; (4) provide that no payments for retiring or adjusting mortgage obligations on a single property shall exceed $30,000; (5) provide regulations to assure equitable treatment among home owners and to prevent unjustified payments or gains to the State, mortgagees or mortgagors; and (6) provide that the State agency will make such reports, in such form and containing such information as the President may from time to time require, and give the President, upon demand, access to the records on which such reports are based.” (Added Pub. L. 88–451, § 4,Aug. 19, 1964, 78 Stat. 507.)
Assistance to Alaska for Reconstruction of Areas Damaged by Earthquake

Pub. L. 88–451, Aug. 19, 1964, 78 Stat. 505, as amended, provided:
“[Section 1. Short Title.] That this Act may be cited as the ‘1964 Amendments to the Alaska Omnibus Act.’
“Sec. 2. [Congressional Declaration.] The Congress hereby recognizes that the State of Alaska has experienced extensive property loss and damage as a result of the earthquake of March 27, 1964, and subsequent seismic waves, and declares the need for special measures designed to aid and accelerate the State’s efforts in providing for the reconstruction of the areas in the State devastated by this natural disaster.
“Sec. 3. [This section added subsec. (f) tosection 21 of the Alaska Omnibus Act, Pub. L. 86–70, June 25, 1959, 73 Stat. 141, set out above.]
“Sec. 4. [This section added sections 51 to 57 to the Alaska Omnibus Act, Pub. L. 86–70, June 25, 1959, 73 Stat. 141, set out above.]
“Sec. 5. [Authorization of Appropriations.] There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act, which shall be available for obligation until June 30, 1967, except that any sums so appropriated to carry out section 53 of the Alaska Omnibus Act [set out above] shall be available after such date for obligation in connection with one or more of the following urban renewal projects authorized for execution prior to June 30, 1967; Alaska R–8, Westchester; Alaska R–19, Kodiak; Alaska R–20, downtown Anchorage; Alaska R–21, Seward; Alaska R–22, Valdez; Alaska R–25, Mineral Creek; Alaska R–26, Seldovia; Alaska R–28, Cordova. There is also authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for the expenses of such advisory commissions or committees as the President may establish in connection with the reconstruction and development planning of the State of Alaska. The total amount authorized to be appropriated pursuant to this section shall not exceed $55,650,000. (As amended Pub. L. 91–367, § 1,July 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 691.)
“Sec. 6. [Termination Date.] The authority contained in this Act shall expire on June 30, 1967, except that such expiration shall not affect—
“(1) the authority conferred by section 53 of the Alaska Omnibus Act [set out above] until the completion of the following urban renewal projects authorized for execution prior to June 30, 1967: Alaska R–8, Westchester; Alaska R–19, Kodiak; Alaska R–20, downtown Anchorage; Alaska R–21, Seward; Alaska R–22, Valdez; Alaska R–25, Mineral Creek; Alaska R–26, Seldovia; Alaska R–28, Cordova; or
“(2) the payment of expenditures for any obligation or commitment entered into under this Act prior to June 30, 1967.
(As amended Pub. L. 91–367, § 2,July 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 691.)
“Sec. 7. [Report to the Congress.] The President shall report semiannually during the term of this Act to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House on the actions taken under this Act by the various Federal agencies. The first such report shall be submitted not later than February 1, 1965, and shall cover the period ending December 31, 1964.”
Delegation of Functions

Ex. Ord. No. 11230, under which the functions of the President under sections 44(a) and 45(a) of the Alaska Omnibus Act of June 25, 1959, set out above, were delegated to the Director of the Bureau of the Budget [now the Director of Management and Budget], was superseded by Ex. Ord. No. 11609, eff. July 22, 1971, 36 F.R. 13747, set out under section 301 of Title 3.
United States District Court of Alaska

Readiness of United States District Court for District of Alaska to assume functions imposed upon it, see Ex. Ord. No. 10867, eff. Feb. 20, 1960, 25 F.R. 1584, set out under section 81A of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.
Proc. No. 3269. Admission of the State of Alaska Into the Union

Proc. No. 3269, eff. Jan. 3, 1959, 24 F.R. 81, 73 Stat. c16, provided:
WHEREAS the Congress of the United States by the act approved on July 7, 1958 (72 Stat. 339) [set out above], accepted, ratified, and confirmed the constitution adopted by a vote of the people of Alaska in an election held on April 24, 1956, and provided for the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union on an equal footing with the other States of the Union upon compliance with certain procedural requirements specified in that act; and
WHEREAS it appears from information before me that a majority of the legal votes cast at an election held on August 26, 1958, were in favor of each of the propositions required to be submitted to the people of Alaska by section 8(b) of the Act of July 7, 1958 [set out above]; and
WHEREAS it further appears from information before me that a general election was held on November 25, 1958, and that the returns of the general election were made and certified as provided in the act of July 7, 1958; and
WHEREAS the Acting Governor of Alaska has certified to me the results of the submission to the people of Alaska of the three propositions set forth in section 8(b) of the act of July 7, 1958 [set out above], and the results of the general election; and
WHEREAS I find and announce that the people of Alaska have duly adopted the propositions required to be submitted to them by the act of July 7, 1958 [set out above], and have duly elected the officers required to be elected by that act:
NOW, THEREFORE, I, DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER, President of the United States of America, do hereby declare and proclaim that the procedural requirements imposed by the Congress on the State of Alaska to entitle that State to admission into the Union have been complied with in all respects and that admission of the State of Alaska into the Union on an equal footing with the other States of the Union is now accomplished.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Seal of the United States of America to be affixed.
 DONE at the City of Washington at one minute past noon on this third day of January in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and fifty-nine, and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and eighty-third. Dwight D. Eisenhower. [seal]
Ex. Ord. No. 10857. Termination of Federal Functions in Alaska and Transfer of Property Held by United States

Ex. Ord. No. 10857, eff. Dec. 29, 1959, 25 F.R. 33, provided:
WHEREAS section 6(e) of the act of July 7, 1958, 72 Stat. 339, as amended [set out as a note above], provides that the administration and management of the fish and wildlife resources of Alaska shall be transferred to the State of Alaska on the first day of the first calendar year following the expiration of ninety calendar days after the Secretary of the Interior certifies to the Congress that the Alaska State Legislature has made adequate provision for the administration, management, and conservation of such resources in the broad national interest; and
WHEREAS the Secretary of the Interior made such certification to the Congress on April 27, 1959; and
WHEREAS section 45(a) of the Alaska Omnibus Act (73 Stat. 152) [set out as a note above] provides that if the President determines that any function performed by the Federal Government in Alaska has been terminated by the Federal Government and that performance of such function or substantially the same function has been or will be assumed by the State of Alaska, the President may, until July 1, 1964, in his discretion, transfer and convey to the State of Alaska, without reimbursement, any property or interest in property, real or personal, situated in Alaska which is owned or held by the United States in connection with such function; and
WHEREAS it appears that it would be in the public interest to delegate to the Secretary of the Interior, to the extent hereinafter indicated, the authority vested in the President by section 45(a) of the Alaska Omnibus Act:
NOW, THEREFORE, by virtue of the authority vested in me by section 45(a) of the Alaska Omnibus Act (73 Stat. 152) and section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, and as President of the United States, it is ordered as follows:
Section 1. It is hereby determined that the functions performed by the United States in Alaska pursuant to the Alaska game law of July 1, 1943, 57 Stat. 301 [sections 192, 193, and 195 to 211 of this title], the act of June 26, 1906, 34 Stat. 478, the act of June 6, 1924, 43 Stat. 465, and the acts amending or supplementing such acts, will terminate on December 31, 1959, and that the same functions or substantially the same functions will be assumed by the State of Alaska.
Sec. 2. There is hereby delegated to the Secretary of the Interior, effective January 1, 1960, the authority vested in the President by section 45(a) of the Alaska Omnibus Act to transfer and convey to the State of Alaska, without reimbursement, any property or interest in property, real or personal, situated in Alaska which is owned or held by the United States in connection with the functions described in section 1 hereof.
Sec. 3. The Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized to redelegate to (1) the Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife, (2) the Commissioner of Fish and Wildlife, (3) the Directors of the Bureaus of Commercial Fisheries and Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, and (4) the Regional Directors, Alaska Region, of the Bureaus of Commercial Fisheries and Sport Fisheries and Wildlife all or any part of the authority delegated to the Secretary of the Interior by section 2 hereof.
Sec. 4. All transfers and conveyances made under or pursuant to this order shall be made in accordance with such policies, conditions, and procedures as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Interior.
Dwight D. Eisenhower.


Footnotes
[1]  So in original. Probably should be “48 U.S.C.”.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for the contained sections. If there are multiple sections, they are presented in section number order (original document order).

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48 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

 

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