49 U.S. Code § 30121 - Provisional notification and civil actions to enforce

(a) Provisional Notification.—
(1) The Secretary of Transportation may order a manufacturer to issue a provisional notification if a civil action about an order issued under section 30118 (b) of this title has been brought under section 30163 of this title. The provisional notification shall contain—
(A) a statement that the Secretary has decided that a defect related to motor vehicle safety or noncompliance with a motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter exists and that the manufacturer is contesting the decision in a civil action in a United States district court;
(B) a clear description of the Secretary’s stated basis for the decision;
(C) the Secretary’s evaluation of the risk to motor vehicle safety reasonably related to the defect or noncompliance;
(D) measures the Secretary considers necessary to avoid an unreasonable risk to motor vehicle safety resulting from the defect or noncompliance;
(E) a statement that the manufacturer will remedy the defect or noncompliance without charge under section 30120 of this title, but that the requirement to remedy without charge is conditioned on the outcome of the civil action; and
(F) other information the Secretary prescribes by regulation or includes in the order requiring the notice.
(2) A notification under this subsection does not relieve a manufacturer of liability for not giving notification required by an order under section 30118 (b) of this title.
(b) Civil Actions for Not Notifying.—
(1) A manufacturer that does not notify owners and purchasers under section 30119 (c) and (d) of this title is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty, unless the manufacturer prevails in a civil action referred to in subsection (a) of this section or the court in that action enjoins enforcement of the order. Enforcement may be enjoined only if the court decides that the failure to notify is reasonable and that the manufacturer has demonstrated the likelihood of prevailing on the merits. If enforcement is enjoined, the manufacturer is not liable during the time the order is stayed.
(2) A manufacturer that does not notify owners and purchasers as required under subsection (a) of this section is liable for a civil penalty regardless of whether the manufacturer prevails in an action on the validity of the order issued under section 30118 (b) of this title.
(c) Orders to Manufacturers.— If the Secretary prevails in a civil action referred to in subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall order the manufacturer—
(1) to notify each owner, purchaser, and dealer described in section 30119 (d) of this title of the outcome of the action and other information the Secretary requires, and notification under this clause may be combined with notification required under section 30118 (b) of this title;
(2) to specify the earliest date under section 30119 (b) of this title on which the defect or noncompliance will be remedied without charge under section 30120 of this title; and
(3) if notification was required under subsection (a) of this section, to reimburse an owner or purchaser for reasonable and necessary expenses (in an amount that is not more than the amount specified in the order of the Secretary under subsection (a)) incurred for repairing the defect or noncompliance during the period beginning on the date that notification was required to be issued and ending on the date the owner or purchaser receives the notification under this subsection.
(d) Venue.— Notwithstanding section 30163 (c) of this title, a civil action about an order issued under section 30118 (b) of this title must be brought in the United States district court for a judicial district in the State in which the manufacturer is incorporated or the District of Columbia. On motion of a party, the court may transfer the action to another district court if good cause is shown. All actions related to the same order under section 30118 (b) shall be consolidated in an action in one judicial district under an order of the court in which the first action was brought. If the first action is transferred to another court, that court shall issue the consolidation order.

Source

(Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(e),July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 954.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised Section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
30121(a)
15:1397(a)(1)(D) (related to 15:1415(b)).
Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L. 89–563, § 108(a)(1)(D) (related to § 155), 80 Stat. 722; restated Oct. 27, 1974, Pub. L. 93–492, § 103(a)(1)(A), (3), 88 Stat. 1477, 1478.
15:1415(b).
Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L. 89–563, 80 Stat. 718, § 155(b)–(d); added Oct. 27, 1974, Pub. L. 93–492, § 102(a), 88 Stat. 1474.
30121(b)
15:1397(a)(1)(D) (related to 15:1415(c)).
15:1415(c).
30121(c)
15:1397(a)(1)(D) (related to 15:1415(d)).
15:1415(d).
30121(d)
15:1397(a)(1)(D) (related to 15:1415(a)).
15:1415(a).
Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L. 89–563, 80 Stat. 718, § 155(a); added Oct. 27, 1974, Pub. L. 93–492, § 102(a), 88 Stat. 1474; Nov. 8, 1984, Pub. L. 98–620, § 402(17), 98 Stat. 3358.

In this section, the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(D) (related to 15:1415) is omitted as surplus.
In subsection (a)(1), before clause (A), the words “and to which subsection (a) of this section applies” are omitted because of the restatement. In clause (A), the words “prescribed under this chapter” are substituted for “Federal”, and the words “civil action” are substituted for “proceeding”, for consistency. In clause (B), the words “that there is such a defect or failure” are omitted as surplus. In clause (D), the word “considers” is substituted for “which in the judgment of . . . are” to eliminate unnecessary words. In clause (E), the word “remedy” is substituted for “cause . . . to be remedied” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “civil action” are substituted for “court proceeding” for consistency.
In subsection (b)(1), the words “with respect to such failure to notify” are omitted as surplus. The word “enjoins” is substituted for “restrains” for consistency. The words “of such an order” and “for which the effectiveness of” are omitted as surplus.
In subsection (b)(2), the words “by an order”, “or not”, and “(to which subsection (a) of the section applies)” are omitted as surplus.
In subsection (c), before clause (1), the words “a civil action referred to in subsection (a) of this section” are substituted for “(i) a manufacturer fails within the period specified in section 1413(b) of this title to comply with an order under section 1412(b) of this title to afford notification to owners and purchasers, (ii) a civil action to which subsection (a) of this section applies is commenced with respect to such order, and (iii) . . . in such action” to eliminate unnecessary words. In clause (1), the word “action” is substituted for “proceeding” for consistency. The words “containing” and “by an order” are omitted as surplus. In clause (2), the words “under section 30119 (b) of this title” are substituted for “(in accordance with the second and third sentences of section 1414(b) of this title)” for clarity. The words “under section 30120 of this title” are added for clarity. In clause (3), the words “which are . . . by such owner or purchaser”, “the purpose of”, and “to which the order relates” are omitted as surplus.
In subsection (d), the words “Notwithstanding section 30163 (c) of this title” are added for clarity. The words “An action under section 1399(a) of this title to restrain a violation of an order . . . or under section 1398 of this title to collect a civil penalty with respect to a violation of such an order” and “to which the order applies” are omitted as surplus. The words “may transfer the action” are substituted for “orders a change of venue” for consistency with 28:1404. The words “(including enforcement actions)” are omitted as surplus. The words “that court shall issue the consolidation order” are substituted for “by order of such other court” for clarity.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

49 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


49 CFR - Transportation

49 CFR Part 573 - DEFECT AND NONCOMPLIANCE RESPONSIBILITY AND REPORTS

49 CFR Part 577 - DEFECT AND NONCOMPLIANCE NOTIFICATION

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.