7 U.S. Code § 5101 - Qualifying States
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(a) In general
A State is a qualifying State if the Secretary of Agriculture (hereinafter in this chapter referred to as the “Secretary”) determines that the State has in effect a mediation program that meets the requirements of subsection (c) of this section.
(b) Determination by Secretary
Within 15 days after the Secretary receives from the Governor of a State a description of the mediation program of the State and a statement certifying that the State has met all of the requirements of subsection (c) of this section, the Secretary shall determine whether the State is a qualifying State.
(c) Requirements of State mediation programs
(1) Issues covered
(A) In general
To be certified as a qualifying State, the mediation program of the State must provide mediation services to persons described in paragraph (2) that are involved in agricultural loans (regardless of whether the loans are made or guaranteed by the Secretary or made by a third party).
(B) Other issues
The mediation program of a qualifying State may provide mediation services to persons described in paragraph (2) that are involved in one or more of the following issues under the jurisdiction of the Department of Agriculture:
(2) Persons eligible for mediation
(A) In general
Subject to subparagraph (B), the persons referred to in paragraph (1) include—
(B) Voluntary participation
(i) In general Subject to clause (ii) and section 5103 of this title, a person may not be compelled to participate in mediation services provided under this Act.
(3) Certification conditions
The Secretary shall certify a State as a qualifying State with respect to the issues proposed to be covered by the mediation program of the State if the mediation program—
(A) provides for mediation services that, if decisions are reached, result in mediated, mutually agreeable decisions between the parties to the mediation;
(B) is authorized or administered by an agency of the State government or by the Governor of the State;
(E) ensures, in the case of agricultural loans, that all lenders and borrowers of agricultural loans receive adequate notification of the mediation program; and
(d) Definition of mediation services
In this section, the term “mediation services”, with respect to mediation or a request for mediation, may include all activities related to—
(3) financial advisory and counseling services (as appropriate) performed by a person other than a State mediation program mediator; and
Source(Pub. L. 100–233, title V, § 501,Jan. 6, 1988, 101 Stat. 1662; Pub. L. 100–399, title V, § 501,Aug. 17, 1988, 102 Stat. 1005; Pub. L. 103–354, title II, § 282(a),Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3233; Pub. L. 106–472, title III, § 306(a),Nov. 9, 2000, 114 Stat. 2072.)
References in Text
This Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(2)(B)(i), is Pub. L. 100–233, Jan. 6, 1988, 101 Stat. 1568, as amended, known as the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987. Provisions relating to mediation services are contained in title V of the Act, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.
2000—Subsec. (c)(1), (2). Pub. L. 106–472, § 306(a)(1), added pars. (1) and (2) and struck out former pars. (1) and (2), which required State mediation program to provide services for producers, their creditors, and other persons involved in agricultural loans, or involved in agricultural loans and such issues as wetlands determinations, compliance with farm programs, agricultural credit, rural water loan programs, grazing on National Forest System lands, pesticides, or such other issues considered appropriate.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106–472, § 306(a)(2), added subsec. (d).
1994—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–354, § 282(a)(1), substituted “a mediation program” for “an agricultural loan mediation program”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–354, § 282(a)(2), struck out “agricultural loan” before “mediation program”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–354, § 282(a)(3), added subsec. (c) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (c). Text read as follows: “Within 15 days after the Secretary receives a description of a State agricultural loan mediation program, the Secretary shall certify the State as a qualifying State if the State program—
“(1) provides for mediation services to be provided to producers, and their creditors, that, if decisions are reached, result in mediated, mutually agreeable decisions between parties under an agricultural loan mediation program;
“(2) is authorized or administered by an agency of the State government or by the Governor of the State;
“(3) provides for the training of mediators;
“(4) provides that the mediation sessions shall be confidential; and
“(5) ensures that all lenders and borrowers of agricultural loans receive adequate notification of the mediation program.”
1988—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 100–399struck out comma after “Governor of a State”.
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 100–399effective as if enacted immediately after enactment of Pub. L. 100–233, which was approved Jan. 6, 1988, see section 1001(a) ofPub. L. 100–399, set out as a note under section 2002 of Title 12, Banks and Banking.
Short Title of 2010 Amendment