5 U.S. Code § 5584 - Claims for overpayment of pay and allowances, and of travel, transportation and relocation expenses and allowances

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(a) A claim of the United States against a person arising out of an erroneous payment of pay or allowances made on or after July 1, 1960, or arising out of an erroneous payment of travel, transportation or relocation expenses and allowances, to an employee of an agency, the collection of which would be against equity and good conscience and not in the best interests of the United States, may be waived in whole or in part by—
(1) the authorized official;
(2) the head of the agency when—
(A) the claim is in an amount aggregating not more than $1,500; and
(B) the waiver is made in accordance with standards which the authorized official shall prescribe; or
(3) the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts when the claim is in an amount aggregating not more than $10,000 and involves an officer or employee of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, the Federal Judicial Center, or any of the courts set forth in section 610 of title 28.
(b) The authorized official or the head of the agency, as the case may be, may not exercise his authority under this section to waive any claim—
(1) if, in his opinion, there exists, in connection with the claim, an indication of fraud, misrepresentation, fault, or lack of good faith on the part of the employee or any other person having an interest in obtaining a waiver of the claim;
(2) except in the case of employees of the Government Printing Office, the Library of Congress, the Office of the Architect of the Capitol, or the Botanic Garden, if application for waiver is received in his office, after the expiration of three years immediately following the date on which the erroneous payment of pay was discovered or three years immediately following October 21, 1968, whichever is later;
(3) except in the case of employees of the Government Printing Office, the Library of Congress, the Office of the Architect of the Capitol, or the Botanic Garden, if application for waiver is received in his office after the expiration of three years immediately following the date on which the erroneous payment of allowances was discovered or three years immediately following October 2, 1972, whichever is later;
(4) in the case of employees of the Government Printing Office, the Library of Congress, the Office of the Architect of the Capitol, or the Botanic Garden, if application for waiver is received in his office after the expiration of 3 years immediately following the date on which the erroneous payment of pay or allowances was discovered or 3 years immediately following July 25, 1974, whichever is later; or
(5) in the case of a claim involving an erroneous payment of travel, transportation or relocation expenses and allowances, if application for waiver is received in his office after the expiration of 3 years immediately following the date on which the erroneous payment was discovered.
(c) A person who has repaid to the United States all or part of the amount of a claim, with respect to which a waiver is granted under this section, is entitled, to the extent of the waiver, to refund, by the employing agency at the time of the erroneous payment, of the amount repaid to the United States, if he applies to that employing agency for that refund within two years following the effective date of the waiver. The employing agency shall pay that refund in accordance with this section.
(d) In the audit and settlement of the accounts of any accountable official, full credit shall be given for any amounts with respect to which collection by the United States is waived under this section.
(e) An erroneous payment, the collection of which is waived under this section, is deemed a valid payment for all purposes.
(f) This section does not affect any authority under any other statute to litigate, settle, compromise, or waive any claim of the United States.
(g) For the purpose of this section, “agency” means—
(1) an Executive agency;
(2) the Government Printing Office;
(3) the Library of Congress;
(4) the Office of the Architect of the Capitol;
(5) the Botanic Garden;
(6) the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, the Federal Judicial Center, and any of the courts set forth in section 610 of title 28; and
(7) the Congressional Budget Office.
For purposes of this section, the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts shall be the head of the agency in the case of those entities set forth in paragraph (6) of this subsection.
(g)   [1] For the purpose of this section, the term “authorized official” means—
(1) the head of an agency, with respect to an agency or employee in the legislative branch; or
(2) the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, with respect to any other agency or employee.


[1]  So in original. Probably should be “(h)”.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 90–616, § 1(a),Oct. 21, 1968, 82 Stat. 1212; amended Pub. L. 92–453, § 3(1),Oct. 2, 1972, 86 Stat. 760; Pub. L. 93–359, § 1,July 25, 1974, 88 Stat. 393; Pub. L. 96–54, § 2(a)(35),Aug. 14, 1979, 93 Stat. 383; Pub. L. 99–224, § 1(a),Dec. 28, 1985, 99 Stat. 1741; Pub. L. 100–702, title X, § 1009(a),Nov. 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 4667; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title VI, § 657(a),Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1393; Pub. L. 104–316, title I, § 103(d),Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3828; Pub. L. 109–55, title I, § 1100(a),Aug. 2, 2005, 119 Stat. 577.)
Amendments

2005—Subsec. (g)(7). Pub. L. 109–55added par. (7) in subsec. (g) defining “agency”.
1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–316, § 103(d)(1), in par. (1) substituted “authorized official” for “Comptroller General of the United States”, and in par. (2) inserted “and” at end of subpar. (A), redesignated subpar. (C) as (B) and substituted “authorized official” for “Comptroller General”, and struck out former subpar. (B) which read as follows: “the claim is not the subject of an exception made by the Comptroller General in the account of any accountable official; and”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–316, § 103(d)(2), substituted “authorized official” for “Comptroller General” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104–316, § 103(d)(3), added subsec. (g) defining “authorized official”.
1991—Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 102–190substituted “$1,500” for “$500”.
1988—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 100–702, § 1009(a)(1), added par. (3).
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 100–702, § 1009(a)(2), added par. (6) and last sentence.
1985—Pub. L. 99–224, § 1(a)(1), substituted “and of travel, transportation and relocation expenses and allowances” for “other than travel and transportation expenses and allowances and relocation expenses” in section catchline.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–224, § 1(a)(2), substituted “made on or after July 1, 1960, or arising out of an erroneous payment of travel, transportation or relocation expenses and allowances” for “, other than travel and transportation expenses and allowances and relocation expenses payable under section 5724a of this title, on or after July 1, 1960”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–224, § 1(a)(3), added par. (5).
1979—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 96–54substituted “July 25, 1974” for “the date on which this clause (4) is enacted into law”.
1974—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 93–359, § 1(1), substituted “agency” for “executive agency” in provisions preceding cl. (1) and in cl. (2) preceding subcl. (A).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 93–359, § 1(1)–(4), substituted “agency” for “executive agency” in provisions preceding cl. (1), inserted “except in the case of employees of the Government Printing Office, the Library of Congress, the Office of the Architect of the Capitol, or the Botanic Garden,” immediately following the designation “(2)” in cl. (2) and immediately following the designation “(3)” in cl. (3), struck out “or” at end of cl. (2), substituted “October 2, 1972, whichever is later; or” for “the effective date of the amendment authorizing the waiver of allowances, whichever is later” in cl. (3) and struck out the period at end of cl. (3), and added cl. (4).
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 93–359, § 1(5), added subsec. (g).
1972—Pub. L. 92–453inserted “and allowances, other than travel and transportation expenses and allowances and relocation expenses” in section catchline, and substituted “payment of pay or allowances, other than travel and transportation expenses and allowances and relocation expenses payable under section 5724a of this title” for “payment of pay” in subsec. (a).
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 92–453inserted “if application for waiver is received in his office” in cl. (2), and substituted “October 21, 1968” for “the effective date of this section.”
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 92–453added cl. (3).
Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–55, title I, § 1100(b),Aug. 2, 2005, 119 Stat. 577, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to fiscal year 2006 and each succeeding fiscal year.”
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–316effective 60 days after Oct. 19, 1996, see section 101(e)(2) ofPub. L. 104–316, set out as a note under section 130c of Title 2, The Congress.
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–702, title X, § 1009(b),Nov. 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 4668, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to any claim arising before the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 19, 1988] which is pending on such date, and to any claim which arises on or after such date of enactment.”
Effective Date of 1985 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–224, § 4,Dec. 28, 1985, 99 Stat. 1742, provided that: “The amendments made by section 1 of this Act [amending this section] shall apply to any claim arising out of an erroneous payment of travel, transportation, or relocation expenses and allowances made on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 28, 1985]. The amendments made by sections 2 and 3 of this Act [amending section 2774 of Title 10, Armed Forces, and section 716 of Title 32, National Guard] shall apply to any claim arising out of an erroneous payment of travel and transportation allowances made on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.”
Effective Date of 1979 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–54effective July 12, 1979, see section 2(b) ofPub. L. 96–54. set out as a note under section 305 of this title.

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