In this section, the term “beginning farmer or rancher” means a person that—
(A)has not operated a farm or ranch; or
(B)has operated a farm or ranch for not more than 10 years; and
(2)meets such other criteria as the Secretary may establish.
The Secretary shall establish a beginning farmer and rancher development program to provide training, education, outreach, and technical assistance initiatives for beginning farmers or ranchers.
(1) In general
In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall make competitive grants to support new and established local and regional training, education, outreach, and technical assistance initiatives for beginning farmers or ranchers, including programs and services (as appropriate) relating to—
(A)mentoring, apprenticeships, and internships;
(B)resources and referral;
(C)assisting beginning farmers or ranchers in acquiring land from retiring farmers and ranchers;
(D)innovative farm and ranch transfer strategies;
(E)entrepreneurship and business training;
(F)model land leasing contracts;
(G)financial management training;
(H)whole farm planning;
(J)risk management education;
(K)diversification and marketing strategies;
(M)understanding the impact of concentration and globalization;
(N)basic livestock and crop farming practices;
(O)the acquisition and management of agricultural credit;
(Q)information processing; and
(R)other similar subject areas of use to beginning farmers or ranchers.
To be eligible to receive a grant under this subsection, the recipient shall be a collaborative State, tribal, local, or regionally-based network or partnership of public or private entities, which may include—
(A)a State cooperative extension service;
(B)a Federal, State, or tribal agency;
(C)a community-based and nongovernmental organization;
(D)a college or university (including an institution awarding an associate’s degree) or foundation maintained by a college or university; or
(E)any other appropriate partner, as determined by the Secretary.
(3) Maximum term and size of grant
(A) In general
A grant under this subsection shall—
(i)have a term that is not more than 3 years; and
(ii)be in an amount that is not more than $250,000 for each year.
(B) Consecutive grants
An eligible recipient may receive consecutive grants under this subsection.
(4) Matching requirement
To be eligible to receive a grant under this subsection, a recipient shall provide a match in the form of cash or in-kind contributions in an amount equal to 25 percent of the funds provided by the grant.
(5) Evaluation criteria
In making grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall evaluate—
(D)the expertise and track record of 1 or more applicants;
(E)the adequacy of plans for the participatory evaluation process, outcome-based reporting, and the communication of findings and results beyond the immediate target audience; and
(F)other appropriate factors, as determined by the Secretary.
(6) Regional balance
In making grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, ensure geographical diversity.
In making grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall give priority to partnerships and collaborations that are led by or include nongovernmental and community-based organizations with expertise in new agricultural producer training and outreach.
Not less than 25 percent of funds used to carry out this subsection for a fiscal year shall be used to support programs and services that address the needs of—
(A)limited resource beginning farmers or ranchers (as defined by the Secretary);
(B)socially disadvantaged beginning farmers or ranchers (as defined in section
2003(e) of this title); and
(C)farmworkers desiring to become farmers or ranchers.
A grant made under this subsection may not be used for the planning, repair, rehabilitation, acquisition, or construction of a building or facility.
(10) Administrative costs
The Secretary shall use not more than 4 percent of the funds made available to carry out this subsection for administrative costs incurred by the Secretary in carrying out this section.
(d) Education teams
(1) In general
In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall establish beginning farmer and rancher education teams to develop curricula and conduct educational programs and workshops for beginning farmers or ranchers in diverse geographical areas of the United States.
In promoting the development of curricula, the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, include modules tailored to specific audiences of beginning farmers or ranchers, based on crop or regional diversity.
In establishing an education team for a specific program or workshop, the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable—
(A)obtain the short-term services of specialists with knowledge and expertise in programs serving beginning farmers or ranchers; and
(B)use officers and employees of the Department with direct experience in programs of the Department that may be taught as part of the curriculum for the program or workshop.
(A) In general
In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary shall cooperate, to the maximum extent practicable, with—
(i)State cooperative extension services;
(ii)Federal and State agencies;
(iii)community-based and nongovernmental organizations;
(iv)colleges and universities (including an institution awarding an associate’s degree) or foundations maintained by a college or university; and
(v)other appropriate partners, as determined by the Secretary.
(B) Cooperative agreement
63 of title
31, the Secretary may enter into a cooperative agreement to reflect the terms of any cooperation under subparagraph (A).
(e) Curriculum and training clearinghouse
The Secretary shall establish an online clearinghouse that makes available to beginning farmers or ranchers education curricula and training materials and programs, which may include online courses for direct use by beginning farmers or ranchers.
(f) Stakeholder input
In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall seek stakeholder input from—
(1)beginning farmers and ranchers;
(2)national, State, tribal, and local organizations and other persons with expertise in operating beginning farmer and rancher programs; and
(3)the Advisory Committee on Beginning Farmers and Ranchers established under section 5 of the Agricultural Credit Improvement Act of 1992 (7 U.S.C. 1929 note; Public Law 102–554).
(g) Participation by other farmers and ranchers
Nothing in this section prohibits the Secretary from allowing farmers and ranchers who are not beginning farmers or ranchers from participating in programs authorized under this section to the extent that the Secretary determines that such participation is appropriate and will not detract from the primary purpose of educating beginning farmers and ranchers.
(1) Mandatory funding for fiscal years 2009 through 2012
Of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall make available to carry out this section—
(A)$18,000,000 for fiscal year 2009; and
(B)$19,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2010 through 2012.
(2) Authorization of appropriations for fiscal years 2008 through 2012
In addition to funds provided under paragraph (1), there is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012.
(3) Fiscal year 2013
There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2013.
Section was enacted as part of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002, and not as part of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 which comprises this chapter.
2013—Subsec. (h)(1). Pub. L. 112–240, § 701(e)(3)(A), substituted “Mandatory funding for fiscal years 2009 through 2012” for “In general” in heading.
Subsec. (h)(2). Pub. L. 112–240, § 701(e)(3)(B), inserted “for fiscal years 2008 through 2012” after “appropriations” in heading.
2008—Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 110–246, § 7410(a)(1), added par. (3) and struck out former par. (3). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The term of a grant under this subsection shall not exceed 3 years.”
Subsec. (c)(5) to (10). Pub. L. 110–246, § 7410(a)(2), (3), added pars. (5) to (7) and redesignated former pars. (5) to (7) as (8) to (10), respectively.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 110–246, § 7410(b), added subsec. (h) and struck out former subsec. (h). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2002 through 2007.”
Effective Date of 2013 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 112–240effective Sept. 30, 2012, see section 701(j) ofPub. L. 112–240, set out in a 1-Year Extension of Agricultural Programs note under section
8701 of this title.
“(1) Department.—The term ‘Department’ means the Department of Agriculture.
“(2) Secretary.—The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Agriculture.”
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
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