7 U.S. Code § 1379b - Wheat marketing allocation; amount; national allocation percentage; commercial and noncommercial wheat-producing areas

During any marketing year for which a marketing quota is in effect for wheat, beginning with the marketing year for the 1964 crop, a wheat marketing allocation program shall be in effect as provided in this part. Whenever a wheat marketing allocation program is in effect for any marketing year the Secretary shall determine
(1) the wheat marketing allocation for such year which shall be the amount of wheat which in determining the national marketing quota for such marketing year he estimated would be used during such year for food products for consumption in the United States, and that portion of the amount of wheat which in determining such quota he estimated would be exported in the form of wheat or products thereof during the marketing year on which the Secretary determines that marketing certificates shall be issued to producers in order to achieve, insofar as practicable, the price and income objectives of this part, and
(2) the national allocation percentage which shall be the percentage which the national marketing allocation is of the national marketing quota. Each farm shall receive a wheat marketing allocation for such marketing year equal to the number of bushels obtained by multiplying the number of acres in the farm acreage allotment for wheat by the projected farm yield, and multiplying the resulting number of bushels by the national allocation percentage. If a noncommercial wheat-producing area is established for any marketing year, farms in such area shall be given wheat marketing allocations which are determined by the Secretary to be fair and reasonable in relation to the wheat marketing allocation given producers in the commercial wheat-producing area.

Source

(Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title III, § 379b, as added Pub. L. 87–703, title III, § 324(2),Sept. 27, 1962, 76 Stat. 626; amended Pub. L. 88–297, title II, § 202(10), (11),Apr. 11, 1964, 78 Stat. 179, 180; Pub. L. 89–321, title V, §§ 502, 503,Nov. 3, 1965, 79 Stat. 1202; Pub. L. 90–559, § 1(1),Oct. 11, 1968, 82 Stat. 996; Pub. L. 91–524, title IV, § 402(a), (b)(B), (C),Nov. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1362, as renumbered and amended Pub. L. 93–86, § 1(9),Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 225.)
Amendments

1973—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 91–524, § 402(b)(B)(i)–(vi), as added by Pub. L. 93–86, temporarily substituted “payments authorized by section 1445a (c) of this title” for “certificates on wheat”, “wheat allotment” for “domestic wheat allotment”, “thirteen and three-tenths million” for “13.3 million”, “1971 crop; plus, if required by the Secretary, (ii) the acreage” for “1971 crop or 15 million acres in the case of the 1972 or 1973 crop, plus (ii) the acreage”, “The Secretary is authorized for the 1974 through 1977 crops to limit” for “The Secretary is authorized for the 1971, 1972, and 1973 crops to limit”, “such percentage of the acreage allotment” for “such percentage of the domestic wheat allotment as he determines necessary to provide an orderly transition to the program provided for under this section”, “The Secretary shall permit producers to plant and graze on set-aside acreage sweet sorghum, and the Secretary may permit, subject to such terms and conditions as he may prescribe, all or any of the set-aside acreage to be devoted to hay and” for “Grazing shall not be permitted during any of the five principal months of the normal growing season as determined by the county committee established pursuant to section 590h (b) of Title 16 and subject to this limitation (1) the Secretary shall permit producers to plant and graze on the set-aside acreage sweet sorghum, and (2) the Secretary may permit, subject to such terms and conditions as he may prescribe, all or any of the set-aside acreage to be devoted to”, and “flaxseed, triticale, oats, rye, or other commodity” for “flaxseed, or other commodity”. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1973 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 91–524, § 402(b)(B)(i), as added by Pub. L. 93–86, temporarily substituted “payments authorized by section 1445a (c) of this title” for “certificates authorized in subsection (b) of this section”. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1973 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 91–524, § 402(b)(B)(vii), as added by Pub. L. 93–86, temporarily inserted provisions authorizing the Secretary, in the case of programs for the 1974 through 1977 crops, to pay an appropriate share of the cost of practices designated to protect set-aside acreage against erosion, insects, weeds, and rodents and to devote such acreage to wildlife food plots or wildlife habitat. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1973 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 91–524, § 402(b)(B)(i), as added by Pub. L. 93–86, temporarily substituted “payments authorized by section 1445a (c) of this title” for “marketing certificates”. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1973 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 91–524, § 402(b)(C), as added by Pub. L. 93–86, temporarily struck out “certificates issued and of” before “payments made”. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1973 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 91–524, § 402(b)(C), as added by Pub. L. 93–86, temporarily struck out references to the issuance of certificates. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1973 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 91–524, § 402(b)(C), as added by Pub. L. 93–86, temporarily reenacted subsec. (g) without change. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1973 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 91–524, § 402(b)(C), as added by Pub. L. 93–86, temporarily reenacted subsec. (i) without change. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1973 Amendment note below.
1970—Pub. L. 91–524, § 402(a), formerly § 402, temporarily substituted provisions covering the issuance of domestic certificates to producers and a voluntary set-aside program for wheat for provisions for a wheat marketing allocation program for the 1964 to 1970 crops. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1970 Amendment note below.
1968—Pub. L. 90–559temporarily provided for a one year extension through 1970.
1965—Pub. L. 89–321, § 502, temporarily amended section generally and, among other changes, extended the wheat marketing allocation program from 1964 and 1965 to 1966 through 1969, put a minimum limitation of five hundred million bushels on the amount of wheat included in the marketing allocation for food products for consumption in the United States, and required the cost of any domestic marketing certificates issued to producers in excess of the number of certificates acquired by processors as a result of the application of the five hundred million bushel minimum or an overestimate of the amount of wheat used during such year for food products for consumption in the United States to be borne by the Commodity Credit Corporation. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1965 Amendment note below.
Pub. L. 89–321, § 503, substituted “projected farm yield” for “normal wheat for the farm as projected by the Secretary”.
1964—Pub. L. 88–297, § 202(10), temporarily struck out introductory phrase “During any marketing year for which a marketing quota is in effect for wheat”, reduced the national allocation percentage by the expected production on the acreage allotments for farms which will not be in compliance with the requirements of the program, and struck out provisions for wheat marketing allocations to non-commercial wheat-producing areas reasonably related to such allocations to producers in commercial wheat-producing areas. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1964 Amendment note below.
Pub. L. 88–297, § 202(11), substituted “food products for consumption in the United States” for “human consumption in the United States, as food, food products, and beverages, composed wholly or partly of wheat” in second sentence.
Effective and Termination Dates of 1973 Amendment

Pub. L. 91–524, title IV, § 402(b)(B), as added by Pub. L. 93–86, § 1(9),Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 226, provided that subsec. (c) of this section, as amended by section 402(a), (b)(B) ofPub. L. 91–524, is effective with respect to the 1974 through 1977 crops of wheat.
Pub. L. 91–524, title IV, § 402(b)(C), as added by Pub. L. 93–86, § 1(9),Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 226, provided that subsecs. (d), (e), (g), and (i) of this section, as amended by section 402(a), (b)(C) ofPub. L. 91–524, is effective for the 1974 through 1977 crops.
Effective and Termination Dates of 1970 Amendment

Pub. L. 91–524, title IV, § 402(a), formerly § 402,Nov. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1362, as renumbered by Pub. L. 93–86, § 1(9),Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 225, provided that the amendment made by section 402(a) ofPub. L. 91–524is effective only with respect to the 1971, 1972, and 1973 crops of wheat.
Effective and Termination Dates of 1965 Amendment

Pub. L. 89–321, title V, § 502,Nov. 3, 1965, 79 Stat. 1202, as amended by Pub. L. 90–559, § 1(1),Oct. 11, 1968, 82 Stat. 996, provided that the amendment made by section 502 ofPub. L. 89–321is effective only with respect to the crops of wheat planted for harvest in calendar years 1966 through 1970, and marketing years for such crops.
Pub. L. 89–321, title V, § 503,Nov. 3, 1965, 79 Stat. 1202, provided that the amendment made by section 503 ofPub. L. 89–321is effective beginning with the 1970 crop.
Effective and Termination Dates of 1964 Amendment

Pub. L. 88–297, title II, § 202(10),Apr. 11, 1964, 78 Stat. 179, provided that the amendment made by section 202(10) ofPub. L. 88–297is effective only with respect to crops planted for harvest in 1964 and 1965.
Pub. L. 88–297, title II, § 202(11),Apr. 11, 1964, 78 Stat. 180, provided that the amendment made by section 202(11) ofPub. L. 88–297is effective with respect to the crops planted for harvest in calendar year 1966 and any subsequent year.
Inapplicability of Section

Section inapplicable to 2002 through 2007 crops of covered commodities, peanuts, and sugar and inapplicable to milk during period beginning May 13, 2002, through Dec. 31, 2007, see section 7992 (a)(3) of this title.
Section inapplicable to 1996 through 2001 crops of loan commodities, peanuts, and sugar and inapplicable to milk during period beginning Apr. 4, 1996, and ending Dec. 31, 2002, see section 7301 (a)(1)(H) of this title.
Section inapplicable to 1991 through 1995 crops of wheat, see section 303 ofPub. L. 101–624, set out as a note under section 1331 of this title.
Section inapplicable to 1986 through 1990 crops of wheat, see section 310(b) ofPub. L. 99–198, set out as a note under section 1331 of this title.
Section inapplicable to 1982 through 1985 crops of wheat, see section 303 ofPub. L. 97–98, set out as a note under section 1331 of this title.
Section inapplicable to 1978 through 1981 crops of wheat, see section 404 ofPub. L. 95–113, set out as a note under section 1331 of this title.
Pub. L. 91–524, title IV, § 402(b)(A), as added by Pub. L. 93–86, § 1(9),Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 226, provided that: “Section 379b of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 [7 U.S.C. 1379b] (which provides for a wheat marketing certificate program) shall not be applicable to the 1974 through 1977 crops of wheat, except as provided in paragraphs (B) and (C) of this subsection [amending this section and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section].”

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7 CFR - Agriculture

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