The Commission shall issue regulations to prohibit the privilege of dual trading in security futures products on each contract market and registered derivatives transaction execution facility. The regulations issued by the Commission under this section—
(1)shall provide that the prohibition of dual trading thereunder shall take effect upon issuance of the regulations; and
(2)shall provide exceptions, as the Commission determines appropriate, to ensure fairness and orderly trading in security futures product markets, including—
(A)exceptions for spread transactions and the correction of trading errors;
(B)allowance for a customer to designate in writing not less than once annually a named floor broker to execute orders for such customer, notwithstanding the regulations to prohibit the privilege of dual trading required under this section; and
(C)other measures reasonably designed to accommodate unique or special characteristics of individual boards of trade or contract markets, to address emergency or unusual market conditions, or otherwise to further the public interest consistent with the promotion of market efficiency, innovation, and expansion of investment opportunities, the protection of investors, and with the purposes of this section.
(b) “Dual trading” defined
As used in this section, the term “dual trading” means the execution of customer orders by a floor broker during the same trading session in which the floor broker executes any trade in the same contract market or registered derivatives transaction execution facility for—
(1)the account of such floor broker;
(2)an account for which such floor broker has trading discretion; or
(3)an account controlled by a person with whom such floor broker has a relationship through membership in a broker association.
(c) “Broker association” defined
As used in this section, the term “broker association” shall include two or more contract market members or registered derivatives transaction execution facility members with floor trading privileges of whom at least one is acting as a floor broker, who—
(1)engage in floor brokerage activity on behalf of the same employer,
(2)have an employer and employee relationship which relates to floor brokerage activity,
(3)share profits and losses associated with their brokerage or trading activity, or
2000—Pub. L. 106–554amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section required Commission to issue regulations to prohibit the privilege of dual trading on contract markets, allowed for certain exemptions, required Commission to make determinations relating to trading by floor brokers and futures commission merchants, and restricted trading among members of broker associations.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–546, § 101(a)(1), (2), redesignated par. (1) as subsec. (b) and substituted “If, in addition to the regulations issued pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, the Commission has reason to believe that dual trading-related or facilitated abuses are not being or cannot be effectively addressed by subsection (a) of this section, the Commission shall” for “The Commission shall within nine months after the effective date of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission Act of 1974, and subsequently when it determines that changes are required,”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102–546, § 101(a)(1), redesignated par. (2) as subsec. (c).
1975—Pub. L. 94–16substituted “nine months” for “six months” in pars. (1) and (2).
Effective Date of 1992 Amendment
Section 102(b) ofPub. L. 102–546provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall become effective two hundred and seventy days after the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 28, 1992].”
For effective date of section, see section 418 ofPub. L. 93–463, set out as an Effective Date of 1974 Amendment note under section
2 of this title.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.