5 U.S. Code § 8131 - Subrogation of the United States

(a) If an injury or death for which compensation is payable under this subchapter is caused under circumstances creating a legal liability on a person other than the United States to pay damages, the Secretary of Labor may require the beneficiary to—
(1) assign to the United States any right of action he may have to enforce the liability or any right he may have to share in money or other property received in satisfaction of that liability; or
(2) prosecute the action in his own name.
An employee required to appear as a party or witness in the prosecution of such an action is in an active duty status while so engaged.
(b) A beneficiary who refuses to assign or prosecute an action in his own name when required by the Secretary is not entitled to compensation under this subchapter.
(c) The Secretary may prosecute or compromise a cause of action assigned to the United States. When the Secretary realizes on the cause of action, he shall deduct therefrom and place to the credit of the Employees’ Compensation Fund the amount of compensation already paid to the beneficiary and the expense of realization or collection. Any surplus shall be paid to the beneficiary and credited on future payments of compensation payable for the same injury. However, the beneficiary is entitled to not less than one-fifth of the net amount of a settlement or recovery remaining after the expenses thereof have been deducted.
(d) If an injury or death for which compensation is payable under this subchapter is caused under circumstances creating a legal liability in the Panama Canal Company to pay damages under the law of a State, a territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, or a foreign country, compensation is not payable until the individual entitled to compensation—
(1) releases to the Panama Canal Company any right of action he may have to enforce the liability of the Panama Canal Company; or
(2) assigns to the United States any right he may have to share in money or other property received in satisfaction of the liability of the Panama Canal Company.

Source

(Pub. L. 89–554, Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 546; Pub. L. 90–83, § 1(60),Sept. 11, 1967, 81 Stat. 211.)

Historical and Revision Notes 1966 Act
Derivation U.S. Code Revised Statutes and Statutes at Large
(a)–(c) 5 U.S.C. 776. Sept. 7, 1916, ch. 458, § 26, 39 Stat. 747.
Sept. 13, 1960, Pub. L. 86–767, § 207, 74 Stat. 908.
(d) 5 U.S.C. 791. Sept. 7, 1916, ch. 458, § 41, 39 Stat. 750.

In subsection (d), the first 45 words of section 41 of the Act of Sept. 7, 1916, are omitted as executed. The words “Panama Canal Company” are substituted for “Panama Railroad Company” on authority of the Act of Sept. 26, 1950, ch. 1049, § 2(a) (2),64 Stat. 1038.
Administration of this subchapter was transferred to the Secretary of Labor by section 1 of 1950 Reorg. Plan. No. 19, 64 Stat. 1271 (see section 8145).
Standard changes are made to conform with the definitions applicable and the style of this title as outlined in the preface to the report.

1967 Act
Section of title 5 Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
8131(c) 5 App.: 776 (proviso). July 4, 1966, Pub. L. 89–488, § 10(a), 80 Stat. 255.

References in Text

For definition of Panama Canal Company, referred to in text, see section 3602 (b) of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.
Personnel Not Affected by 1967 Increase

Increases authorized under amendment by Pub. L. 90–83not applicable to specified personnel, see section 7 ofPub. L. 90–83, set out as a note under section 8103 of this title.

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