7 U.S. Code § 1343 - Referendum

Not later than December 15 following the issuance of the marketing quota proclamation provided for in section 1342 of this title, the Secretary shall conduct a referendum, by secret ballot, of farmers engaged in the production of cotton in the calendar year in which the referendum is held, to determine whether such farmers are in favor of or opposed to the quota so proclaimed. If more than one-third of the farmers voting in the referendum oppose the national marketing quota, such quota shall become ineffective upon proclamation of the results of the referendum. The Secretary shall proclaim the results of any referendum held hereunder within thirty days after the date of such referendum. Notwithstanding any other provision hereof, the referendum with respect to the national marketing quota for cotton for the marketing year beginning August 1, 1986, may be conducted not later than thirty-one days after adjournment sine die of the first session of the Ninety-ninth Congress.

Source

(Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title III, § 343,52 Stat. 56; Apr. 7, 1938, ch. 107, § 8,52 Stat. 203; July 26, 1939, ch. 376, 53 Stat. 1125; July 3, 1948, ch. 827, title II, § 207(c),62 Stat. 1257; Aug. 29, 1949, ch. 518, § 1,63 Stat. 670; Oct. 31, 1949, ch. 792, title IV, § 415(e),63 Stat. 1058; Pub. L. 97–77, § 2(c),Nov. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 1069; Pub. L. 99–157, § 4,Nov. 15, 1985, 99 Stat. 818.)
Codification

Provision that if marketing quotas were proclaimed for the 1950 crop, farmers eligible to vote in the referendum with respect to such crop were to be those farmers who had produced cotton in the 1948 calendar year was omitted from the Code.
Amendments

1985—Pub. L. 99–157amended last sentence generally, substituting “August 1, 1986, may be conducted not later than thirty-one days after adjournment sine die of the first session of the Ninety-ninth Congress” for “August 1, 1982, may be conducted not later than the earlier of the following: (1) thirty days after adjournment sine die of the first session of the Ninety-seventh Congress, or (2) January 1, 1982”.
1981—Pub. L. 97–77inserted provision that the referendum with respect to the national marketing quota for cotton for the marketing year beginning Aug. 1, 1982, be conducted not later than the earlier of the following: (1) thirty days after adjournment sine die of the first session of the Ninety-seventh Congress, or (2) Jan. 1, 1982.
1949—Act Aug. 29, 1949, amended section generally by providing for a secret referendum. Former provisions of this section are now covered by section 1342 of this title.
Subsec. (a). Act Oct. 31, 1949, repealed amendatory provisions of act July 3, 1948.
1948—Subsec. (a). Act July 3, 1948, required Secretary to take imports into consideration in determining acreage allotments for purposes of marketing quotas.
1939—Subsec. (b). Act July 26, 1939, inserted last sentence.
1938—Subsec. (c). Act Apr. 7, 1938, substituted “for any year” for “for 1938 and 1939”.
Effective Date of 1948 Amendment

Amendment by act July 3, 1948, effective Jan. 1, 1950, see section 303 of act July 3, 1948, set out as a note under section 1301 of this title.
Inapplicability of Section

Section inapplicable to 1984 and subsequent crops of extra long staple cotton, see section 3 ofPub. L. 98–88, set out as a note under section 1342 of this title.
Section inapplicable to 2002 through 2007 crops of covered commodities, peanuts, and sugar and inapplicable to milk during period beginning May 13, 2002, through Dec. 31, 2007, see section 7992 (a)(1) of this title.
Section inapplicable to 1996 through 2001 crops of loan commodities, peanuts, and sugar and inapplicable to milk during period beginning Apr. 4, 1996, and ending Dec. 31, 2002, see section 7301 (a)(1)(A) of this title.
Section inapplicable to 1991 through 1995 crops of upland cotton, see section 502 ofPub. L. 101–624, set out as a note under section 1342 of this title.
Section inapplicable to 1986 through 1990 crops of upland cotton, see section 502 ofPub. L. 99–198, set out as a note under section 1342 of this title.
Section inapplicable to 1982 through 1985 crops of upland cotton, see section 501 ofPub. L. 97–98, set out as a note under section 1342 of this title.
Section inapplicable to 1978 through 1981 crops of upland cotton, see section 601 ofPub. L. 95–113, set out as a note under section 1342 of this title.
Pub. L. 91–524, title VI, § 601(1),Nov. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1371, as amended by Pub. L. 93–86, § 1(19)(A),Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 233, provided that this section is inapplicable to 1971 through 1977 crops of upland cotton.

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7 CFR - Agriculture

7 CFR Part 15 - NONDISCRIMINATION

 

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