7 U.S. Code § 2357 - Unauthorized practice

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Anyone who in the United States engages in direct or indirect practice before the Office of Plant Variety Protection while suspended or excluded under section 2356 of this title, or without being admitted to practice before the Office, shall be liable in a civil action for the return of all money received, and for compensation for damage done by such person and also may be enjoined from such practice. However, there shall be no liability for damage if such person establishes that the work was done competently and without negligence. This section does not apply to anyone who, without a claim of self-sufficiency, works under the supervision of another who stands admitted and is the responsible party; or to anyone who establishes that the person acted only on behalf of any employer by whom the person was regularly employed.


(Pub. L. 91–577, title I, § 27,Dec. 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 1545; Pub. L. 103–349, § 13(e),Oct. 6, 1994, 108 Stat. 3143.)

1994—Pub. L. 103–349substituted “the person” for “he” in two places in last sentence.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–349effective 180 days after Oct. 6, 1994, see section 15 ofPub. L. 103–349, set out as a note under section 2401 of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

7 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


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