(1)The Secretary of Transportation may make grants under this section to an applicant to assist in financing the capital costs of facilities, infrastructure, and equipment necessary to provide or improve intercity passenger rail transportation.
(2)Consistent with the requirements of this chapter, the Secretary shall require that a grant under this section be subject to the terms, conditions, requirements, and provisions the Secretary decides are necessary or appropriate for the purposes of this section, including requirements for the disposition of net increases in value of real property resulting from the project assisted under this section and shall prescribe procedures and schedules for the awarding of grants under this title, including application and qualification procedures and a record of decision on applicant eligibility. The Secretary shall issue a final rule establishing such procedures not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008. For the period prior to the earlier of the issuance of such a rule or 2 years after the date of enactment of such Act, the Secretary shall issue interim guidance to applicants covering such procedures, and administer the grant program authorized under this section pursuant to such guidance.
(b) Project as Part of State Rail Plan.—
(1)The Secretary may not approve a grant for a project under this section unless the Secretary finds that the project is part of a State rail plan developed under chapter
227 of this title, or under the plan required by section 211 of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008, and that the applicant or recipient has or will have the legal, financial, and technical capacity to carry out the project, satisfactory continuing control over the use of the equipment or facilities, and the capability and willingness to maintain the equipment or facilities.
(2)An applicant shall provide sufficient information upon which the Secretary can make the findings required by this subsection.
(3)If an applicant has not selected the proposed operator of its service competitively, the applicant shall provide written justification to the Secretary showing why the proposed operator is the best, taking into account price and other factors, and that use of the proposed operator will not unnecessarily increase the cost of the project.
(c) Project Selection Criteria.— The Secretary, in selecting the recipients of financial assistance to be provided under subsection (a), shall—
(A)that the project be part of a State rail plan developed under chapter
227 of this title, or under the plan required by section 211 of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008;
(B)that the applicant or recipient has or will have the legal, financial, and technical capacity to carry out the project, satisfactory continuing control over the use of the equipment or facilities, and the capability and willingness to maintain the equipment or facilities;
(C)that the applicant provides sufficient information upon which the Secretary can make the findings required by this subsection;
(D)that if an applicant has selected the proposed operator of its service competitively, that the applicant provide written justification to the Secretary showing why the proposed operator is the best, taking into account costs and other factors;
(E)that each proposed project meet all safety and security requirements that are applicable to the project under law; and
(F)that each project be compatible with, and operated in conformance with—
(i)plans developed pursuant to the requirements of section
135 of title
23, United States Code; and
(ii)the national rail plan (if it is available);
(A)that are anticipated to result in significant improvements to intercity rail passenger service, including, but not limited to, consideration of—
(i)the project’s levels of estimated ridership, increased on-time performance, reduced trip time, additional service frequency to meet anticipated or existing demand, or other significant service enhancements as measured against minimum standards developed under section 207 of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008;
(ii)the project’s anticipated favorable impact on air or highway traffic congestion, capacity, or safety; and
(iii)identification of the project by the Surface Transportation Board as necessary to improve the on-time performance and reliability of intercity passenger rail under section
(B)for which there is a high degree of confidence that the proposed project is feasible and will result in the anticipated benefits, as indicated by—
(i)the project’s precommencement compliance with environmental protection requirements;
(ii)the readiness of the project to be commenced;
(iii)the timing and amount of the project’s future noncommitted investments;
(iv)the commitment of any affected host rail carrier to ensure the realization of the anticipated benefits; and
(v)other relevant factors as determined by the Secretary; and
(C)for which the level of the anticipated benefits compares favorably to the amount of Federal funding requested under this chapter; and
(3)give greater consideration to projects—
(A)that are anticipated to result in benefits to other modes  transportation and to the public at large, including, but not limited to, consideration of the project’s—
(i)encouragement of intermodal connectivity through provision of direct connections between train stations, airports, bus terminals, subway stations, ferry ports, and other modes of transportation;
(ii)anticipated improvement of freight or commuter rail operations;
(iii)encouragement of the use of positive train control technologies;
(iv)environmental benefits, including projects that involve the purchase of environmentally sensitive, fuel-efficient, and cost-effective passenger rail equipment;
(v)anticipated positive economic and employment impacts;
(vi)encouragement of State and private contributions toward station development, energy and environmentally  efficiency, and economic benefits; and
(vii)falling under the description in section
5302(a)(1)(G) of this title as defined to support intercity passenger rail service; and
(B)that incorporate equitable financial participation in the project’s financing, including, but not limited to, consideration of—
(i)donated property interests or services;
(ii)financial contributions by freight and commuter rail carriers commensurate with the benefit expected to their operations; and
(iii)financial commitments from host railroads, non-Federal governmental entities, nongovernmental entities, and others.
(d) State Rail Plans.— State rail plans completed before the date of enactment of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008 that substantially meet the requirements of chapter
227 of this title, as determined by the Secretary pursuant to section
22506  of this title, shall be deemed by the Secretary to have met the requirements of subsection (c)(1)(A) of this section.
(e) Amtrak Eligibility.— To receive a grant under this section, Amtrak may enter into a cooperative agreement with 1 or more States to carry out 1 or more projects on a State rail plan’s ranked list of rail capital projects developed under section
22504(a)(5) of this title. For such a grant, Amtrak may not use Federal funds authorized under section 101(a) or (c) of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008 to fulfill the non-Federal share requirements under subsection (g) of this section.
(f) Letters of Intent and Early Systems Work Agreements.—
(1)The Secretary may issue a letter of intent to an applicant announcing an intention to obligate, for a major capital project under this section, an amount from future available budget authority specified in law that is not more than the amount stipulated as the financial participation of the Secretary in the project.
(2)At least 30 days before issuing a letter under paragraph (1) of this subsection, the Secretary shall notify in writing the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, and the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations of the proposed letter or agreement. The Secretary shall include with the notification a copy of the proposed letter or agreement, the criteria used in subsection (c) for selecting the project for a grant award, and a description of how the project meets such criteria.
(3)An obligation or administrative commitment may be made only when amounts are appropriated. The letter of intent shall state that the contingent commitment is not an obligation of the Federal Government, and is subject to the availability of appropriations under Federal law and to Federal laws in force or enacted after the date of the contingent commitment.
(g) Federal Share of Net Project Cost.—
(A)Based on engineering studies, studies of economic feasibility, and information on the expected use of equipment or facilities, the Secretary shall estimate the net project cost.
(B)A grant for the project shall not exceed 80 percent of the project net capital cost.
(C)The Secretary shall give priority in allocating future obligations and contingent commitments to incur obligations to grant requests seeking a lower Federal share of the project net capital cost.
(2)Up to an additional 20 percent of the required non-Federal funds may be funded from amounts appropriated to or made available to a department or agency of the Federal Government that are eligible to be expended for transportation.
(3)The following amounts, not to exceed $15,000,000 per fiscal year, shall be available to each applicant as a credit toward an applicant’s matching requirement for a grant awarded under this section—
(A)in each of fiscal years 2009, 2010, and 2011—
(i)50 percent of the average of amounts expended in fiscal years 2002 through 2008 by an applicant for capital projects related to intercity passenger rail service; and
(ii)50 percent of the average of amounts expended in fiscal years 2002 through 2008 by an applicant for operating costs of such service; and
(B)in each of fiscal years 2010, 2011 and 2012, 50 percent of the amount by which the amounts expended for capital projects and operating costs related to intercity passenger rail service by an applicant in the prior fiscal year exceed the average capital and operating expenditures made for such service in fiscal years 2006, 2007, and 2008.
The Secretary may require such information as necessary to verify such expenditures. Credits made available to an applicant in a fiscal year under this paragraph may only be applied towards grants awarded in that fiscal year.
(4)The Federal share of expenditures for capital improvements under this chapter may not exceed 100 percent.
(h) 2-Year Availability.— Funds appropriated under this section shall remain available until expended. If any amount provided as a grant under this section is not obligated or expended for the purposes described in subsection (a) within 2 years after the date on which the State received the grant, such sums shall be returned to the Secretary for other intercity passenger rail development projects under this section at the discretion of the Secretary.
(i) Cooperative Agreements.—
(1) In general.— A metropolitan planning organization, State transportation department, or other project sponsor may enter into an agreement with any public, private, or nonprofit entity to cooperatively implement any project funded with a grant under this chapter.
(2) Forms of participation.— Participation by an entity under paragraph (1) may consist of—
(A)ownership or operation of any land, facility, locomotive, rail car, vehicle, or other physical asset associated with the project;
(B)cost-sharing of any project expense;
(C)carrying out administration, construction management, project management, project operation, or any other management or operational duty associated with the project; and
(D)any other form of participation approved by the Secretary.
(3) Suballocation.— A State may allocate funds under this section to any entity described in paragraph (1).
(j) Special Transportation Circumstances.— In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall allocate an appropriate portion of the amounts available under this section to provide grants to States—
(1)in which there is no intercity passenger rail service for the purpose of funding freight rail capital projects that are on a State rail plan developed under chapter
227 of this title that provide public benefits (as defined in chapter 227) as determined by the Secretary; or
(2)in which the rail transportation system is not physically connected to rail systems in the continental United States or may not otherwise qualify for a grant under this section due to the unique characteristics of the geography of that State or other relevant considerations, for the purpose of funding transportation-related capital projects.
(k) Small Capital Projects.— The Secretary shall make not less than 5 percent annually available from the amounts authorized under section 101(c) of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008 beginning in fiscal year 2009 for grants for capital projects eligible under this section not exceeding $2,000,000, including costs eligible under section 209(d) of that Act. For grants awarded under this subsection, the Secretary may waive requirements of this section, including state  rail plan requirements, as appropriate.
(l) Nonmotorized Transportation Access and Storage.— Grants under this chapter may be used to provide access to rolling stock for nonmotorized transportation, including bicycles, and recreational equipment, and to provide storage capacity in trains for such transportation, equipment, and other luggage, to ensure passenger safety.
 So in original. Probably should be followed by “of”.
The date of enactment of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008, referred to in subsecs. (a)(2) and (d), is the date of enactment of div. B of Pub. L. 110–432, which was approved Oct. 16, 2008.
Section 211 of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008, referred to in subsecs. (b)(1) and (c)(1)(A), is section 211 ofPub. L. 110–432, which is set out as a note under section
24902 of this title.
Sections 207 and 209(d) of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008, referred to in subsecs. (c)(2)(A)(i) and (k), respectively, are sections 207 and 209(d) ofPub. L. 110–432, which are set out in a note under section
24101 of this title.
22506 of this title, referred to in subsec. (d), probably should be a reference to section
22706 of this title, which requires the Secretary to prescribe procedures for submitting State rail plans for review. No section
22506 of this title has been enacted.
22504(a)(5) of this title, referred to in subsec. (e), probably should be a reference to section
22705(a)(5) of this title, which requires each State rail plan to contain a long-range rail investment program that includes a list of any rail capital projects expected to be undertaken or supported in whole or in part by the State. Section
22504(a) of this title does not contain a par. (5).
Section 101 of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008, referred to in subsecs. (e) and (k), is section 101 of title I of div. B of Pub. L. 110–432, Oct. 16, 2008, 122 Stat. 4908, which is not classified to the Code.
Deemed References to Chapters 509 and 511 of Title 51
General references to “this title” deemed to refer also to chapters 509 and 511 of Title
51, National and Commercial Space Programs, see section 4(d)(8) ofPub. L. 111–314, set out as a note under section
101 of this title.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
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Statutes at Large
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