49 U.S. Code § 32502 - Bumper standards

(a) General Requirements and Nonapplication.— The Secretary of Transportation shall prescribe by regulation bumper standards for passenger motor vehicles and may prescribe by regulation bumper standards for passenger motor vehicle equipment manufactured in, or imported into, the United States. A standard does not apply to a passenger motor vehicle or passenger motor vehicle equipment—
(1) intended only for export;
(2) labeled for export on the vehicle or equipment and the outside of any container of the vehicle or equipment; and
(3) exported.
(b) Limitations.— A standard under this section—
(1) may not conflict with a motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under chapter 301 of this title;
(2) may not specify a dollar amount for the cost of repairing damage to a passenger motor vehicle; and
(3) to the greatest practicable extent, may not preclude the attachment of a detachable hitch.
(c) Exemptions.— For good cause, the Secretary may exempt from all or any part of a standard—
(1) a multipurpose passenger vehicle;
(2) a make, model, or class of a passenger motor vehicle manufactured for a special use, if the standard would interfere unreasonably with the special use of the vehicle; or
(3) a passenger motor vehicle for which an application for an exemption under section 30013(b)  [1] of this title has been filed in accordance with the requirements of that section.
(d) Cost Reduction and Considerations.— When prescribing a standard under this section, the Secretary shall design the standard to obtain the maximum feasible reduction of costs to the public, considering—
(1) the costs and benefits of carrying out the standard;
(2) the effect of the standard on insurance costs and legal fees and costs;
(3) savings in consumer time and inconvenience; and
(4) health and safety, including emission standards.
(e) Procedures.— Section 553 of title 5 applies to a standard prescribed under this section. However, the Secretary shall give an interested person an opportunity to make oral and written presentations of information, views, and arguments. A transcript of each oral presentation shall be kept. Under conditions prescribed by the Secretary, the Secretary may conduct a hearing to resolve an issue of fact material to a standard.
(f) Effective Date.— The Secretary shall prescribe an effective date for a standard under this section. That date may not be earlier than the date the standard is prescribed nor later than 18 months after the date the standard is prescribed. However, the Secretary may prescribe a later date when the Secretary submits to Congress and publishes the reasons for the later date. A standard only applies to a passenger motor vehicle or passenger motor vehicle equipment manufactured on or after the effective date.
(g) Research.— The Secretary shall conduct research necessary to carry out this chapter.


[1]  So in original. Probably should be section “30113(b)”.

Source

(Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(e),July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1042; Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(g) [title III, § 351(b)(1)], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–439, 2681–476.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised Section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
32502(a)
15:1912(a).
Oct. 20, 1972, Pub. L. 92–513, §§ 102, 104(d), 86 Stat. 949.
32502(b)(1)
15:1912(b)(2).
32502(b)(2)
15:1901(6) (words after semicolon).
Oct. 20, 1972, Pub. L. 92–513, § 2(6) (words after semicolon), 86 Stat. 948; Dec. 22, 1975, Pub. L. 94–163, § 301, 89 Stat. 901; Oct. 10, 1980, Pub. L. 96–425, § 8(a)(2), 94 Stat. 1828; Oct. 25, 1984, Pub. L. 98–547, § 101(b), 98 Stat. 2767.
32502(b)(3)
15:1912(c)(2).
32502(c)
15:1912(c)(1).
32502(d)
15:1912(b)(1).
32502(e)
15:1912(e).
32502(f)
15:1912(d).
32502(g)
15:1914(d).

In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “Subject to subsections (b) through (e) of this section” are omitted as surplus. The words “shall prescribe by regulation” are substituted for “by rule . . . shall promulgate” for clarity. The words “may prescribe by regulation” are substituted for “by rule . . . may promulgate” for consistency.
In subsection (c), before clause (1), the words “In promulgating any bumper standard under this subchapter” are omitted as surplus. The words “from any part of a standard” are substituted for “partially or completely” for clarity and consistency.
In subsection (d), before clause (1), the words “to the public” are substituted for “to the public and to the consumer” because they are inclusive. In clause (2), the word “prospective” is omitted as surplus.
In subsection (e), the words “Section 553 of title 5 applies to a standard prescribed under this section” are substituted for “All rules establishing, amending, or revoking a bumper standard under this subchapter shall be issued pursuant to section 553 of title 5”, the words “opportunity to make oral and written presentations of information, views, and arguments” are substituted for “opportunity for oral presentation of data, views, or arguments, and the opportunity to make written submissions”, the words “Under conditions prescribed by the Secretary” are substituted for “in accordance with such conditions or limitations as he may make applicable thereto”, and the words “material to a standard” are substituted for “material to the establishing, amending, or revoking of a bumper standard”, to eliminate unnecessary words.
In subsection (f), the words “However, the Secretary may prescribe a later date when the Secretary submits” are substituted for “unless the Secretary presents” for clarity. The word “reasons” is substituted for “a detailed explanation of the reasons” to eliminate unnecessary words.
Amendments

1998—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–277, § 101(g) [title III, § 351(b)(1)(A)], substituted “all or any part of a standard” for “any part of a standard” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 105–277, § 101(g) [title III, § 351(b)(1)(B)–(D)], added par. (3).

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

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49 CFR - Transportation

49 CFR Part 553 - RULEMAKING PROCEDURES

49 CFR Part 555 - TEMPORARY EXEMPTION FROM MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY AND BUMPER STANDARDS

49 CFR Part 567 - CERTIFICATION

49 CFR Part 581 - BUMPER STANDARD

 

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