In this chapter (other than subchapter III of this chapter):
(1) Agricultural Act of 1949
The term “Agricultural Act of 1949” means the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.), as in effect prior to the suspensions under section
7301 of this title.
(2) Base acres
The term “base acres”, with respect to a covered commodity on a farm, means the number of acres established under section
7911 of this title with respect to the covered commodity on the election made by the owner of the farm under subsection (a) of such section.
(3) Counter-cyclical payment
The term “counter-cyclical payment” means a payment made to producers on a farm under section
7914 of this title.
(4) Covered commodity
The term “covered commodity” means wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, upland cotton, rice, soybeans, and other oilseeds.
(5) Direct payment
The term “direct payment” means a payment made to producers on a farm under section
7913 of this title.
(6) Effective price
The term “effective price”, with respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the price calculated by the Secretary under section
7914 of this title to determine whether counter-cyclical payments are required to be made for that crop year.
(7) Extra long staple cotton
The term “extra long staple cotton” means cotton that—
(A)is produced from pure strain varieties of the Barbadense species or any hybrid thereof, or other similar types of extra long staple cotton, designated by the Secretary, having characteristics needed for various end uses for which United States upland cotton is not suitable and grown in irrigated cotton-growing regions of the United States designated by the Secretary or other areas designated by the Secretary as suitable for the production of the varieties or types; and
(B)is ginned on a roller-type gin or, if authorized by the Secretary, ginned on another type gin for experimental purposes.
(8) Loan commodity
The term “loan commodity” means wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, upland cotton, extra long staple cotton, rice, soybeans, other oilseeds, wool, mohair, honey, dry peas, lentils, and small chickpeas.
(9) Other oilseed
The term “other oilseed” means a crop of sunflower seed, rapeseed, canola, safflower, flaxseed, mustard seed, crambe, sesame seed, or, if designated by the Secretary, another oilseed.
(10) Payment acres
The term “payment acres” means 85 percent of the base acres of a covered commodity on a farm, as established under section
7911 of this title, on which direct payments and counter-cyclical payments are made.
(11) Payment yield
(A) In general
The term “payment yield” means the yield established under section
7912 of this title for a farm for a covered commodity.
(B) Updated payment yield
The term “updated payment yield” means the payment yield elected by the owner of a farm under section
7912(e) of this title to be used in calculating the counter-cyclical payments for the farm.
The term “producer” means an owner, operator, landlord, tenant, or sharecropper that shares in the risk of producing a crop and is entitled to share in the crop available for marketing from the farm, or would have shared had the crop been produced. In determining whether a grower of hybrid seed is a producer, the Secretary shall not take into consideration the existence of a hybrid seed contract and shall ensure that program requirements do not adversely affect the ability of the grower to receive a payment under this chapter.
The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Agriculture.
The term “State” means each of the several States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any other territory or possession of the United States.
(15) Target price
The term “target price” means the price per bushel (or other appropriate unit in the case of upland cotton, rice, and other oilseeds) of a covered commodity used to determine the payment rate for counter-cyclical payments.
(16) United States
The term “United States”, when used in a geographical sense, means all of the States.
Subchapter III of this chapter, referred to in text, was in the original “subtitle C”, meaning subtitle C (§§ 1301–1310) of title I of Pub. L. 107–171, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 166, which is classified principally to subchapter III of this chapter. For complete classification of subtitle C to the Code, see References in Text note set out under section
7951 of this title and Tables.
The Agricultural Act of 1949, referred to in par. (1), is act Oct. 31, 1949, ch. 792, 63 Stat. 1051, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 35A (§ 1421 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
1421 of this title and Tables.
2003—Par. (9). Pub. L. 108–7inserted “crambe, sesame seed,” after “mustard seed,”.
Effective Date of 2003 Amendment
Pub. L. 108–7, div. A, title VII, § 763(d),Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 47, provided that: “This section [amending this section and sections
7934 of this title] and the amendments made by this section apply beginning with the 2003 crop of other oilseeds (as defined in section 1001 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 7901)), dry peas, lentils, and small chickpeas.”
Pub. L. 107–171, § 1(a),May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 134, provided that: “This Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the ‘Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002’.”
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.
Description of Change
Statutes at Large
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