7 U.S. Code § 2017 - Value of allotment

(a) Calculation
The value of the allotment which State agencies shall be authorized to issue to any households certified as eligible to participate in the supplemental nutrition assistance program shall be equal to the cost to such households of the thrifty food plan reduced by an amount equal to 30 per centum of the household’s income, as determined in accordance with section 2014 (d) and (e) of this title, rounded to the nearest lower whole dollar: Provided, That for households of one and two persons the minimum allotment shall be 8 percent of the cost of the thrifty food plan for a household containing 1 member, as determined by the Secretary under section 2012 of this title, rounded to the nearest whole dollar increment.
(b) Benefits not deemed income or resources for certain purposes
The value of benefits that may be provided under this chapter shall not be considered income or resources for any purpose under any Federal, State, or local laws, including, but not limited to, laws relating to taxation, welfare, and public assistance programs, and no participating State or political subdivision thereof shall decrease any assistance otherwise provided an individual or individuals because of the receipt of benefits under this chapter.
(c) First month benefits prorated
(1) The value of the allotment issued to any eligible household for the initial month or other initial period for which an allotment is issued shall have a value which bears the same ratio to the value of the allotment for a full month or other initial period for which the allotment is issued as the number of days (from the date of application) remaining in the month or other initial period for which the allotment is issued bears to the total number of days in the month or other initial period for which the allotment is issued, except that no allotment may be issued to a household for the initial month or period if the value of the allotment which such household would otherwise be eligible to receive under this subsection is less than $10. Households shall receive full months’ allotments for all months within a certification period, except as provided in the first sentence of this paragraph with respect to an initial month.
(2) As used in this subsection, the term “initial month” means
(A) the first month for which an allotment is issued to a household,
(B) the first month for which an allotment is issued to a household following any period in which such household was not participating in the supplemental nutrition assistance program under this chapter after the expiration of a certification period or after the termination of the certification of a household, during a certification period, when the household ceased to be eligible after notice and an opportunity for a hearing under section 2020 (e)(10) of this title, and
(C) in the case of a migrant or seasonal farmworker household, the first month for which allotment is issued to a household that applies following any period of more than 30 days in which such household was not participating in the supplemental nutrition assistance program after previous participation in such program.
(3) Optional combined allotment for expedited households.— A State agency may provide to an eligible household applying after the 15th day of a month, in lieu of the initial allotment of the household and the regular allotment of the household for the following month, an allotment that is equal to the total amount of the initial allotment and the first regular allotment. The allotment shall be provided in accordance with section 2020 (e)(3) of this title in the case of a household that is not entitled to expedited service and in accordance with paragraphs (3) and (9) of section 2020 (e) of this title in the case of a household that is entitled to expedited service.
(d) Reduction of public assistance benefits
(1) In general
If the benefits of a household are reduced under a Federal, State, or local law relating to a means-tested public assistance program for the failure of a member of the household to perform an action required under the law or program, for the duration of the reduction—
(A) the household may not receive an increased allotment as the result of a decrease in the income of the household to the extent that the decrease is the result of the reduction; and
(B) the State agency may reduce the allotment of the household by not more than 25 percent.
(2) Rules and procedures
If the allotment of a household is reduced under this subsection for a failure to perform an action required under part A of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), the State agency may use the rules and procedures that apply under part A of title IV of the Act to reduce the allotment under the supplemental nutrition assistance program.
(e) Allotments for households residing in centers
(1) In general
In the case of an individual who resides in a center for the purpose of a drug or alcoholic treatment program described in section 2012 (n)(5) of this title, a State agency may provide an allotment for the individual to—
(A) the center as an authorized representative of the individual for a period that is less than 1 month; and
(B) the individual, if the individual leaves the center.
(2) Direct payment
A State agency may require an individual referred to in paragraph (1) to designate the center in which the individual resides as the authorized representative of the individual for the purpose of receiving an allotment.
(f) Alternative procedures for residents of certain group facilities
(1) In general
(A) Applicability
(i) In general Subject to clause (ii), at the option of the State agency, allotments for residents of any facility described in subparagraph (B), (C), (D), or (E) of section 2012 (n)(5) of this title (referred to in this subsection as a “covered facility”) may be determined and issued under this paragraph in lieu of subsection (a) of this section.
(ii) Limitation Unless the Secretary authorizes implementation of this paragraph in all States under paragraph (3), clause (i) shall apply only to residents of covered facilities participating in a pilot project under paragraph (2).
(B) Amount of allotment
The allotment for each eligible resident described in subparagraph (A) shall be calculated in accordance with standardized procedures established by the Secretary that take into account the allotments typically received by residents of covered facilities.
(C) Issuance of allotment
(i) In general The State agency shall issue an allotment determined under this paragraph to a covered facility as the authorized representative of the residents of the covered facility.
(ii) Adjustment The Secretary shall establish procedures to ensure that a covered facility does not receive a greater proportion of a resident’s monthly allotment than the proportion of the month during which the resident lived in the covered facility.
(D) Departures of residents of covered facilities
(i) Notification Any covered facility that receives an allotment for a resident under this paragraph shall—
(I) notify the State agency promptly on the departure of the resident; and
(II) notify the resident, before the departure of the resident, that the resident—
(aa) is eligible for continued benefits under the supplemental nutrition assistance program; and
(bb) should contact the State agency concerning continuation of the benefits.
(ii) Issuance to departed residents On receiving a notification under clause (i)(I) concerning the departure of a resident, the State agency—
(I) shall promptly issue the departed resident an allotment for the days of the month after the departure of the resident (calculated in a manner prescribed by the Secretary) unless the departed resident reapplies to participate in the supplemental nutrition assistance program; and
(II) may issue an allotment for the month following the month of the departure (but not any subsequent month) based on this paragraph unless the departed resident reapplies to participate in the supplemental nutrition assistance program.
(iii) State option The State agency may elect not to issue an allotment under clause (ii)(I) if the State agency lacks sufficient information on the location of the departed resident to provide the allotment.
(iv) Effect of reapplication If the departed resident reapplies to participate in the supplemental nutrition assistance program, the allotment of the departed resident shall be determined without regard to this paragraph.
(2) Pilot projects
(A) In general
Before the Secretary authorizes implementation of paragraph (1) in all States, the Secretary shall carry out, at the request of 1 or more State agencies and in 1 or more areas of the United States, such number of pilot projects as the Secretary determines to be sufficient to test the feasibility of determining and issuing allotments to residents of covered facilities under paragraph (1) in lieu of subsection (a) of this section.
(B) Project plan
To be eligible to participate in a pilot project under subparagraph (A), a State agency shall submit to the Secretary for approval a project plan that includes—
(i) a specification of the covered facilities in the State that will participate in the pilot project;
(ii) a schedule for reports to be submitted to the Secretary on the pilot project;
(iii) procedures for standardizing allotment amounts that takes into account the allotments typically received by residents of covered facilities; and
(iv) a commitment to carry out the pilot project in compliance with the requirements of this subsection other than paragraph (1)(B).
(3) Authorization of implementation in all States
(A) In general
The Secretary shall—
(i) determine whether to authorize implementation of paragraph (1) in all States; and
(ii) notify the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate of the determination.
(B) Determination not to authorize implementation in all States
(i) In general If the Secretary makes a finding described in clause (ii), the Secretary—
(I) shall not authorize implementation of paragraph (1) in all States; and
(II) shall terminate all pilot projects under paragraph (2) within a reasonable period of time (as determined by the Secretary).
(ii) Finding The finding referred to in clause (i) is that—
(I) an insufficient number of project plans that the Secretary determines to be eligible for approval are submitted by State agencies under paragraph (2)(B); or
(II)
(aa) a sufficient number of pilot projects have been carried out under paragraph (2)(A); and
(bb) authorization of implementation of paragraph (1) in all States is not in the best interest of the supplemental nutrition assistance program.

Source

(Pub. L. 88–525, § 8,Aug. 31, 1964, 78 Stat. 705; Pub. L. 95–113, title XIII, § 1301,Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 968; Pub. L. 97–35, title I, §§ 104(b), 110,Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 359, 361; Pub. L. 97–253, title I, §§ 143(c), 152 (b), 163, 164,Sept. 8, 1982, 96 Stat. 773, 776, 778; Pub. L. 99–198, title XV, § 1520,Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1578; Pub. L. 100–387, title V, § 502(a),Aug. 11, 1988, 102 Stat. 960; Pub. L. 100–435, title II, § 203(a),Sept. 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 1656; Pub. L. 101–624, title XVII, §§ 1730, 1732,Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3790; Pub. L. 102–237, title IX, §§ 909, 910,Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1887; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, § 13916,Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 674; Pub. L. 103–296, title I, § 108(f)(1),Aug. 15, 1994, 108 Stat. 1486; Pub. L. 104–193, title VIII, §§ 826–830, 854 (c)(1),Aug. 22, 1996, 110 Stat. 2327, 2342; Pub. L. 107–171, title IV, § 4112(a), (b)(3),May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 310, 313; Pub. L. 110–234, title IV, §§ 4001(b), 4107, 4115(b)(5),May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1092, 1101, 1106; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title IV, §§ 4001(b), 4107, 4115(b)(5),June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1853, 1863, 1868.)
References in Text

The Social Security Act, referred to in subsec. (d)(2), is act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620, as amended. Part A of title IV of the Act is classified generally to part A (§ 601 et seq.) of subchapter IV of chapter 7 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1305 of this title and Tables.
Codification

Pub. L. 110–234and Pub. L. 110–246made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234were repealed by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 110–246.
Amendments

2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–246, § 4107, substituted “8 percent of the cost of the thrifty food plan for a household containing 1 member, as determined by the Secretary under section 2012 of this title, rounded to the nearest whole dollar increment” for “$10 per month”.
Pub. L. 110–246, § 4001(b), substituted “supplemental nutrition assistance program” for “food stamp program”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 110–246, § 4115(b)(5)(A), struck out “, whether through coupons, access devices, or otherwise” before “shall not”.
Subsecs. (c)(2), (d)(2). Pub. L. 110–246, § 4001(b), substituted “supplemental nutrition assistance program” for “food stamp program” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 110–246, § 4115(b)(5)(B), substituted “section 2012 (n)(5)” for “section 2012 (i)(5)” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (f)(1)(A)(i). Pub. L. 110–246, § 4115(b)(5)(B), substituted “section 2012 (n)(5)” for “section 2012 (i)(5)”.
Subsec. (f)(1)(D), (3)(B). Pub. L. 110–246, § 4001(b), substituted “supplemental nutrition assistance program” for “food stamp program” wherever appearing.
2002—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 107–171, § 4112(b)(3), substituted “section 2012 (i)(5) of this title” for “the last sentence of section 2012 (i) of this title” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 107–171, § 4112(a), added subsec. (f).
1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–193, § 826, struck out before period at end “, and shall be adjusted on each October 1 to reflect the percentage change in the cost of the thrifty food plan without regard to the special adjustments under section 2012 (o) of this title for the 12-month period ending the preceding June, with the result rounded to the nearest $5”.
Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 104–193, § 827, struck out “of more than one month” after “following any period”.
Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 104–193, § 828, added par. (3) and struck out former par. (3) which read as follows: “A State agency—
“(A) in the case of a household that is not entitled in the month in which it applies to expedited service under section 2020 (e)(9) of this title, may provide that an eligible household applying after the 15th day of the month shall receive, in lieu of its initial allotment and its regular allotment for the following month, an allotment that is the aggregate of the initial allotment and the first regular allotment, which shall be provided in accordance with paragraph (3) of section 2020 (e) of this title; and
“(B) in the case of a household that is entitled in the month in which it applies to expedited service under section 2020 (e)(9) of this title, shall provide that an eligible household applying after the 15th day of the month shall receive, in lieu of its initial allotment and its regular allotment for the following month, an allotment that is the aggregate of the initial allotment and the first regular allotment, which shall be provided in accordance with paragraphs (3) and (9) of section 2020 (e) of this title.”
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104–193, § 829, added subsec. (d) and struck out former subsec. (d) which read as follows: “A household against which a penalty has been imposed for an intentional failure to comply with a Federal, State, or local law relating to welfare or a public assistance program may not, for the duration of the penalty, receive an increased allotment as the result of a decrease in the household’s income (as determined under sections 2014 (d) and 2014 (e) of this title) to the extent that the decrease is the result of such penalty.”
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104–193, § 854(c)(1), redesignatedsubsec. (f) as (e) and struck out former subsec. (e) which provided for simplified application procedures for beneficiaries of other programs, and for allotments, evaluation, cost sharing, and standardized procedures and benefits.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104–193, § 854(c)(1), redesignatedsubsec. (f) as (e).
Pub. L. 104–193, § 830, added subsec. (f).
1994—Subsec. (e)(6). Pub. L. 103–296inserted “the Commissioner of Social Security and” before “the Secretary of Health and Human Services”.
1993—Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 103–66inserted “of more than one month in” after “following any period”.
1991—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–237, § 909, substituted “benefits that may be provided under this chapter, whether through coupons, access devices, or otherwise” for “the allotment provided any eligible household” and “benefits” for “an allotment”.
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 102–237, § 910(1), inserted at end “Households shall receive full months’ allotments for all months within a certification period, except as provided in the first sentence of this paragraph with respect to an initial month.”
Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 102–237, § 910(2), substituted “the expiration of a certification period or after the termination of the certification of a household, during a certification period, when the household ceased to be eligible after notice and an opportunity for a hearing under section 2020 (e)(10) of this title” for “previous participation in such program”.
1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–624, § 1730, inserted before period at end “, and shall be adjusted on each October 1 to reflect the percentage change in the cost of the thrifty food plan without regard to the special adjustments under section 2012 (o) of this title for the 12-month period ending the preceding June, with the result rounded to the nearest $5”.
Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 101–624, § 1732, amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: “An eligible household applying after the 15th day of the month shall receive, in lieu of its initial allotment and its regular allotment for the following month, an allotment that is the aggregate of the initial allotment and the first regular allotment, which shall be provided in accordance with paragraphs (3) and (9) of section 2020 (e) of this title.”
1988—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100–387substituted “(2)” for “and (2)” and added cl. (3).
Subsec. (c)(1), (2). Pub. L. 100–435, § 203(a)(1), (2), designated first sentence of subsec. (c) as par. (1) and designated second sentence of subsec. (c) as par. (2), and redesignated cls. (1) to (3) of par. (2) as cls. (A) to (C), respectively.
Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 100–435, § 203(a)(3), added par. (3).
1985—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 99–198added subsec. (e).
1982—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–253, §§ 143(c), 152 (b), substituted “nearest lower whole dollar” for “nearest whole dollar”, and struck out provision which required the Secretary, six months after the implementation of the elimination of the charge for allotments and annually thereafter, to report to Congress the effect on participation and cost thereof.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97–253, § 163, inserted provision that no allotment may be issued to a household for the initial month or period if the value of the allotment which such household would otherwise be eligible to receive under this subsection is less than $10, and substituted “following any period” for “following any period of more than thirty days” in cl. (2).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97–253, § 164, added subsec. (d).
1981—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–35, § 104(b), inserted “(d) and (e)” after “2014”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97–35, § 110, added subsec. (c).
1977—Pub. L. 95–113substituted revised provisions relating to the value of the coupon allotment for provisions covering approval of retail stores and wholesale food concerns which are now covered by section 2018 of this title.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234by Pub. L. 110–246effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, except as otherwise provided, see section 4 ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.
Amendment by sections 4001(b), 4107, and 4115(b)(5) ofPub. L. 110–246effective Oct. 1, 2008, see section 4407 ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 1161 of Title 2, The Congress.
Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–171effective Oct. 1, 2002, except as otherwise provided, see section 4405 ofPub. L. 107–171, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1161 of Title 2, The Congress.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–296effective Mar. 31, 1995, see section 110(a) ofPub. L. 103–296, set out as a note under section 401 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.
Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–66effective, and to be implemented beginning on, Sept. 1, 1994, see section 13971(b)(4) ofPub. L. 103–66, set out as a note under section 2025 of this title.
Effective Date of 1991 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–237effective and to be implemented no later than Feb. 1, 1992, see section 1101(d)(1) ofPub. L. 102–237, set out as a note under section 1421 of this title.
Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by section 1730 ofPub. L. 101–624effective Oct. 1, 1990, and amendment by section 1732 ofPub. L. 101–624effective and implemented first day of month beginning 120 days after publication of implementing regulations to be promulgated not later than Oct. 1, 1991, see section 1781(a), (b)(1) ofPub. L. 101–624, set out as a note under section 2012 of this title.
Effective Date of 1988 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–435effective Jan. 1, 1989, and implemented by States by Jan. 1, 1990, see section 701(b)(3)(A) ofPub. L. 100–435, set out as a note under section 2012 of this title.
Pub. L. 100–387, title V, § 502(b),Aug. 11, 1988, 102 Stat. 960, as amended by Pub. L. 110–234, title IV, § 4002(b)(1)(B), (2)(JJ),May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1096, 1098; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title IV, § 4002(b)(1)(B), (2)(JJ),June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1857, 1859, provided that:
“(1) The amendments made by this section [amending this section] take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 11, 1988].
“(2) The amendments made by this section shall not apply with respect to allotments issued under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 [7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.] to any household for any month beginning before the effective period of this section begins.”
Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–253effective Sept. 8, 1982, see section 193(a) ofPub. L. 97–253, set out as a note under section 2012 of this title.
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–35effective on earlier of Sept. 8, 1982, or date such amendment became effective pursuant to section 117 ofPub. L. 97–35, set out as a note under section 2012 of this title, see section 192(a) ofPub. L. 97–253, set out as a note under section 2012 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 97–35effective and implemented upon such dates as Secretary of Agriculture may prescribe, taking into account need for orderly implementation, see section 117 ofPub. L. 97–35, set out as a note under section 2012 of this title.
Effective Date of 1977 Amendment

Pub. L. 95–113, title XIII, § 1301,Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 958, provided that the amendment made by section 1301 is effective Oct. 1, 1977.

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

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7 CFR - Agriculture

7 CFR Part 15 - NONDISCRIMINATION

7 CFR Part 253 - ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR HOUSEHOLDS ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS

7 CFR Part 271 - GENERAL INFORMATION AND DEFINITIONS

7 CFR Part 272 - REQUIREMENTS FOR PARTICIPATING STATE AGENCIES

7 CFR Part 273 - CERTIFICATION OF ELIGIBLE HOUSEHOLDS

7 CFR Part 274 - ISSUANCE AND USE OF PROGRAM BENEFITS

7 CFR Part 275 - PERFORMANCE REPORTING SYSTEM

7 CFR Part 276 - STATE AGENCY LIABILITIES AND FEDERAL SANCTIONS

7 CFR Part 277 - PAYMENTS OF CERTAIN ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS OF STATE AGENCIES

7 CFR Part 278 - PARTICIPATION OF RETAIL FOOD STORES, WHOLESALE FOOD CONCERNS AND INSURED FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

7 CFR Part 279 - ADMINISTRATIVE AND JUDICIAL REVIEW—FOOD RETAILERS AND FOOD WHOLESALERS

7 CFR Part 280 - EMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIMS OF DISASTERS

7 CFR Part 281 - ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD STAMP PROGRAM ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS

7 CFR Part 282 - DEMONSTRATION, RESEARCH, AND EVALUATION PROJECTS

7 CFR Part 283 - APPEALS OF QUALITY CONTROL (“QC”) CLAIMS

7 CFR Part 285 - PROVISION OF A NUTRITION ASSISTANCE GRANT FOR THE COMMONWEALTH OF PUERTO RICO

 

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