51 U.S. Code § 40702 - Additional research and development initiative

The Administrator shall establish an initiative involving the Administration, universities, industry, and other research organizations as appropriate, of research, development, and demonstration, in a relevant environment, of technologies to enable the following commercial aircraft performance characteristics:
(1) Noise levels.— Noise levels on takeoff and on airport approach and landing that do not exceed ambient noise levels in the absence of flight operations in the vicinity of airports from which such commercial aircraft would normally operate, without increasing energy consumption or nitrogen oxide emissions compared to aircraft in commercial service as of October 15, 2008.
(2) Greenhouse gas emissions.— Significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions compared to aircraft in commercial services as of October 15, 2008.


(Pub. L. 111–314, § 3,Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3390.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised Section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
42 U.S.C. 17721.
Pub. L. 110–422, title III, § 302, Oct. 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 4786.

In paragraphs (1) and (2), the date “October 15, 2008” is substituted for “the date of enactment of this Act” to reflect the date of enactment of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2008 (Public Law 110–422, 122 Stat. 4779).

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

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51 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


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