7 U.S. Code § 3196 - Research on national and regional animal health or disease problems

(a) Authorization of appropriations
There are authorized to be appropriated such funds as Congress may determine necessary to support research on specific national or regional animal health or disease problems, or national or regional problems relating to pre-harvest, on-farm food safety, or animal well-being, but not to exceed $35,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991 through 2012, and not in excess of such sums as may after September 29, 1977, be authorized by law for any subsequent fiscal year.
(b) Duration of grants
Notwithstanding the provisions of section 3197 of this title, funds appropriated under this section shall be awarded in the form of grants, for periods not to exceed five years, to State agricultural experiment stations, colleges and universities (including 1890 Institutions (as defined in section 7601 of this title)), other research institutions and organizations, Federal agencies, private organizations or corporations, and individuals.
(c) Establishment of annual priority lists for allocation of funds
In order to establish a rational allocation of funds appropriated under this section, the Secretary shall establish annually priority lists of animal health and disease, food safety, and animal well-being problems of national or regional significance. Such lists shall be prepared after consultation with the Advisory Board. Any recommendations made in connection with such consultation shall not be controlling on the Secretary’s determination of priorities. In establishing such priorities, the Secretary and the Advisory Board shall consider the following factors:
(1) any health or disease problem which causes or may cause significant economic losses to any part of the livestock production industry;
(2) any food safety problem that has a significant pre-harvest (on-farm) component and is recognized as posing a significant health hazard to the consuming public;
(3) issues of animal well-being related to production methods that will improve the housing and management of animals to improve the well-being of livestock production species;
(4) whether current scientific knowledge necessary to prevent, cure, or abate such a health or disease problem is adequate; and
(5) whether the status of scientific research is such that accomplishments may be anticipated through the application of scientific effort to such health or disease problem.
(d) Assignment of priorities for grants
Without regard to any consultation under subsection (c) of this section, the Secretary shall, to the extent feasible, award grants on the basis of the priorities assigned through a peer review system. Grantees shall be selected on a competitive basis in accordance with such procedures as the Secretary may establish.
(e) Distribution of multiyear grants
In the case of multiyear grants, the Secretary shall distribute funds to grant recipients on a schedule which is reasonably related to the timetable required for the orderly conduct of the research project involved.
(f) Applicability of Federal Advisory Committee Act
The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) and title XVIII of this Act [7 U.S.C. 2281 et seq.] shall not apply to a panel or board created solely for the purpose of reviewing applications or proposals submitted under this subchapter.

Source

(Pub. L. 95–113, title XIV, § 1434,Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 1004; Pub. L. 97–98, title XIV, § 1430,Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1309; Pub. L. 99–198, title XIV, § 1414(c),Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1549; Pub. L. 101–624, title XVI, § 1601(b)(2),Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3703; Pub. L. 104–127, title VIII, §§ 812, 852 (b)(5),Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1165, 1171; Pub. L. 105–185, title III, § 301(a)(8), title VI, § 606(d)(3),June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 562, 604; Pub. L. 107–171, title VII, § 7108,May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 432; Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, §§ 7119, 7120,May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1222; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title VII, §§ 7119, 7120,June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1983.)
References in Text

The Federal Advisory Committee Act, referred to in subsec. (f), is Pub. L. 92–463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 770, as amended, which is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Title XVIII of this Act, referred to in subsec. (f), is title XVIII of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977, Pub. L. 95–113, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 1041, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 55A (§ 2281 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1977 Amendment note set out under section 1281 of this title and Tables.
Codification

Pub. L. 110–234and Pub. L. 110–246made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234were repealed by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 110–246.
Amendments

2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–246, § 7119, substituted “2012” for “2007”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 110–246, § 7120, inserted “(including 1890 Institutions (as defined in section 7601 of this title))” after “universities”.
2002—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–171substituted “2007” for “2002”.
1998—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105–185, § 301(a)(8), substituted “2002” for “1997”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–185, § 606(d)(3), struck out “and the Board” after “Advisory Board” in second sentence and substituted “and the Advisory Board” for “, the Advisory Board, and the Board” in fourth sentence.
1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–127, § 812(1), inserted “or national or regional problems relating to pre-harvest, on-farm food safety, or animal well-being,” after “problems,” and substituted “1997” for “1995”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–127, § 812(2), substituted “State agricultural experiment stations, colleges and universities, other research institutions and organizations, Federal agencies, private organizations or corporations, and individuals” for “eligible institutions”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104–127, § 852(b)(5), in introductory provisions, substituted “after consultation with the Advisory Board” for “after consultation with the Joint Council, the Advisory Board,” and “the Secretary, the Advisory Board,” for “the Secretary, the Joint Council, the Advisory Board,”.
Pub. L. 104–127, § 812(3)(A), in introductory provisions, inserted “, food safety, and animal well-being” after “animal health and disease”.
Subsec. (c)(2) to (5). Pub. L. 104–127, § 812(3)(B), added pars. (2) and (3) and redesignated former pars. (2) and (3) as (4) and (5), respectively.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104–127, § 812(4), struck out “to eligible institutions” after “award grants”.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104–127, § 812(5), added subsec. (f).
1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–624substituted “for each of the fiscal years 1991 through 1995,” for “annually for the period beginning October 1, 1981, and ending September 30, 1990,”.
1985—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–198substituted “1990” for “1985”.
1981—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–98, § 1430(a), substituted “as Congress may determine necessary to support research on specific national or regional animal health or disease problems, but not to exceed $35,000,000 annually for the period beginning October 1, 1981, and ending September 30, 1985, and not in excess of such sums as may after September 29, 1977, be authorized by law for any subsequent fiscal year” for “, not to exceed $15,000,000 annually, as Congress may determine necessary to support research on specific national or regional animal health or disease problems”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–98, § 1430(b), substituted provisions that funds appropriated under this section shall be awarded in the form of grants, for periods not to exceed five years, to eligible institutions for provisions that such funds shall be allocated by the Secretary to eligible institutions for work to be done, as mutually agreed upon between the Secretary and the eligible institution or institutions and that the Secretary shall consult the Board in developing plans for the use of these funds whenever possible.
Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 97–98, § 1430(c), added subsecs. (c) to (e).
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234by Pub. L. 110–246effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–98effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section 1801 ofPub. L. 97–98, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4301 of this title.

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