49 U.S. Code § 45102 - Alcohol and controlled substances testing programs

(a) Program for Employees of Air Carriers and Foreign Air Carriers.—
(1) In the interest of aviation safety, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall prescribe regulations that establish a program requiring air carriers and foreign air carriers to conduct preemployment, reasonable suspicion, random, and post-accident testing of airmen, crew members, airport security screening personnel, and other air carrier employees responsible for safety-sensitive functions (as decided by the Administrator) for the use of a controlled substance in violation of law or a United States Government regulation; and to conduct reasonable suspicion, random, and post-accident testing of airmen, crew members, airport security screening personnel, and other air carrier employees responsible for safety-sensitive functions (as decided by the Administrator) for the use of alcohol in violation of law or a United States Government regulation. The regulations shall permit air carriers and foreign air carriers to conduct preemployment testing of airmen, crew members, airport security screening personnel, and other air carrier employees responsible for safety-sensitive functions (as decided by the Administrator) for the use of alcohol.
(2) When the Administrator considers it appropriate in the interest of safety, the Administrator may prescribe regulations for conducting periodic recurring testing of airmen, crewmembers, airport security screening personnel, and other air carrier employees responsible for safety-sensitive functions for the use of alcohol or a controlled substance in violation of law or a Government regulation.
(b) Program for Employees of the Federal Aviation Administration.—
(1) The Administrator shall establish a program of preemployment, reasonable suspicion, random, and post-accident testing for the use of a controlled substance in violation of law or a United States Government regulation for employees of the Administration whose duties include responsibility for safety-sensitive functions and shall establish a program of reasonable suspicion, random, and post-accident testing for the use of alcohol in violation of law or a United States Government regulation for such employees. The Administrator may establish a program of preemployment testing for the use of alcohol for such employees.
(2) When the Administrator considers it appropriate in the interest of safety, the Administrator may prescribe regulations for conducting periodic recurring testing of employees of the Administration responsible for safety-sensitive functions for use of alcohol or a controlled substance in violation of law or a Government regulation.
(c) Sanctions.— In prescribing regulations under the programs required by this section, the Administrator shall require, as the Administrator considers appropriate, the suspension or revocation of any certificate issued to an individual referred to in this section, or the disqualification or dismissal of the individual, under this chapter when a test conducted and confirmed under this chapter indicates the individual has used alcohol or a controlled substance in violation of law or a Government regulation.

Source

(Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(e),July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1221; Pub. L. 104–59, title III, § 342(d),Nov. 28, 1995, 109 Stat. 609; Pub. L. 107–71, title I, § 139(1),Nov. 19, 2001, 115 Stat. 640.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised Section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
45102(a)
49 App.:1434(a)(1).
Aug. 23, 1958, Pub. L. 85–726, 72 Stat. 731, § 614(a); added Oct. 28, 1991, Pub. L. 102–143, § 3(a), 105 Stat. 953.
45102(b)
49 App.:1434(a)(2).
45102(c)
49 App.:1434(a)(3).

In subsections (a)(2) and (b)(2), the word “also” is omitted as surplus.
Amendments

2001—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–71substituted “personnel” for “contract personnel” wherever appearing.
1995—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104–59, § 342(d)(1), added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: “In the interest of aviation safety, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall prescribe regulations not later than October 28, 1992, that establish a program requiring air carriers and foreign air carriers to conduct preemployment, reasonable suspicion, random, and post-accident testing of airmen, crewmembers, airport security screening contract personnel, and other air carrier employees responsible for safety-sensitive functions (as decided by the Administrator) for the use of alcohol or a controlled substance in violation of law or a United States Government regulation.”
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 104–59, § 342(d)(2), added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: “The Administrator shall establish a program of preemployment, reasonable suspicion, random, and post-accident testing for the use of alcohol or a controlled substance in violation of law or a Government regulation for employees of the Administration whose duties include responsibility for safety-sensitive functions.”
Rulemaking on Random Testing for Prohibited Drugs

Pub. L. 103–305, title V, § 501,Aug. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 1594, provided that: “Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 23, 1994], the Secretary shall complete a rulemaking proceeding and issue a final decision on whether there should be a reduction in the annualized rate now required by the Secretary of random testing for prohibited drugs for personnel engaged in aviation activities.”

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49 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

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14 CFR - Aeronautics and Space

14 CFR Part 61 - CERTIFICATION: PILOTS, FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS, AND GROUND INSTRUCTORS

14 CFR Part 63 - CERTIFICATION: FLIGHT CREWMEMBERS OTHER THAN PILOTS

14 CFR Part 65 - CERTIFICATION: AIRMEN OTHER THAN FLIGHT CREWMEMBERS

14 CFR Part 120 - DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAM

14 CFR Part 135 - OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: COMMUTER AND ON DEMAND OPERATIONS AND RULES GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT

14 CFR Part 141 - PILOT SCHOOLS

14 CFR Part 142 - TRAINING CENTERS

49 CFR - Transportation

49 CFR Part 40 - PROCEDURES FOR TRANSPORTATION WORKPLACE DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAMS

 

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