7 U.S. Code § 1942 - Purposes of loans

(a) In general
A direct loan (including a microloan, as defined by the Secretary) may be made under this subchapter only for—
(1) paying the costs incident to reorganizing a farm or ranch for more profitable operation;
(2) purchasing livestock, poultry, or farm or ranch equipment;
(3) purchasing feed, seed, fertilizer, insecticide, or farm or ranch supplies, or to meet other essential farm or ranch operating expenses, including cash rent;
(4) financing land or water development, use, or conservation;
(5) paying loan closing costs;
(6) assisting a farmer or rancher in changing the equipment, facilities, or methods of operation of a farm or ranch to comply with a standard promulgated under section 655 of title 29 or a standard adopted by a State under a plan approved under section 667 of title 29, if the Secretary determines that without assistance under this paragraph the farmer or rancher is likely to suffer substantial economic injury in complying with the standard;
(7) training a limited-resource borrower receiving a loan under section 1934 of this title in maintaining records of farming and ranching operations;
(8) training a borrower under section 2006a of this title;
(9) refinancing the indebtedness of a borrower, if the borrower—
(A) has refinanced a loan under this subchapter not more than 4 times previously; and
(B)
(i) is a direct loan borrower under this chapter at the time of the refinancing and has suffered a qualifying loss because of a natural disaster declared by the Secretary under this chapter or a major disaster or emergency designated by the President under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.); or
(ii) is refinancing a debt obtained from a creditor other than the Secretary; or
(10) providing other farm, ranch, or home needs, including family subsistence.
(b) Guaranteed loans
A loan may be guaranteed under this subchapter only for—
(1) paying the costs incident to reorganizing a farm or ranch for more profitable operation;
(2) purchasing livestock, poultry, or farm or ranch equipment;
(3) purchasing feed, seed, fertilizer, insecticide, or farm or ranch supplies, or to meet other essential farm or ranch operating expenses, including cash rent;
(4) financing land or water development, use, or conservation;
(5) refinancing indebtedness;
(6) paying loan closing costs;
(7) assisting a farmer or rancher in changing the equipment, facilities, or methods of operation of a farm or ranch to comply with a standard promulgated under section 655 of title 29 or a standard adopted by a State under a plan approved under section 667 of title 29, if the Secretary determines that without assistance under this paragraph the farmer or rancher is likely to suffer substantial economic injury due to compliance with the standard;
(8) training a borrower under section 2006a of this title; or
(9) providing other farm, ranch, or home needs, including family subsistence.
(c) Hazard insurance requirement
(1) In general
After the Secretary makes the determination required by paragraph (2), the Secretary may not make a loan to a farmer or rancher under this subchapter unless the farmer or rancher has, or agrees to obtain, hazard insurance on the property to be acquired with the loan.
(2) Determination
Not later than 180 days after April 4, 1996, the Secretary shall determine the appropriate level of insurance to be required by paragraph (1).
(d) Private reserve
(1) In general
Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the Secretary may reserve a portion of any loan made under this subchapter to be placed in an unsupervised bank account that may be used at the discretion of the borrower for the basic family needs of the borrower and the immediate family of the borrower.
(2) Limit on size of the reserve
The size of the reserve shall not exceed the least of—
(A) 10 percent of the loan;
(B) $5,000; or
(C) the amount needed to provide for the basic family needs of the borrower and the borrower’s immediate family for 3 calendar months.
(e) Valuation of local or regional crops
(1) In general
The Secretary shall develop ways to determine unit prices (or other appropriate forms of valuation) for crops and other agricultural products, the end use of which is intended to be in locally or regionally produced agricultural food products, to facilitate lending to local and regional food producers.
(2) Price history
The Secretary shall implement a mechanism for local and regional food producers to establish price history for the crops and other agricultural products produced by local and regional food producers.

Source

(Pub. L. 87–128, title III, § 312,Aug. 8, 1961, 75 Stat. 310; Pub. L. 87–703, title IV, § 401(4),Sept. 27, 1962, 76 Stat. 632; Pub. L. 90–488, § 8,Aug. 15, 1968, 82 Stat. 771; Pub. L. 92–419, title I, §§ 120(b), 121,Aug. 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 665; Pub. L. 95–113, title XIV, § 1448(b),Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 1012; Pub. L. 95–334, title I, § 115,Aug. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 425; Pub. L. 96–438, § 1(3),Oct. 13, 1980, 94 Stat. 1871; Pub. L. 99–198, title XIII, §§ 1306, 1307,Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1521; Pub. L. 101–624, title XVIII, § 1818(b),Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3830; Pub. L. 102–237, title V, § 501(b),Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1866; Pub. L. 102–552, title V, § 516(f)(1)(A), (2),Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 4137, 4138; Pub. L. 104–127, title VI, § 612(a),Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1087; Pub. L. 113–79, title V, §§ 5105, 5106 (b)(2),Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 836, 838.)
References in Text

For definition of “this chapter”, referred to in subsecs. (a)(9)(B)(i) and (d)(1), see note set out under section 1921 of this title.
The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, referred to in subsec. (a)(9)(B)(i), is Pub. L. 93–288, May 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 143, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 68 (§ 5121 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5121 of Title 42 and Tables.
Amendments

2014—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–79, § 5106(b)(2), inserted “(including a microloan, as defined by the Secretary)” after “A direct loan” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 113–79, § 5105, added subsec. (e).
1996—Pub. L. 104–127amended section generally, substituting present provisions for provisions outlining purposes of loans made under this subchapter, authorizing loans to rural area residents to operate small business enterprises, authorizing loans for pollution abatement and control projects in rural areas and providing for limitations on such loans, and authorizing creation, from loan funds, of nonsupervised bank accounts to be used at discretion of borrower for necessary family living expenses.
1992—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–552, § 516(f)(2), repealed amendment by Pub. L. 102–237, § 501(b). See 1991 Amendment note below.
Pub. L. 102–552, § 516(f)(1)(A), made technical correction to directory language of Pub. L. 101–624, § 1818(b). See 1990 Amendment note below.
1991—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–237, § 501(b), which directed the substitution of “systems (for purposes of this subchapter, the term ‘solar energy’ means energy derived from sources (other than fossil fuels) and technologies included in the Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development Act of 1974) (42 U.S.C. 5901 et seq.), (12) training in maintaining records of farming and ranching operations for limited resource borrowers receiving loans under section 1934 of this title, and (13) borrower training under section 2006a of this title.” for “ ‘systems.’ and all that follows”, could not be executed because “systems.” does not appear in subsec. (a) was repealed by Pub. L. 102–552, § 516(f)(2). See Construction of 1991 Amendment note below.
1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–624, § 1818(b), as amended by Pub. L. 102–552, § 516(f)(1)(A), added cl. (13).
1985—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–198, § 1306, added cl. (12).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 99–198, § 1307, added subsec. (e).
1980—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–438added cl. (11).
1978—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–334, struck out “individual” after “title, to”.
1977—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–113inserted parenthetical provision extending the section to include farm equipment which utilizes solar energy and inserted definition of “solar energy”.
1972—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 92–419, §§ 120(b), 121 (1), (2), substituted “section 1941 (a) for “section 1941”, designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), and added cl. (10).
Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 92–419, § 121(3), added subsecs. (b) to (d).
1968—Pub. L. 90–488struck out from cl. (4) the concluding phrase, “including recreational uses and facilities”, added cls. (5) and (6), and redesignated former cls. (5) to (7) as (7) to (9), respectively.
1962—Pub. L. 87–703authorized, in cl. (4), loans to be made for recreational uses and facilities.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–127, title VI, § 612(b),Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1089, provided that: “Section 312(c)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act [7 U.S.C. 1942 (c)(1)] shall not apply until the Secretary of Agriculture makes the determination required by section 312(c)(2) of the Act.” [The Secretary’s determination relating to hazard insurance under this provision was contained in interim rules published Mar. 3, 1997, and effective Mar. 24, 1997, see 62 F.R. 9351.]
Amendment by Pub. L. 104–127effective 90 days after Apr. 4, 1996, see section 663(b) ofPub. L. 104–127, set out as a note under section 1922 of this title.
Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Pub. L. 102–552, title V, § 516(f)(1)(B),Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 4137, provided that: “The amendment made by subparagraph (A) [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 [Pub. L. 101–624] at the time such Act became law.”
Effective Date of 1977 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–113effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 1901 ofPub. L. 95–113, set out as a note under section 1307 of this title.
Transfer of Functions

Powers, duties, and assets of agencies, offices, and other entities within Department of Agriculture relating to rural development functions transferred to Rural Development Administration by section 2302(b) ofPub. L. 101–624.
Construction of 1991 Amendment

Pub. L. 102–552, title V, § 516(f)(2),Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 4138, provided that: “Subsection (b) ofsection 501 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act Amendments of 1991 (Public Law 102–237; 105 Stat. 1866) [amending this section] is repealed. The Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1921 et seq.) shall be applied and administered as if such subsection had never become law.”

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7 CFR - Agriculture

7 CFR Part 15 - NONDISCRIMINATION

 

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