For the purpose of facilitating the transfer of technology, the Secretary of Energy shall ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that atomic energy defense activities research on, and development of, any dual-use critical technology is conducted through cooperative research and development agreements, or other arrangements, that involve laboratories of the Department of Energy and other entities.
(b) Cooperative research and development centers
(1)Subject to the availability of appropriations provided for such purpose, the Administrator for Nuclear Security shall establish a cooperative research and development center described in paragraph (2) at each national security laboratory.
(2)A cooperative research and development center described in this paragraph is a center to foster collaborative scientific research, technology development, and the appropriate transfer of research and technology to users in addition to the national security laboratories.
(3)In establishing a cooperative research and development center under this subsection, the Administrator—
(A)shall enter into cooperative research and development agreements with governmental, public, academic, or private entities; and
(B)may enter into a contract with respect to constructing, purchasing, managing, or leasing buildings or other facilities.
In this section:
(1)The term “dual-use critical technology” means a technology—
(A)that is critical to atomic energy defense activities, as determined by the Secretary of Energy;
(B)that has military applications and nonmilitary applications; and
(I)appears on the list of national critical technologies contained in a biennial report on national critical technologies submitted to Congress by the President pursuant to section
6683(d) of title
(II)has not been expressly deleted from such list by such a report subsequently submitted to Congress by the President; or
(I)appears on the list of critical technologies contained in an annual defense critical technologies plan submitted to Congress by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to section
2506 of title
(II)has not been expressly deleted from such list by such a plan subsequently submitted to Congress by the Secretary.
(2)The term “cooperative research and development agreement” has the meaning given that term by section
3710a(d) of title
(3)The term “other entities” means—
(A)firms, or a consortium of firms, that are eligible to participate in a partnership or other arrangement with a laboratory of the Department of Energy, as determined in accordance with applicable law and regulations; or
(B)firms, or a consortium of firms, described in subparagraph (A) in combination with one or more of the following:
(i)Institutions of higher education in the United States.
(ii)Departments and agencies of the Federal Government other than the Department of Energy.
(iii)Agencies of State Governments.
(iv)Any other persons or entities that may be eligible and appropriate, as determined in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.
(4)The term “atomic energy defense activities” does not include activities covered by Executive Order No. 12344, dated February 1, 1982, pertaining to the Naval nuclear propulsion program.
6683 of title
42, referred to in subsec. (c)(1)(C)(i)(I), was omitted from the Code.
2506 of title
10, referred to in subsec. (c)(1)(C)(ii)(I), was amended generally by Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title VIII, § 829(d),Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2613, and, as so amended, no longer relates to submission of a plan to Congress.
Executive Order No. 12344, dated February 1, 1982, referred to in subsec. (c)(4), is set out as a note under section
2511 of this title.
Section was formerly classified to section
2123 of Title
42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 108–136.
2011—Pub. L. 111–383, § 3115(a)(3), inserted “and cooperative research and development centers” after “partnerships” in section catchline.
Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 111–383, § 3115(a)(1), added subsec. (b) and redesignated former subsec. (b) as (c).
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
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