7 U.S. Code § 1445a - Wheat price support levels; “cooperator” defined

Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1441 of this title, beginning with the 1964 crop—
(1) Price support for wheat accompanied by domestic certificates shall be at such level not less than 65 per centum or more than 90 per centum of the parity price therefor as the Secretary determines appropriate, taking into consideration the factors specified in section 1421 (b) of this title.
(2) Price support for wheat accompanied by export certificates shall be at such level not more than 90 per centum of the parity price therefor as the Secretary determines appropriate, taking into consideration the factors specified in section 1421 (b) of this title.
(3) Price support for wheat not accompanied by marketing certificates shall be at such level, not in excess of 90 per centum of the parity price therefor, as the Secretary determines appropriate, taking into consideration competitive world prices of wheat, the feeding value of wheat in relation to feed grains, and the level at which price support is made available for feed grains.
(4) Price support shall be made available only to cooperators: and, if a commercial wheat-producing area is established for such crop, price support shall be made available only in the commercial wheat-producing area.
(5) Effective with respect to crops planted for harvest in the calendar year 1966 and any subsequent year, the level of price support for any crop of wheat for which a national marketing quota is not proclaimed or for which marketing quotas have been disapproved by producers shall be as provided in section 1441 of this title.
(6) A “cooperator” with respect to any crop of wheat produced on a farm shall be a producer who (i) does not knowingly exceed (A) the farm acreage allotment for wheat on the farm or (B) except as the Secretary may by regulation prescribe, the farm acreage allotment for wheat on any other farm on which the producer shares in the production of wheat, and (ii) complies with the land-use requirements of section 1339 of this title, to the extent prescribed by the Secretary. Effective with respect to crops planted for harvest in the calendar year 1966 and any subsequent year, if marketing quotas are not in effect for the crop of wheat, a “cooperator” with respect to any crop of wheat produced on a farm shall be a producer who does not knowingly exceed the farm acreage allotment for wheat. No producer shall be deemed to have exceeded a farm acreage allotment for wheat if the entire amount of the farm marketing excess is delivered to the Secretary or stored in accordance with applicable regulations to avoid or postpone payment of the penalty, but the producer shall not be eligible to receive price support on such marketing excess. No producer shall be deemed to have exceeded the farm acreage allotment for wheat on any other farm, if such farm is exempt from the farm marketing quota for such crop under section 1335 of this title. No producer shall be deemed to have exceeded a farm acreage allotment for wheat if the production on the acreage in excess of the farm acreage allotment is stored pursuant to the provisions of section 1379c (b) of this title, but the producer shall not be eligible to receive price support on the wheat so stored.

Source

(Oct. 31, 1949, ch. 792, title I, § 107, as added Pub. L. 87–703, title III, § 325(1),Sept. 27, 1962, 76 Stat. 630; amended Pub. L. 88–297, title II, § 203,Apr. 11, 1964, 78 Stat. 182; Pub. L. 89–321, title V, § 506,Nov. 3, 1965, 79 Stat. 1203; Pub. L. 90–559, § 1(1),Oct. 11, 1968, 82 Stat. 996; Pub. L. 91–524, title IV, § 401,Nov. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1362; Pub. L. 93–86, § 1(8),Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 224; Pub. L. 93–125, § 1(b),Oct. 18, 1973, 87 Stat. 450; Pub. L. 93–228, § 1(a),Dec. 29, 1973, 87 Stat. 944.)
Amendments

1973—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 93–86, § 1(8)(A), temporarily amended subsec. (a) generally, substituting “$1.37 per bushel” for “$1.25 per bushel”. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1970 and 1973 Amendment notes below.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 93–86, § 1(8)(B), temporarily substituted “payments” for “certificates”. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1970 and 1973 Amendment notes below.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 93–228substituted “(or of cotton, corn, grain sorghums, or barley planted in lieu of wheat)” for “(or other nonconserving crop planted instead of wheat)”, in two places.
Pub. L. 93–125substituted “prevented from planting any portion” for “prevented from planting, any portion”.
Pub. L. 93–86, § 1(8)(C), (D), temporarily added subsec. (c). See Effective and Termination Dates of 1970 and 1973 Amendment notes below.
1970—Pub. L. 91–524temporarily revised section into subsecs. (a) and (b) which provided for loans on wheat at such levels not in excess of the parity price as the Secretary determines appropriate, taking into consideration competitive world prices of wheat, the feeding value of wheat in relation to feed grains, and the level at which price support is made available for feed grains, provided that, if a set-aside program is in effect, program benefits would be made available only to producers who comply with such set-aside program, and placed a floor on the loan of $1.25 per bushel. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1970 Amendment note below.
1968—Subsec. (2). Pub. L. 90–559provided for a one year extension through 1970.
1965—Pub. L. 89–321temporarily raised the wheat support level to 100 per centum of parity or as near to 100 per centum as the Secretary determines to be practicable, placed a floor of 100 per centum of parity for wheat accompanied by marketing certificates and $1.25 for wheat not so accompanied under the 1966 crop, guaranteed to cooperators for 1967 through 1969 crops a total average rate of return per bushel of not less than the total average rate of return per bushel made available to cooperators through loans and domestic marketing certificates for the 1966 crop where the diversion factor is not less than 10 per centum, and eliminated reference to classification as cooperators of producers who do not knowingly exceed the farm acreage allotment for wheat in cases where marketing quotas are not in effect. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1965 Amendment note below.
1964—Subsec. (1). Pub. L. 88–297substituted “domestic certificates” for “marketing certificates”.
Subsec. (2). Pub. L. 88–297added subsec. (2). Former subsec. (2) redesignated (3).
Subsec. (3). Pub. L. 88–297redesignated former subsec. (2) as (3), struck out introductory clause “if marketing quotas are in effect for wheat”, and inserted “not in excess of 90 per centum of the parity price therefor.” Former subsec. (3) redesignated (4).
Subsec. (4). Pub. L. 88–297redesignated former subsec. (3) as (4). Former subsec. (4) redesignated (5).
Subsec. (5). Pub. L. 88–297redesignated former subsec. (4) as (5) and inserted introductory phrase “Effective with respect to crops planted for harvest in the calendar year 1966 and any subsequent year,”. Former subsec. (5) redesignated (6).
Subsec. (6). Pub. L. 88–297redesignated former subsec. (5) as (6), struck out introductory clause “if marketing quotas are in effect for the crop of wheat”, struck out from cl. (i)(A) “or any other commodity” after “wheat”, substituted in cl. (i)(B) “the farm acreage allotment for wheat on any other farm on which the producer shares in the production of wheat” for “the farm acreage allotment on any other farm for any commodity in which he has an interest as a producer”, inserted “Effective with respect to crops planted for harvest in the calendar year 1966 and any subsequent year,” before “if marketing quotas”, and inserted provision for deeming a producer as not having exceeded a farm acreage allotment for wheat if the production on the acreage in excess of the farm acreage allotment is stored pursuant to section 1379c (b) of this title, but making the producer ineligible to receive price support on the wheat so stored.
Effective and Termination Dates of 1973 Amendment

Pub. L. 93–86, § 1(8),Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 224, provided that the amendment made by section 1 (8) is effective beginning with the 1974 crop.
Effective and Termination Dates of 1970 Amendment

Pub. L. 91–524, title IV, § 401,Nov. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1362, as amended by Pub. L. 93–86, § 1(8),Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 224, provided that the amendment made by section 401 is effective only with respect to the 1971 through 1977 crops of wheat.
Effective and Termination Dates of 1965 Amendment

Pub. L. 89–321, title V, § 506,Nov. 3, 1965, 79 Stat. 1203, as amended by Pub. L. 90–559, § 1(1),Oct. 11, 1968, 82 Stat. 996, provided that the amendment made by section 506 is effective only with respect to the 1966 through 1970 crops.
Inapplicability of Section

Section inapplicable to 2002 through 2007 crops of covered commodities, peanuts, and sugar and inapplicable to milk during period beginning May 13, 2002, through Dec. 31, 2007, see section 7992 (b)(4) of this title.
Section inapplicable to 1996 through 2002 crops of loan commodities, peanuts, and sugar and inapplicable to milk during period beginning Apr. 4, 1996, and ending Dec. 31, 2002, see section 7301 (b)(1)(D) of this title.
Pub. L. 101–624, title III, § 305,Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3400, provided that: “Section 107 of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1445a) shall not be applicable to the 1991 through 1995 crops of wheat.”
Pub. L. 99–198, title III, § 312,Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1395, provided that: “Section 107 of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1445a) shall not be applicable to the 1986 through 1990 crops of wheat.”
Pub. L. 97–98, title III, § 305,Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1227, provided that: “Section 107 of the Agricultural Act of 1949 [this section] shall not be applicable to the 1982 through 1985 crops of wheat.”
Pub. L. 95–113, title IV, § 409,Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 928, provided that: “Section 107 of the Agricultural Act of 1949, as amended [this section], shall not be applicable to the 1977 through 1981 crops of wheat.”
Pub. L. 95–113, title IV, § 410,Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 928, provided that: “Except as otherwise provided in section 401 of this Act [enacting section 1445b (a)–(c) of this title effective only for the 1977 through 1981 crops of wheat], section 107 of the Agricultural Act of 1949, as added by the Agricultural Act of 1970, as amended [this section as amended by Pub. L. 91–524, as amended], to be effective only for the 1974 through 1977 crops of wheat, shall not be applicable to the 1977 crop of wheat.”

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