7 U.S. Code § 7333 - Administration and operation of noninsured crop assistance program

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(a) Operation and administration of program
(1) In general
In the case of an eligible crop described in paragraph (2), the Secretary of Agriculture shall operate a noninsured crop disaster assistance program to provide coverage equivalent to the catastrophic risk protection otherwise available under section 1508 (b) of this title. The Secretary shall carry out this section through the Consolidated Farm Service Agency (in this section referred to as the “Agency”).
(2) Eligible crops
(A) In general
In this section, the term “eligible crop” means each commercial crop or other agricultural commodity (except livestock)—
(i) for which catastrophic risk protection under section 1508 (b) of this title is not available; and
(ii) that is produced for food or fiber.
(B) Crops specifically included
The term “eligible crop” shall include floricultural, ornamental nursery, and Christmas tree crops, turfgrass sod, seed crops, aquaculture (including ornamental fish), sea grass and sea oats, camelina, and industrial crops.
(C) Combination of similar types or varieties
At the option of the Secretary, all types or varieties of a crop or commodity, described in subparagraphs (A) and (B), may be considered to be a single eligible crop under this section.
(3) Cause of loss
To qualify for assistance under this section, the losses of the noninsured commodity shall be due to drought, flood, or other natural disaster, as determined by the Secretary.
(4) Program ineligibility relating to crop production on native sod
(A) Definition of native sod
In this paragraph, the term “native sod” means land—
(i) on which the plant cover is composed principally of native grasses, grasslike plants, forbs, or shrubs suitable for grazing and browsing; and
(ii) that has never been tilled for the production of an annual crop as of the date of enactment of this paragraph.
(B) Ineligibility for benefits
(i) In general Subject to clause (ii) and subparagraph (C), native sod acreage that has been tilled for the production of an annual crop after the date of enactment of this paragraph shall be ineligible during the first 5 crop years of planting, as determined by the Secretary, for benefits under—
(I) this section; and
(II) the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.).
(ii) De minimis acreage exemption The Secretary shall exempt areas of 5 acres or less from clause (i).
(C) Application
Subparagraph (B) may apply to native sod acreage in the Prairie Pothole National Priority Area at the election of the Governor of the respective State.
(b) Application for noninsured crop disaster assistance
(1) Timely application
To be eligible for assistance under this section, a producer shall submit an application for noninsured crop disaster assistance at a local office of the Department. The application shall be in such form, contain such information, and be submitted not later than 30 days before the beginning of the coverage period, as determined by the Secretary.
(2) Records
To be eligible for assistance under this section, a producer shall provide annually to the Secretary records of crop acreage, acreage yields, and production for each crop, as required by the Secretary.
(3) Acreage reports
A producer shall provide annual reports on acreage planted or prevented from being planted, as required by the Secretary, by the designated acreage reporting date for the crop and location as established by the Secretary.
(c) Loss requirements
(1) Cause
To be eligible for assistance under this section, a producer of an eligible crop shall have suffered a loss of a noninsured commodity as the result of a cause described in subsection (a)(3) of this section.
(2) Assistance
(A) In general
On making a determination described in subsection (a)(3) of this section, the Secretary shall provide assistance under this section to producers of an eligible crop that have suffered a loss as a result of the cause described in subsection (a)(3) of this section.
(B) Aquaculture producers
On making a determination described in subsection (a)(3) for aquaculture producers, the Secretary shall provide assistance under this section to aquaculture producers from all losses related to drought.
(3) Prevented planting
Subject to paragraph (1), the Secretary shall make a prevented planting noninsured crop disaster assistance payment if the producer is prevented from planting more than 35 percent of the acreage intended for the eligible crop because of drought, flood, or other natural disaster, as determined by the Secretary.
(4) Area trigger
The Secretary shall provide assistance to individual producers without any requirement of an area loss.
(d) Payment
The Secretary shall make available to a producer eligible for noninsured assistance under this section a payment computed by multiplying—
(1) the quantity that is less than 50 percent of the established yield for the crop; by
(2)
(A) in the case of each of the 1996 through 1998 crop years, 60 percent of the average market price for the crop (or any comparable coverage determined by the Secretary); or
(B) in the case of each of the 1999 and subsequent crop years, 55 percent of the average market price for the crop (or any comparable coverage determined by the Secretary); by
(3) a payment rate for the type of crop (as determined by the Secretary) that—
(A) in the case of a crop that is produced with a significant and variable harvesting expense, reflects the decreasing cost incurred in the production cycle for the crop that is—
(i) harvested;
(ii) planted but not harvested; and
(iii) prevented from being planted because of drought, flood, or other natural disaster (as determined by the Secretary); and
(B) in the case of a crop that is not produced with a significant and variable harvesting expense, as determined by the Secretary.
(e) Yield determinations
(1) Establishment
The Secretary shall establish farm yields for purposes of providing noninsured crop disaster assistance under this section.
(2) Actual production history
The Secretary shall determine yield coverage using the actual production history of the producer over a period of not less than the 4 previous consecutive crop years and not more than 10 consecutive crop years. Subject to paragraph (3), the yield for the year in which noninsured crop disaster assistance is sought shall be equal to the average of the actual production history of the producer during the period considered.
(3) Assignment of yield
If a producer does not submit adequate documentation of production history to determine a crop yield under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall assign to the producer a yield equal to not less than 65 percent of the transitional yield of the producer (adjusted to reflect actual production reflected in the records acceptable to the Secretary for continuous years), as specified in regulations issued by the Secretary based on production history requirements.
(4) Prohibition on assigned yields in certain counties
(A) In general
(i) Documentation If sufficient data are available to demonstrate that the acreage of a crop in a county for the crop year has increased by more than 100 percent over any year in the preceding 7 crop years or, if data are not available, if the acreage of the crop in the county has increased significantly from the previous crop years, a producer must provide such detailed documentation of production costs, acres planted, and yield for the crop year for which benefits are being claimed as is required by the Secretary. If the Secretary determines that the documentation provided is not sufficient, the Secretary may require documenting proof that the crop, had the crop been harvested, could have been marketed at a reasonable price.
(ii) Prohibition Except as provided in subparagraph (B), a producer who produces a crop on a farm located in a county described in clause (i) may not obtain an assigned yield.
(B) Exception
A crop or a producer shall not be subject to this subsection if—
(i) the planted acreage of the producer for the crop has been inspected by a third party acceptable to the Secretary; or
(ii)
(I) the County Executive Director and the State Executive Director recommend an exemption from the requirement to the Administrator of the Agency; and
(II) the Administrator approves the recommendation.
(5) Limitation on receipt of subsequent assigned yield
A producer who receives an assigned yield for the current year of a natural disaster because required production records were not submitted to the local office of the Department shall not be eligible for an assigned yield for the year of the next natural disaster unless the required production records of the previous 1 or more years (as applicable) are provided to the local office.
(6) Yield variations due to different farming practices
The Secretary shall ensure that noninsured crop disaster assistance accurately reflects significant yield variations due to different farming practices, such as between irrigated and nonirrigated acreage.
(f) Contract payments
A producer who has received a guaranteed payment for production, as opposed to delivery, of a crop pursuant to a contract shall have the production of the producer adjusted upward by the amount of the production equal to the amount of the contract payment received.
(g) Use of Commodity Credit Corporation
The Secretary may use the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out this section.
(h) Exclusions
Noninsured crop disaster assistance under this section shall not cover losses due to—
(1) the neglect or malfeasance of the producer;
(2) the failure of the producer to reseed to the same crop in those areas and under such circumstances where it is customary to reseed; or
(3) the failure of the producer to follow good farming practices, as determined by the Secretary.
(i) Payment and income limitations
(1) Definitions
In this subsection, the terms “legal entity” and “person” have the meanings given those terms in section 1308 (a) of this title.
(2) Payment limitation
The total amount of payments received, directly or indirectly, by a person or legal entity (excluding a joint venture or general partnership) for any crop year may not exceed $100,000.
(3) Limitation on multiple benefits for same loss
(A) In general
Except as provided in subparagraph (B), if a producer who is eligible to receive benefits under this section is also eligible to receive assistance for the same loss under any other program administered by the Secretary, the producer shall be required to elect whether to receive benefits under this section or under the other program, but not both.
(B) Exception
Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to emergency loans under subtitle C of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1961 et seq.).
(4) Adjusted gross income limitation
A person or legal entity that has an average adjusted gross income in excess of the average adjusted gross income limitation applicable under section 1308–3a (b)(1)(A) of this title, or a successor provision, shall not be eligible to receive noninsured crop disaster assistance under this section.
(5) Regulations
The Secretary shall issue regulations prescribing such rules as the Secretary determines necessary—
(A) to ensure a fair and equitable application of section 1308 of this title, the general payment limitation regulations of the Secretary, and the limitations established under this subsection; and
(B) to ensure that payments under this section are attributed to a person or legal entity (excluding a joint venture or general partnership) in accordance with the terms and conditions of sections 1308 through 1308–3a of this title, as determined by the Secretary.
(j) Omitted
(k) Service fee
(1) In general
To be eligible to receive assistance for an eligible crop for a crop year under this section, a producer shall pay to the Secretary (at the time at which the producer submits the application under subsection (b)(1) of this section) a service fee for the eligible crop in an amount that is equal to the lesser of—
(A) $250 per crop per county; or
(B) $750 per producer per county, but not to exceed a total of $1,875 per producer.
(2) Waiver
The Secretary shall waive the service fee required under paragraph (1) in the case of a limited resource farmer, as defined by the Secretary.
(3) Use
The Secretary shall deposit service fees collected under this subsection in the Commodity Credit Corporation Fund.

Source

(Pub. L. 104–127, title I, § 196,Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 947; Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(a) [title VIII, § 803(b)], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681, 2681–38; Pub. L. 106–224, title I, § 109,June 20, 2000, 114 Stat. 371; Pub. L. 107–171, title X, § 10101,May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 488; Pub. L. 110–234, title I, § 1603(f)(1), title XII, §§ 12020(b), 12025(b), 12027, 12028,May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1010, 1381, 1390; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title I, § 1603(f)(1), title XII, §§ 12020(b), 12025(b), 12027, 12028,June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1739, 2143, 2152.)
References in Text

The date of enactment of this paragraph, referred to in subsec. (a)(4)(A)(ii), (B)(i), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–246, which was approved June 18, 2008.
The Federal Crop Insurance Act, referred to in subsec. (a)(4)(B)(i)(II), is subtitle A of title V of act Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, 52 Stat. 72, which is classified generally to subchapter I (§ 1501 et seq.) of chapter 36 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1501 of this title and Tables.
The Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act, referred to in subsec. (i)(3)(B), is title III of Pub. L. 87–128, Aug. 8, 1961, 75 Stat. 307, as amended. Subtitle C of the Act is classified generally to subchapter III (§ 1961 et seq.) of chapter 50 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1921 of this title and Tables.
Codification

Pub. L. 110–234and Pub. L. 110–246made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234were repealed by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 110–246.
Section is comprised of section 196 ofPub. L. 104–127. Subsec. (j) ofsection 196 of Pub. L. 104–127repealed section 1519 of this title.
Amendments

2008—Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Pub. L. 110–246, § 12025(b), inserted “camelina,” after “sea oats,”.
Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 110–246, § 12020(b), added par. (4).
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 110–246, § 12027, designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserted heading, and added subpar. (B).
Subsec. (i)(1), (2). Pub. L. 110–246, § 1603(f)(1)(A), added pars. (1) and (2) and struck out former pars. (1) and (2) which defined “person” and “qualifying gross revenues” and provided that the total amount of payments that a person would be entitled to receive annually could not exceed $100,000.
Subsec. (i)(4). Pub. L. 110–246, § 1603(f)(1)(B), added par. (4) and struck out former par. (4). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “A person who has qualifying gross revenues in excess of the amount specified in section 2266(a) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 1421 note) (as in effect on November 28, 1990) during the taxable year (as determined by the Secretary) shall not be eligible to receive any noninsured assistance payment under this section.”
Subsec. (i)(5). Pub. L. 110–246, § 1603(f)(1)(C), designated part of existing provisions as subpar. (A) and added subpar. (B).
Subsec. (k)(1). Pub. L. 110–246, § 12028, in subpar. (A) substituted “$250” for “$100” and in subpar. (B) substituted “$750” for “$300” and “$1,875” for “$900”.
2002—Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Pub. L. 107–171inserted “sea grass and sea oats,” after “fish),”.
2000—Subsec. (a)(2)(C). Pub. L. 106–224, § 109(a), added subpar. (C).
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 106–224, § 109(b), substituted “not later than 30 days before the beginning of the coverage period, as determined by the Secretary” for “at such time as the Secretary may require” in second sentence.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 106–224, § 109(c)(1), added par. (2) and struck out heading and text of former par. (2). Text read as follows: “A producer shall provide records, as required by the Secretary, of crop acreage, acreage yields, and production.”
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 106–224, § 109(c)(2), inserted “annual” after “shall provide”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–224, § 109(d), added subsec. (c) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (c), which authorized noninsured crop disaster assistance if average yield fell below 65 percent of expected yield, if producer was prevented from planting more than 35 percent of intended acreage, or if total quantity of harvest was less than 50 percent of expected yield.
Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 106–224, § 109(e), added subsec. (k).
1998–Subsec. (i)(3). Pub. L. 105–277designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserted heading, substituted “Except as provided in subparagraph (B), if a producer” for “If a producer”, and added subpar. (B).
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234by Pub. L. 110–246effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.
Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–224applicable beginning with the 2001 crop of an agricultural commodity, see section 171(b)(2)(G) ofPub. L. 106–224, set out as a note under section 1501 of this title.
Transition Provisions

Pub. L. 110–234, title I, § 1603(f)(2),May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1011, and Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title I, § 1603(f)(2),June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1739, provided that: “Section 196(i) of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333 (i)), as in effect on September 30, 2007, shall apply with respect to the 2007 and 2008 crops of any eligible crop.”
[Pub. L. 110–234and Pub. L. 110–246enacted identical provisions. Pub. L. 110–234was repealed by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 8701 of this title.]
Section as in effect on day before June 20, 2000, to continue to apply with respect to 1999 crop year, and to apply with respect to 2000 crop year, to extent application of an amendment by Pub. L. 106–224is delayed under section 171 (b) or by terms of the amendment, see section 173 ofPub. L. 106–224, set out as a note under section 1501 of this title.

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7 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 73332014113-79 [Sec.] 12305(a)128 Stat. 986
§ 73332014113-79 [Sec.] 11014(b)128 Stat. 962

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7 CFR - Agriculture

7 CFR Part 1437 - NONINSURED CROP DISASTER ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

 

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