49 U.S. Code § 60118 - Compliance and waivers

(a) General Requirements.— A person owning or operating a pipeline facility shall—
(1) comply with applicable safety standards prescribed under this chapter, except as provided in this section or in section 60126;
(2) prepare and carry out a plan for inspection and maintenance required under section 60108 (a) and (b) of this title;
(3) allow access to or copying of records, make reports and provide information, and allow entry or inspection required under section 60117 (a)–(d) of this title; and
(4) conduct a risk analysis, and adopt and implement an integrity management program, for pipeline facilities as required under section 60109 (c).
(b) Compliance Orders.— The Secretary of Transportation may issue orders directing compliance with this chapter, an order under section 60126, or a regulation prescribed under this chapter. An order shall state clearly the action a person must take to comply.
(c) Waivers by Secretary.—
(1) Nonemergency waivers.—
(A) In general.— On application of an owner or operator of a pipeline facility, the Secretary by order may waive compliance with any part of an applicable standard prescribed under this chapter with respect to such facility on terms the Secretary considers appropriate if the Secretary determines that the waiver is not inconsistent with pipeline safety.
(B) Hearing.— The Secretary may act on a waiver under this paragraph only after notice and an opportunity for a hearing.
(2) Emergency waivers.—
(A) In general.— The Secretary by order may waive compliance with any part of an applicable standard prescribed under this chapter on terms the Secretary considers appropriate without prior notice and comment if the Secretary determines that—
(i) it is in the public interest to grant the waiver;
(ii) the waiver is not inconsistent with pipeline safety; and
(iii) the waiver is necessary to address an actual or impending emergency involving pipeline transportation, including an emergency caused by a natural or manmade disaster.
(B) Period of waiver.— A waiver under this paragraph may be issued for a period of not more than 60 days and may be renewed upon application to the Secretary only after notice and an opportunity for a hearing on the waiver. The Secretary shall immediately revoke the waiver if continuation of the waiver would not be consistent with the goals and objectives of this chapter.
(3) Statement of reasons.— The Secretary shall state in an order issued under this subsection the reasons for granting the waiver.
(d) Waivers by State Authorities.— If a certification under section 60105 of this title or an agreement under section 60106 of this title is in effect, the State authority may waive compliance with a safety standard to which the certification or agreement applies in the same way and to the same extent the Secretary may waive compliance under subsection (c) of this section. However, the authority must give the Secretary written notice of the waiver at least 60 days before its effective date. If the Secretary makes a written objection before the effective date of the waiver, the waiver is stayed. After notifying the authority of the objection, the Secretary shall provide a prompt opportunity for a hearing. The Secretary shall make the final decision on granting the waiver.
(e) Operator Assistance in Investigations.—
(1) Assistance and access.— If the Secretary or the National Transportation Safety Board investigates an accident or incident involving a pipeline facility, the operator of the facility shall—
(A) make available to the Secretary or the Board all records and information that in any way pertain to the accident or incident, including integrity management plans and test results; and
(B) afford all reasonable assistance in the investigation of the accident or incident.
(2) Operator assistance in investigations.—
(A) In general.— The Secretary may impose a civil penalty under section 60122 on a person who obstructs or prevents the Secretary from carrying out inspections or investigations under this chapter.
(B) Obstructs defined.—
(i) In general.— In this paragraph, the term “obstructs” includes actions that were known, or reasonably should have been known, to prevent, hinder, or impede an investigation without good cause.
(ii) Good cause.— In clause (i), the term “good cause” may include actions such as restricting access to facilities that are not secure or safe for nonpipeline personnel or visitors.
(f) Limitation on Statutory Construction.— Nothing in this section may be construed to infringe upon the constitutional rights of an operator or its employees.

Source

(Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(e),July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1322; Pub. L. 104–304, § 13,Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3802; Pub. L. 107–355, §§ 10(a), (c), 14(c),Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2995, 2996, 3005; Pub. L. 109–468, § 10,Dec. 29, 2006, 120 Stat. 3494; Pub. L. 112–90, § 2(b),Jan. 3, 2012, 125 Stat. 1905.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised Section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
60118(a)
49 App.:1677(a).
Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L. 90–481, § 10(a), 82 Stat. 725; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L. 96–129, §[§] 105(b), 109(h)(4), 152(a), 93 Stat. 994, 996, 999.
49 App.:2006(a). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L. 96–129, §§ 203(h), 207(a), (b)(1), 93 Stat. 1005, 1009.
60118(b) 49 App.:1677(b)(1). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L. 90–481, 82 Stat. 720, § 10(b)(1); added Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L. 96–129, §§ 104(a)(1), 152(a), 93 Stat. 992, 999.
49 App.:2006(b)(1).
60118(c) 49 App.:1672(d) (1st, 2d sentences). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L. 90–481, § 3(d), 82 Stat. 721; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L. 96–129, §[§] 104(d), 109(c), 152(b)(2), 93 Stat. 994, 996, 1001.
49 App.:2002(h) (1st, 2d sentences).
60118(d) 49 App.:1672(d) (3d–last sentences).
49 App.:2002(h) (3d–last sentences).

In subsection (a)(1), the words “at all times after the date . . . takes effect . . . the requirements of” are omitted as surplus. The words “except as provided in this section” are added for clarity.
In subsection (a)(2), the words “establish and” in 49 App.:2006(a)(2) and “and comply with such plan” are omitted as surplus.
In subsection (b), the word “prescribed” is substituted for “issued” for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the United States Code. The word “particular” is omitted as surplus. The words “a person must take to comply” are substituted for “required of the person to whom the order is issued” for clarity and to eliminate unnecessary words.
In subsection (c), the words “any part of” are substituted for “in whole or in part” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “and to such extent” and “he determines that . . . of compliance with such standard” are omitted as surplus.
In subsection (d), the words “to which the certification or agreement applies” are added for clarity. The words “to the granting of the waiver” and “any State agency action granting” are omitted as surplus. The words “shall provide a prompt opportunity for a hearing” are substituted for “shall afford such agency a prompt opportunity to present its request for waiver, with opportunity for hearing” to eliminate unnecessary words and for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the Code.
Amendments

2012—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 112–90amended subsec. (e) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “If the Secretary or the National Transportation Safety Board investigate an accident involving a pipeline facility, the operator of the facility shall make available to the Secretary or the Board all records and information that in any way pertain to the accident (including integrity management plans and test results), and shall afford all reasonable assistance in the investigation of the accident.”
2006—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–468reenacted heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “On application of a person owning or operating a pipeline facility, the Secretary by order may waive compliance with any part of an applicable standard prescribed under this chapter on terms the Secretary considers appropriate, if the waiver is not inconsistent with pipeline safety. The Secretary shall state the reasons for granting a waiver under this subsection. The Secretary may act on a waiver only after notice and an opportunity for a hearing.”
2002—Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 107–355, § 14(c), added par. (4).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107–355, § 10(a), added subsec. (e).
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 107–355, § 10(c), added subsec. (f).
1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–304, § 13(a)(1), struck out “transporting gas or hazardous liquid or” after “person” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104–304, § 13(a)(2), added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: “comply with applicable safety standards prescribed under this chapter, except as provided in this section;”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–304, § 13(b), reenacted subsec. heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The Secretary of Transportation may issue orders directing compliance with this chapter or a regulation prescribed under this chapter. An order shall state clearly the action a person must take to comply.”
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104–304, § 13(c), substituted “owning” for “transporting gas or hazardous liquid”.

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49 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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49 CFR - Transportation

49 CFR Part 190 - PIPELINE SAFETY PROGRAMS AND RULEMAKING PROCEDURES

49 CFR Part 191 - TRANSPORTATION OF NATURAL AND OTHER GAS BY PIPELINE; ANNUAL REPORTS, INCIDENT REPORTS, AND SAFETY-RELATED CONDITION REPORTS

49 CFR Part 192 - TRANSPORTATION OF NATURAL AND OTHER GAS BY PIPELINE: MINIMUM FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS

49 CFR Part 193 - LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS FACILITIES: FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS

49 CFR Part 195 - TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE

49 CFR Part 199 - DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING

 

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