7 U.S. Code § 77 - Official inspection and weighing requirements; waiver; supervision by representatives of Secretary

(a) Official samples and certificates; waiver; excepted grains
Whenever standards or procedures are effective under section 76 of this title for any grain—
(1) no person shall ship from the United States to any place outside thereof any lot of such grain, unless such lot is officially weighed and officially inspected in accordance with such standards or procedures, and unless a valid official certificate showing the official grade designation and certified weight of the lot of grain has been provided by official inspection personnel and is promptly furnished by the shipper, or the agent of the shipper, to the consignee with the bill of lading or other shipping documents covering the shipment: Provided, That the Secretary may waive the foregoing requirement in emergency or other circumstances which would not impair the objectives of this chapter: Provided further, That the Secretary shall waive the requirement for official inspection whenever the parties to a contract for such shipment of a lot of grain (which is not sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale by grade) from the United States to any place outside thereof mutually agree under the contract to ship such lot of grain without official inspection being performed and a copy of the contract is furnished to the Secretary prior to shipment;
(2) except as the Secretary may provide in emergency or other circumstances which would not impair the objectives of this chapter, all other grain transferred out of and all grain transferred into an export elevator at an export port location shall be officially weighed in accordance with such standards or procedure: Provided, That, unless the shipper or receiver requests that the grain be officially weighed, intracompany shipments of grain into an export elevator by any mode of transportation, grain transferred into an export elevator by transportation modes other than barge, and grain transferred out of an export elevator to destinations within the United States shall not be officially weighed; and
(3) except as otherwise authorized by the Secretary, whenever a lot of grain is both officially inspected and officially weighed while being transferred into or out of a grain elevator, warehouse, or other storage or handling facility, an official certificate shall be issued showing both the official grade designation and the certified weight of the lot of grain.
(b) Supervision by representatives of Secretary
All official inspection and official weighing, whether performed by authorized employees of the Secretary or any other person licensed under section 84 of this title, shall be supervised by representatives of the Secretary, in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary may provide.
(c) Testing for aflatoxin contamination of corn shipped in foreign commerce
The Secretary is authorized and directed to require that all corn exported from the United States be tested to ascertain whether it exceeds acceptable levels of aflatoxin contamination, unless the contract for export between the buyer and seller stipulates that aflatoxin testing shall not be conducted.

Source

(Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, pt. B, § 5,39 Stat. 483; Pub. L. 90–487, § 1,Aug. 15, 1968, 82 Stat. 763; Pub. L. 94–582, § 6,Oct. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 2869; Pub. L. 95–113, title XVI, § 1606(b),Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 1030; Pub. L. 96–437, § 2,Oct. 13, 1980, 94 Stat. 1870; Pub. L. 101–624, title XX, § 2007,Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3931; Pub. L. 103–156, § 12(c),Nov. 24, 1993, 107 Stat. 1528; Pub. L. 103–354, title II, § 293(a)(3), (7),Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3237; Pub. L. 106–472, title I, § 101,Nov. 9, 2000, 114 Stat. 2059.)
Amendments

2000—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 106–472struck out “(on the basis of official samples taken after final elevation as near the final spout through which the grain passes as physically practicable as it is being loaded aboard, or while it is in, the final carrier in which it is to be transported from the United States)” after “officially inspected”.
1994—Pub. L. 103–354substituted “employees of the Secretary” for “Service employees” in subsec. (b) and “Secretary” for “Administrator” wherever appearing.
1993—Pub. L. 103–156, § 12(c), which directed amendment of “Section 5”, without specifying the name of the Act being amended, was executed to this section, which is section 5 of the United States Grain Standards Act, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 103–156, § 12(c)(1), substituted “the agent of the shipper” for “his agent”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–156, § 12(c)(2), substituted “regulations as the Administrator” for “regulations as he”.
1990—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101–624added subsec. (c).
1980—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 96–437inserted proviso that, unless the shipper or receiver requests that the grain be officially weighed, intracompany shipments of grain into an export elevator by any mode of transportation, grain transferred into an export elevator by transportation modes other than barge, and grain transferred out of an export elevator to destinations within the United States shall not be officially weighed.
1977—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–113substituted “standards or procedures” for “standards” wherever appearing.
1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–582designated existing provisions as par. (1) of subsec. (a); struck out “that is sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale by grade” after “any lot of such grain”; inserted official weighing requirement; substituted “officially inspected (on the basis of official samples taken after final elevation as near the final spout through which the grain passes as physically practicable as it is being loaded aboard, or while it is in, the final carrier in which it is to be transported from the United States)” for “officially inspected in accordance with such standards on the basis of official samples taken after final elevation as the grain is being loaded aboard, or while it is in, the final carrier in which it is to be transported from the United States”; required the certificate to show the certified weight of the lot of grain provided by official inspection personnel; substituted provision for waiver by the Administrator of requirement for official inspection certificate in emergency or other circumstances which would not impair the objectives of this chapter for provision for waiver by the Secretary of any requirement of this section with respect to shipments from or to any area or any other class of shipments when in his judgment it is impracticable to provide official inspection with respect to such shipments; inserted provision for waiver by Administrator of requirement for official inspection whenever the parties to a contract for such shipment of a lot of grain (which is not sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale by grade) from the United States to any place outside thereof mutually agree under the contract to ship such lot of grain without official inspection being performed and a copy of the contract is furnished to the Administrator prior to shipment; and added pars. (2) and (3) of subsec. (a).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–582added subsec. (b).
1968—Pub. L. 90–487substituted provisions requiring an official inspection for export grains but authorizing the waiver of such requirements when official inspection is impracticable for provisions prohibiting misrepresentation respecting grade shipped or delivered for shipment, allowing reexamination, requiring hearing in the event of a false or misleading description, and allowing publication of findings.
Effective Date of 1977 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–113effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 1901 ofPub. L. 95–113, set out as a note under section 1307 of this title.
Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–582effective 30 days after Oct. 21, 1976, see section 27 ofPub. L. 94–582, as amended, set out as a note under section 74 of this title.
Effective Date of 1968 Amendment

For effective date of amendment by Pub. L. 90–487, see section 2 ofPub. L. 90–487, set out as a note under section 78 of this title.

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7 CFR - Agriculture

7 CFR Part 800 - GENERAL REGULATIONS

7 CFR Part 801 - OFFICIAL PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRAIN INSPECTION EQUIPMENT

7 CFR Part 802 - OFFICIAL PERFORMANCE AND PROCEDURAL REQUIREMENTS FOR GRAIN WEIGHING EQUIPMENT AND RELATED GRAIN HANDLING SYSTEMS

7 CFR Part 810 - OFFICIAL UNITED STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN

 

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