7 U.S. Code § 2567 - Limitation of damages; marking and notice

Owners may give notice to the public by physically associating with or affixing to the container of seed of a variety or by fixing to the variety, a label containing either the words “Unauthorized Propagation Prohibited” or the words “Unauthorized Seed Multiplication Prohibited” and after the certificate issues, such additional words as “U.S. Protected Variety”. In the event the variety is distributed by authorization of the owner and is received by the infringer without such marking, no damages shall be recovered against such infringer by the owner in any action for infringement, unless the infringer has actual notice or knowledge that propagation is prohibited or that the variety is a protected variety, in which event damages may be recovered only for infringement occurring after such notice. As to both damages and injunction, a court shall have discretion to be lenient as to disposal of materials acquired in good faith by acts prior to such notice.


(Pub. L. 91–577, title III, § 127,Dec. 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 1557; Pub. L. 96–574, § 19(b),Dec. 22, 1980, 94 Stat. 3351; Pub. L. 103–349, § 11,Oct. 6, 1994, 108 Stat. 3142.)

1994—Pub. L. 103–349in first sentence struck out “novel” before “variety or” and before “variety, a”, and in second sentence struck out “novel” before “variety is distributed”.
1980—Pub. L. 96–574substituted “either the words ‘Unauthorized Propagation Prohibited’ or the words ‘Unauthorized Seed Multiplication Prohibited’ ” for “the words ‘Propagation Prohibited’ ”.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–349effective 180 days after Oct. 6, 1994, see section 15 ofPub. L. 103–349, set out as a note under section 2401 of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

7 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


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