7 U.S. Code § 1922 - Persons eligible for real estate loans

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(a) In general
The Secretary may make and insure loans under this subchapter to farmers and ranchers in the United States, and to farm cooperatives and private domestic corporations, partnerships, joint operations, trusts, and limited liability companies that are controlled by farmers and ranchers and engaged primarily and directly in farming or ranching in the United States, subject to the conditions specified in this section. To be eligible for such loans, applicants who are individuals, or, in the case of cooperatives, corporations, partnerships, joint operations, trusts, and limited liability companies, individuals holding a majority interest in such entity, must
(1) be citizens of the United States,
(2) for direct loans only, have either training or farming experience that the Secretary determines is sufficient to assure reasonable prospects of success in the proposed farming operations, taking into consideration all farming experience of the applicant, without regard to any lapse between farming experiences,
(3) be or will become owner-operators of not larger than family farms (or in the case of cooperatives, corporations, partnerships, joint operations, trusts, and limited liability companies in which a majority interest is held by individuals who are related by blood or marriage, as defined by the Secretary, such individuals must be or will become either owners or operators of not larger than a family farm and at least one such individual must be or will become an operator of not larger than a family farm or, in the case of holders of the entire interest who are related by blood or marriage and all of whom are or will become farm operators, the ownership interest of each such holder separately constitutes not larger than a family farm, even if their interests collectively constitute larger than a family farm, as defined by the Secretary), and
(4) be unable to obtain sufficient credit elsewhere to finance their actual needs at reasonable rates and terms, taking into consideration prevailing private and cooperative rates and terms in the community in or near which the applicant resides for loans for similar purposes and periods of time. In addition to the foregoing requirements of this section, in the case of corporations, partnerships, joint operations, trusts, and limited liability companies, the family farm requirement of clause (3) of the preceding sentence shall apply as well to the farm or farms in which the entity has an ownership and operator interest and the requirement of clause (4) of the preceding sentence shall apply as well to the entity in the case of cooperatives, corporations, partnerships, joint operations, trusts, and limited liability companies.
(b) Direct loans
(1) In general
Subject to paragraph (3), the Secretary may make a direct loan under this subchapter only to a farmer or rancher who has participated in the business operations of a farm or ranch for not less than 3 years and—
(A) is a qualified beginning farmer or rancher;
(B) has not received a previous direct farm ownership loan made under this subchapter; or
(C) has not received a direct farm ownership loan under this subchapter more than 10 years before the date the new loan would be made.
(2) Youth loans
The operation of an enterprise by a youth under section 1941 (b) of this title shall not be considered the operation of a farm or ranch for purposes of paragraph (1).
(3) Transition rule
(A) In general
Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), the Secretary may make a direct loan under this subchapter to a farmer or rancher who has a direct loan outstanding under this subchapter on April 4, 1996.
(B) Less than 5 years
If, as of April 4, 1996, a farmer or rancher has had a direct loan outstanding under this subchapter for less than 5 years, the Secretary shall not make a loan to the farmer or rancher under subparagraph (A) after the date that is 10 years after April 4, 1996.
(C) 5 years or more
If, as of April 4, 1996, a farmer or rancher has had a direct loan outstanding under this subchapter for 5 years or more, the Secretary shall not make a loan to the farmer or rancher under subparagraph (A) after the date that is 5 years after April 4, 1996.
(D) Notice
Beginning with fiscal year 2000 not later than 12 months before a borrower will become ineligible for direct loans under this subchapter by reason of this paragraph, the Secretary shall notify the borrower of such impending ineligibility.

Source

(Pub. L. 87–128, title III, § 302,Aug. 8, 1961, 75 Stat. 307; Pub. L. 91–620, § 2,Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1862; Pub. L. 95–334, title I, § 101,Aug. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 420; Pub. L. 97–98, title XVI, § 1601(a),Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1346; Pub. L. 99–198, title XIII, §§ 1301(a), 1302 (a), 1303,Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1518, 1519; Pub. L. 104–127, title VI, § 601,Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1084; Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(a) [title VIII, §§ 804, 805 (1)], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681, 2681–39; Pub. L. 107–171, title V, §§ 5001, 5302 (a),May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 341, 344; Pub. L. 110–234, title V, § 5001,May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1142; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title V, § 5001,June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1903.)
Codification

Pub. L. 110–234and Pub. L. 110–246made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234were repealed by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 110–246.
Amendments

2008—Pub. L. 110–246, § 5001(1), inserted “real estate” before “loans” in section catchline.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–246, § 5001, inserted subsec. heading, substituted “The Secretary may” for “The Secretary is authorized to” in introductory provisions, and inserted “, taking into consideration all farming experience of the applicant, without regard to any lapse between farming experiences” after “farming operations” in cl. (2).
2002—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–171, § 5302(a), substituted “joint operations, trusts, and limited liability companies” for “and joint operations” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 107–171, § 5001, substituted “participated in the business operations of” for “operated” in introductory provisions.
1998—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105–277, § 101(a) [title VIII, § 805(1)], inserted “for direct loans only,” before “have either” in cl. (2).
Subsec. (b)(3)(D). Pub. L. 105–277, § 101(a) [title VIII, § 804], added subpar. (D).
1996—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–127added subsec. (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which read as follows: “The Secretary may not restrict eligibility for loans made or insured under this subchapter for purposes set forth in section 1923 of this title solely to borrowers of loans that are outstanding on December 23, 1985.”
1985—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–198, §§ 1301(a), 1302 (a)(1), designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and substituted—
(1) “, partnerships, and joint operations” for “and partnerships” wherever appearing after “corporations”;
(2) “, partnerships, and joint operations” for “, and partnerships” wherever appearing after “corporations”; and
(3) “individuals” for “members, stockholders, or partners, as applicable,” wherever appearing.
Pub. L. 99–198, § 1303, in cl. (3) parenthetical, inserted provision treating blood or marriage related owner-operators of the entire farm interest as separate interest holders of not larger than family farms though collective ownership constitutes a larger than a family farm.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–198, § 1302(a)(2), added subsec. (b).
1981—Pub. L. 97–98substituted “corporations and partnerships, the family farm” for “cooperatives, corporations, and partnerships, the family farm”, and inserted “in the case of cooperatives, corporations, and partnerships” at end.
1978—Pub. L. 95–334substituted provisions setting forth eligibility criteria for loans to farmers and ranchers in the United States, and to farm cooperatives and private domestic corporations and partnerships controlled by farmers and ranchers and engaged primarily and directly in farming or ranching in the United States, for provisions setting forth eligibility criteria for loans to farmers and ranchers in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.
1970—Pub. L. 91–620provided that with respect to veterans as defined in section 1983 (e) of this title, a farm background shall not be required as a condition precedent to obtaining any loan.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234by Pub. L. 110–246effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–127, title VI, § 663,Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1108, provided that:
“(a) In General.—Except as provided in subsection (b), the amendments made by this title [enacting sections 2008g to 2008i of this title, amending this section and sections 1631, 1923, 1924, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1929a, 1932, 1934, 1941, 1942, 1946, 1949, 1961 to 1964, 1981, 1981d, 1983, 1983a, 1985, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, and 2003 of this title, repealing sections 1936, 1945, 1947, 1948, and 1968 of this title, and repealing provisions set out as a note under section 1999 of this title] shall become effective on the date of enactment of this Act [Apr. 4, 1996].
“(b) Delayed Effective Dates.—The amendments made by sections 601, 606, 611, 612, 622, 623, 625, 633, 640(1), 642, 645 (1), 648 (a), and 649 [enacting sections 2008g and 2008i of this title and amending this section and sections 1929, 1941, 1942, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1981d, 1991, 1997, and 2001 of this title] shall become effective 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Apr. 4, 1996].
“(c) Transition Provision.—The amendments made by sections 638 and 644 [amending sections 1985 and 2000 of this title] shall not apply with respect to a complete application to acquire inventory property submitted prior to the date of enactment of this Act [Apr. 4, 1996].
“(d) Regulations.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, regulations to implement the amendments made by this title shall be published as interim final rules with request for comments and may be made effective immediately on publication.”
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–98effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section 1801 ofPub. L. 97–98, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4301 of this title.
Evaluations of Direct and Guaranteed Loan Programs

Pub. L. 107–171, title V, § 5301,May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 344, provided that:
“(a) Studies.—The Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct 2 studies of the direct and guaranteed loan progams [sic] under sections 302 and 311 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act [7 U.S.C. 1922 and 1941], each of which shall include an examination of the number, average principal amount, and delinquency and default rates of loans provided or guaranteed during the period covered by the study.
“(b) Periods Covered.—
“(1) First study.—One study under subsection (a) shall cover the 1-year period that begins 1 year after the date of the enactment of this section [May 13, 2002].
“(2) Second study.—One study under subsection (a) shall cover the 1-year period that begins 3 years after such date of enactment.
“(c) Reports to the Congress.—At the end of the period covered by each study under this section, the Secretary of Agriculture shall submit to the Congress a report that contains an evaluation of the results of the study, including an analysis of the effectiveness of loan programs referred to in subsection (a) in meeting the credit needs of agricultural producers in an efficient and fiscally responsible manner.”

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7 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 19222014113-79 [Sec.] 5001(a), (b)128 Stat. 832, 833

 

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