49 U.S. Code § 45106 - Relationship to other laws, regulations, standards, and orders

(a) Effect on State and Local Government Laws, Regulations, Standards, or Orders.— A State or local government may not prescribe, issue, or continue in effect a law, regulation, standard, or order that is inconsistent with regulations prescribed under this chapter. However, a regulation prescribed under this chapter does not preempt a State criminal law that imposes sanctions for reckless conduct leading to loss of life, injury, or damage to property.
(b) International Obligations and Foreign Laws.—
(1) In prescribing regulations under this chapter, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration—
(A) shall establish only requirements applicable to foreign air carriers that are consistent with international obligations of the United States; and
(B) shall consider applicable laws and regulations of foreign countries.
(2) The Secretaries of State and Transportation jointly shall request the governments of foreign countries that are members of the International Civil Aviation Organization to strengthen and enforce existing standards to prohibit crewmembers in international civil aviation from using alcohol or a controlled substance in violation of law or a United States Government regulation.
(c) Other Regulations Allowed.— This section does not prevent the Administrator from continuing in effect, amending, or further supplementing a regulation prescribed before October 28, 1991, governing the use of alcohol or a controlled substance by airmen, crewmembers, airport security screening employees, air carrier employees responsible for safety-sensitive functions (as decided by the Administrator), or employees of the Administration with responsibility for safety-sensitive functions.


(Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(e),July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1224; Pub. L. 107–71, title I, § 139(3),Nov. 19, 2001, 115 Stat. 640.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised Section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
49 App.:1434(e)(1).
Aug. 23, 1958, Pub. L. 85–726, 72 Stat. 731, § 614(e); added Oct. 28, 1991, Pub. L. 102–143, § 3(a), 105 Stat. 956.
49 App.:1434(e)(3).
49 App.:1434(e)(2).

In subsection (a), the word “prescribe” is substituted for “adopt” for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the United States Code. The word “rule” is omitted as being synonymous with “regulation”. The word “ordinance” is omitted as being included in “law” and “regulation”. The words “actual” and “whether the provisions apply specifically to employees of an air carrier or foreign air carrier, or to the general public” are omitted as surplus.
In subsection (c) the word “prevent” is substituted for “restrict the discretion of” to eliminate unnecessary words.

2001—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107–71substituted “screening employees” for “screening contract employees”.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

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49 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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49 CFR - Transportation



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