49 U.S. Code § 31314 - Withholding amounts for State noncompliance

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(a) First Fiscal Year.— The Secretary of Transportation shall withhold up to 5 percent of the amount required to be apportioned to a State under section 104 (b)(1), (3), and (4)  [1] of title 23 on the first day of the fiscal year after the first fiscal year beginning after September 30, 1992, throughout which the State does not comply substantially with a requirement of section 31311 (a) of this title.
(b) Second Fiscal Year.— The Secretary shall withhold up to 10 percent of the amount required to be apportioned to a State under section 104 (b)(1), (3), and (4)  [1] of title 23 on the first day of each fiscal year after the 2d fiscal year beginning after September 30, 1992, throughout which the State does not comply substantially with a requirement of section 31311 (a) of this title.
(c) Penalties Imposed in Fiscal Year 2012 and Thereafter.— Effective beginning on October 1, 2011—
(1) the penalty for the first instance of noncompliance by a State under this section shall be not more than an amount equal to 4 percent of funds required to be apportioned to the noncompliant State under paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 104 (b) of title 23; and
(2) the penalty for subsequent instances of noncompliance shall be not more than an amount equal to 8 percent of funds required to be apportioned to the noncompliant State under paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 104 (b) of title 23.
(d) Availability for Apportionment.— Amounts withheld under this section from apportionment to a State after September 30, 1995, are not available for apportionment to the State.


[1]  See References in Text note below.

Source

(Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(e),July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1028; Pub. L. 105–178, title IV, § 4011(g), (h),June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 408; Pub. L. 105–206, title IX, § 9010,July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 863; Pub. L. 109–59, title IV, § 4124(c),Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1738; Pub. L. 112–141, div. A, title I, § 1404(j),July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 559.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised Section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
31314(a)
49 App.:2710(a).
Oct. 27, 1986, Pub. L. 99–570, § 12011, 100 Stat. 3207–183.
31314(b)
49 App.:2710(b).
31314(c)
49 App.:2710(c)(1).
31314(d)
49 App.:2710(c)(2), (3).
31314(e)
49 App.:2710(c)(4).

In this section, the word “amounts” is substituted for “funds” and “sums” for consistency in the revised title.
In subsection (e), the words “by the Secretary” are omitted as surplus.
References in Text

Section 104 (b)(1), (3), and (4) of title 23, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (b), probably refers to section 104 (b)(1), (3), and (4) of title 23 prior to the general amendment of section 104 by Pub. L. 112–141, div. A, title I, § 1105(a),July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 427.
Amendments

2012—Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 112–141added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d).
2005—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 109–59inserted “up to” after “withhold”.
1998—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 105–178, § 4011(h)(1), as added by Pub. L. 105–206, substituted “section 104 (b)(1), (3), and (4) of title 23” for “section 104 (b)(1), (3), and (5) of title 23”.
Pub. L. 105–178, § 4011(g)(1), substituted “section 104 (b)(1), (3), and (5) of title 23” for “section 104 (b)(1), (2), (5), and (6) of title 23”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–178, § 4011(g)(2), struck out par. (2) designation and struck out par. (1) which read as follows: “Amounts withheld under this section from apportionment to a State before October 1, 1995, remain available for apportionment to the State as follows:
“(A) If the amounts would have been apportioned under section 104 (b)(5)(B) of title 23 but for this section, the amounts remain available until the end of the 2d fiscal year following the fiscal year for which the amounts are authorized to be appropriated.
“(B) If the amounts would have been apportioned under section 104 (b)(1), (2), or (6) of title 23 but for this section, the amounts remain available until the end of the 3d fiscal year following the fiscal year for which the amounts are authorized to be appropriated.”
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–178, § 4011(h)(2), as added by Pub. L. 105–206, struck out heading and text of subsec. (d). Text read as follows: “If, at the end of the period for which amounts withheld under this section from apportionment are available for apportionment to a State under subsection (c)(1) of this section, the State has not substantially complied with all of the requirements of section 31311 (a) of this title for a 365-day period, the amounts lapse or, for amounts withheld from apportionment under section 104 (b)(5) of title 23, the amounts lapse and are available for projects under section 118 (b) of title 23.”
Pub. L. 105–178, § 4011(g)(3), (4), redesignatedsubsec. (e) as (d) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (d). Text read as follows:
“(1) If, before the last day of the period for which amounts withheld under this section from apportionment are to remain available for apportionment to a State under subsection (c)(1) of this section, the State substantially complies with all of the requirements of section 31311 (a) of this title for a period of 365 days, the Secretary, on the day following the last day of that period, shall apportion to the State the withheld amounts remaining available for apportionment to that State.
“(2) Amounts apportioned under paragraph (1) of this subsection remain available for expenditure until the end of the 3d fiscal year following the fiscal year in which the amounts are apportioned. Amounts not obligated at the end of that period lapse or, for amounts apportioned under section 104 (b)(5) of title 23, lapse and are available for projects under section 118 (b) of title 23.”
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–178, § 4011(g)(4), redesignatedsubsec. (e) as (d).
Effective Date of 2012 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–141effective Oct. 1, 2012, see section 3(a) ofPub. L. 112–141, set out as an Effective and Termination Dates of 2012 Amendment note under section 101 of Title 23, Highways.
Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Title IX of Pub. L. 105–206effective simultaneously with enactment of Pub. L. 105–178and to be treated as included in Pub. L. 105–178at time of enactment, and provisions of Pub. L. 105–178, as in effect on day before July 22, 1998, that are amended by title IX of Pub. L. 105–206to be treated as not enacted, see section 9016 ofPub. L. 105–206, set out as a note under section 101 of Title 23, Highways.

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49 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 313142012112-141 [Sec.] 1404(j)126 Stat. 559

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