50 U.S. Code § 98e - Stockpile management

(a) Presidential powers
The President shall—
(1) acquire the materials determined under section 98b (a) of this title to be strategic and critical materials;
(2) provide for the proper storage, security, and maintenance of materials in the stockpile;
(3) provide for the upgrading, refining, or processing of any material in the stockpile (notwithstanding any intermediate stockpile quantity established for such material) when necessary to convert such material into a form more suitable for storage, subsequent disposition, and immediate use in a national emergency;
(4) provide for the rotation of any material in the stockpile when necessary to prevent deterioration or technological obsolescence of such material by replacement of such material with an equivalent quantity of substantially the same material or better material;
(5) provide for the appropriate recovery of any strategic and critical materials under section 98b (a) of this title that may be available from excess materials made available for recovery purposes by other Federal agencies;
(6) subject to the notification required by subsection (d)(2) of this section, provide for the timely disposal of materials in the stockpile that
(A) are excess to stockpile requirements, and
(B) may cause a loss to the Government if allowed to deteriorate; and
(7) subject to the provisions of section 98d (b) of this title, dispose of materials in the stockpile the disposal of which is specifically authorized by law.
(b) Federal procurement practices
Except as provided in subsections (c) and (d) of this section, acquisition of strategic and critical materials under this subchapter shall be made in accordance with established Federal procurement practices, and, except as provided in subsections (c) and (d) of this section and in section 98f (a) of this title, disposal of strategic and critical materials from the stockpile shall be made in accordance with the next sentence. To the maximum extent feasible—
(1) competitive procedures shall be used in the acquisition and disposal of such materials; and
(2) efforts shall be made in the acquisition and disposal of such materials to avoid undue disruption of the usual markets of producers, processors, and consumers of such materials and to protect the United States against avoidable loss.
(c) Barter; use of stockpile materials as payment for expenses of acquiring, refining, processing, or rotating materials
(1) The President shall encourage the use of barter in the acquisition under subsection (a)(1) of this section of strategic and critical materials for, and the disposal under subsection (a)(5) or (a)(6) of this section of materials from, the stockpile when acquisition or disposal by barter is authorized by law and is practical and in the best interest of the United States.
(2) Materials in the stockpile (the disposition of which is authorized by paragraph (3) to finance the upgrading, refining, or processing of a material in the stockpile, or is otherwise authorized by law) shall be available for transfer at fair market value as payment for expenses (including transportation and other incidental expenses) of acquisition of materials, or of upgrading, refining, processing, or rotating materials, under this subchapter.
(3) Notwithstanding section 98b (c) of this title or any other provision of law, whenever the President provides under subsection (a)(3) of this section for the upgrading, refining, or processing of a material in the stockpile to convert that material into a form more suitable for storage, subsequent disposition, and immediate use in a national emergency, the President may barter a portion of the same material (or any other material in the stockpile that is authorized for disposal) to finance that upgrading, refining, or processing.
(4) To the extent otherwise authorized by law, property owned by the United States may be bartered for materials needed for the stockpile.
(d) Waiver; notification of proposed disposal of materials
(1) The President may waive the applicability of any provision of the first sentence of subsection (b) of this section to any acquisition of material for, or disposal of material from, the stockpile. Whenever the President waives any such provision with respect to any such acquisition or disposal, or whenever the President determines that the application of paragraph (1) or (2) of such subsection to a particular acquisition or disposal is not feasible, the President shall notify the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives in writing of the proposed acquisition or disposal at least 45 days before any obligation of the United States is incurred in connection with such acquisition or disposal and shall include in such notification the reasons for not complying with any provision of such subsection.
(2) Materials in the stockpile may be disposed of under subsection (a)(5) of this section only if such congressional committees are notified in writing of the proposed disposal at least 45 days before any obligation of the United States is incurred in connection with such disposal.
(e) Leasehold interests in property
The President may acquire leasehold interests in property, for periods not in excess of twenty years, for storage, security, and maintenance of materials in the stockpile.

Source

(June 7, 1939, ch. 190, § 6, as added Pub. L. 96–41, § 2(a),July 30, 1979, 93 Stat. 321; amended Pub. L. 97–35, title II, § 203(c),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 382; Pub. L. 99–661, div. C, title II, § 3207(b),Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 4069; Pub. L. 101–189, div. C, title XXXIII, § 3314,Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1688; Pub. L. 101–510, div. C, title XXXIII, § 3301(a), (b),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1844; Pub. L. 102–190, div. C, title XXXIII, § 3312,Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1584; Pub. L. 103–337, div. C, title XXXIII, § 3302,Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3098; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, § 1502(e)(1),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 509; Pub. L. 104–201, div. C, title XXXIII, § 3312(b), (c),Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2857; Pub. L. 105–85, div. C, title XXXIII, § 3306,Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 2058; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, § 1067(13),Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 775; Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title XIV, § 1411(a),Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 934.)
Prior Provisions

A prior section 98e, acts June 7, 1939, ch. 190, § 6,53 Stat. 812; May 28, 1941, ch. 135, 55 Stat. 206; July 23, 1946, ch. 590, 60 Stat. 598; Ex. Ord. No. 9809, eff. Dec. 12, 1946, 11 F.R. 14281; Ex. Ord. No. 9841, eff. Apr. 23, 1947, 12 F.R. 2645; June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title I, § 105,63 Stat. 381; 1953 Reorg. Plan No. 3, § 2(b), eff. June 12, 1953, 18 F.R. 3375, 67 Stat. 634; 1958 Reorg. Plan No. 1, § 2, eff. July 1, 1958, 23 F.R. 4991, 72 Stat. 1799; Oct. 21, 1968, Pub. L. 90–608, § 402, 82 Stat. 1194; Ex. Ord. No. 11725, § 3, eff. June 29, 1973, 38 F.R. 17175, related to transfer of surplus materials to stock piles, prior to repeal by section 2(a) ofPub. L. 96–41. See section 98c (b) of this title.
Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in former section 98b of this title prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–41.
Amendments

2013—Subsec. (a)(5) to (7). Pub. L. 113–66added par. (5) and redesignated former pars. (5) and (6) as (6) and (7), respectively.
1999—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 106–65substituted “and the Committee on Armed Services” for “and the Committee on National Security”.
1997—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–85, in first sentence, substituted “strategic and critical materials from the stockpile shall be made in accordance with the next sentence” for “materials from the stockpile shall be made by formal advertising or competitive negotiation procedures”.
1996—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 104–201, § 3312(b), substituted “45 days” for “thirty days”.
Pub. L. 104–106, § 1502(e)(1)(A), substituted “Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives” for “Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives”.
Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 104–201, § 3312(c), substituted “45 days” for “thirty days”.
Pub. L. 104–106, § 1502(e)(1)(B), substituted “such congressional committees” for “the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives”.
1994—Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 103–337inserted “or technological obsolescence” after “deterioration”.
1991—Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 102–190inserted before semicolon “or better material”.
1990—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 101–510, § 3301(b)(1), substituted “upgrading, refining,” for “refining”, inserted “(notwithstanding any intermediate stockpile quantity established for such material)” after “stockpile”, and substituted “storage, subsequent disposition, and immediate use in a national emergency” for “storage and subsequent disposition”.
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 101–510, § 3301(b)(2), inserted “under subsection (a)(1) of this section” after “the acquisition” and “under subsection (a)(5) or (a)(6) of this section” after “the disposal”.
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 101–510, § 3301(b)(3), substituted “(the disposition of which is authorized by paragraph (3) to finance the upgrading, refining, or processing of a material in the stockpile, or is otherwise authorized by law)” for “, the disposition of which is authorized by law,” and “of upgrading, refining” for “of refining”.
Subsec. (c)(3), (4). Pub. L. 101–510, § 3301(a), added par. (3) and redesignated former par. (3) as (4).
1989—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–189, § 3314(1), inserted “and” at end of par. (1), substituted a period for “; and” at end of par. (2), and struck out par. (3) which read as follows: “disposal of such materials shall be made for domestic consumption.”
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 101–189, § 3314(2), substituted “paragraph (1) or (2)” for “paragraph (1), (2), or (3)”.
1986—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 99–661substituted “a form more” for “the form most”.
1981—Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 97–35inserted reference to section 98d (b) of this title.
Delegation of Functions

Functions of President under this section delegated to Secretary of Defense by section 1 of Ex. Ord. No. 12636, Feb. 25, 1988, 53 F.R. 6114, set out under section 98 of this title.
Acquisition of Depleted Uranium for National Defense Stockpile

Pub. L. 101–511, title VIII, § 8095,Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1896, directed President, using funds available in National Defense Stockpile Transaction Fund, to acquire over a period of ten years from current domestic sources not less than thirty-six million pounds of depleted uranium to be held in National Defense Stockpile, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 102–172, title VIII, § 8027A,Nov. 26, 1991, 105 Stat. 1177.

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32 CFR - National Defense

32 CFR Part 736 - DISPOSITION OF PROPERTY

 

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