7 U.S. Code § 7731 - Inspections, seizures, and warrants

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(a) Role of Attorney General
The activities authorized by this section shall be carried out consistent with guidelines approved by the Attorney General.
(b) Warrantless inspections
The Secretary may stop and inspect, without a warrant, any person or means of conveyance moving—
(1) into the United States to determine whether the person or means of conveyance is carrying any plant, plant product, biological control organism, plant pest, noxious weed, or article subject to this chapter;
(2) in interstate commerce, upon probable cause to believe that the person or means of conveyance is carrying any plant, plant product, biological control organism, plant pest, noxious weed, or article subject to this chapter; and
(3) in intrastate commerce from or within any State, portion of a State, or premises quarantined as part of a extraordinary emergency declared under section 7715 of this title upon probable cause to believe that the person or means of conveyance is carrying any plant, plant product, biological control organism, plant pest, noxious weed, or article regulated under that section or is moving subject to that section.
(c) Inspections with a warrant
(1) General authority
The Secretary may enter, with a warrant, any premises in the United States for the purpose of conducting investigations or making inspections and seizures under this chapter.
(2) Application and issuance of a warrant
Upon proper oath or affirmation showing probable cause to believe that there is on certain premises any plant, plant product, biological control organism, plant pest, noxious weed, article, facility, or means of conveyance regulated under this chapter, a United States judge, a judge of a court of record in the United States, or a United States magistrate judge may, within the judge’s or magistrate’s  [1] jurisdiction, issue a warrant for the entry upon the premises to conduct any investigation or make any inspection or seizure under this chapter. The warrant may be applied for and executed by the Secretary or any United States Marshal.


[1]  So in original. Probably should be “magistrate judges’s”.

Source

(Pub. L. 106–224, title IV, § 421,June 20, 2000, 114 Stat. 448.)
References in Text

This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (b)(1), (2) and (c), was in the original “this title”, meaning title IV of Pub. L. 106–224, June 20, 2000, 114 Stat. 438, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of title IV to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 7701 of this title and Tables.
Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of the Secretary of Agriculture relating to agricultural import and entry inspection activities under this chapter to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 231, 551 (d), 552 (d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

7 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


7 CFR - Agriculture

7 CFR Part 300 - INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

7 CFR Part 301 - DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES

7 CFR Part 302 - DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA; MOVEMENT OF PLANTS AND PLANT PRODUCTS

7 CFR Part 305 - PHYTOSANITARY TREATMENTS

7 CFR Part 318 - STATE OF HAWAII AND TERRITORIES QUARANTINE NOTICES

7 CFR Part 319 - FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES

7 CFR Part 322 - BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT

7 CFR Part 330 - FEDERAL PLANT PEST REGULATIONS; GENERAL; PLANT PESTS; SOIL, STONE, AND QUARRY PRODUCTS; GARBAGE

7 CFR Part 340 - INTRODUCTION OF ORGANISMS AND PRODUCTS ALTERED OR PRODUCED THROUGH GENETIC ENGINEERING WHICH ARE PLANT PESTS OR WHICH THERE IS REASON TO BELIEVE ARE PLANT PESTS

7 CFR Part 351 - IMPORTATION OF PLANTS OR PLANT PRODUCTS BY MAIL

7 CFR Part 352 - PLANT QUARANTINE SAFEGUARD REGULATIONS

7 CFR Part 353 - EXPORT CERTIFICATION

7 CFR Part 354 - OVERTIME SERVICES RELATING TO IMPORTS AND EXPORTS; AND USER FEES

7 CFR Part 360 - NOXIOUS WEED REGULATIONS

7 CFR Part 380 - RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING PROCEEDINGS UNDER CERTAIN ACTS

9 CFR - Animals and Animal Products

9 CFR Part 94 - RINDERPEST, FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE, EXOTIC NEWCASTLE DISEASE, AFRICAN SWINE FEVER, CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER, SWINE VESICULAR DISEASE, AND BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY: PROHIBITED AND RESTRICTED IMPORTATIONS

 

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