(a) Obligations and expenditures for intelligence or intelligence-related activity; prerequisites
Appropriated funds available to an intelligence agency may be obligated or expended for an intelligence or intelligence-related activity only if—
(1)those funds were specifically authorized by the Congress for use for such activities; or
(2)in the case of funds from the Reserve for Contingencies of the Central Intelligence Agency and consistent with the provisions of section
3093 of this title concerning any significant anticipated intelligence activity, the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency has notified the appropriate congressional committees of the intent to make such funds available for such activity; or
(3)in the case of funds specifically authorized by the Congress for a different activity—
(A)the activity to be funded is a higher priority intelligence or intelligence-related activity;
(B)the use of such funds for such activity supports an emergent need, improves program effectiveness, or increases efficiency; and
(C)the Director of National Intelligence, the Secretary of Defense, or the Attorney General, as appropriate, has notified the appropriate congressional committees of the intent to make such funds available for such activity;
(4)nothing in this subsection prohibits obligation or expenditure of funds available to an intelligence agency in accordance with sections
1536 of title
(b) Activities denied funding by Congress
Funds available to an intelligence agency may not be made available for any intelligence or intelligence-related activity for which funds were denied by the Congress.
(c) Presidential finding required for expenditure of funds on covert action
No funds appropriated for, or otherwise available to, any department, agency, or entity of the United States Government may be expended, or may be directed to be expended, for any covert action, as defined in section
3093(e) of this title, unless and until a Presidential finding required by subsection (a) ofsection
3093 of this title has been signed or otherwise issued in accordance with that subsection.
(d) Report to Congressional committees required for expenditure of nonappropriated funds for intelligence activity
(1)Except as otherwise specifically provided by law, funds available to an intelligence agency that are not appropriated funds may be obligated or expended for an intelligence or intelligence-related activity only if those funds are used for activities reported to the appropriate congressional committees pursuant to procedures which identify—
(A)the types of activities for which nonappropriated funds may be expended; and
(B)the circumstances under which an activity must be reported as a significant anticipated intelligence activity before such funds can be expended.
(2)Procedures for purposes of paragraph (1) shall be jointly agreed upon by the congressional intelligence committees and, as appropriate, the Director of National Intelligence or the Secretary of Defense.
As used in this section—
(1)the term “intelligence agency” means any department, agency, or other entity of the United States involved in intelligence or intelligence-related activities;
(2)the term “appropriate congressional committees” means the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Select Committee on Intelligence and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
(3)the term “specifically authorized by the Congress” means that—
(A)the activity and the amount of funds proposed to be used for that activity were identified in a formal budget request to the Congress, but funds shall be deemed to be specifically authorized for that activity only to the extent that the Congress both authorized the funds to be appropriated for that activity and appropriated the funds for that activity; or
(B)although the funds were not formally requested, the Congress both specifically authorized the appropriation of the funds for the activity and appropriated the funds for the activity.
Section was formerly classified to section
414 of this title prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section. Some section numbers of this title referenced in amendment notes below reflect the classification of such sections prior to their editorial reclassification.
2010—Subsec. (a)(3)(B). Pub. L. 111–259amended subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as follows: “the need for funds for such activity is based on unforseen requirements; and”.
2004—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 108–458, § 1071(a)(5), substituted “Director of the Central Intelligence Agency” for “Director of Central Intelligence”.
Subsec. (a)(3)(C). Pub. L. 108–458, § 1071(a)(1)(Z), substituted “Director of National Intelligence” for “Director of Central Intelligence”.
Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 108–458, § 1071(a)(1)(AA), substituted “Director of National Intelligence” for “Director of Central Intelligence”.
2002—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 107–306substituted “congressional intelligence committees” for “intelligence committees”.
Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 102–88, § 603, added subsecs. (c) and (d) and redesignated former subsec. (c) as (e).
Effective Date of 2004 Amendment
For Determination by President that amendment by Pub. L. 108–458take effect on Apr. 21, 2005, see Memorandum of President of the United States, Apr. 21, 2005, 70 F.R. 23925, set out as a note under section
3001 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 108–458effective not later than six months after Dec. 17, 2004, except as otherwise expressly provided, see section 1097(a) ofPub. L. 108–458, set out in an Effective Date of 2004 Amendment; Transition Provisions note under section
3001 of this title.
Sense of Congress Regarding Disclosure of Annual Intelligence Budget
Pub. L. 102–496, title III, § 303,Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3183, provided that: “It is the sense of Congress that, beginning in 1993, and in each year thereafter, the aggregate amount requested and authorized for, and spent on, intelligence and intelligence-related activities should be disclosed to the public in an appropriate manner.” Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation act: Pub. L. 102–183, title VII, § 701,Dec. 4, 1991, 105 Stat. 1270.
Enhanced Security Countermeasures Capabilities; Application of Section
Pub. L. 99–169, title IV, § 401(c),Dec. 4, 1985, 99 Stat. 1006, provided that the amendment made by section 401(a) ofPub. L. 99–169, enacting this section, would not apply with respect to funds appropriated to the Director of Central Intelligence under the heading “enhanced security countermeasures capabilities” in the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1985, Pub. L. 99–88, Aug. 15, 1985, 99 Stat. 311.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
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Description of Change
Statutes at Large
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