49 U.S. Code § 60122 - Civil penalties

(a) General Penalties.—
(1) A person that the Secretary of Transportation decides, after written notice and an opportunity for a hearing, has violated section 60114 (b), 60114 (d), or 60118 (a) of this title or a regulation prescribed or order issued under this chapter is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not more than $200,000 for each violation. A separate violation occurs for each day the violation continues. The maximum civil penalty under this paragraph for a related series of violations is $2,000,000.
(2) A person violating a standard or order under section 60103 or 60111 of this title is liable to the Government for a civil penalty of not more than $50,000 for each violation. A penalty under this paragraph may be imposed in addition to penalties imposed under paragraph (1) of this subsection.
(3) A person violating section 60129, or an order issued thereunder, is liable to the Government for a civil penalty of not more than $1,000 for each violation. The penalties provided by paragraph (1) do not apply to a violation of section 60129 or an order issued thereunder.
(b) Penalty Considerations.— In determining the amount of a civil penalty under this section—
(1) the Secretary shall consider—
(A) the nature, circumstances, and gravity of the violation, including adverse impact on the environment;
(B) with respect to the violator, the degree of culpability, any history of prior violations, and any effect on ability to continue doing business; and
(C) good faith in attempting to comply; and
(2) the Secretary may consider—
(A) the economic benefit gained from the violation without any reduction because of subsequent damages; and
(B) other matters that justice requires.
(c) Collection and Compromise.—
(1) The Secretary may request the Attorney General to bring a civil action in an appropriate district court of the United States to collect a civil penalty imposed under this section.
(2) The Secretary may compromise the amount of a civil penalty imposed under this section before referral to the Attorney General.
(d) Setoff.— The Government may deduct the amount of a civil penalty imposed or compromised under this section from amounts it owes the person liable for the penalty.
(e) Deposit in Treasury.— Amounts collected under this section shall be deposited in the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.
(f) Prohibition on Multiple Penalties for Same Act.— Separate penalties for violating a regulation prescribed under this chapter and for violating an order under section 60112 or 60118 (b) of this title may not be imposed under this chapter if both violations are based on the same act.

Source

(Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(e),July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1325; Pub. L. 107–355, §§ 6(b), 8(b)(1), (2), 21(3),Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2992, 2993, 3010; Pub. L. 109–468, § 2(a)(2),Dec. 29, 2006, 120 Stat. 3487; Pub. L. 112–90, § 2(a),Jan. 3, 2012, 125 Stat. 1905.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised Section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
60122(a)(1)
49 App.:1679a(a)(1), (3) (1st sentence).
Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L. 90–481, 82 Stat. 720, § 11(a); added Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L. 96–129, §§ 104(b), 154, 93 Stat. 992, 1002; Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L. 100–561, § 106, 102 Stat. 2807; Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L. 102–508, §§ 112(a), 304(b), 106 Stat. 3295, 3308.
49 App.:2007(a)(1), (2) (1st sentence).
Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L. 96–129, § 208(a), (b), (d), 93 Stat. 1009, 1010; Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L. 100–561, § 205, 102 Stat. 2811; Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L. 102–508, § 211(a), 106 Stat. 3304.
60122(a)(2)
49 App.:1679a(a)(2).
60122(b)
49 App.:1679a(a)(3) (last sentence).
49 App.:2007(a)(2) (last sentence).
60122(c)
49 App.:1679a(b) (1st sentence).
Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L. 90–481, 82 Stat. 720, § 11(b), (d); added Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L. 96–129, § 104(b), 93 Stat. 992, 993.
49 App.:2007(b) (1st sentence).
60122(d)
49 App.:1679a(b) (2d sentence).
49 App.:2007(b) (2d sentence).
60122(e)
49 App.:1679a(b) (last sentence).
49 App.:2007(b) (last sentence).
60122(f)
49 App.:1679a(d).
49 App.:2007(d).

In subsection (a)(1), the word “prescribed” is added for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the United States Code. The words “including any order issued under sections 1677(b) and 1679b(b)” in 49 App.:1679a(a)(1) and “including any order issued under section 2006(b) or 2008(b)” in 49 App.:2007(a)(1) are omitted as surplus. The word “occurs” is added for clarity.
In subsection (a)(2), the words “is determined by the Secretary to have” are omitted as surplus. The words “for each violation” are added for clarity and consistency. The word “imposed” is substituted for “to which such person may be subject” for consistency and to eliminate unnecessary words.
In subsection (b)(2), the word “violator” is substituted for “the person found to have committed the violation” for consistency and to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “the penalty” are omitted as surplus.
In subsection (c)(1), the words “The Secretary may request the Attorney General to bring a civil action” are substituted for “in an action brought by the Attorney General on behalf of the United States” for clarity, to eliminate unnecessary words, and because of 28:2461 and rule 2 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (28 App. U.S.C.).
In subsection (d), the words “imposed or compromised under this section” are substituted for “of the penalty, when finally determined (or agreed upon in compromise)” to eliminate unnecessary words and for consistency. The words “liable for the penalty” are substituted for “charged” for clarity.
In subsection (f), the words “Separate penalties . . . prescribed under this chapter . . . may not be imposed under this chapter” are substituted for “Nothing in this title shall be construed to authorize . . . penalties” for clarity.
Amendments

2012—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 112–90, § 2(a)(1), substituted “$200,000” for “$100,000” and “$2,000,000” for “$1,000,000”.
Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 112–90, § 2(a)(2), struck out “the ability to pay,” after “violations,”.
2006—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 109–468substituted “60114(b), 60114(d),” for “60114(b)”.
2002—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 107–355, § 21(3), substituted “section 60114 (b)” for “section 60114 (c)”.
Pub. L. 107–355, § 8(b)(1), substituted “$100,000” for “$25,000” and “$1,000,000” for “$500,000”.
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 107–355, § 6(b), added par. (3).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–355, § 8(b)(2), substituted “under this section—” and pars. (1) and (2) for “under this section, the Secretary shall consider—
“(1) the nature, circumstances, and gravity of the violation;
“(2) with respect to the violator, the degree of culpability, any history of prior violations, the ability to pay, and any effect on ability to continue doing business;
“(3) good faith in attempting to comply; and
“(4) other matters that justice requires.”
Comptroller General Study

Pub. L. 107–355, § 8(d),Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2994, required the Comptroller General to study the actions, policies, and procedures of the Secretary of Transportation for assessing and collecting fines and penalties on operators of hazardous liquid and gas transmission pipelines, and to report, not later than 1 year after Dec. 17, 2002, the results of the study to certain committees of Congress.

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


49 CFR - Transportation

49 CFR Part 190 - PIPELINE SAFETY PROGRAMS AND RULEMAKING PROCEDURES

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.