5 U.S. Code § 8909 - Employees Health Benefits Fund

(a) There is in the Treasury of the United States an Employees Health Benefits Fund which is administered by the Office of Personnel Management. The contributions of enrollees and the Government described by section 8906 of this title shall be paid into the Fund. The Fund is available—
(1) without fiscal year limitation for all payments to approved health benefits plans; and
(2) to pay expenses for administering this chapter within the limitations that may be specified annually by Congress.
Payments from the Fund to a plan participating in a letter-of-credit arrangement under this chapter shall, in connection with any payment or reimbursement to be made by such plan for a health service or supply, be made, to the maximum extent practicable, on a checks-presented basis (as defined under regulations of the Department of the Treasury).
(b) Portions of the contributions made by enrollees and the Government shall be regularly set aside in the Fund as follows:
(1) A percentage, not to exceed 1 percent of all contributions, determined by the Office to be reasonably adequate to pay the administrative expenses made available by subsection (a) of this section.
(2) For each health benefits plan, a percentage, not to exceed 3 percent of the contributions toward the plan, determined by the Office to be reasonably adequate to provide a contingency reserve.
The Office, from time to time and in amounts it considers appropriate, may transfer unused funds for administrative expenses to the contingency reserves of the plans then under contract with the Office. When funds are so transferred, each contingency reserve shall be credited in proportion to the total amount of the subscription charges paid and accrued to the plan for the contract term immediately before the contract term in which the transfer is made. The income derived from dividends, rate adjustments, or other refunds made by a plan shall be credited to its contingency reserve. The contingency reserves may be used to defray increases in future rates, or may be applied to reduce the contributions of enrollees and the Government to, or to increase the benefits provided by, the plan from which the reserves are derived, as the Office from time to time shall determine.
(c) The Secretary of the Treasury may invest and reinvest any of the money in the Fund in interest-bearing obligations of the United States, and may sell these obligations for the purposes of the Fund. The interest on and the proceeds from the sale of these obligations become a part of the Fund.
(d) When the assets, liabilities, and membership of employee organizations sponsoring or underwriting plans approved under section 8903 (3) or 8903a of this title are merged, the assets (including contingency reserves) and liabilities of the plans sponsored or underwritten by the merged organizations shall be transferred at the beginning of the contract term next following the date of the merger to the plan sponsored or underwritten by the successor organization. Each employee, annuitant, former spouse, or person having continued coverage under section 8905a of this title affected by a merger shall be transferred to the plan sponsored or underwritten by the successor organization unless he enrolls in another plan under this chapter. If the successor organization is an organization described in section 8901 (8)(B) of this title, any employee, annuitant, former spouse, or person having continued coverage under section 8905a of this title so transferred may not remain enrolled in the plan after the end of the contract term in which the merger occurs unless that individual is a full member of such organization (as determined under section 8903a (d) of this title).
(e)
(1) Except as provided by subsection (d) of this section, when a plan described by section 8903 (3) or (4) or 8903a of this title is discontinued under this chapter, the contingency reserve of that plan shall be credited to the contingency reserves of the plans continuing under this chapter for the contract term following that in which termination occurs, each reserve to be credited in proportion to the amount of the subscription charges paid and accrued to the plan for the year of termination.
(2) Any crediting required under paragraph (1) pursuant to the discontinuation of any plan under this chapter shall be completed by the end of the second contract year beginning after such plan is so discontinued.
(3) The Office shall prescribe regulations in accordance with which this subsection shall be applied in the case of any plan which is discontinued before being credited with the full amount to which it would otherwise be entitled based on the discontinuation of any other plan.
(f)
(1) No tax, fee, or other monetary payment may be imposed, directly or indirectly, on a carrier or an underwriting or plan administration subcontractor of an approved health benefits plan by any State, the District of Columbia, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or by any political subdivision or other governmental authority thereof, with respect to any payment made from the Fund.
(2) Paragraph (1) shall not be construed to exempt any carrier or underwriting or plan administration subcontractor of an approved health benefits plan from the imposition, payment, or collection of a tax, fee, or other monetary payment on the net income or profit accruing to or realized by such carrier or underwriting or plan administration subcontractor from business conducted under this chapter, if that tax, fee, or payment is applicable to a broad range of business activity.
(g) The fund described in subsection (a) is available to pay costs that the Office incurs for activities associated with implementation of the demonstration project under section 1108 of title 10.

Source

(Pub. L. 89–554, Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 605; Pub. L. 95–454, title IX, § 906(a)(2), (3),Oct. 13, 1978, 92 Stat. 1224; Pub. L. 98–615, § 3(6),Nov. 8, 1984, 98 Stat. 3204; Pub. L. 99–53, § 2(e), (f),June 17, 1985, 99 Stat. 94; Pub. L. 99–251, title I, § 101,Feb. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 14; Pub. L. 100–654, title II, § 202(a),Nov. 14, 1988, 102 Stat. 3845; Pub. L. 101–508, title VII, § 7002(b), (c),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–330; Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title VII, § 721(b)(4),Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2065; Pub. L. 105–266, § 6(b)(1),Oct. 19, 1998, 112 Stat. 2369.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Derivation U.S. Code Revised Statutes and Statutes at Large
5 U.S.C. 3007. Sept. 28, 1959, Pub. L. 86–382, § 8, 73 Stat. 714.
Mar. 17, 1964, Pub. L. 88–284, § 1(12), (13), 78 Stat. 165.
5 U.S.C. 3008(b). Sept. 23, 1959, Pub. L. 86–382, § 9(b), 73 Stat. 715.

In subsection (a), the words “hereby created” are omitted as executed. The words “hereinafter referred to as the ‘Fund’ ” are omitted as unnecessary. The words “to reimburse the Employees Health Benefits Fund for sums expended by the Commission in administering the provisions of this chapter for the fiscal years 1960 and 1961” in former section 3008(b) are omitted as executed.
In subsection (d), the requirement that the assets and liabilities of plans of organizations that have been merged be transferred at the beginning of the contract term next following the date of the merger or enactment of this subsection is omitted as executed. The next beginning contract term referred to was November 1, 1964, and the transfers have been made. In the last sentence, the word “hereafter” is omitted as unnecessary.
In subsection (e), the word “is” is substituted for “is or has been” as this title is stated prospectively, and any existing rights and duties are preserved by technical section 8.
Standard changes are made to conform with the definitions applicable and the style of this title as outlined in the preface of the report.
Amendments

1998—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–266designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added pars. (2) and (3).
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105–261added subsec. (g).
1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–508, § 7002(b), inserted at end “Payments from the Fund to a plan participating in a letter-of-credit arrangement under this chapter shall, in connection with any payment or reimbursement to be made by such plan for a health service or supply, be made, to the maximum extent practicable, on a checks-presented basis (as defined under regulations of the Department of the Treasury).”
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 101–508, § 7002(c), added subsec. (f).
1988—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–654substituted “former spouse, or person having continued coverage under section 8905a of this title” for “or former spouse” in two places.
1986—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–251substituted “enrollees” for “employees” in last sentence.
1985—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 99–53, § 2(e), substituted “section 8903 (3) or 8903a” for “section 8903 (3)” and inserted provision directing that if the successor organization is an organization described in section 8901 (8)(B) of this title, any transferred employee, annuitant, or former spouse may not remain enrolled in the plan after the end of the contract term in which the merger occurs unless the individual is a full member of such organization (as determined under section 8903a (d) of this title).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 99–53, § 2(f), inserted “or 8903a” before “of this title”.
1984—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 98–615, § 3(6)(A), substituted “enrollees” for “employees, annuitants,” in provisions preceding par. (1).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 98–615, § 3(6)(B), substituted “Each employee, annuitant, or former spouse” for “Each employee or annuitant”.
1978—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 95–454substituted “Office of Personnel Management” for “Civil Service Commission” and “Office” for “Commission” wherever appearing.
Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–508applicable with respect to contract years beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1991, see section 7002(g) ofPub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 8902 of this title.
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–654applicable with respect to any calendar year beginning, and contracts entered into or renewed for any calendar year beginning, after end of 9-month period beginning Nov. 14, 1988, and with respect to any qualifying event occurring on or after first day of first calendar year beginning after end of such 9-month period, see section 203 ofPub. L. 100–654, set out as a note under section 8902 of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–615effective May 7, 1985, with enumerated exceptions, and applicable to any individual who is married to an employee or annuitant on or after that date, see section 4(a)(2) ofPub. L. 98–615, as amended, set out as a note under section 8341 of this title.
Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–454effective 90 days after Oct. 13, 1978, see section 907 ofPub. L. 95–454, set out as a note under section 1101 of this title.
Disposal of Amounts Remaining as of October 19, 1998, in Contingency Reserve of Discontinued Plan

Pub. L. 105–266, § 6(b)(2),Oct. 19, 1998, 112 Stat. 2369, provided that: “In the case of any amounts remaining as of the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 19, 1998] in the contingency reserve of a discontinued plan, such amounts shall be disposed of in accordance with section 8909 (e) of title 5, United States Code, as amended by this subsection, by—
“(A) the deadline set forth in section 8909(e) of such title (as so amended); or
“(B) if later, the end of the 6-month period beginning on such date of enactment.”
Amounts To Be Refunded From Carriers’ Special Reserves

Pub. L. 99–272, title XV, § 15202(a),Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 333, provided that:
“(1) The Office of Personnel Management—
“(A) shall determine the minimum level of financial reserves necessary to be held by a carrier for each health benefits plan under chapter 89 of such title for the purpose of ensuring the stable and efficient operation of such plan; and
“(B) shall require the carrier to refund to the Employees Health Benefits Fund (described in section 8909 (a) of title 5, United States Code) any such reserves in excess of such minimum level in such amounts and at such times during fiscal years 1986 and 1987 as the Office determines appropriate.
“(2) In carrying out its responsibilities under this subsection, the Office shall ensure that the aggregate amount to be refunded to the Employees Health Benefits Fund under this subsection—
“(A) during fiscal year 1986 shall be not less than $800,000,000; and
“(B) during fiscal year 1987 shall be not less than $300,000,000.
“(3) No amount in the Employees Health Benefits Fund may be transferred to the general fund of the Treasury of the United States as a result of a refund made under this subsection.
“(4)(A) Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), any amounts refunded to the Employees Health Benefits Fund under this subsection may be used solely for the purpose of paying the Government contribution under chapter 89 of title 5, United States Code, for health benefits for annuitants, as defined by section 8901 (3) of title 5, United States Code, (including the Government contribution for former employees of the United States Postal Service) enrolled in health benefits plans under such chapter.
“(B) This paragraph applies to a refund to the extent that such refund represents amounts attributable to Government contributions which were made under section 8906 (b) of title 5, United States Code, (including contributions made by the United States Postal Service) as determined under regulations which the Office of Personnel Management shall prescribe.
“(C) Any part of the amount in the Employees Health Benefits Fund as a result of a refund made under this subsection may be transferred—
“(i) to the government of the District of Columbia, except that the amount of any such part so transferred shall not exceed the amount attributable to the contributions made by the government of the District of Columbia to subscription charges under this chapter (as determined by the Office of Personnel Management); and
“(ii) to the United States Postal Service, except that the amount of any such part so transferred shall not exceed the amount attributable to the contributions made by the United States Postal Service to subscription charges under this chapter (as determined by the Office).
“(5) The provisions of this subsection shall apply notwithstanding any provision of the Federal Employees Benefits Improvement Act of 1985 [probably means the Federal Employees Benefits Improvement Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99–251, see Short Title of 1986 Amendment note set out under section 8901 of this title for classification].”
Restrictions Relating to Amounts Refunded to Employees Health Benefits Fund From Carriers’ Special Reserves

Pub. L. 99–251, title I, § 112,Feb. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 19, provided that:
“(a) Prohibited Transfers.—(1) No amount in the Employees Health Benefits Fund may be transferred to the general fund of the Treasury of the United States or the United States Postal Service as a result of a refund described in paragraph (2).
“(2) This subsection applies with respect to any refund made by a carrier during fiscal year 1986 or 1987 to the Employees Health Benefits Fund to the extent that such refund represents amounts in excess of the minimum level of financial reserves necessary to be held by such carrier to ensure the stable and efficient operation of its health benefits plan.
“(b) Restriction Relating to Use of Certain Amounts in the Fund.—(1) Any amount which is in the Employees Health Benefits Fund, and which is described in paragraph (2), may be used solely for the purpose of paying the Government contribution under chapter 89 of title 5, United States Code, for health benefits for annuitants enrolled in health benefits plans (without regard to the health benefits plan or plans from which the refunds were received).
“(2) This subsection applies with respect to any amounts—
“(A) which are referred to in subsection (a)(2); and
“(B) which are attributable to Government contributions (other than contributions by the government of the District of Columbia, which shall be returned to such government) that were made under section 8906 (b) of title 5, United States Code, as determined under regulations which the Office of Personnel Management shall prescribe.
“(c) Definitions.—For the purpose of this section—
“(1) the term ‘Employees Health Benefits Fund’ refers to the fund described in section 8909 (a) of title 5, United States Code;
“(2) the term ‘carrier’ has the meaning given such term by section 8901(7) of such title; and
“(3) the term ‘health benefits plan’ has the meaning given such term by section 8901(6) of such title.”

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5 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

 

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