49 U.S. Code § 5116 - Planning and training grants, monitoring, and review

(a) Planning Grants.—
(1) The Secretary shall make grants to States and Indian tribes—
(A) to develop, improve, and carry out emergency plans under the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act of 1986 (42 U.S.C. 11001 et seq.), including ascertaining flow patterns of hazardous material on lands under the jurisdiction of a State or Indian tribe, and between lands under the jurisdiction of a State or Indian tribe and lands of another State or Indian tribe; and
(B) to decide on the need for a regional hazardous material emergency response team.
(2) The Secretary may make a grant to a State or Indian tribe under paragraph (1) of this subsection in a fiscal year only if—
(A) the State or Indian tribe certifies that the total amount the State or Indian tribe expends (except amounts of the United States Government) to develop, improve, and carry out emergency plans under the Act will at least equal the average level of expenditure for the last 5 fiscal years; and
(B) the State agrees to make available at least 75 percent of the amount of the grant under paragraph (1) of this subsection in the fiscal year to local emergency planning committees established under section 301(c) of the Act (42 U.S.C. 11001 (c)) to develop emergency plans under the Act.
(3) A State or Indian tribe receiving a grant under this subsection shall ensure that planning under the grant is coordinated with emergency planning conducted by adjacent States and Indian tribes.
(b) Training Grants.—
(1) The Secretary shall make grants to States and Indian tribes to train public sector employees to respond to accidents and incidents involving hazardous material. To the extent that a grant is used to train emergency responders, the State or Indian tribe shall provide written certification to the Secretary that the emergency responders who receive training under the grant will have the ability to protect nearby persons, property, and the environment from the effects of accidents or incidents involving the transportation of hazardous material in accordance with existing regulations or National Fire Protection Association standards for competence of responders to accidents and incidents involving hazardous materials.
(2) The Secretary may make a grant under paragraph (1) of this subsection in a fiscal year—
(A) to a State or Indian tribe only if the State or tribe certifies that the total amount the State or tribe expends (except amounts of the Government) to train public sector employees to respond to an accident or incident involving hazardous material will at least equal the average level of expenditure for the last 5 fiscal years;
(B) to a State or Indian tribe only if the State or tribe makes an agreement with the Secretary that the State or tribe will use in that fiscal year, for training public sector employees to respond to an accident or incident involving hazardous material—
(i) a course developed or identified under section 5115 of this title; or
(ii) another course the Secretary decides is consistent with the objectives of this section; and
(C) to a State only if the State agrees to make available at least 75 percent of the amount of the grant under paragraph (1) of this subsection in the fiscal year for training public sector employees a political subdivision of the State employs or uses.
(3) A grant under this subsection may be used—
(A) to pay—
(i) the tuition costs of public sector employees being trained;
(ii) travel expenses of those employees to and from the training facility;
(iii) room and board of those employees when at the training facility; and
(iv) travel expenses of individuals providing the training;
(B) by the State, political subdivision, or Indian tribe to provide the training; and
(C) to make an agreement the Secretary approves authorizing a person (including an authority of a State or political subdivision of a State or Indian tribe) to provide the training—
(i) if the agreement allows the Secretary and the State or tribe to conduct random examinations, inspections, and audits of the training without prior notice; and
(ii) if the State or tribe conducts at least one on-site observation of the training each year.
(4) The Secretary shall allocate amounts made available for grants under this subsection for a fiscal year among eligible States and Indian tribes based on the needs of the States and tribes for emergency response training. In making a decision about those needs, the Secretary shall consider—
(A) the number of hazardous material facilities in the State or on land under the jurisdiction of the tribe;
(B) the types and amounts of hazardous material transported in the State or on that land;
(C) whether the State or tribe imposes and collects a fee on transporting hazardous material;
(D) whether the fee is used only to carry out a purpose related to transporting hazardous material; and
(E) other factors the Secretary decides are appropriate to carry out this subsection.
(c) Compliance With Certain Law.— The Secretary may make a grant to a State under this section in a fiscal year only if the State certifies that the State complies with sections 301 and 303 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act of 1986 (42 U.S.C. 11001, 11003).
(d) Applications.— A State or Indian tribe interested in receiving a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary. The application must be submitted at the time, and contain information, the Secretary requires by regulation to carry out the objectives of this section.
(e) Government’s Share of Costs.— A grant under this section is for 80 percent of the cost the State or Indian tribe incurs in the fiscal year to carry out the activity for which the grant is made. Amounts of the State or tribe under subsections (a)(2)(A) and (b)(2)(A) of this section are not part of the non-Government share under this subsection.
(f) Monitoring and Technical Assistance.— In coordination with the Secretaries of Transportation and Energy, Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, and Director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency shall monitor public sector emergency response planning and training for an accident or incident involving hazardous material. Considering the results of the monitoring, the Secretaries, Administrators, and Director each shall provide technical assistance to a State, political subdivision of a State, or Indian tribe for carrying out emergency response training and planning for an accident or incident involving hazardous material and shall coordinate the assistance using the existing coordinating mechanisms of the National Response Team and, for radioactive material, the Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee.
(g) Delegation of Authority.— To minimize administrative costs and to coordinate Federal financial assistance for emergency response training and planning, the Secretary may delegate to the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, Director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Chairman of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, and Secretaries of Labor and Energy any of the following:
(1) authority to receive applications for grants under this section.
(2) authority to review applications for technical compliance with this section.
(3) authority to review applications to recommend approval or disapproval.
(4) any other ministerial duty associated with grants under this section.
(h) Minimizing Duplication of Effort and Expenses.— The Secretaries of Transportation, Labor, and Energy, Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, Director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Chairman of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall review periodically, with the head of each department, agency, or instrumentality of the Government, all emergency response and preparedness training programs of that department, agency, or instrumentality to minimize duplication of effort and expense of the department, agency, or instrumentality in carrying out the programs and shall take necessary action to minimize duplication.
(i) Annual Registration Fee Account and Its Uses.— The Secretary of the Treasury shall establish an account in the Treasury (to be known as the “Hazardous Materials Emergency Preparedness Fund”) into which the Secretary of the Treasury shall deposit amounts the Secretary of Transportation transfers to the Secretary of the Treasury under section 5108 (g)(2)(C) of this title. Without further appropriation, amounts in the account are available—
(1) to make grants under this section;
(2) to monitor and provide technical assistance under subsection (f) of this section;
(3) to publish and distribute an emergency response guide; and
(4) to pay administrative costs of carrying out this section and sections 5108 (g)(2) and 5115 of this title, except that not more than 2 percent of the amounts made available from the account in a fiscal year may be used to pay those costs.
(j) Supplemental Training Grants.—
(1) In order to further the purposes of subsection (b), the Secretary shall, subject to the availability of funds and through a competitive process, make a grant or make grants to national nonprofit fire service organizations for the purpose of training instructors to conduct hazardous materials response training programs for individuals with statutory responsibility to respond to hazardous materials accidents and incidents.
(2) For the purposes of this subsection the Secretary, after consultation with interested organizations, shall—
(A) identify regions or locations in which fire departments or other organizations which provide emergency response to hazardous materials transportation accidents and incidents are in need of hazardous materials training; and
(B) prioritize such needs and develop a means for identifying additional specific training needs.
(3) Funds granted to an organization under this subsection shall only be used—
(A) to provide training, including portable training, for instructors to conduct hazardous materials response training programs;
(B) to purchase training equipment used exclusively to train instructors to conduct such training programs; and
(C) to disseminate such information and materials as are necessary for the conduct of such training programs.
(4) The Secretary may only make a grant to an organization under this subsection in a fiscal year if the organization enters into an agreement with the Secretary to provide training, including portable training, for instructors to conduct hazardous materials response training programs in such fiscal year that will use—
(A) a course or courses developed or identified under section 5115 of this title; or
(B) other courses which the Secretary determines are consistent with the objectives of this subsection;
for training individuals with statutory responsibility to respond to accidents and incidents involving hazardous materials. Such agreement also shall provide that training courses shall comply with Federal regulations and national consensus standards for hazardous materials response and be open to all such individuals on a nondiscriminatory basis.
(5) The Secretary may not award a grant to an organization under this subsection unless the organization ensures that emergency responders who receive training under the grant will have the ability to protect nearby persons, property, and the environment from the effects of accidents or incidents involving the transportation of hazardous material in accordance with existing regulations or National Fire Protection Association standards for competence of responders to accidents and incidents involving hazardous materials.
(6) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (3), to the extent determined appropriate by the Secretary, a grant awarded by the Secretary to an organization under this subsection to conduct hazardous material response training programs may be used to train individuals with responsibility to respond to accidents and incidents involving hazardous material.
(7) For the purposes of this subsection, the term “portable training” means live, instructor-led training provided by certified fire service instructors that can be offered in any suitable setting, rather than specific designated facilities. Under this training delivery model, instructors travel to locations convenient to students and utilize local facilities and resources.
(8) The Secretary may impose such additional terms and conditions on grants to be made under this subsection as the Secretary determines are necessary to protect the interests of the United States and to carry out the objectives of this subsection.
(k) Reports.— The Secretary shall submit an annual report to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and make available the report to the public. The report submitted under this subsection shall include information on the allocation and uses of the planning grants allocated under subsection (a), training grants under subsection (b), and grants under subsection (j) of this section and under section 5107. The report submitted under this subsection shall identify the ultimate recipients of such grants and include—
(A) a detailed accounting and description of each grant expenditure by each grant recipient, including the amount of, and purpose for, each expenditure;
(B) the number of persons trained under the grant program, by training level;
(C) an evaluation of the efficacy of such planning and training programs; and
(D) any recommendations the Secretary may have for improving such grant programs.

Source

(Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(d),July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 773; Pub. L. 103–311, title I, §§ 105, 119(a), (d)(2), (3),Aug. 26, 1994, 108 Stat. 1673, 1679, 1680; Pub. L. 103–429, § 7(c),Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4389; Pub. L. 104–287, §§ 5(8), 6(b),Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3389, 3398; Pub. L. 109–59, title VII, §§ 7114(a)–(d)(2), (e), 7126, Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1900, 1909; Pub. L. 109–295, title VI, § 612(c),Oct. 4, 2006, 120 Stat. 1410; Pub. L. 112–141, div. C, title III, § 33004(b),July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 832.)

Historical and Revision Notes Pub. L. 103–272
Revised Section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
5116(a) 49 App.:1815(a). Jan. 3, 1975, Pub. L. 93–633, 88 Stat. 2156, § 117A(a)–(f), (g)(7), (9), (h)(6); added Nov. 16, 1990, Pub. L. 101–615, § 17, 104 Stat. 3263, 3266, 3267, 3268.
5116(b)(1) 49 App.:1815(b)(1).
5116(b)(2) 49 App.:1815(b) (2)–(4).
5116(b)(3) 49 App.:1815(b)(5), (6).
5116(b)(4) 49 App.:1815(b)(7).
5116(c) 49 App.:1815(c).
5116(d) 49 App.:1815(e).
5116(e) 49 App.:1815(d).
5116(f) 49 App.:1815(g)(7).
5116(g) 49 App.:1815(f).
5116(h) 49 App.:1815(g)(9).
5116(i) 49 App.:1815(h)(6).

In subsections (a)(2)(A) and (b)(2)(A), the words “at least equal” are substituted for “be maintained at a level which does not fall below” to eliminate unnecessary words.
In subsection (a)(2)(B), the words “by the State emergency response commission” are omitted as surplus.
In subsection (b)(2)(B)(i), the words “or courses” are omitted because of 1:1.
In subsection (c), the words “including compliance with such sections with respect to accidents and incidents involving the transportation of hazardous materials” are omitted as surplus.
In subsection (d), the word “section” is substituted for “subsection” for clarity because there are no objectives in the subsection being restated.
In subsection (e), the words “A grant under this section is for” are substituted for “By a grant under this section, the Secretary shall reimburse any State or Indian tribe an amount not to exceed” to eliminate unnecessary words and for consistency in the revised title. The words “which are required to be expended under subsections (a)(2) and (b)(2) of this section” are omitted as surplus. The words “under this subsection” are added for clarity.
In subsection (h), the words “including coordination of training programs” are omitted as surplus.
Pub. L. 104–287, § 5(8)

This amends 49:5116(j)(4)(A) to correct an erroneous cross-reference.
References in Text

The Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act of 1986, referred to in subsec. (a)(1)(A), (2), is title III of Pub. L. 99–499, Oct. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1728, which is classified generally to chapter 116 (§ 11001 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 11001 of Title 42 and Tables.
Amendments

2012—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 112–141, § 33004(b)(1), inserted at end “To the extent that a grant is used to train emergency responders, the State or Indian tribe shall provide written certification to the Secretary that the emergency responders who receive training under the grant will have the ability to protect nearby persons, property, and the environment from the effects of accidents or incidents involving the transportation of hazardous material in accordance with existing regulations or National Fire Protection Association standards for competence of responders to accidents and incidents involving hazardous materials.”
Subsec. (j)(1). Pub. L. 112–141, § 33004(b)(2)(A), substituted “funds and through a competitive process, make a grant or make grants to national nonprofit fire service organizations for” for “funds, make grants to national nonprofit employee organizations engaged solely in fighting fires for”.
Subsec. (j)(3)(A). Pub. L. 112–141, § 33004(b)(2)(B), substituted “provide training, including portable training, for” for “train”.
Subsec. (j)(4). Pub. L. 112–141, § 33004(b)(2)(C)(ii), which directed insertion of “comply with Federal regulations and national consensus standards for hazardous materials response and” after “training course shall”, was executed by making the insertion after “training courses shall” in concluding provisions, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
Pub. L. 112–141, § 33004(b)(2)(C)(i), substituted “provide training, including portable training, for” for “train” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (j)(5) to (8). Pub. L. 112–141, § 33004(b)(2)(D), (E), added pars. (5) to (7) and redesignated former par. (5) as (8).
Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 112–141, § 33004(b)(3), substituted “an annual report” for “annually” and inserted “the report” after “make available” in first sentence, substituted “. The report submitted under this subsection shall include information” for “information” and “The report submitted under this subsection shall identify the ultimate recipients of such grants and include—” for “The report shall identify the ultimate recipients of training grants and include a detailed accounting of all grant expenditures by grant recipients, the number of persons trained under the grant programs, and an evaluation of the efficacy of training programs carried out.”, and added pars. (A) to (D).
2005—Subsec. (a)(1), (2). Pub. L. 109–59, § 7126, substituted “Secretary” for “Secretary of Transportation” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 109–59, § 7114(a), substituted “5 fiscal years” for “2 fiscal years”.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 109–59, § 7126, substituted “Secretary” for “Secretary of Transportation”.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 109–59, § 7126, substituted “Secretary” for “Secretary of Transportation” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (b)(2)(A). Pub. L. 109–59, § 7114(a), substituted “5 fiscal years” for “2 fiscal years”.
Subsec. (b)(3)(C), (4). Pub. L. 109–59, § 7126, substituted “Secretary” for “Secretary of Transportation” in introductory provisions of par. (3)(C) and “Secretary shall allocate” for “Secretary of Transportation shall allocate” in introductory provisions of par. (4).
Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 109–59, § 7126, substituted “Secretary” for “Secretary of Transportation” in subsec. (c) and “Secretary.” for “Secretary of Transportation.” in subsec. (d).
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 109–59, § 7114(b), substituted “National Response Team” for “national response team”.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 109–59, § 7126, substituted “Secretary” for “Secretary of Transportation” in introductory provisions.
Pub. L. 109–59, § 7114(c), substituted “Federal financial assistance” for “Government grant programs” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 109–59, § 7114(d)(1), (2), in introductory provisions, inserted “(to be known as the ‘Hazardous Materials Emergency Preparedness Fund’)” after “an account in the Treasury” and struck out “collects under section 5108 (g)(2)(A) of this title and” before “transfers to the Secretary”, added par. (3), and redesignated former par. (3) as (4) and substituted “2 percent” for “10 percent”.
Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 109–59, § 7114(e), substituted “The Secretary shall submit annually to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and make available to the public information on the allocation and uses of the planning grants allocated under subsection (a), training grants under subsection (b), and grants under subsection (j) of this section and under section 5107” for “Not later than September 30, 1997, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the allocation and uses of training grants authorized under subsection (b) for fiscal year 1993 through fiscal year 1996 and grants authorized under subsection (j) andsection 5107 for fiscal years 1995 and 1996” and “The report” for “Such report”.
1996—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 104–287, § 6(b), made technical correction to directory language of Pub. L. 103–311, § 105(b)(2). See 1994 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (j)(4)(A). Pub. L. 104–287, § 5(8), substituted “section 5115 of this title” for “subsection (g)”.
1994—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 103–311, § 105(a), in introductory provisions inserted “and Indian tribes” after “States”, and in subpar. (A) substituted “on lands under the jurisdiction of a State or Indian tribe, and between lands under the jurisdiction of a State or Indian tribe and lands of another State or Indian tribe” for “in a State and between States”.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 103–311, § 105(b)(2), as amended by Pub. L. 104–287, § 6(b), struck out “the State” after “only if” in introductory provisions.
Pub. L. 103–311, § 105(b)(1), inserted “or Indian tribe” after “grant to a State” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 103–311, § 105(b)(1), (3), inserted “the State or Indian tribe” before “certifies” and “or Indian tribe” before “expends”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Pub. L. 103–311, § 105(b)(4), inserted “the State” before “agrees”.
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 103–311, § 105(c), added par. (3).
Subsec. (i)(1). Pub. L. 103–311, § 119(d)(2), as amended by Pub. L. 103–429, struck out “and section 5107 (e) of this title” after “under this section”.
Subsec. (i)(3). Pub. L. 103–311, § 119(d)(3), as amended by Pub. L. 103–429, substituted “5108(g)(2)” for “5107(e), 5108(g)(2),”.
Subsecs. (j), (k). Pub. L. 103–311, § 119(a), added subsecs. (j) and (k).
Change of Name

“Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency”, “Administrators, and Director”, and “Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, Director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences” substituted for “Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency”, “Administrator, and Directors”, and “Directors of the Federal Emergency Management Agency and National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences”, respectively, in subsecs. (f) to (h), on authority of section 612(c) ofPub. L. 109–295, set out as a note under section 313 of Title 6, Domestic Security. Any reference to the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency in title VI of Pub. L. 109–295or an amendment by title VI to be considered to refer and apply to the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency until Mar. 31, 2007, see section 612(f)(2) ofPub. L. 109–295, set out as a note under section 313 of Title 6.
Effective Date of 2012 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–141effective Oct. 1, 2012, see section 3(a) ofPub. L. 112–141, set out as an Effective and Termination Dates of 2012 Amendment note under section 101 of Title 23, Highways.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–287, § 6(b),Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3398, provided that the amendment made by section 6(b) is effective Aug. 26, 1994.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Pub. L. 103–429, § 7(c),Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4389, provided that the amendment made by section 7(c) is effective Aug. 26, 1994.

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

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49 CFR - Transportation

49 CFR Part 105 - HAZARDOUS MATERIALS PROGRAM DEFINITIONS AND GENERAL PROCEDURES

49 CFR Part 106 - RULEMAKING PROCEDURES

49 CFR Part 107 - HAZARDOUS MATERIALS PROGRAM PROCEDURES

49 CFR Part 109 - DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS FOR OPENING OF PACKAGES, EMERGENCY ORDERS, AND EMERGENCY RECALLS

49 CFR Part 110 - HAZARDOUS MATERIALS PUBLIC SECTOR TRAINING AND PLANNING GRANTS

49 CFR Part 171 - GENERAL INFORMATION, REGULATIONS, AND DEFINITIONS

49 CFR Part 172 - HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE, SPECIAL PROVISIONS, HAZARDOUS MATERIALS COMMUNICATIONS, EMERGENCY RESPONSE INFORMATION, TRAINING REQUIREMENTS, AND SECURITY PLANS

49 CFR Part 173 - SHIPPERS—GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS

49 CFR Part 174 - CARRIAGE BY RAIL

49 CFR Part 175 - CARRIAGE BY AIRCRAFT

49 CFR Part 176 - CARRIAGE BY VESSEL

49 CFR Part 177 - CARRIAGE BY PUBLIC HIGHWAY

49 CFR Part 178 - SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS

49 CFR Part 179 - SPECIFICATIONS FOR TANK CARS

49 CFR Part 180 - CONTINUING QUALIFICATION AND MAINTENANCE OF PACKAGINGS

 

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