7 U.S. Code § 136j - Unlawful acts

(a) In general
(1) Except as provided by subsection (b) of this section, it shall be unlawful for any person in any State to distribute or sell to any person—
(A) any pesticide that is not registered under section 136a of this title or whose registration has been canceled or suspended, except to the extent that distribution or sale otherwise has been authorized by the Administrator under this subchapter;
(B) any registered pesticide if any claims made for it as a part of its distribution or sale substantially differ from any claims made for it as a part of the statement required in connection with its registration under section 136a of this title;
(C) any registered pesticide the composition of which differs at the time of its distribution or sale from its composition as described in the statement required in connection with its registration under section 136a of this title;
(D) any pesticide which has not been colored or discolored pursuant to the provisions of section 136w (c)(5) of this title;
(E) any pesticide which is adulterated or misbranded; or
(F) any device which is misbranded.
(2) It shall be unlawful for any person—
(A) to detach, alter, deface, or destroy, in whole or in part, any labeling required under this subchapter;
(B) to refuse to—
(i) prepare, maintain, or submit any records required by or under section 136c, 136e, 136f, 136i, or 136q of this title;
(ii) submit any reports required by or under section 136c, 136d, 136e, 136f, 136i, or 136q of this title; or
(iii) allow any entry, inspection, copying of records, or sampling authorized by this subchapter;
(C) to give a guaranty or undertaking provided for in subsection (b) of this section which is false in any particular, except that a person who receives and relies upon a guaranty authorized under subsection (b) of this section may give a guaranty to the same effect, which guaranty shall contain, in addition to the person’s own name and address, the name and address of the person residing in the United States from whom the person received the guaranty or undertaking;
(D) to use for the person’s own advantage or to reveal, other than to the Administrator, or officials or employees of the Environmental Protection Agency or other Federal executive agencies, or to the courts, or to physicians, pharmacists, and other qualified persons, needing such information for the performance of their duties, in accordance with such directions as the Administrator may prescribe, any information acquired by authority of this subchapter which is confidential under this subchapter;
(E) who is a registrant, wholesaler, dealer, retailer, or other distributor to advertise a product registered under this subchapter for restricted use without giving the classification of the product assigned to it under section 136a of this title;
(F) to distribute or sell, or to make available for use, or to use, any registered pesticide classified for restricted use for some or all purposes other than in accordance with section 136a (d) of this title and any regulations thereunder, except that it shall not be unlawful to sell, under regulations issued by the Administrator, a restricted use pesticide to a person who is not a certified applicator for application by a certified applicator;
(G) to use any registered pesticide in a manner inconsistent with its labeling;
(H) to use any pesticide which is under an experimental use permit contrary to the provisions of such permit;
(I) to violate any order issued under section 136k of this title;
(J) to violate any suspension order issued under section 136a (c)(2)(B), 136a–1, or 136d of this title;
(K) to violate any cancellation order issued under this subchapter or to fail to submit a notice in accordance with section 136d (g) of this title;
(L) who is a producer to violate any of the provisions of section 136e of this title;
(M) to knowingly falsify all or part of any application for registration, application for experimental use permit, any information submitted to the Administrator pursuant to section 136e of this title, any records required to be maintained pursuant to this subchapter, any report filed under this subchapter, or any information marked as confidential and submitted to the Administrator under any provision of this subchapter;
(N) who is a registrant, wholesaler, dealer, retailer, or other distributor to fail to file reports required by this subchapter;
(O) to add any substance to, or take any substance from, any pesticide in a manner that may defeat the purpose of this subchapter;
(P) to use any pesticide in tests on human beings unless such human beings
(i) are fully informed of the nature and purposes of the test and of any physical and mental health consequences which are reasonably foreseeable therefrom, and
(ii) freely volunteer to participate in the test;
(Q) to falsify all or part of any information relating to the testing of any pesticide (or any ingredient, metabolite, or degradation product thereof), including the nature of any protocol, procedure, substance, organism, or equipment used, observation made, or conclusion or opinion formed, submitted to the Administrator, or that the person knows will be furnished to the Administrator or will become a part of any records required to be maintained by this subchapter;
(R) to submit to the Administrator data known to be false in support of a registration; or
(S) to violate any regulation issued under section 136a (a) or 136q of this title.
(b) Exemptions
The penalties provided for a violation of paragraph (1) of subsection (a) of this section shall not apply to—
(1) any person who establishes a guaranty signed by, and containing the name and address of, the registrant or person residing in the United States from whom the person purchased or received in good faith the pesticide in the same unbroken package, to the effect that the pesticide was lawfully registered at the time of sale and delivery to the person, and that it complies with the other requirements of this subchapter, and in such case the guarantor shall be subject to the penalties which would otherwise attach to the person holding the guaranty under the provisions of this subchapter;
(2) any carrier while lawfully shipping, transporting, or delivering for shipment any pesticide or device, if such carrier upon request of any officer or employee duly designated by the Administrator shall permit such officer or employee to copy all of its records concerning such pesticide or device;
(3) any public official while engaged in the performance of the official duties of the public official;
(4) any person using or possessing any pesticide as provided by an experimental use permit in effect with respect to such pesticide and such use or possession; or
(5) any person who ships a substance or mixture of substances being put through tests in which the purpose is only to determine its value for pesticide purposes or to determine its toxicity or other properties and from which the user does not expect to receive any benefit in pest control from its use.

Source

(June 25, 1947, ch. 125, § 12, as added Pub. L. 92–516, § 2,Oct. 21, 1972, 86 Stat. 989; amended Pub. L. 95–396, § 16,Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 832; Pub. L. 100–532, title VI, §§ 601(b)(2), 603, title VIII, § 801(g), (q)(2)(B),Oct. 25, 1988, 102 Stat. 2677, 2678, 2682, 2683; Pub. L. 102–237, title X, § 1006(a)(7), (b)(3)(L)–(O), Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1895, 1896.)
Prior Provisions

A prior section 12 of act June 25, 1947, was classified to section 135j of this title prior to amendment of act June 25, 1947, by Pub. L. 92–516.
Amendments

1991—Subsec. (a)(2)(C). Pub. L. 102–237, § 1006(b)(3)(L), substituted “the person’s” for “his” and “the person” for “he” before “received”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(D). Pub. L. 102–237, § 1006(b)(3)(M), substituted “the person’s” for “his”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(F). Pub. L. 102–237, § 1006(a)(7)(A), substituted “thereunder, except that it” for “thereunder. It”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(O). Pub. L. 102–237, § 1006(a)(7)(B), struck out “or” after semicolon at end.
Subsec. (a)(2)(P). Pub. L. 102–237, § 1006(a)(7)(C), substituted a semicolon for period at end.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 102–237, § 1006(b)(3)(N), substituted “the person” for “he” after “from whom” and for “him” after “delivery to”.
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 102–237, § 1006(b)(3)(O), substituted “the official duties of the public official” for “his official duties”.
1988—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 100–532, § 601(b)(2)(A), in introductory provisions, substituted “distribute or sell to any person” for “distribute, sell, offer for sale, hold for sale, ship, deliver for shipment, or receive and (having so received) deliver or offer to deliver, to any person”.
Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 100–532, § 603(1), added subpar. (A) and struck out former subpar. (A) which read as follows: “any pesticide which is not registered under section 136a of this title, except as provided by section 136d (a)(1) of this title;”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Pub. L. 100–532, § 603(2)(A), added subpar. (B) and struck out former subpar. (B) which read as follows: “to refuse to keep any records required pursuant to section 136f of this title, or to refuse to allow inspection of any records or establishment pursuant to section 136f or 136g of this title, or to refuse to allow an officer or employee of the Environmental Protection Agency to take a sample of any pesticide pursuant to section 136g of this title;”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(F). Pub. L. 100–532, §§ 601(b)(2)(B), 801 (g), substituted “to distribute or sell, or to make” for “to make” and “thereunder, It” for “thereunder: Provided, That it”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(J). Pub. L. 100–532, § 801(q)(2)(B), made a technical amendment to the reference to section 136a–1 of this title to reflect the renumbering of the corresponding section of the original act.
Pub. L. 100–532, § 603(2)(B), added subpar. (J) and struck out former subpar. (J) which read as follows: “to violate any suspension order issued under section 136d of this title;”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(K). Pub. L. 100–532, § 603(2)(B), added subpar. (K) and struck out former subpar. (K) which read as follows: “to violate any cancellation of registration of a pesticide under section 136d of this title, except as provided by section 136d (a)(1) of this title;”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(M). Pub. L. 100–532, § 603(2)(C), substituted “this subchapter” for “section 136f of this title”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(Q), (R), (S). Pub. L. 100–532, § 603(2)(D), added subpars. (Q), (R), and (S).
1978—Subsec. (a)(2)(F). Pub. L. 95–396inserted proviso exempting from prohibition the sale, under regulations issued by the Administrator, of a restricted use pesticide to a person who is not a certified applicator for application by a certified applicator.
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–532effective on expiration of 60 days after Oct. 25, 1988, see section 901 ofPub. L. 100–532, set out as a note under section 136 of this title.
Effective Date

For effective date of section, see section 4 ofPub. L. 92–516, set out as a note under section 136 of this title.

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19 CFR - Customs Duties

19 CFR Part 12 - SPECIAL CLASSES OF MERCHANDISE

29 CFR - Labor

29 CFR Part 1440 - ARBITRATION OF PESTICIDE DATA DISPUTES

40 CFR - Protection of Environment

40 CFR Part 2 - PUBLIC INFORMATION

40 CFR Part 3 - CROSS-MEDIA ELECTRONIC REPORTING

40 CFR Part 9 - OMB APPROVALS UNDER THE PAPERWORK REDUCTION ACT

40 CFR Part 30 - UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS

40 CFR Part 31 - UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

40 CFR Part 32

40 CFR Part 34 - NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING

40 CFR Part 35 - STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE

40 CFR Part 152 - PESTICIDE REGISTRATION AND CLASSIFICATION PROCEDURES

40 CFR Part 153 - REGISTRATION POLICIES AND INTERPRETATIONS

40 CFR Part 155 - REGISTRATION STANDARDS AND REGISTRATION REVIEW

40 CFR Part 156 - LABELING REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES

40 CFR Part 158 - DATA REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES

40 CFR Part 159 - STATEMENTS OF POLICIES AND INTERPRETATIONS

40 CFR Part 160 - GOOD LABORATORY PRACTICE STANDARDS

40 CFR Part 162 - STATE REGISTRATION OF PESTICIDE PRODUCTS

40 CFR Part 165 - PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL

40 CFR Part 166 - EXEMPTION OF FEDERAL AND STATE AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS

40 CFR Part 168 - STATEMENTS OF ENFORCEMENT POLICIES AND INTERPRETATIONS

40 CFR Part 174 - PROCEDURES AND REQUIREMENTS FOR PLANT-INCORPORATED PROTECTANTS

40 CFR Part 451 - CONCENTRATED AQUATIC ANIMAL PRODUCTION POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

 

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