49 U.S. Code § 1153 - Judicial review

(a) General.— The appropriate court of appeals of the United States or the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit may review a final order of the National Transportation Safety Board under this chapter. A person disclosing a substantial interest in the order may apply for review by filing a petition not later than 60 days after the order of the Board is issued.
(b) Persons Seeking Judicial Review of Aviation Matters.—
(1) A person disclosing a substantial interest in an order related to an aviation matter issued by the Board under this chapter may apply for review of the order by filing a petition for review in the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit or in the court of appeals of the United States for the circuit in which the person resides or has its principal place of business. The petition must be filed not later than 60 days after the order is issued. The court may allow the petition to be filed after the 60 days only if there was a reasonable ground for not filing within that 60-day period.
(2) When a petition is filed under paragraph (1) of this subsection, the clerk of the court immediately shall send a copy of the petition to the Board. The Board shall file with the court a record of the proceeding in which the order was issued.
(3) When the petition is sent to the Board, the court has exclusive jurisdiction to affirm, amend, modify, or set aside any part of the order and may order the Board to conduct further proceedings. After reasonable notice to the Board, the court may grant interim relief by staying the order or taking other appropriate action when cause for its action exists. Findings of fact by the Board, if supported by substantial evidence, are conclusive.
(4) In reviewing an order under this subsection, the court may consider an objection to an order of the Board only if the objection was made in the proceeding conducted by the Board or if there was a reasonable ground for not making the objection in the proceeding.
(5) A decision by a court under this subsection may be reviewed only by the Supreme Court under section 1254 of title 28.
(c) Administrator Seeking Judicial Review of Aviation Matters.— When the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration decides that an order of the Board under section 44703 (d), 44709, or 46301 (d)(5) of this title will have a significant adverse impact on carrying out this chapter related to an aviation matter, the Administrator may obtain judicial review of the order under section 46110 of this title. The Administrator shall be made a party to the judicial review proceedings. Findings of fact of the Board are conclusive if supported by substantial evidence.
(d) Commandant Seeking Judicial Review of Maritime Matters.— If the Commandant of the Coast Guard decides that an order of the Board issued pursuant to a review of a Coast Guard action under section 1133 of this title will have an adverse impact on maritime safety or security, the Commandant may obtain judicial review of the order under subsection (a). The Commandant, in the official capacity of the Commandant, shall be a party to the judicial review proceedings.

Source

(Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(d),July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 756; Pub. L. 108–293, title VI, § 622,Aug. 9, 2004, 118 Stat. 1063; Pub. L. 112–95, title III, § 301(b),Feb. 14, 2012, 126 Stat. 56.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised Section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
1153(a) 49 App.:1655(d) (last sentence). Oct. 15, 1966, Pub. L. 89–670, § 6(d), 80 Stat. 938.
49 App.:1903(d). Jan. 3, 1975, Pub. L. 93–633, § 304(d), 88 Stat. 2171.
1153(b)(1) 49 App.:1486(a), (b) (as 1486(a), (b) relates to CAB). Aug. 23, 1958, Pub. L. 85–726, § 1006(a), (b), (e), (f) (as § 1006(a), (b), (e), (f) relates to CAB), 72 Stat. 795.
49 App.:1655(d) (1st sentence).
1153(b)(2) 49 App.:1486(c) (related to CAB). Aug. 23, 1958, Pub. L. 85–726, § 1006(c) (related to CAB), 72 Stat. 795; restated June 29, 1960, Pub. L. 86–546, § 1, 74 Stat. 255.
49 App.:1655(d) (1st sentence).
1153(b)(3) 49 App.:1486(d), (e) (1st sentence) (as 1486(d), (e) (1st sentence) relates to CAB). Aug. 23, 1958, Pub. L. 85–726, § 1006(d) (related to CAB), 72 Stat. 795; restated Sept. 13, 1961, Pub. L. 87–225, § 2, 75 Stat. 497.
49 App.:1655(d) (1st sentence).
1153(b)(4) 49 App.:1486(e) (last sentence related to CAB).
49 App.:1655(d) (1st sentence).
1153(b)(5) 49 App.:1486(f) (related to CAB).
49 App.:1655(d) (1st sentence).
1153(c) 49 App.:1429(a) (8th–last sentences related to Administrator under subch. VII). Aug. 23, 1958, Pub. L. 85–726, § 609(a) (8th–last sentences related to Administrator under title VII), 72 Stat. 779; Nov. 18, 1971, Pub. L. 92–159, § 2(a), 85 Stat. 481; Aug. 26, 1992, Pub. L. 102–345, § 3(a)(2), 106 Stat. 925.
49 App.:1471(a) (3)(D)(v) (related to Administrator under subch. VII). Aug. 23, 1958, Pub. L. 85–726, 72 Stat. 731, § 901(a) (3)(D)(v) (related to Administrator under title VII); added Nov. 18, 1988, Pub. L. 100–690, § 7208(b), 102 Stat. 4429; restated Aug. 26, 1992, Pub. L. 102–345, § 2(a), 106 Stat. 923.
49 App.:1655(c)(1). Oct. 15, 1966, Pub. L. 89–670, § 6(c)(1), 80 Stat. 938; Jan. 12, 1983, Pub. L. 97–449, § 7(b), 96 Stat. 2444.

In subsection (a), the text of 49 App.:1903(d) (last sentence) is omitted as unnecessary because 5:ch. 7 applies by its own terms. The words “final order” are substituted for “order, affirmative or negative” in 49 App.:1903(d) and “Decisions of the National Transportation Safety Board made pursuant to the exercise of the functions, powers, and duties enumerated in this subsection shall be administratively final” in 49 App.:1655(d) to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “is issued” are substituted for “after the entry” for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the United States Code. The text of 49 App.:1655(d) (last sentence words after last comma) is omitted as unnecessary because of 49 App.:1903(d).
In subsection (b)(1), the words “affirmative or negative” are omitted as surplus. The words “related to an aviation matter” are added because the source provisions being restated only apply to aviation matters. The words “is issued” are substituted for “the entry of” for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the Code.
In subsection (b)(2), the words “if any” are omitted as surplus. The words “of the proceeding” are added for clarity. The words “complained of” and “as provided in section 2112 of title 28” are omitted as surplus.
In subsection (b)(3), the word “amend” is added for consistency in the revised title. The word “interim” is substituted for “interlocutory” for clarity. The words “taking other appropriate action” are substituted for “by such mandatory or other relief as may be appropriate” for clarity and to eliminate unnecessary words.
In subsection (b)(4), the words “made in the proceeding conducted by” are substituted for “urged before” for clarity.
In subsection (c), the source provisions are combined to eliminate unnecessary words and are restated in this chapter to alert the reader to the authority of the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration to seek judicial review of an order of the National Transportation Safety Board under section 44709 or 46301(d) of the revised title that the Administrator decides will have a significant adverse impact on carrying out source provisions restated in this chapter that are derived from title VII of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 (Public Law 85–726, 72 Stat. 781).
Amendments

2012—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 112–95substituted “section 44703 (d), 44709, or” for “section 44709 or”.
2004—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 108–293added subsec. (d).

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14 CFR - Aeronautics and Space

14 CFR Part 110 - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

14 CFR Part 119 - CERTIFICATION: AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS

49 CFR - Transportation

49 CFR Part 801 - PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION

49 CFR Part 821 - RULES OF PRACTICE IN AIR SAFETY PROCEEDINGS

49 CFR Part 830 - NOTIFICATION AND REPORTING OF AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTS OR INCIDENTS AND OVERDUE AIRCRAFT, AND PRESERVATION OF AIRCRAFT WRECKAGE, MAIL, CARGO, AND RECORDS

 

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