5 U.S. Code § 2107 - Congressional employee

For the purpose of this title, “Congressional employee” means—
(1) an employee of either House of Congress, of a committee of either House, or of a joint committee of the two Houses;
(2) an elected officer of either House who is not a Member of Congress;
(3) the Legislative Counsel of either House and an employee of his office;
(4) a member or employee of the Capitol Police;
(5) an employee of a Member of Congress if the pay of the employee is paid by the Secretary of the Senate or the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives;
[(6) Repealed. Pub. L. 90–83, § 1(5)(A),Sept. 11, 1967, 81 Stat. 196.]
(7) the Architect of the Capitol and an employee of the Architect of the Capitol;
(8) an employee of the Botanic Garden; and
(9) an employee of the Office of Congressional Accessibility Services.


(Pub. L. 89–554, Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 409; Pub. L. 90–83, § 1(5),Sept. 11, 1967, 81 Stat. 196; Pub. L. 91–510, title IV, § 442(a),Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1191; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, § 215(1),Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1745; Pub. L. 110–437, title IV, § 422(c),Oct. 20, 2008, 122 Stat. 4997; Pub. L. 111–145, § 7(a),Mar. 4, 2010, 124 Stat. 55.)
Historical and Revision Notes

1966 Act
The section is supplied to avoid the necessity of defining “Congressional employee” each time the term is used in this title.

1967 Act
Section of title 5 Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
2107(6) 2:126–1. July 27, 1965, Pub. L. 89–90, § 101 (proviso on p. 265), 79 Stat. 265.
2107(8) 5 App.: 2251(c). Sept. 26, 1966, Pub. L. 89–604, § 1(a), 80 Stat. 846.

Paragraph (6), relating to Official Reporters of Debates of the Senate and their employees, is eliminated as unnecessary on authority of the act of July 27, 1965 (2 U.S.C. 126–1). Pursuant to that act, the Official Reporters and their employees became employees of the Senate; accordingly, they are now included within the definition of “Congressional employee” under paragraph (1).
In paragraph (8), based on the act of September 26, 1966 (5 App. U.S.C. 2251(c)), the word “officers” is omitted as included in “employees,” and the words “United States” preceding the words “Botanic Garden” are omitted as unnecessary.

2010—Par. (4). Pub. L. 111–145, inserted “or employee” after “member”.
2008—Par. (9). Pub. L. 110–437amended par. (9) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (9) read as follows: “an employee of the Capitol Guide Service.”
1996—Par. (5). Pub. L. 104–186substituted “Chief Administrative Officer” for “Clerk”.
1970—Par. (9). Pub. L. 91—510 added par. (9).
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–145, § 7(d),Mar. 4, 2010, 124 Stat. 56, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 5515, 5531, 5533, and 5537 of this title] shall take effect as though enacted as part of section 1018 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2003 (2 U.S.C. 1907).”
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–437effective first day of first pay period (applicable to employees transferred under section 2241 of Title 2, The Congress) on or after 30 days after Oct. 20, 2008, see section 422(d) ofPub. L. 110–437, set out as a note under section 1301 of Title 2.
Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 91–510effective immediately prior to noon on June. 3, 1971, see section 601(1) ofPub. L. 91–510, set out as a note under section 72a of Title 2, The Congress.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

5 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


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